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Aug 152019
 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

“24/7 Wall St. created an index to measure socioeconomic disparities between black and white Americans by congressional districts to identify the worst congressional districts for black Americans, using data from the U.S. Census Bureau.

According to 247WallSt.com author

“Unlike cities, towns, or counties, congressional districts are not managed by a central municipality. Because the typical congressional district represents about 700,000 people, districts vary in geographical size depending on population density and can span multiple cities or be encompassed within one city. No matter how large they are, the one thing residents of a given congressional district all share is the representative they send to Washington D.C. 

To determine the 30 worst congressional districts for black Americans, 24/7 Wall St. created an index consisting of six measures to assess race-based gaps in socioeconomic outcomes in each of the nation’s congressional districts. Creating the index in this way ensured that districts were ranked on the differences between black and white residents and not on absolute levels of socioeconomic development.

The seven measures — cost of living-adjusted median household income, poverty, adult high school and bachelor’s degree attainment, homeownership, and unemployment rates — are five-year estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau’s 2017 American Community Survey. To better represent the actual disparities in purchasing power in these districts, all income figures referenced are adjusted for cost of living according to the district’s state using regional price parities from the Bureau of Economic Analysis. 

For each measure, we constructed an index from the gaps between black and white Americans. The index was standardized using inter-decile normalization so that outliers in the data would not skew results. We excluded districts where black residents comprised less than 10% of the population or where data limitations made comparisons between racial groups impossible.”

Here’s the  rankings of the Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks, including 25 Democrats and 5 Republicans U.S. House Members:

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#30 Florida’s 24th Congressional District along the Biscayne Bay from the northern part of downtown Miami to Hollywood.

  • Current representative: Rep. Frederica S. Wilson (Democratic Party), serving the district since 2011. Wilson currently sits on the Committee on Education and the Workforce and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure.
  • Poverty rate: 27.3% black; 14.4% white
  • Unemployment rate: 13.9% black; 6.5% white
  • Homeownership rate: 42.3% black; 66.2% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#29 Connecticut’s 4th Congressional District covering cities like Stamford and Bridgeport.

  • Current representative: Rep. James A. Himes (Democratic Party)
  • Poverty rate: 17.1% black; 4.4% white
  • Unemployment rate: 14.9% black; 5.6% white
  • Homeownership rate: 38.0% black; 78.3% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#28 Mississippi’s 2nd Congressional District, a majority-black area covering the Mississippi Delta and much of the state’s border with Arkansas and Louisiana.

  • Current representative: Rep. Bennie G. Thompson (Democratic Party), serving the district since 1993.
  • Poverty rate: 36.5% black; 12.6% white
  • Unemployment rate: 15.5% black; 6.3% white
  • Homeownership rate: 52.7% black; 79.6% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#27 Louisiana’s 5th Congressional District, covering much of the state’s eastern border, including the cities of Monroe and Alexandria.

  • Current representative: Rep. Ralph Lee Abraham (Republican Party), serving the district since 2015. He is currently running for governor of the state.
  • Poverty rate: 41.2% black; 15.7% white
  • Unemployment rate: 12.9% black; 6.1% white
  • Homeownership rate: 44.5% black; 75.3% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#26 Missouri’s 1st Congressional District, located in the northern part of the state and covers the city of St. Louis (including Ferguson in the Greater St. Louis metroplex). 

  • Current representative: Rep. William Lacy Clay (Democratic Party)
  • Poverty rate: 26.1% black; 10.7% white
  • Unemployment rate: 14.4% black; 4.9% white
  • Homeownership rate: 40.4% black; 64.1% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#25 Michigan’s 14th Congressional District, covering parts of Detroit including parts of both Wayne and Oakland counties.

  • Current representative: Rep. Brenda L. Lawrence (Democratic Party)
  • Poverty rate: 28.2% black; 13.7% white
  • Unemployment rate: 17.7% black; 5.8% white
  • Homeownership rate: 46.7% black; 71.7% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#24 Florida’s 26th Congressional District, covering the southern tip of mainland Florida down to Key West. 

  • Current representative: Rep. Debbie Mucarsel-Powell (Democratic Party), she defeated incumbent Republican Congressman Carlos Curbelo in the 2018 general election.
  • Poverty rate: 29.6% black; 11.0% white
  • Unemployment rate: 15.3% black; 5.4% white
  • Homeownership rate: 45.9% black; 70.4% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#23 Ohio’s 13th Congressional District, located in northern Ohio and covers sections of the state from Youngstown west to Akron.

  • Current representative: Rep. Tim Ryan (Democratic Party), Democratic presidential hopeful Rep. Tim Ryan has served in Congress since 2003, and has represented the 13th Congressional District of Ohio since 2013.
  • Poverty rate: 36.8% black; 14.2% white
  • Unemployment rate: 15.8% black; 6.4% white
  • Homeownership rate: 35.6% black; 69.0% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#22 Maryland’s 7th Congressional District, extending west and north from Baltimore, surrounding — but not including — the community of Towson.

  • Current representative: Rep. Elijah E. Cummings (Democratic Party), served the district since his election in 1995. Cummings is currently the chair of the House Committee on Oversight and Reform.
  • Poverty rate: 23.4% black; 6.8% white
  • Unemployment rate: 12.6% black; 4.0% white
  • Homeownership rate: 45.9% black; 73.9% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#21 Arkansas’s 1st Congressional District, covers the entire eastern border of the state and extends as far west as Searcy County. 

  • Current representative: Rep. Eric A. “Rick” Crawford (Republican Party)
  • Poverty rate: 36.9% black; 15.8% white
  • Unemployment rate: 15.4% black; 5.9% white
  • Homeownership rate: 41.0% black; 71.6% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#20 Illinois’s 12th Congressional District

  • Current representative: Rep. Mike Bost (Republican Party)
  • Poverty rate: 37.8% black; 13.1% white
  • Unemployment rate: 15.1% black; 6.5% white
  • Homeownership rate: 37.8% black; 73.8% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#19 Illinois’s 13th Congressional District, located partially along the state’s western border with Missouri and extends east into the center of the state, is predominantly white, and socioeconomic outcomes are heavily lopsided along racial lines.

  • Current representative: Rep. Rodney Davis (Republican Party) has represented the district since 2013. Davis narrowly won reelection in 2018.
  • Poverty rate: 37.1% black; 14.4% white
  • Unemployment rate: 14.2% black; 5.8% white
  • Homeownership rate: 30.3% black; 71.3% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#18 Florida’s 14th Congressional District, located on the northern side of Tampa Bay.

  • Current representative: Rep. Kathy Castor (Democratic Party), currently serves the west-central Florida district. Castor has been in congress since 2007, originally serving Florida’s 11th Congressional District. She has served the 14th Congressional District since 2013.
  • Poverty rate: 30.8% black; 10.4% white
  • Unemployment rate: 13.0% black; 5.3% white
  • Homeownership rate: 30.3% black; 61.7% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#17 Illinois’s 1st Congressional District, a predominantly black area that stretches from just south of Chicago southwest into the interior of the state.

  • Current representative: Rep. Bobby L. Rush (Democratic Party), serving for the last 26 years. Rush most recently won reelection in 2018 with over 73% of the vote.
  • Poverty rate: 27.6% black; 7.0% white
  • Unemployment rate: 19.8% black; 6.3% white
  • Homeownership rate: 43.7% black; 83.1% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#16 New Jersey’s 2nd Congressional District, covering the southern end of the state and includes Atlantic City and Cape May.

  • Current representative: Rep. Jefferson Van Drew (Democratic Party). Van Drew took office in 2019 after winning the 2018 election. Rep. Frank LoBiondo, who opted not to run in 2018, had held the seat since 1995.
  • Poverty rate: 26.5% black; 7.5% white
  • Unemployment rate: 16.8% black; 7.6% white
  • Homeownership rate: 44.4% black; 81.6% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#15 Pennsylvania’s 2nd Congressional District, includes northeastern Philadelphia and extends northeasterly along the Delaware River.

  • Current representative: Rep. Brendan F. Boyle (Democratic Party)
  • Poverty rate: 31.1% black; 15.4% white
  • Unemployment rate: 15.9% black; 4.5% white
  • Homeownership rate: 49.0% black; 52.4% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#14 Michigan’s 5th Congressional District, an industrial area on the state’s lower peninsula that stretches along the shore of Lake Huron, extending far enough north to include Tawas City, and far enough south to include Flint.

