Dec 172019
 
Top 10 Political Moments This Decade (2010-2019)
 
 
 
Healthcare reform, a slow economic increase, and an enemy that refuses to go away dominate the first years of the decade as America struggles to find its footing from the economic collapse of 2008 and the international troubles of terrorism and the mideast.
 
As the American electorate in 2014 said “enough is enough” with politics as usual in Washington, serving Wall Street and not serving Main Street, on November 8, 2016 voters ushered in an outsider in NBC’s Apprentice television star Donald Trump as the 45th President of the United States.
 
Top 10 Political Moments This Decade (2010-2019)
 
This tsunami-seismic shift in American politics came shortly after Britain’s BREXIT Political Movement and the subsequent election of Conservative Party Leader Boris Johnson as U.K. Prime Minister, ousting Theresa May’s failed tenure as Prime Minister to implement the voters mandate of BREXIT.
 
Extraordinarily above all else, Donald Trump is the FIRST President of the United States to cross North Korea’s Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) for a high-risk SURPRISE 3rd meeting with North Korea’s Kim Jong-Un after Trump’s #G20Summit in Osaka, Japan.
 
Below are the top ten political moments this decade (2010-2019).
 
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#1 Donald Trump Elected 45th President of the United States, Becomes Third Impeached President in U.S. History
 
November 28, 2016 – Donald Trump, the billionaire businessman from New York with no political or military experience, wins a surprising election over Democratic challenger and former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, the first woman to run for the highest office from a major party.
 
Electoral victory by Republican Trump, 304 to 227, on November 8, 2016, with seven electors voting against their pledge, two not voting for Trump, five not voting for Clinton, contained victories in Rust Belt states Wisconsin, Michigan, and Pennsylvania.
 
June 16, 2015 – Billionaire businessman Donald Trump joins a crowded field of Republican candidates seeking the nomination for President in 2016 and almost immediately rises to the top of the polls on a populist message, surprising pundits and critics. Expected frontrunner on the Democratic side, Hillary Clinton, takes quick lead in the polls.
 
December 22, 2018 – Federal government shutdown for President Trump’s Border Wall lasts 35-days, the longest shutdown in U.S. History.
 
Partial government shutdown begins after President Trump refuses to sign any spending package for Homeland Security that does not include border barrier funding in appropriations due to the status of illegal immigration and border security.
 
December 22, 2017 – President Trump signs the largest tax cut and changes in the tax code since 1986 with the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, reducing rates and simplifying the tax code, and most of all, has really helped small businesses on Main Street USA and has uplifted consumers and small businesses confidences in the high-growth Trump economy.
 
June 1, 2017 – United States withdraws from the Paris Climate Agreement.
 
December 19, 2019 – “Delivering him one of the most high-profile bipartisan accomplishments of his presidency, a bipartisan majority in the House of Representatives has approved the United States Mexico Canada Agreement (USMCA) on Thursday, moving President Donald Trump’s signature trade deal one step closer to implementation.

The House voted 385 to 41 to approve the USMCA, an updated version of the North American Free Trade Agreement, or NAFTA. A total of 193 Democrats backed the bill, after Democratic leaders in the House succeeded in winning changes on labor, environment, enforcement, and pharmaceutical provisions. Those tweaks secured the backing of US labor, offering Democrats a pathway to supporting the agreement.” (via VOX).

December 18, 2019 – 45th President of the United States Donald J. Trump is the third impeached president in American history.
 

On Friday, December 20, 2019,  The U.S. House of Representatives left Washington in disagreement on how to transmit their Articles of Impeachment to the U.S. Senate. The White House signals their defense of the Abuse of Power charge, saying President Trump’s Ukraine call was a perfect call, and their defense of the Obstruction of Congress charge, saying President Trump will invoke Executive Powers  in implementing foreign policy of the United States under Article 2 of the U.S. Constitution.
 