  • Current representative: Rep. Daniel T. Kildee (Democratic Party), served the district since 2013. Kildee recently won reelection in 2018, defeating Republican challenger Travis Wines.
  • Poverty rate: 38.0% black; 14.7% white
  • Unemployment rate: 21.9% black; 7.7% white
  • Homeownership rate: 48.3% black; 77.3% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#13 New York’s 13th Congressional District

  • Current representative: Rep. Adriano Espaillat (Democratic Party). The district was formerly held by Democrat Charles Rangel, a vocal civil rights proponent, who served in the House from 1971 until his retirement in 2017. The seat is currently held by Democrat Adriano Espaillat.
  • Poverty rate: 31.0% black; 14.1% white
  • Unemployment rate: 13.7% black; 5.5% white
  • Homeownership rate: 10.2% black; 20.8% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#12 New York’s 7th Congressional District, covering the eastern border of Brooklyn along the East River as well as parts of Queens and Manhattan.

  • Current representative: Rep. Nydia M. Velazquez (Democratic Party)
  • Poverty rate: 30.8% black; 19.7% white
  • Unemployment rate: 15.8% black; 4.3% white
  • Homeownership rate: 16.1% black; 30.2% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#11 Georgia’s 5th Congressional District, covering downtown Atlanta and parts of the surrounding area.

  • Current representative: Rep. John Lewis (Democratic Party), a congressman for the last 32 years and an outspoken proponent of civil rights.
  • Poverty rate: 27.8% black; 9.0% white
  • Unemployment rate: 14.4% black; 3.4% white
  • Homeownership rate: 38.0% black; 56.6% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#10 Ohio’s 9th Congressional District, located on the northern border of the state along Lake Erie, stretching from Toledo eastward nearly to Cleveland.

  • Current representative: Rep. Marcy Kaptur (Democratic Party)
  • Poverty rate: 37.8% black; 14.4% white
  • Unemployment rate: 17.6% black; 7.2% white
  • Homeownership rate: 31.4% black; 66.9% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#9 New York’s 26th Congressional District, located along the western border of the state and includes Buffalo, the second most populous city in the state.

  • Current representative: Rep. Brian Higgins (Democratic Party), serving since 2005.
  • Poverty rate: 35.2% black; 11.5% white
  • Unemployment rate: 13.0% black; 4.8% white
  • Homeownership rate: 32.3% black; 69.0% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#8 Florida’s 21st Congressional District, located on Florida’s Atlantic coast, from West Palm Beach down to just north and west of Boca Raton.

  • Current representative: Rep. Lois Frankel (Democratic Party)
  • Poverty rate: 19.5% black; 8.7% white
  • Unemployment rate: 12.1% black; 6.6% white
  • Homeownership rate: 47.1% black; 79.3% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#7 Ohio’s 11th Congressional District, located in the northern part of the state and stretches from Cleveland and Akron.

  • Current representative: Rep. Marcia L. Fudge (Democratic Party) has served the area for the last decade.
  • Poverty rate: 34.5% black; 14.3% white
  • Unemployment rate: 18.4% black; 6.0% white
  • Homeownership rate: 38.2% black; 66.0% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#6 Ohio’s 1st Congressional District, covering much of the city of Cincinnati and borders Kentucky and Indiana.

  • Current representative: Rep. Steve Chabot (Republican Party). Republican Rep. Steve Chabot has served the majority-white district since 2011. Chabot also represented the district between 1995 and 2008, the year he lost his bid for reelection.
  • Poverty rate: 35.4% black; 9.2% white
  • Unemployment rate: 15.5% black; 5.2% white
  • Homeownership rate: 30.1% black; 73.1% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#5 Wisconsin’s 4th Congressional District, including the city of Milwaukee, which is one of the most segregated cities in the country.

  • Current representative: Rep. Gwen Moore (Democratic Party)
  • Poverty rate: 35.6% black; 12.9% white
  • Unemployment rate: 15.0% black; 4.6% white
  • Homeownership rate: 28.1% black; 59.3% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#4 Illinois’s 7th Congressional District, including Chicago and stretches westward into the interior of the state. 

  • Current representative: Rep. Danny K. Davis (Democratic Party)
  • Poverty rate: 32.8% black; 8.6% white
  • Unemployment rate: 20.0% black; 4.1% white
  • Homeownership rate: 31.0% black; 53.5% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#3 Illinois’s 17th Congressional District stretches through much of the northwestern portion of the state and includes parts of Peoria and Rockford.

  • Current representative: Rep. Cheri Bustos (Democratic Party) defeated incumbent Republican Congressman Bobby Schilling in 2012 and has served the district ever since.
  • Poverty rate: 39.8% black; 12.9% white
  • Unemployment rate: 21.6% black; 6.6% white
  • Homeownership rate: 31.3% black; 73.0% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#2 New York’s 25th Congressional District, borders Lake Ontario and includes the city of Rochester.

  • Current representative: Rep. Joseph D. Morelle (Democratic Party)
  • Poverty rate: 34.8% black; 8.2% white
  • Unemployment rate: 15.1% black; 4.7% white
  • Homeownership rate: 31.6% black; 72.2% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#1 Minnesota’s 5th Congressional District, covering the city of Minneapolis.

  • Current representative: Rep. Ilhan Omar (Democratic Party), elected to represent the district in 2018.
  • Poverty rate: 37.2% black; 9.4% white
  • Unemployment rate: 12.3% black; 4.0% white
  • Homeownership rate: 19.8% black; 63.1% white

Worst Congressional Districts for Black Americans,”  August 14, 2019; “The Worst Cities For Black Americans,” November 9, 2018; 25 Most Segregated Cities in America,”  July 19, 2019; 25 Most Segregated Cities in America,”  July 18, 2019; America’s Fastest Shrinking Cities,”  March 14, 2019.

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Jun 232019
 
DEXIT, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
 
When I published on Sunday, June 10, 2012 my book, “Jumping The Aisle,” I did a Democrat Exit, what I call my ‘Dexit’! 
 
I saw Obama’s Democrat Party falling hostage to too much Globalism and too much Socialism in the name of ‘Hope & Change’ – what I wrote in my book as ‘The Strip Mining of America’!
 
So, I was delighted to see on Tuesday, June 18, 2019 in Orlando, Florida, President Trump asking 2020 Dexit voters: Are You ‘In’ or Are You ‘Out’ to ‘Keep America Great’ for Trump 2020!
 
This is the exact question I asked myself back in 2012, as I “Jumped The Aisle” and “Became a Black Republican in the Age of Obama!”
 
 
Welcome to Dexit – Democrat Exit and Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump!
 
Team Trump 2020 follows science and data, allowing only scientific, algorithmic, statistical (risks and uncertainties) scenario-based analyses of modern voter turnout models!
 
Voter information science and voter engagement engineering has taken over Digital Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump!
 
Brad Parscale’s management of Trump’s 2020 Campaign is using sophisticated algorithms to “micro-segment” and “micro-target” voters for Team Trump 2020.
 

 
Simply put, Team Trump 2020 is closely examining voter behavioral and emotional “micro-targeting” to find at real-time where the Trump voters are. While at the same time, targeting Trump messaging to what these voters want to hear, and ultimately vote for socially and psychologically speaking. This voter micro-targeting is what the digitalization of presidential politics is truly all about technologically speaking. 
 
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
 
Harnessing social capital of social media is Dexit in Trump presidential politics.
 
Voter micro-targeting and micro-segmentation reduces the time and length scales of presidential politics to the exactitude of moments of experiences of voters at Trump 2020 rallies. As we get into the general election campaign cycle, these rallies will be held regularly every 48 hours to pull voters into President Trump and his branding, which is now inside the American psyche and the future world order of freedom and economic security!
 
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
 
President Trump raised $24.8M in 24 hours after his #KAG2020 Kickoff on June 18, 2019, compared to $6.3M raised by Joe Biden in 24 hours after his 2020 campaign open! As of Q2 Fundraising filings, President Trump has amassed well over $105 million, outpacing the top 5 Democratic contenders combined on the 2020 Road to the White House.
 