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#2 BREXIT and DEXIT, Democrat Exit
 
Following a June 2016 referendum, in which 51.9% voted to leave on June 23, 2016, the United Kingdom (U.K.) government formally announced the country’s withdrawal from the European Union (EU) in March 2017, starting a two-year process that was due to conclude with the U.K. withdrawing on March 29, 2019. As the U.K. parliament voted against or failed to ratify the negotiated withdrawal agreements, that deadline has been extended three times. The deadline is currently January 31, 2020.
 
The 2019 Conservative Party leadership election was triggered when Theresa May announced on May 24, 2019 that she would resign as Leader of the Conservative Party on June 7, 2019 and as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom once a successor had been elected.
 
Nominations opened on June 10, 2019, as 10 candidates were nominated. The first ballot of Members of Parliament (MPs) took place on June 13, 2019, with exhaustive ballots of MPs also taking place on June 18-20, 2019, reducing the candidates to two.
 
The general membership of the party elected the leader by postal ballot with the result announced on July 23, 2019, with Boris Johnson being elected U.K. Prime Minister with almost twice as many votes as his opponent Jeremy Hunt.
 
According to USA Today, “Britain’s Conservative Party and Prime Minister Boris Johnson secured a majority in Parliament on Friday, December 13, 2019 winning an election that pitted Johnson’s plan to “get Brexit done” against opposition parties who wanted to delay Britain’s departure from the European Union or even cancel it altogether. The victory makes Johnson the most electorally successful Conservative leader since Margaret Thatcher and is a disaster for left-wing Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn who was already facing calls for his resignation. The result likely paves the way for Johnson to push through Brexit on January 31, 2019 after three years of divisive and acrimonious debate by lawmakers over whether Britain should leave a bloc it joined more than four decades ago.” While results were still rolling in, the Conservatives had claimed 326 of 650 seats in the House of Commons and appeared headed to the party’s best election performance since 1987.

 

U.S. President Donald Trump took notice: “Looking like a big win for Boris in the U.K.!” Trump tweeted Thursday night, December 12, 2019.

Read more related information here: Dexit, Democrat Exit and Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump

 

 
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2014 Election Was About Enough
 
 
 
#3 Midterm Elections of 2018, 2014, 2010
 
November 4, 2014 – Midterm elections see large increase in Republican lawmakers with expansion of their majority to 247 seats in the House of Representatives and the taking over the majority in the Senate with 54 seats. This will cause the Obama administration to deal with a Congress now controlled by the other party for the final two years of his term.
 
Congressional Shift Right is the Birth of ‘Practical Conservatism’, Giving Rise to The Age of Trump!
 
Rising support of ‘practical conservatism’ in America, signaled by the wide margin in the GOP Congressional victory Tuesday night, November 4, 2014, is a reaction of the American people to fiscally irresponsible actions of the federal government, misguided stimulus spending, bailouts and takeovers of private industry.
 
Practical conservatism is a blend of Republican and classical Libertarian ideals. But also, practical conservatism pulls in uneasy Democrats worried about the lack of full-time jobs available, the level of part-time jobs left (for 95 million folks out of work), the messy roll-out of healthcare reforms, the lack of financial options for sound borrowers under Dodd-Frank reforms, and the insecure attention forming a rational foreign policy for the nation.
 
Read more on Practical Conservatism inside here: 2014 Election Was About Enough 
 
November 6, 2018 – Mid-term elections result in Democratic gains of forty seats in the U.S. House of Representatives and seven governors, but a drop in two seats in the U.S. Senate.
 
This has set up the conditions of DERANGED & TRIGGERED @SpeakerPelosi, who doesn’t have a case in her “completely baseless & reckless abuse of power” in rushing to impeach @POTUS @realDonaldTrump before Christmas 2019 to AVOID HIS 2020 LANDSLIDE REELECTION to the @WhiteHouse!
 
Only three presidents have been impeached – Andrew Johnson in 1868, Bill Clinton in 1998, and Donald Trump on December 18, 2019 – but neither was removed. Former President Richard Nixon resigned in 1974 after the Judiciary Committee approved articles of impeachment, but before a full House vote.
 
January 19, 2010 – Scott Brown, a Republican reformer from Massachusetts, stuns the nation with an upset win for the special election Senate seat.
 