Dexit, Democrat Exit and Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
 
Moreover, his 2020 Reelection Campaign Rally tapped into 20,000 voters inside the Amway Arena, home to the NBA’s Orlando Magic, and 70,000 outside in Orlando, Florida.
 
Trump’s voter turnout beat President Obama’s 2012 Reelection Rally with 14,000 inside Schottenstein Arena, home of the 23,000-seat arena of The Ohio State University Buckeyes Basketball in Columbus, Ohio! 
 
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
 
Conventionally, money used to be ‘The Mother’s Milk of Presidential Politics.” Large-scale political ads based on outdated 1960s polling models now leads to old-school campaign failure. This was Hillary Clinton’s 2008 and 2016 campaign thinking – which was to grab up $1 billion dollars of old-world corporate money.
 
And then, burn it up inside the fireplace of purchased broadcast media ads on The Economy and Jobs (for voters’ heads, which has been already addressed by President Trump in the last two years).
 
And also, spend it up on outmoded 1960s polls horribly flawed in forecasting voters concerns about immigration, SCOTUS, justice, freedom, independence, free trade, and security of what it means to be Americans (for voters’ hearts, which Team Trump 2020 is hammering directing to Trump voters through their digital micro-targeting)!
 
First to employ such micro-targeting is remarkably how Barack Obama took the White House from Hillary Clinton and Mitt Romney! For it is not about America’s ‘left-turns’ vs ‘right-turns’. Rather, it is about America’s ‘old-school’ vs ‘new-school’. Digitalization of presidential politics is about ‘anti-establishment’ vs ‘millennial-establishment’. Digitally executing this is how Team Trump wins on November 3, 2020!
 
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
 
Voters feelings and emotions are driving a ‘Dexit’ movement that is lunging towards Team Trump 2020. Team Trump is micro-targeting to ‘Dexit’ voters “let’s take back control of Washington, DC and our daily lives. This voter sentiment is especially acute after watching the Democrats’ horrific ‘due-process fiasco’ at SCOTUS Justice Brett Kavanaugh’s Confirmation Hearings, and after observing the Democrats’ horrendous ‘justice nothing-burger’ of its “No Collusion, No Obstruction” Russian Dossier-backed Robert Mueller Witch-hunt!”
 
Be that as it may, voters are constantly updating and uploading data about themselves on their digital devices creating their own social capital on social media! Nowadays, the mother’s milk of presidential politics is all about this social capital data, which leads to information, then knowledge and understanding through specific micro-targeting of both Trump supporters and Dexit voters.
 
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
 
The social capital of social media keeps voters awake day and night knowing each second, through adaptable “likes,” “clicks,” and “shares,” about what questions we are asking in real-time regarding our emerging social, technological, education, economic and political (STEEP) order between us as voters.
 
Nonetheless, archaic social media platforms do make finding each other, as like-minded Trump supporters and Dexit voters, tougher nowadays. This is because of the “silence of our majority,” as like-minded Trump supporters and Dexit voters. This silence has been forced upon us conservative voters by conventional broadcast media and left-leaning social media platforms. Consequently, this is what is being combated against by Team Trump’s digital systems of voter micro-targeting in their digitalization of presidential politics in 2020.
 
Essentially, Team Trump 2020 has digitally-rolled up complex data integration across social media, electorate voter rolls, polling, and canvassing that is in real-time digitally updated and responding to Dexit voters questions, wants and needs.
 
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
 
Team Trump is currently performing “Millions of Digital Touches on Trump Voters!”
 
This is a sophisticated empirical voter turnout system that finds: Where Voters Are? Who Voters Are? and What Voters Want to Hear From Trump!
 
Then packs them into the biggest capacity venues of 10-20,000 voters every 48 hours and continually ask them Are you ‘In’ or Are you ‘Out’ – as we embark upon our Democrat Exit, or DEXIT on November 3, 2020!
 
This is mainly because there is more sophisticated empirical ways to social, technological, education, economic and political (STEEP) reforms and polling than just ‘Red vs Blue’, ‘Black vs White’, ‘Men vs Women’, ‘Rich vs Poor’, or ‘Left vs Right’!
 
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
 
Most of all, the 1960-developed polling models are scientifically, technologically, economically & methodologically wrong for today’s complexities in American life!
 
Voters are feeling more alone inside this STEEP Dexit modernity and populist age of Trump presidential politics!
 
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
 
What is at stake? It is preparing the next generation and the generation after that for America’s Third Century – America’s Tercentennial – On Getting To 2076!
 
Voters are younger, more single, popularity seekers, highly ambitious, and exclusively digitally interconnected! 
 
Millennials and Generation-Xers cast 69.6 million votes in the 2016 general election, a slight majority of the 137.5 million total votes cast, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of Census Bureau data. Meanwhile, Boomers and older voters represented fewer than half of all votesfor the first time in decades,” says Wikipedia.
 
Of the 53 Nations of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II’s Commonwealth, sixty percent of the 2.4 billion people of The Commonwealth (with 1.2 billion citizens of India) are under the age of 30!
 
Thirty-six percent of America’s 2020 voting block are millennials!
 
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
 
This upcoming July 4th, 2019 Trump Celebration in Washington is a Patriotic Dexit Movement in America towards achieving The American Dream!
 
It is going to make Trump’s 2020 Kickoff Celebration with 💯 thousand voters drawn to Orlando look like a large garden party!
 
‘Left-turn, Right-turn, Voters are Lost to a Point of No-Return on the Washington Roundabouts.’ And, We Want to Get Off! We’ve Had Enough! We want to drain the swamp with President Trump 2020! Hence, Trump’s inside the American psyche now! 
 
Team Trump’s Rallies are bringing together these old and new voters (many who have never voted and that the Democrats do not even know exist) into this ‘Dexit’ Movement to expand America’s popular vote. This shifts the California and New York juggernauts on electoral college algebra towards the Texas, Florida, South, Midwest and Frontier West strongholds on electoral college calculus. We saw this populist voter shift in the red counties of the U.S. map of the 2016 election!
 
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
 
Originally financed by billionaire Robert Mercer, who financed ‘Brexit,’ Team Trump’s digitalization of Presidential politics has now morphed into ‘Dexit’, Democrat Exit messaging of Trump 2020 in America.
 
Why? Because, the left fights to win. And, the right plays fair. But, it is time the right fights to beat back the onslaught of socialism and globalism to save the social and cultural fabric of America. 
 
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
 
Essentially, the growing anti-Americanism is “over there” on the left. But, the real people are “over here” with us on the right – every day fighting to achieve The American Dream!
 
Team Trump 2020 has hacked into the presidential political system and got inside through the back door to drain the Washington swamp machine, and replace it with newly re-elected well-designed parts. Historically speaking, this is a first since Nixon’s Government Reform Commission before he was stopped by Watergate.
“The Brownlow Commission, was a committee that in 1937 recommended sweeping changes to the executive branch of the United States government. The recommendations made by the committee resulted in the creation of the Executive Office of the President.” – Wikipedia
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
 
We are asking Trump and Dexit voters to be apart of Changing the Course of HISTORY!
 
And, we are asking Trump and Dexit voters to toss conventional wisdom of western thought for the true disruptors of America’s and Europe’s idealogical social order!
 
We are in the middle of the world’s largest social, technological, education, economic and political (STEEP) upheaval inside American History. The fault lines of this STEEP upheaval are running along immigration, culture, class, race, gender and abortion (and children)!
 
Dexit voters have had enough. Dexit voters trust institutions less. Dexit voters are sick of feeling like we know nothing. Dexit voters are not deplorables. Dexit voters ‘Are Out’ from Democrats’ socialists and globalists anti-Americanism! Dexit voters ‘Are In’ with Trump 2020 in ‘Keeping America Great!”
 
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
 
For the Democrats, it’s too late! Twenty or Twenty-five Democrat Presidential candidates can’t defend themselves against the on-coming Team Trump Tide going into Election Day November 3, 2020!
 
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
 
For ‘Dexit’ actually began with President Clinton’s 1996 ONE AMERICA Conversation with its Democrats’ ‘all talk but no walk’ in dealing with America’s STEEP Challenges with no one really ready or willing to deal with Dexit voters like me “Jumping The Aisle” in 2012. 
 
Or, no one was ready to address Dexit voters concerned about the “Future of African American Men & Boys” or “Bridging The Black Research Gap.” 
 