He is the first Republican elected to the Senate from the state of Massachusetts since 1972, and the only Republican member of the Massachusetts Democratic congressional delegation. His election puts a halt to the 60-seat Democratic super-majority in the Senate and prevented President Obama and the Democratic leadership from pushing legislation in future votes past a Republican filibuster.
 
He was quickly unseated by 2020 Democratic presidential hopeful Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren.
 

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#4 Donald Trump and “Rocket Man” Kim Jong-un Meet Face-2-Face, as Trump is First U.S. President to Walk Across DMZ Line
 
June 11, 2018 – Meetings between the United States President Donald Trump and North Korean Leader Kim Jong-un, becoming the first summit between leaders of the two nations, with discussions about North Korea giving up its ambitions for nuclear weapons, and thawing the iceberg of cold-war communication between the United States 🇺🇸 and North Korea 🇰🇵 spanning across 75 years.
 
February 11, 2017 – North Korea fires ballistic missile over the Sea of Japan, testing the resolve of the world in its attempt to develop a deliverable nuclear weapon. Throughout the year, North Korea continues its provocative tests, firing its first intercontinental ballistic missile, and other nuclear tests, prompting increased sanctions. This prompted U.S. President Donald Trump to publicly tag North Korean President Kim Jong-un as “Rocket Man.”
 
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Top Ten Political Moments This Decade (2010-2019)
 
#5 Osama Bin Laden and Abū Bakr al-Baghdadi Killed by U.S. Military Forces
 
May 2, 2011 – Osama Bin Laden, mastermind of the 9/11, 2001 attacks on the World Trade Center, the Pentagon, and other locations and leader of the terrorist group, Al-Qaeda, is killed after ten years of pursuit by United States and coalition forces during a ultra-clandestine Black Ops mission raid at 1:15am ordered by President Barack Obama called Operation Neptune Spear by two-dozen U.S. Navy Seal Team VI Black Ops, flying stealth Black Ops helicopters from an Afghanistan airbase, and landing onto Osama Bin-Laden’s well-guarded hideout compound location in Pakistan.
 
As the 38-minute raid began, one of the special Black Ops helicopters crashed landed and was partially destroyed. Upon climbing upon Osama Bin-Laden’s three-story personal compound, four U.S. Navy Seal Team VI Black Ops forces shot and killed the 9-11 Attacks terrorists mastermind immediately in seconds upon recognition, as Osama Bin-Laden reached for his weapon during a one-minute firefight!
 
Bin-Laden was quickly given a Muslim burial at sea, marking in a crucial finale to the largest terrorist attack on American soil in our nation’s history. The Death of Osama Bin-Laden marked President George W. Bush’s War on Terrorism’s greatest victory.
 
On Sunday, May 1, 2011 at 11:35pm President Obama addressed the nation from the White House. “The United States conducted an operation that killed Osama Bin-Laden, the leader of Al-Qaeda.”
 
 
Top 10 Political Moments This Decade (2010-2019)
 
Within hours conflicting details of the raid spread worldwide. For the next several days specific details of the raid changed multiple instances that have never been resolved from what President Obama had informed the nation. Specifically, why did Black Ops dispose of Osama Bin-Laden’s body in the sea so quickly after the raid – and by who’s orders in the National Command Chain – President Obama, his Defense Secretary, and the Joint Chiefs of Staff – was to kill Osama Bin-Laden rather than capture this high-value counterterrorism intelligence target for deeper questions as to how and why the 9-11 attacks occurred and what’s coming next?
 
To date nobody knows really what to happened Osama Bin-Laden’s body evidence or what happened in Operation Neptune Spear by two-dozen U.S. Navy Seal Team VI Black Ops, and nobody ever will.
 
Why?
 
For the steady continuation of ultra-clandestine Black Ops warfare for future U.S. presidencies in the 21st Century.
 
“Loose Lips Sink Ships” and Black Ops forces and U.S. Presidents and U.S. Secretaries and Joint Chiefs get this – for secrecy is crucial to success in war and survival in peace.
 