Or, no academics were ready to deal with the rising costs of higher education, or the cheating, fraud and Title IX scandals, or the devastating drought of black male leaders needed in “Transforming The Ivory Tower” in the age of demography shift and heightened engagement on the diverse campuses of modern colleges and universities.
 
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
 
Instead Dexit was allowed to simmer in a slow bubble until it has now reached its boiling point in the digitalization of President Trump’s 2016 election into President Trump’s 2020 electability and enviability!
 
Dexit Voters have had enough and are taking back control of our lives from the elitists and globalists that know nothing more than we Dexit Voters do – but aim to keep us down and out of their elitists clubs of uncontrollable group-thinking of ‘witch-hunt’ nothing-burgers and ‘fear-mongering’ nothingness of what elites see as the under-classiness of deplorables!
 
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
 
‘Dexit’ is about the soul of America in being Americans! This is the bottom-line of the digitalization of our presidential politics of 2020 and the future of our Supreme Court after 2020!
 
Voters on the left seem stuck in the past, while Voters on the right seem to be leaning forward with Trump! Yet, Presidential politics has become more raw, more earthy, and more true to ourselves, so much so that it has become more just, more efficient, and more free, as well as more right.
 
Why? Because Hillary Clinton and Joe Biden Democrats had 30 years to get it right with Dexit voters and blew their chances over a generation. Now, Dexit voters are done. It is over. We are through with Democrats. We have divorced ourselves from the Democratic Party. So, we have exited it.
 
Like I wrote on Sunday, June 10, 2012 inside my book “Jumping The Aisle, How I Became a Black Republican in the Age of Obama,” “When my party left, I turned right” as I did my ‘Dexit’.
 
And now in 2020, Bernie’s socialism, Kamala’s racial-gender wars, Cory’s race-baits, and Elizabeth’s identity-crises, just does not cut it anymore with Dexit voters.
 
Currently, here’s how the Political Debate Falls between America’s Republican Party and Democrat Party (Video Credit: “The Factionalization of American Political Parties,” via Learn Something, please visit and support: www.patreon.com/learnsomethingyt):
 
Side-note: “Learn Something started by accident, actually, by Robbie, a high school student in the 9th grade! I created a documentary for a class project in 9th grade that was a timeline of the 2016 election, including even the nitty-gritty details. I uploaded it to YouTube for the ease of presenting it to the teacher, and before I knew it the video was garnering tens of thousands of views! That certainly made my year, and I wanted to create more content. I did so, and the videos got more and more views. The timeline documentary just surpassed 3,000,000 views which is absolutely astonishing, and two other Learn Something videos have gathered over a million views. Awesome!”
 
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
 
Globalism and political integration is rejected across Europe, as unabated immigration is causing stressed national incomes.
“‘Brexit’ (and ‘Dexit’) is about the right of the people in this country to settle their own dynasty!” – Boris Johnson
“Dominic Cummings delivered an estimated one billion targeted ads to voters through AggregateIQ in the lead up to Brexit.”Brexit on HBO Films
“Arron Bank admitted that Leave.EU also hired a data firm specializing in the psychographic profiling and targeting of voters.”Cambridge Analytica “He now denies that money changed hands.”
“It has been revealed that both companies are linked to billionaire businessman Robert Mercer, who was the single biggest Republican donor in the 2016 U.S. election.” – Brexit on HBO Films

This is the chance for a new Europe, one which maintains partnerships and respected national sovereignties.

“The Great Britain decision to leave the EU is a signal to the Brussels Politburo and its bureaucratic attachments. If the EU does not finally leave its wrong path, and the quasi-socialist experiment of deeper political integration, more European Nations will reclaim their sovereignty the way British are.

The result would be more exits. At the very least the Brussels bureaucracy must be radically reduced and the centralist regulation craze ended.

“The time is ripe for a new Europe, a Europe of fatherlands, where we peacefully trade with each other, maintain partnerships and respect the will of the national sovereignties.

“One can only warn the German government not to fill the missing British net contribution with German tax money and thus continue the political fallacy.” Frauke Petry, German AfD firebrand party leader (June 28, 2016) Frauke Petry is a leading figure in the hard-right Alternative for Germany (AfD) party, calling for a ‘Dexit’ – Deutschland out of the EU – vote in the wake of the Brexit victory in the UK.

The Pegida group, which has campaigned throughout Germany for the past year for immigration to end, is backing Dexit, but its founder Lutz Bachmann has not formulated any (Dexit) strategy or said whether his group will campaign for a referendum on Dexit.
Currently, here’s how the Brexit Debate Falls between Britain’s Conservative Party and Labor Party (Video Credit: “The Changing State of British Political Parties, via Learn Something, please visit and support: www.patreon.com/learnsomethingyt):
 
“Soft Brexit”
  • Access to European Union (EU) single market
  • Free Trade with EU Members
  • Remain Customs Union Membership
  • Exports not subject to Border Checks
  • EU Nationals can work in the United Kingdom (UK)
“Hard Brexit”
  • No Free Trade with EU Members
  • World Trade Organization (WTO) Trade Rules
  • No Customs Union Membership
  • Full Control over UK Borders
“No Deal”
  • If no agreement before October 31, 2019
  • No Negotiations with EU
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
__________
 
APPENDIX
 
A record 46,501,241 people were expected to vote in the United Kingdom’s ‘Brexit’ vote on June 23, 2016 with a 72% voter turnout of 33,577,342 ballot pages counted finally. Votes in favor of ‘Remaining’ in the European Union (EU) were 16,141,241 (48%). Votes in favor of ‘Leaving’ the EU were 17,410,742 (52%). England’s Prime Minister David Cameron resigned immediately after the vote, as President Barack Obama’s public endorsement of Cameron’s ‘Remain’ politics was a deep embarrassment to his White House.
 
On the other side of the Atlantic, “A record 137.5 million Americans voted in the November 8, 2016 presidential election, according to new data from the U.S. Census Bureau. Overall voter turnout – defined as the share of adult U.S. citizens who cast ballots – was 61.4% in 2016, a share similar to 2012 presidential election, but below the 63.6% who say they voted in 2008 presidential election,” according to Wikipedia.
 
“According to new U.S. Census Bureau data, voter turnout increased to 65.3 percent for non-Hispanic whites, but decreased to 59.6 percent for non-Hispanic blacks in the 2016 presidential election.”
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Jan 082019
 

Oval Pic 10 - Trump Oval Address on Immigration, Asks Congress to Pass #BorderWall Bill

Trump’s Oval Office Address on Immigration, Asks Congress to Pass #BorderWall Bill

“My fellow Americans,

Tonight, I am speaking to you because there is a growing humanitarian and security crisis at our southern border. Every day customs and border patrol agents encounter thousands of illegal immigrants trying to enter our country. We are out of space to hold them and we have no way to promptly return them back home to their country.

America proudly welcomes millions of lawful immigrants who enrich our society and contribute to our nation. But, all Americans are hurt by uncontrolled illegal migration. It strains public resources and drives down jobs and wages. Among those hardest hit are African-Americans and Hispanic Americans.

Our southern border is a pipeline for vast quantities of illegal drugs, including meth, heroin, cocaine and fentanyl. Every week 300 of our citizens are killed by heroin alone, 90 percent of which floods across from our southern border. More Americans will die from drugs this year than were killed in the entire Vietnam War.

Oval Pic 8 1024x683 - Trump Oval Address on Immigration, Asks Congress to Pass #BorderWall Bill

In the last two years, ICE officers made 266,000 arrests of aliens with criminal records including those charged or convicted of 100,000 assaults, 30,000 sex crimes, and 4,000 violent killings. Over the years thousands of Americans have been brutally killed by those who illegally entered our country and thousands more lives will be lost if we don’t act right now.

This is a humanitarian crisis, a crisis of the heart and a crisis of the soul.

Last month, 20,000 migrant children were illegally brought into the united States, a dramatic increase. These children are used as human pawns by vicious coyotes and ruthless gangs. One in three women are sexually assaulted on the dangerous trek up through Mexico. Women and children are the biggest victims by far of our broken system.

This is the tragic reality of illegal immigration on our southern border. This is the cycle of human suffering that I am determined to end.

Oval Pic 1 1024x682 - Trump Oval Address on Immigration, Asks Congress to Pass #BorderWall Bill

My administration has presented Congress with a detailed proposal to secure the border and stop the criminal gangs, drug smugglers and human traffickers. It’s a tremendous problem.

Our proposal was developed by law enforcement professionals and border agents at the department of homeland security. These are the resources they have requested to properly perform their mission and keep America safe. In fact, safer than ever before.

The proposal from Homeland Security includes cutting-edge technology for detecting drugs, weapons, illegal contraband and many other things. We have requested more agents, immigration judges, and bed space to process the sharp rise in unlawful migration fueled by our very strong economy.

Our plan also contains an urgent request for humanitarian assistance and medical support. Furthermore, we have asked Congress to close border security loopholes so that illegal immigrant children can be safely and humanely returned back home.

Finally, as part of an overall approach to border security, law enforcement professionals have requested $5.7 billion for a physical barrier (at a cost of just one-tenth of one-percent of our Federal Budget). At the request of Democrats, it will be a steel barrier rather than a concrete wall.

Oval Pic 5 - Trump Oval Address on Immigration, Asks Congress to Pass #BorderWall Bill

This barrier is absolutely critical to border security. It’s also what our professionals at the border want and need. This is just common sense.

The border wall would very quickly pay for itself. The cost of illegal drugs exceeds $500 billion a year. Vastly more than the $5.7 billion we have requested from Congress.

The wall will always be paid for indirectly by the great new trade deal we have made with Mexico.

Sen. Chuck Schumer, who you will be hearing from later tonight, has repeatedly supported a physical barrier in the past along with many other Democrats. They changed their mind only after I was elected president.

Democrats in Congress have refused to acknowledge the crisis. And they have refused to provide our brave border agents with the tools they desperately need to protect our families and our nation.

The federal government remains shut down for one reason and one reason only, because Democrats will not fund border security.

My administration is doing everything in our power to help those impacted by the situation. But the only solution is for Democrats to pass a spending bill that defends our borders and reopens the government. This situation could be solved in a 45-minute meeting. I have invited congressional leadership to the White House tomorrow to get this done. Hopefully, we can rise above partisan politics in order to support national security.

Oval Pic 11 - Trump Oval Address on Immigration, Asks Congress to Pass #BorderWall Bill

Some have suggested a barrier is immoral. Then why do wealthy politicians build walls, fences and gates around their homes? They don’t build walls because they hate the people on the outside, but because they love the people on the inside. The only thing that is immoral is for the politicians to do nothing and continue to allow more innocent people to be so horribly victimized.

Oval Pic 4 1024x683 - Trump Oval Address on Immigration, Asks Congress to Pass #BorderWall Bill

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi of Calif., and Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer of N.Y., pose for photographers after speaking on Capitol Hill in response President Donald Trump’s prime-time address on border security, Tuesday, Jan. 8, 2019, in Washington. (AP Photo/Alex Brandon)

America’s heart broke the day after Christmas when a young police officer in California was savagely murdered in cold blood by an illegal alien who just came across the border. The life of an American hero was stolen by someone who had no right to be in our country.

Day after day, precious lives are cut short by those who have violated our borders. In California, an Air Force veteran was raped, murdered and beaten to death with a hammer by an illegal alien with a long criminal history.

In Georgia, an illegal alien was recently charged with murder for killing, beheading and dismembering his neighbor.

In Maryland, MS-13 gang members who arrived in the United States as unaccompanied minors were arrested and charged last year after viciously stabbing and beating a 16-year-old girl.

Over the last several years, I have met with dozens of families whose loved ones were stolen by illegal immigration. I’ve held the hands of the weeping mothers and embraced the grief-stricken fathers. So sad. So terrible. I will never forget the pain in their eyes, the tremble in their voices and the sadness gripping their souls.

How much more American blood must we shed before Congress does its job?

Oval Pic 3 1024x566 - Trump Oval Address on Immigration, Asks Congress to Pass #BorderWall Bill

For those who refuse to compromise in the name of in the name of border security, I would ask, imagine if it was your child, your husband or your wife whose life was so cruelly shattered and totally broken.

To every member of Congress, pass a bill that ends this crisis.

To every citizen, call Congress and tell them to finally, after all of these decades, secure our border.

This is a choice between right and wrong, justice and injustice.

This is about whether we fulfill our sacred duty to the American citizens we serve.

When I took the oath of office, I swore to protect our country. And that is what I will always do so help me God. Thank you and good night.”

###

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Dec 032018
 

35 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

Since 1852, only 36 Americans, including 4 Unknown Soldiers, 4 private citizens, 12 U.S. Presidents, and 13 U.S. Senators, including now the 41st President of the United States George Herbert Walker Bush, and previously in 2018 @SenJohnMcCain, have lain in state or repose or honor at the U.S. Capitol Rotunda, according to the Architect of the Capitol (listed below in reverse chronological order), via Newsweek.

William Howard Taft and Robert Taft, both of Cincinnati, Ohio, are the only father-and-son pair to have been so honored.

 

36. George Herbert Walker Bush

December 3-5, 2018

President GHW Bush 41 695x1024 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

President GHW Bush Lain in State - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

(via, VOA News) The flag-draped casket of former President George H.W. Bush lays inside the Rotunda of the Capitol in Washington, Dec. 3, 2018.

“Former U.S. President George H.W. Bush will lie in state in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda starting Monday evening as Americans honor the life of the country’s 41st president.

The Capitol will be open for dignitaries and the public to pay their respects through early Wednesday, with visitors allowed to walk past Bush’s casket. He died in Texas, his home state, late Friday at the age of 94 after several years of failing health.

President GHW Bush Pic 12 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda President GHW Bush Pic 11 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda President GHW Bush Lain in State 1 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

President GHW Bush Pic 10 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

U.S. Vice President George H. W. Bush, right, and his wife Barbara Bush pose in front of the Taj Mahal, the 17th century monument to love was built by a Mughal Emperor Sahajahan in memory of his beloved queen who bore 14 children, Saturday, May 13, 1984, Agra, India. (AP Photo/Sondeep Shankar)

President GHW Bush Pic 9 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda President GHW Bush Pic 8 1024x576 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

President GHW Bush Pic 7 1024x581 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

HOUSTON, TX – APRIL 20, 2018: In this handout provided by the Office of George H.W. Bush, former President George H. W. Bush looks at the casket with his daughter Dorothy “Doro” Bush Koch as they wait for the mourners during the visitation of former first lady Barbara Bush at St. Martin’s Episcopal Church Friday, April 20, 2018, in Houston, Texas. Barbara Bush died on April 17, at the age of 92. (Photo by Mark Burns – Pool/Office of George H.W. Bush via Getty Images)

President GHW Bush Pic 6 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda President GHW Bush Pic 5 1024x576 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda President GHW Bush Pic 4 1024x512 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

President GHW Bush Pic 3 1024x683 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

A military honor guard carries the casket of former U.S. President George H.W. Bush at Joint Base Andrews in Maryland, U.S., December 3, 2018. REUTERS/Yuri Gripas – RC192D96E180

Bush 41 Letter 2 783x1024 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda Bush 41 Letter 1 715x1024 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

President GHW Bush Pic 13 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“The flag-draped casket of former President George H.W. Bush is carried by a joint services military honor guard into St. Martin’s Episcopal Church Thursday, Dec. 6, 2018, in Houston.” (Photo Credit: Jack Gruber, USA TODAY)

President GHW Bush Pic 2 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

 

35. John S. McCain

August 26-27, 2018, and on August 31, 2018

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“My fellow Americans, whom I’ve gratefully served for 60 years, and especially my fellow Arizonans, thank you for the privilege of serving you and for the rewarding life that service in uniform and in public office has allowed me to lead.”

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

America is “the world’s greatest republic, a nation of ideals, not blood and soil.”

“I‘ve tried to serve our country honorably. I’ve made mistakes, but I hope my love for America will be weighed favorably against them.”

“We all love our country, we will get through these challenging times. We will come through them stronger than before. We always do.”

“Do not despair of our present difficulties, but believe always in the promise and greatness of America,” McCain wrote before his death Saturday. Share these last words of @SenJohnMcCain as he died Saturday, August 25, 2018.

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

@SenJohnMcCain, 81, is buried Sunday, September 2, 2018, @USNavy @NavalAcademy in Annapolis, Maryland, after he lies in state at the Arizona Capitol in Phoenix on Wednesday, August 29, 2018, and the U.S. Capitol Rotunda on Sunday-Monday, August 26-27, and on Friday, August 31, 2018, before his final funeral service Saturday, September 1, 2018 at the National Cathedral in Washington, DC.