Top Ten Political Moments This Decade (2010-2019)
 
In the Osama Bin-Laden raid’s aftermath, the Black Ops success served to lift President Obama’s own political standings for his upcoming 2012 reelection bid.
 
By way of some background ….
 
(SEALS are sea, air, and land brain surgeons of shootings and use of edge-weaponry for knifings or killings by hand combat. This elite force, known as Elite Seal Team VI Black Ops Unconventional Covert Tier-One Missions and Actions, comprises 60,000 extraordinary individuals).
 
Top Ten Political Moments This Decade (2010-2019)
 
President John Kennedy in 1962 created his $100 million dollar Black Ops Force for paramilitary operations and presidential sub-limited covert unconventional warfare missions to operate outside the CIA in the aftermath and his response to The Bay of Pigs Cuban invasion and its duplicitous debacle in CIA dependency and accountability during his early administration. JFK had the foresight that future warfare of the 21st century nowadays are low-intensity conflicts of increasing frequency, wherein Black Ops spring in fast and complete their strike missions successfully when called upon by the Commander-in-Chief from the White House.
 
April 24, 1980 – President Jimmy Carter ordered his ultra-clandestine Black Ops mission called Operation Eagle Claw in his attempted rescue of 52 hostages inside the U.S. Embassy in Iran for nearly six months!
 
Eagle Claw was doomed by an unexpected sandstorm clogging the helicopter engines, killing eight servicemen – this marked the END OF EAGLE CLAW MISSION and Jimmy Carter’s presidency. In the aftermath the entire Black Ops Forces was reorganized substantially from the lessons learned from the failed rescue mission, which have led to subsequent superior successes.
 
Shortly after President Carter’s Eagle Claw debacle, the U.S. Department of Defense commissioned a top-secret Tier-One high-risk surgical-precision low-time duration counterterrorism unit called Navy Seal Team VI – Joint Special Operations Command, founded by Vietnam Veteran Retired Commander Richard Marcinko.
 
Top Ten Political Moments This Decade (2010-2019)
 
Black Operators are volunteer military servicemen and servicewomen undergoing an extremely rigorous selection process.
 
Active duty personnel comprise nearly 1.4 million total. This is 0.001% of the U.S. population of well-over 338,693,855 people, as per the 2010 U.S. Census, whereupon well-above a 10% increase above this population total is expected by the 2020 U.S. Census. Seal Teams comprise about only 1200 door-killers, shooters, and operators. These extraordinarily superior servicemen and servicewomen are only 0.0005% of the nation! They are extremely intelligent, physically fit, and mentally tough world-class athletes, separating them from any other persons across the globe.
 
So, the audition attrition rate from this elite class of the military is 85 percent – only 15 percent (less than 1 in 4) are accepted. The motto of rigorous life-threatening “Hell-Week” training of Basic Underwater Demolition SEAL (BUDS) Training is “the more BUDS sweats in peace, the less BUDS bleeds in war” in executions of demolitions, skydivings, divings, shootings, bombings, hostage acquisitions and rescues. These executions in “Closed Quarters Battles (CQBs)” and “24-7 Kill House Battle Runs” of unconventional land, sea, air warfare require 6-10 months of additional high-intensity life-threatening warfare training upon passing through to the Elite 15% BUDS “Hell-Week” qualification! Fundamentally, Black Ops in service to America as elite warriors in a very dangerous modern world is life-threatening hazardous work, as most Black Ops military personnel don’t live beyond their thirties in age.
 
Top Ten Political Moments This Decade (2010-2019)
 
“Live Fast, Die Young, and Leave a Good-Looking Corpse!” Motto of U.S. Navy Seal Team VI – Joint Special Operations Command Black Ops
 
Notwithstanding the political decentralized legacy in history of The Pentagon, whose 16-month construction began September 11, 1941 – sixty-years before the 9-11 terror attacks, and three months before Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941, the modern centralized U.S. Department of Defense counterterrorism unit, Navy Seal Team VI – Joint Special Operations Command Black Ops forces, annually “black” budget-appropriated to DOD and CIA with billions of dollars in closed-door secret sessions of the House and Senate Intelligence Committees, is the unconventional convert warfare mission President Donald Trump implemented on October 27, 2019 in killing Abū Bakr al-Baghdadi al-Qurayshi.
 