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

Chief of Staff John Kelly, Defense Secretary James Mattis, and National Security Advisor John Bolton along with Jared Kushner and Ivanka Trump will represent the @WhiteHouse at McCain’s National Cathedral funeral service in Washington, DC.

@OliverMcGee on AZ Senator #JohnMcCain #FoxNews Tribute
@OliverMcGee on @SenJohnMcCain's @FoxNews Tribute
 @FoxNews @FoxandFriends

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

(National Cathedral Funeral Procession of Senator John McCain on Saturday, September 1, 2018)

As reported in the Washington Post, ““I’ve made more mistakes than most anybody you will ever know,” McCain said in the interview, conducted for the 2017 Naval History Conference. “But one thing has guided me, is what I learned the first day I walked through the main gate at the Naval Academy. And that was do the right thing, and do it honorably, and you can never go wrong.”

It is Annapolis that McCain has returned to, again and again, in life and in death.

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

McCain’s father and grandfather are buried at Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

But Admiral Charles “Chuck” Larson, a longtime friend and classmate, is buried at the academy in Maryland.”

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

(Pallbearers carried Mr. McCain’s coffin into the Arizona State Capitol on Wednesday. Credit Caitlin O’Hara for The New York Times)

“Larson reserved four plots before he died in 2014 — two for himself and McCain, and their wives. 

McCain’s plot is near where the two men first met, “back where it began,” he wrote in his recent book “The Restless Wave,” when he revealed Annapolis will be his final resting place.

“I will go to my grave in gratitude to my Creator for allowing me to stand witness to such courage and honor. And so will you,” McCain said. “My time is slipping by. Yours is fast approaching. You will know where your duty lies.”” 

(Below is McCain’s 1958 Class Photo at The Naval Academy in Annapolis).

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

 

34. Billy Graham

February 28–March 1, 2018; One of only 4 private American citizens to Lay in Honor

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Minister, evangelist and adviser to presidents. Died February 21, 2018, in Montreat, North Carolina. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

Authority for use of the Rotunda granted by House Concurrent Resolution 107, 115th Congress, 2nd Session; agreed to February 26, 2018.”

According to TIME, “the practice of U.S. elected officials and military leaders lying in state at the Capitol began with Senator Henry Clay in 1852, and since then more than two dozen people — including 11 Presidents — have received that posthumous send-off in the Rotunda. Many of those services, including those for Supreme Court Justices Thurgood Marshall and Warren Burger, have used the same wooden framework constructed to prop up Abraham Lincoln’s coffin in 1865. But Graham is only the fourth private citizen to “lie in honor,” rather than “lie in state,” in recognition of his contributions to the nation.”

 

33. Daniel K. Inouye

December 20, 2012

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Senator Inouye was the first congressman to represent Hawaii when it became a state in 1959. He served in the U.S. Senate from 1963 until his death, on December 17, 2012. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

Inouye was the second-longest-serving senator in history and served as president pro tempore of the U.S. Senate. He was a World War II hero and given a Medal of Honor for his service.”

 

32. Gerald R. Ford Jr.

December 30, 2006–January 2, 2007

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Ford was a member of the House of Representatives from Michigan, January 3, 1949 to December 6, 1973, when he resigned to become vice president. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

He was vice president of the United States from December 6, 1973 to August 9, 1974, when President Richard M. Nixon resigned. Ford served as president of the United States from August 9, 1974 to January 20, 1977. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

President Gerald R. Ford Jr. died December 26, 2006, in Rancho Mirage, California, after adjournment of the 109th Congress, 2nd session. Authority for use of the Capitol Rotunda was granted by the speaker of the House of Representatives and the majority leader of the Senate. No resolution.”

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

 

31. Rosa Parks

October 30 and 31, 2005; One of only 4 private American citizens to Lay in Honor.

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Civil rights pioneer Rosa Parks died October 24, 2005, in Detroit. Authority for use of the Rotunda granted by Senate Concurrent Resolution 61, 109th Congress, 1st Session; agreed to October 29, 2005.”

 

30. Ronald Wilson Reagan

June 9–11, 2004.

“Reagan was governor of California from 1967 to 1975 and president of the United States from January 20, 1981 to January 20, 1989. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

He died June 5, 2004, in Bel-Air, California. Authority for use of the Rotunda was granted by Senate Concurrent Resolution 115, 108th Congress, 2nd Session; agreed to June 9, 2004.”

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

 

29. Jacob Joseph Chestnut

28. John Michael Gibson

July 28, 1998; Two of Only 4 private American citizens to Lay in Honor

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Chestnut and Gibson were United States Capitol police officers killed at the U.S. Capitol in the line of duty on July 24, 1998. Authority for use of the Rotunda was granted by House Concurrent Resolution 310, 105th Congress, 2nd Session; agreed to July 27, 1998. Officer Chestnut and Detective Gibson were the first whose remains lay in honor in the Rotunda.”

 

27. Claude Denson Pepper

June 1 and 2, 1989

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Pepper served as U.S. Senator from Florida November 4, 1936 to January 3, 1951. He was a member of the House of Representatives from Florida from January 3, 1963, until his death, on May 30, 1989, in Washington, D.C. Authority for use of the Rotunda was granted by House Concurrent Resolution 139, 101st Congress, 1st Session; agreed to May 31, 1989.”

 

26. Unknown Soldier of the Vietnam War

May 25–28, 1984

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Chosen to honor the unknown Americans who lost their lives while serving in the Armed Forces of the United States in Southeast Asia from 1959–1972. Authority for use of the Rotunda was granted by House Concurrent Resolution 296, 98th Congress, 2nd Session; agreed to May 17, 1984.”

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

 

25. Hubert H. Humphrey

January 14-15, 1978

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Humphrey served as U.S. senator from Minnesota from January 3, 1949 to December 29, 1964, when he resigned to become vice president. He was vice president of the United States from January 20, 1965 to January 20, 1969. Humphrey then returned to the Senate from November 3, 1970, until his death. He died January 14, 1978, in Waverly, Minnesota, after adjournment of the 95th Congress, 1st Session. Authority for use of the Rotunda was granted by the speaker of the House of Representatives and the majority leader of the Senate. No resolution.” 

 

24. Lyndon Baines Johnson

January 24 and 25, 1973

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Johnson was a member of the House of Representatives from Texas from April 10, 1937 to January 3, 1949. He was a U.S. Senator from Texas from January 3, 1949 to January 3, 1961, when he resigned, having been elected vice president of the United States. Johnson served as vice president from January 20, 1961, to November 22, 1963, when he assumed the presidency. He served as president until January 20, 1969. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

Johnson died on January 22, 1973, near Johnson City, Texas. Authority for use of the Rotunda was granted by House Concurrent Resolution 90, 93rd Congress, 1st Session; agreed to January 23, 1973.”

 

23. J. Edgar Hoover

May 3 and 4, 1972

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Hoover was the first director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, serving from 1924 until his death. He died on May 2, 1972, in Washington, D.C. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

According to the New York Times, “Acting Attorney General Rich ard G. Kleindienst announced the death at 11 A.M., after F.B.I. offices around the world had been given the news and reports of it began to circulate here. Congress promptly voted its permission for his body to lie in state in the Capitol Ro tunda—an honor accorded to only 21 persons before, (23 persons before, when we now include below, 17. Unknown Soldier of World War II, and 16. Unknown Soldier of the Korean War, May 28–30, 1958) of whom eight were Presidents or former Presidents.”

Authority for use of the Rotunda was granted by House Concurrent Resolution 600, 92nd Congress, 2nd Session; agreed to May 2, 1972.”

 

22. Everett McKinley Dirksen

September 9 and 10, 1969

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Dirksen was a member of the House of Representatives from Illinois from March 4, 1933 to January 3, 1949. He was a U.S. senator from Illinois, January 3, 1951, until his death, September 7, 1969, in Washington, D.C. (He suffered a cardiopulmonary arrest and died, at age 73. Dirksen was buried at Glendale Memorial Gardens in Pekin). Senate Resolution 254, 91st Congress, 1st Session, agreed to September 8, 1969; extended invitations to memorial service in the Rotunda, September 9, 1969.” 

(President Richard Nixon paid his last respects and tributes to Sen. Dirksen in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda below in 1969. In 1972, one of the Senate’s buildings was renamed the Dirksen Senate Office Building in his honor.)

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

 

21. Dwight D. Eisenhower

March 30 and 31, 1969

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Eisenhower graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in 1915, was promoted to general of the army in 1944, and was named president of Columbia University in 1948. He served as president of the United States from January 20, 1953, to January 20, 1961. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

Eisenhower died March 28, 1969, in Washington, D.C., during the 91st Congress, 1st Session. No resolution. (Richard Nixon pays tribute to IKE in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda above in 1969).

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

 

20. Herbert Clark Hoover

October 23–25, 1964

“Hoover served as secretary of commerce for presidents Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge. He was food administrator under President Woodrow Wilson. Hoover also served as chairman of the Ccommission on the organization of executive branch of government  from 1947 to 1949 and from 1953 to 1955. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

He was president of the United States from March 4, 1929, to March 3, 1933. Hoover died October 20, 1964, in New York City, after adjournment of the 88th Congress, 2nd Session. No resolution.”

 

19. Douglas MacArthur

April 8 and 9, 1964

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“MacArthur was superintendent of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point from 1919–1922; appointed chief of staff of the Army on November 21, 1930; and appointed general of the Army on December 18, 1944. From July 26, 1941, through April 11, 1951, he served in the Pacific and Far East in various allied commands. MacArthur died April 5, 1964, in Washington, D.C. Authority for use of the Rotunda was granted by Senate Concurrent Resolution 74, 88th Congress, 2nd Session; agreed to April 6, 1964.”

 

18. John F. Kennedy

November 24 and 25, 1963

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Kennedy was a member of the House of Representatives from Massachusetts, January 3, 1947 to January 3, 1953. U.S. Senator from Massachusetts January 3, 1953, to December 22, 1960, when he resigned to become president. 

Was president of the United States from January 20, 1961, until his death. Assassinated in Dallas on November 22, 1963, during the 88th Congress, 1st Session. No resolution.” 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

 

17. Unknown Soldier of World War II 

16. Unknown Soldier of the Korean War

May 28–30, 1958

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Chosen to honor and perpetuate the memory of the heroes who gave their lives while serving overseas in the Armed Forces of the United States during World War II and the Korean War, and whose identities were unknown. Authority for use of the Rotunda was granted by House Concurrent Resolution 242, 85th Congress, 2nd Session; agreed to March 6, 1958.”

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

 

15. Robert A. Taft

August 2 and 3, 1953

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Taft served as U.S. Senator from Ohio from January 3, 1939, until his death. He died July 31, 1953, in New York City, during 83rd Congress, 1st Session, Senate Resolution 158, 83rd Congress, 1st Session; agreed to August 1, 1953, extended invitation to the memorial service in the Rotunda August 3, 1953.”

“In 1957, a committee led by Senator John F. Kennedy selected Taft as one of five of the greatest Senators, whose portraits would adorn the President’s Room off the Senate floor. Taft continues to be regarded by historians as one of the most powerful U.S. Senators of the twentieth century.

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

Robert Alphonso Taft was born on September 8, 1889. He was the oldest child of U.S. President William Howard Taft and his wife Helen Louise “Nellie” Herron and the grandson of Attorney General and Secretary of War Alphonso Taft. As a child he spent four years in the Philippines, where his father was governor. As an adolescent he was a brilliant academic. He finished first in his class at the Taft School in Cincinnati (run by his uncle), at Yale College and at Harvard Law School, graduating in 1913. He edited the Harvard Law Review. Following his graduation, Taft scored the highest mark in the state on the Ohio bar exam in 1913. He practiced law for four years with the firm of Maxwell and Ramsey (now Graydon Head & Ritchey LLP) in Cincinnati. He then worked in Washington for the Food and Drug Administration, before returning to Cincinnati to start his own law office. In 1924, he and his brother Charles helped form the law partnership Taft, Stettinius, and Hollister, with whom he continued to be associated until his death. The firm continues to carry his name today.

He was strongly criticized both by Republicans and Democrats for this. Senator John F. Kennedy in his bestselling book “Profiles in Courage,” applauded Taft’s principled stand even in the face of great bipartisan criticism.

When the Republicans took control of Congress in 1947, Taft became Chair of the Senate Labor Committee. He wrote the 1947 Taft–Hartley Act, which remains the basic labor law today. It banned “unfair” union practices, outlaws closed shops, and authorized the President to seek federal court injunctions to impose an eighty-day cooling-off period if a strike threatened the national interest. When President Harry Truman vetoed it, Taft convinced both houses of Congress to override the veto.

Taft was non-interventionist who did not see Stalin’s Soviet Union as a major threat. He saw the real dangers as big government and runaway spending. He opposed NATO and he took the lead among Republicans in condemning President Harry Truman’s handling of the Korean War. Taft questioned the constitutionality of the war itself. He said:

“In the case of Korea, where a war was already under way, we had no right to send troops to a nation, with whom we had no treaty, to defend it against attack by another nation, no matter how unprincipled that aggression might be, unless the whole matter was submitted to Congress and a declaration of war or some other direct authority obtained.” “


14. John Joseph Pershing

July 18 and 19, 1948

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Pershing was general of the Armies of the United States. He graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in 1886 and devoted his entire life to military service. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

He served as chief of staff of the Army 1921–1924; commander of American expeditionary forces, World War I; distinguished service during the Philippine insurrection and Spanish-American War. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

Pershing died July 15, 1948, in Washington, D.C., during recess of the 80th Congress, 2nd Session. No resolution.”

 

13. William Howard Taft

March 11, 1930

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Taft served as president of United States from March 4, 1909, to March 4, 1913. He was chief justice of the United States Supreme Court from July 11, 1921, to February 3, 1930. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

Taft died on March 8, 1930, in Washington, D.C., during 71st Congress, 2nd Session. No resolution.”

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

The Tafts had four sons: William Howard Taft III (1915–1991), a future Ambassador to Ireland; Robert Alphonso Taft, Jr. (1917–1993), a future U.S. Senator (shown on the right above next to U.S. President and U.S. Chief Justice William Howard Taft); Lloyd Bowers Taft (1923–1985), an investment banker in Cincinnati, and Horace Dwight Taft (1925–1983), a professor of physics and dean at Yale. Two of Robert Taft’s grandsons are Robert Alphonso “Bob” Taft III (born 1942), Governor of Ohio from 1999 to 2007, and William Howard Taft IV (born 1945), Deputy Secretary of Defense from 1984 to 1989.

 

12. Warren G. Harding

August 8, 1923

“Harding served as U.S. senator from Ohio, March 4, 1915, to January 13, 1921, when he resigned, having been elected president. He was president of United States from March 4, 1921, until his death. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

Harding died August 2, 1923, in San Francisco, after adjournment of the 67th Congress, 4th Session. No resolution.”

 

11. Unknown Soldier of World War I

November 9–11, 1921

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

(General John Joseph Pershing stands and salutes in front to the casket of the Unknown Soldier of World War I in 1921 inside the U.S. Capitol Rotunda)

“Chosen to honor and perpetuate the memory of the heroes who gave their lives in World War I, the body was that of an unknown American who served as a member of the American Expeditionary Forces in Europe. Congress was in session, 67th Congress, 1st Session. No resolution.”

 

10. George Dewey

January 20, 1917

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Dewey was admiral of the Navy and was a hero of Manila Bay in the Spanish-American War. He died January 16, 1917, in Washington, D.C. Authority for use of the Rotunda was granted by House Concurrent Resolution 68, 64th Congress, 2nd Session; agreed to January 18, 1917.”

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

George Dewey (December 26, 1837 – January 16, 1917) was an admiral of the United States Navy. “He is best known for his victory at the Battle of Manila Bay during the Spanish-American War. He is also the only person in the history of the United States to have (first) attained the rank of Admiral of the Navy, the most senior rank in the United States Navy.”