Emanating from President Trump’s and President Barack Obama’s National Commander-in-Chief authority under Article 2 of the U.S. Constitution in execution of his Black Ops mission to kill Osama Bin-Laden (Obama) and to kill al-Baghdadi (Trump), was absolutely only their respective Department of Defense Secretaries managed by their respective Joint Chiefs of Staff. This short line of absolute authority allows direct lines for funding, intelligence, and action immediately. Black Ops is the essential core fundamentals of the United States national security intelligentsia and advanced military science and technology development under President Truman’s National Security Act of 1947 – which authorizes plausible deniability at the highest government levels (knowingly and/or unknowingly, competence and/or incompetence) of all ultra-clandestine Black Ops missions.
 
Information is power in the intelligence community and the cyber-command systems inside The Pentagon. Secrecy is the most powerful information in the counter-intelligence community and counterterrorism warfare.
 

 
Abū Bakr al-Baghdadi al-Qurayshi (July 28, 1971 – 27 October 27, 2019) was the Iraqi-born leader of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). The group has been designated as a terrorist organization by the United Nations and the European Union, while Baghdadi was considered a Specially Designated Global Terrorist by the U.S. until his death in October 27, 2019.
 
From 2011, a reward of US$10 million was offered for Baghdadi by the U.S. State Department, increasing to $25 million in 2017, for information or intelligence on his whereabouts to enable capture, dead or alive.
 
On October 27, 2019, he killed himself by detonating a suicide vest during the Barisha raid, conducted by the U.S. 75th Ranger Regiment and the U.S. Delta Force, in Syria’s northwestern Idlib Province, according to a statement by U.S. President Donald Trump. The commander of the United States Central Command, General Kenneth F. McKenzie Jr., stated that al-Baghdadi also killed two children when he exploded his vest and was buried at sea after being offered Islamic funeral rites.
 
On October 31, 2019, ISIL confirmed that Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi was dead, and named Abu Ibrahim al-Hashimi al-Qurashi, about whom little is known, as his replacement.

Conan, a 2019 heroic dog of the year who helped capture ISIS boss (via Fox News)

“Conan, a young Belgian Malinois named after talk show host Conan O’Brien, was credited with helping take down Islamic State leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi in October.

The military working dog was injured during the Middle East mission after being exposed to live electrical wires while pursuing Baghdadi through a tunnel underneath a compound in northwestern Syria, officials said.

WAR DOG IN BAGHDADI RAID, OTHER MILITARY POOCHES ARE SPECIALLY TRAINED FROM BIRTH TO SERVE ALONGSIDE TROOPS

Following the raid, Conan was commended by President Trump for his heroic actions, describing the pooch as “incredible,” brilliant,” “smart” and the “ultimate fighter” during a visit to the White House in November.

President Trump called Conan, pictured here at the White House on Nov. 25, an "incredible" dog after he helped take down ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.

President Trump called Conan, pictured here at the White House on Nov. 25, an “incredible” dog after he helped take down ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)

According to U.S. Central Command, Conan has worked with special operations for four years and has taken part in roughly 50 missions.

While it was eventually confirmed Conan is of the male gender, there was, however, some confusion over whether he was a very good boy or a very good girl.”

 
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#6 Radical Islamic Global Terrorism
 
June 12, 2016 – Terrorist attack in Orlando, Florida, with fifty killed and fifty-three wounded, continues ISIS and Radical Islamic terrorist inspired attacks throughout the world, including major attacks in Ankara, Instanbul, Brussels, and Nice.
 
Read more inside here:
 

December 2, 2015 – Islamic Terrorist inspired act in San Bernadino, California kills fourteen and follows a brutal attack against citizens in Paris in November. These attacks and others are fueled by the continual rise of ISIS in Syria, Iraq, and other countries around the world.
 
April 15, 2013 – Two bombs explode near the finish line of the Boston Marathon, killing three and injuring hundreds in a terrorism attack coordinated by two brothers associated with radical Islam.
 
The attack caused the shutdown of the city as police and federal officials searched and apprehended the suspects within four days of the attack.
 
 
September 11, 2012 – On the 11th anniversary of Osama Bin-Laden’s Terror Attacks on the World Trade Center, the Pentagon, and rural Pennsylvania on September 11, 2001 at 9:37am, terrorists attacked a consulate in the Libyan city of Benghazi kills four Americans, including Ambassador John C. Stevens, showing the continued fight against Islamic extremism had not abated after the Arab Spring uprisings in the Middle East and deposing of dictators such as Muammar Gaddafi.
 
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#7 The 50th Anniversary of MLK’s “I Have a Dream” Speech at the Lincoln Memorial and JFK’s Assassination
 
August 28, 2013 – One hundred thousand visitors throng to the Lincoln Memorial and the National Mall in Washington, D.C. for the 50th anniversary commemoration ceremony of Martin Luther King’s “I Have a Dream” speech.
 
Speakers at the anniversary include two former U.S. presidents Jimmy Carter, Bill Clinton, and then-President Barack Obama, the first African American to hold the office. Nearly 250,000 people came to the original speech on August 28, 1963.
 
November 22, 1963 – (via Wikipedia) “John Fitzgerald Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States, was assassinated on November 22, 1963, at 12:30 p.m. Central Standard Time in Dallas, Texas, while riding in a presidential motorcade through Dealey Plaza. Kennedy was riding with his wife Jacqueline, Texas Governor John Connally, and Connally’s wife Nellie when he was fatally shot by former U.S. Marine Lee Harvey Oswald firing in ambush from a nearby building. Governor Connally was seriously wounded in the attack. The motorcade rushed to Parkland Memorial Hospital where President Kennedy was pronounced dead about 30 minutes after the shooting; Connally recovered.

Oswald was arrested by the Dallas Police Department 70 minutes after the initial shooting. Oswald was charged under Texas state law with the murder of Kennedy, as well as that of Dallas policeman J. D. Tippit, who had been fatally shot a short time after the assassination. At 11:21 a.m. November 24, 1963, as live television cameras were covering his transfer from the city jail to the county jail, Oswald was fatally shot in the basement of Dallas Police Headquarters by Dallas nightclub operator Jack Ruby. Oswald was taken to Parkland Memorial Hospital where he soon died. Ruby was convicted of Oswald’s murder, though it was later overturned on appeal, and Ruby died in prison in 1967 while awaiting a new trial.

After a 10-month investigation, the Warren Commission concluded that Oswald assassinated Kennedy, that Oswald had acted entirely alone, and that Ruby had acted alone in killing Oswald. Kennedy was the eighth and most recent US President to die in office, and the fourth (following Lincoln, Garfield, and McKinley) to be assassinated. Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson automatically assumed the Presidency upon Kennedy’s death.”

Oslo, Norway, October 14, 1964 – The Nobel Peace Prize for 1964 was awarded to the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. The 35-year-old civil rights leader was the youngest winner of the prize that Dr. Alfred Nobel instituted since the first was awarded in 1901. Below is MLK’s acceptance speech.
 
 
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#8 Re-election of Barack Obama as 44th President of the United States
 
November 6, 2012 – President Barack Obama wins a significant victory, 332 electoral votes to 206, for his second term in office against Republican challenger and businessman Mitt Romney. Congress remained status quo with divided government as the House of Representatives remained in Republican hands and the Senate in Democratic hands.
 
January 1, 2014 – Obamacare, the Affordable Care Act, goes into affect for millions of Americans, the largest expansion of the social welfare state in decades.
 
Over 7.3 million join the system, some due to cancellations of existing healthcare policies; others due to subsidies provided by the government. Premiums for policies see large increases due to expansion.
 