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“By act of Congress he was promoted to the special rank of Admiral of the Navy in 1903 with his date of rank retroactive to 1899. A special military decoration, the Battle of Manila Bay Medal (commonly called the Dewey Medal), was struck in honor of Dewey’s victory at Manila Bay. It was awarded to every American officer, Sailor and Marine present at the battle. The medals were designed by Daniel Chester French, sculptor of the Lincoln Memorial, and produced by Tiffany & Co. Each medal was engraved with the recipient’s name, rank and ship. Since his own image appeared on the obverse of the medal, out of modesty, Dewey wore his medal reversed. Dewey was one of only four Americans in history (the other three being Admiral William T. Sampson, Admiral Richard E. Byrd and General John J. Pershing) who were entitled to wear a US Government issued medal with their own image on it.”

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

 

9. Pierre Charles L’Enfant

(Re-interment) April 28, 1909

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“L’Enfant was the planner of the city of Washington, D.C. He died June 14, 1825, and was buried on Digges Farm in Prince George’s County, Maryland. His remains were brought to the U.S. Capitol on April 28, 1909, to be reinterred at Arlington National Cemetery. Senate Concurrent Resolution 2, 61st Congress, 1st Session granted use of the Rotunda; agreed to March 26, 1909.”

 

8. William McKinley, Jr.

September 17, 1901

“McKinley was a member of House of Representatives from Ohio, March 4, 1877, to May 27, 1884, and again from March 4, 1885, to March 3, 1891. He served as governor of Ohio from 1892 to 1896 and as President of United States, March 4, 1897, until his death. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

McKinley was assassinated September 6, 1901, in Buffalo, New York, and died there September 14, 1901, after adjournment of the 56th Congress, 2nd Session. No resolution.”

 

7. John A. Logan

December 30-31, 1886

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Logan was a member of House of Representatives from Illinois, March 4, 1859, to April 2, 1862, when he resigned to enter the Union Army, and again from March 4, 1867, until March 3, 1871. He served as U.S. Senator from Illinois, March 4, 1871, to March 3, 1877, and again from March 4, 1879, to December 26, 1886. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“After the Civil war, Logan, who had always been a staunch partisan, was identified with the radical wing of the Republican Party. His forceful, passionate speaking, popular on the platform, was less effective in the halls of legislation. In 1868, he was one of the managers in the impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson.”

(Below is a site of American Civil War by Illinoisans, including Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, and John A. Logan).

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

Around three o’clock in the afternoon on December 26, Logan died at his home in Columbia HeightsWashington, D.C. 

“Logan died on December 26, 1886, in Washington, D.C., during the 49th Congress, 2nd Session. No resolution.”

After his death, Logan’s body lay in state in the United States Capitol

An equestrian statue stands in Logan Circle in Washington, D.C., which gives its name to the surrounding neighborhood. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

John A. Logan’s funeral was at Hutchinson’s vault.

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Logan’s final resting place at the U.S. Soldiers’ and Airmen’s Home National Cemetery is a granite, Norman-style mausoleum, design by the former supervising architect of the U.S. Treasury Department, Alfred B. Mullett, which houses the remains of General John A. Logan; his wife, Mary S. Logan; daughter, Mary Logan Tucker; and grandsons, Captain Logan Tucker and George E. Tucker.”

 

6. James A. Garfield

September 21–23, 1881

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Garfield was a member of House of Representatives from Ohio from March 4, 1863, to November 8, 1880, when he resigned, having been elected president. He served as President of the United States from March 4, 1881, until his death. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

Garfield was assassinated July 2, 1881, in Washington, D.C., and died September 19, 1881, in Elberon, New Jersey, after adjournment of 46th Congress, 3rd Session. No resolution.”

(White House draped in mourning for President James A. Garfield, September 1881).

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

 

5. Henry Wilson

November 25 and 26, 1875

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Wilson served as a U.S. Senator from Massachusetts from January 31, 1855, to March 3, 1873, when he resigned to become vice president of the United States. He was vice president from March 4, 1873, until his death, on November 22, 1875. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

Wilson died in the vice president’s room in the Capitol Building in Washington, D.C., after adjournment of the 43rd Congress, 2nd Session. No resolution.”

 

4. Charles Sumner

March 13, 1874

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Sumner served as U.S. Senator from Massachusetts deom April 24, 1851, until his death, March 11, 1874. He died in Washington, D.C., during the 43rd Congress. No resolution.”

As reported in the Anchorage Daily News, by Steve Haycox, professor emeritus of history at the University of Alaska Anchorage, “When he died of a heart attack on March 11, 1874, 143 years ago this month (on March 23, 2017), Charles Sumner, the Massachusetts senator who had shepherded the Alaska Purchase Treaty through Senate ratification, lay in state in the Capitol rotunda, only the second senator to be so honored (the first being Henry Clay).

That was not because of his critical, but often overlooked, role in facilitating the Alaska purchase. It was rather a tribute to his long and fiery career as an uncompromising champion of abolition, and full civil and property rights for former slaves.”

 

3. Thaddeus Stevens

August 13–14, 1868

“Stevens was a member of the House of Representatives from Pennsylvania, March 4, 1849, to March 3, 1853, and again from March 4, 1859, until his death on August 11, 1868. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

He died in Washington, D.C., during recess of the 40th Congress, 2nd Session, and lay in state in the Capitol Rotunda. No resolution.”

 

2. Abraham Lincoln

April 19–21, 1865

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Lincoln was a member of the House of Representatives from Illinois, March 4, 1847, to March 3, 1849. He was president of the United States from March 4, 1861, until his death. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

Lincoln was assassinated April 14, 1865, in Washington, D.C., and died there April 15, 1865, after adjournment of the 38th Congress, 2nd Session. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

The historic catafalque was constructed to support Lincoln’s casket during his lying in state. No resolution.”

 

1. Henry Clay

July 1, 1852

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Henry Clay was a member of the House of Representatives for five non-consecutive terms (1811–1825). He served as speaker of the House in 1811–1814, 1815–1820 and 1823–1825. He was secretary of state from 1825 to 1829. Clay also served as U.S. senator from Kentucky intermittently for 18 years between 1806 and 1852. He died June 29, 1852, in Washington, D.C., during the 32nd Congress, 1st Session, becoming the first person honored by a funeral ceremony in the Capitol Rotunda. No resolution.”

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__________

Appendix

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda
 
Lying in State 
 
“Lying in state occurs when the casket of a member of government (or former member of government) is placed on view in the principal government building of a country or state to allow the public to pay their respects.  

Examples of this would include President Gerald Ford or Senator Daniel Inouye lying in state in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda, or Congressman Paul Gillmor lying in state in the Ohio State Capitol.  

Lying in state in the Rotunda of the U.S. Capitol is authorized by Joint Resolution of Congress.

A guard of honor maintains a vigil over the remains throughout the period of time the remains lie in state. Public viewing is generally allowed during the lying in state.

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

Lying in Repose

Lying in repose occurs when the casket of a member of government (or former member of government) is placed on view in any other building to allow the public to pay their respects. 

Examples would include President Reagan at the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library in Simi Valley, California in 2004, President Gerald Ford at St. Margaret’s Episcopal Church in Palm Desert, California in 2006, and Senator John McCain at the Arizona Capitol in Phoenix, Arizona in 2018.

 
[via, Wikipedia]

Supreme Court Justices “lie in repose” in the Great Hall of the United States Supreme Court Building.

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

 
Lying in Honor
 
The term “lying in honor” encompasses two different scenarios:
    1.  When the casket of an individual who is not a member of government is placed on view in the principal government building of a country or state to allow the public to pay their respects.  An example would be Rosa Parks in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda.

    2.  When the casket of a member of government (or former member of government) is placed on view in the U.S. Capitol, but not in the Capitol Rotunda, to allow the public to pay their respects.  Examples include Senator Robert Byrd and Senator Frank Lautenberg lying in honor in the Senate Chamber.”

 
[via, Wikipedia]
 
“The United States Congress has created a similar—though not identical—privilege for distinguished Americans who do not qualify for a lying in state designation. In the process of “lying in honor,” the honor guard in the Rotunda is provided by the Capitol Police or another suitable source. 

In 1998, Chestnut and Gibson were killed while defending the Capitol against a shooter. Congress approved their remains to lie in honor in the Rotunda. Chestnut was the first African American to lie in honor. In 2005, upon the death of civil rights activist Rosa Parks, Congress authorized her remains to lie in honor at the Rotunda; Parks was the second African American and the first woman to lie in honor in the Capitol Rotunda. Graham was the first religious leader to be honored in this way.”

 
900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda
 
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