March 25, 2010 – The U.S. House of Representatives finalizes the Health Care legislation approved by the Senate, extending health benefits and insurance to most Americans. The legislation, the Affordable Care Act, passed on a partisan basis by the Democratic Majority, has caused a significant rift within the public, who disapproved of the bill, and is expected to test the Democratic Party’s hold on both houses of Congress during the mid-term elections in November.
 
September 17, 2011 – The first of many Occupy Wall Street protests begin in New York City, protesting the big money interests on Wall Street and their relationship to the recession and world economy.
 
Former FBI Director James Comey, Former FBI Deputy Director Andrew McCabe, and Former CIA Director James Clapper told President Barack Obama about FBI Probes and FISA Warrants for FISA Secret Court with Steele Dossiers to Spy on Carter Page of the Donald Trump 2016 Campaign bought and paid for by 2016 Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton (held back from the FISA Court), says Justice Department IG Report of Michael Horowitz released December 9, 2019.
 
Connecticut U.S. Attorney John Durham releases unprecedented statement contradicting “some of the DOJ IG Report conclusions as to predication and how the FBI case was open.” (See 476-Page Michael Horowitz IG Report Synopsis of 17 FBI Violations in Appendix A, confirmation of a genuine coup attempt on Donald Trump’s 2016 presidential campaign and current presidency).
 
Justice Department AG William Barr says to the Wall Street Journal and NBC News on December 10, 2019, America has been “turned on its head based on a bogus narrative” of the Deep State and Media. The outcomes of Connecticut US. Attorney John Durham “will be the last word on the matter” that will shake-up the political establishment in Washington, New York, London, Brussels and The Hague. In U.S. history, this is the first explicit use of the U.S. counterintelligence system to illegally alter a U.S. presidential campaign and election in 2016.
 
Just be patient as the shoe is about to drop in late Spring 2020 or early Summer 2020, says Justice Department AG William Barr, as our nation was subjected to gross abuses by FISA, FBI law enforcement, and U.S. counterintelligence system. They’re taking on all the Global Deep State that seek to stop Donald Trump, America First, Brexit, Boris Johnson, NATO-UN Reforms, Immigration Reforms, Border Security, and Global Economic Growth to protect stressed nation-state incomes.
 
Nonetheless, as a side-note of background, since the 9-11 attacks, Business Week has consistently ranked the FBI as one of the top most desirable places to work by young college students wanting career advancement and development, just ahead of Apple and right behind Google and Walt Disney – largely because college students see wide exposures to the foreign languages, latest computers, cyber technology and cybercrime and modern advances in science and technology. The FBI’s fastest growing component is its cyber technology branch including its secret digital DNA forensics evidence-gathering laboratories. The agency’s biggest need is not only nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) weapons of mass destruction mitigation, but also stoppage of cyber hackers and terrorists from destroying America’s social, technological, education, economic and political (STEEP) critical infrastructures, including a city’s electrical power grids causing rolling blackouts, a region’s water supply systems, the FAA’s air traffic control systems on the eastern seaboard, or an interference of the military’s global positioning systems to guide military aircraft, with the doomsday push of a virtual Trojan Horse spyware button on a computer keyboard or a smart mobile device keypad.
 
Passing national security, criminal investigation, constitutional law, interrogation techniques, physical fitness, firearms training or Hogan’s Alley – the most violent town in America with a hotel, a pool hall, and a bank, altogether filled with actors skilled at committing misdemeanors and felonious acts – at the FBI Academy’s Quantico, Virginia Training Center, is more competitive to achieve than getting into Harvard University.
 
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#9 Politics of Natural & Man-Made Disasters
 
August 25, 2017 – A historic triple-hit of the politics of natural disasters in Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, and Maria hits a young Trump Administration.
 
Disastrous hurricane season in the Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean, and Atlantic seaboard begins on August 25, 2017 with Hurricane Harvey hitting the Houston area, causing $125 billion in damage. It was followed on September 6, 2017 with Hurricane Irma, the strongest Atlantic hurricane in history striking Florida, and on September 19, 2017 Hurricane Maria hit Puerto Rico. Those two hurricanes cause over $150 billion in additional damages.
 
Top Ten Political Moments This Decade (2010-2019)
 
October 29, 2012 – Hurricane Sandy, taking an unusual track up the East Coast and coming to landfall on the New Jersey coast near Atlantic City and Long Island coasts of New York creates significant damage to coastal towns as well as the boroughs of Manhattan and Staten Island, to the estimated cost of $65.6 billion. The hurricane, at its peak a Category 2 storm, was the largest storm in recorded history by diameter at 1,100 miles. Hurricane Sandy also impacted the upcoming presidential election race between Barack Obama’s re-election and GOP challenger Mitt Romney. Hurricane Sandy substantially rocketing Obama’s reelection days later, many believe New Jersey GOP Governor Chris Christie’s tarmac hug with Barack Obama torpedoed his political career in the wake of the politics of natural disasters of Hurricane Sandy.
 
Top Ten Political Moments This Decade (2010-2019)
Top Ten Political Moments This Decade (2010-2019)
Top Ten Political Moments This Decade (2010-2019)
Top Ten Political Moments This Decade (2010-2019)
Top Ten Political Moments This Decade (2010-2019)
Top Ten Political Moments This Decade (2010-2019)
 
April 20, 2010 – A historic oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, marking the politics of man-made disasters, hits a young Obama Administration.
 
A British Petroleum deep water oil rig explodes in the Gulf of Mexico, causing the largest oil spill in the history of the United States, killing eleven workers, and devastating the environment. It also severely damaged the fishing and tourism industries of gulf states.
 
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#10 Facebook Breach, Iraq War Ends, NASA Space Shuttle Program Ends, U.S. Census 2010 Shows 9.7% increase in U.S. Population
 
April 10, 2018 – Some eight-seven million Facebook customers had their private information breached by an outside British political consulting firm.
 
Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg responds to a Congressional inquiry into the reason why eight-seven million customers had their private information breached by an outside British political consulting firm. By July, the market value of the firm had dropped twenty percent, losing $109 billion.
 
December 15, 2011 – The war in Iraq is declared over when President Obama orders the last combat troops to leave the country.
 
Top Ten Political Moments This Decade (2010-2019) 
Top Ten Political Moments This Decade (2010-2019)
 
July 21, 2011 – The final space shuttle flight STS-135 mission of Atlantis lands at the Kennedy Space Center, signifying the end of NASA’s storied 30-year space shuttle program. The program, which began in 1981 and included 135 missions, was completed when the Shuttle Atlantis flew its final mission to the International Space Station, docking thereat on July 10, 2011 after launching from Kennedy Space Center on July 8, 2011. Inspiring millions worldwide, STS-135 mission ended resting its place in aerospace history on July 21, 2011, alongside Space Shuttles Columbia, Challenger, Discovery, and Endeavor, when Atlantis landed at Space Shuttle Landing Facility, Florida.
 
April 1, 2010 – The U.S. Census of 2010 is conducted, showing a 9.7% increase to 338,693,855 people from the 2000 census for a total of 308,745,538 people. The geographic center of the population is now 2.7 miles northeast of Plato, Missouri.
 
 
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Aug 152019
 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

“24/7 Wall St. created an index to measure socioeconomic disparities between black and white Americans by congressional districts to identify the worst congressional districts for black Americans, using data from the U.S. Census Bureau.

According to 247WallSt.com author

“Unlike cities, towns, or counties, congressional districts are not managed by a central municipality. Because the typical congressional district represents about 700,000 people, districts vary in geographical size depending on population density and can span multiple cities or be encompassed within one city. No matter how large they are, the one thing residents of a given congressional district all share is the representative they send to Washington D.C. 

To determine the 30 worst congressional districts for black Americans, 24/7 Wall St. created an index consisting of six measures to assess race-based gaps in socioeconomic outcomes in each of the nation’s congressional districts. Creating the index in this way ensured that districts were ranked on the differences between black and white residents and not on absolute levels of socioeconomic development.

The seven measures — cost of living-adjusted median household income, poverty, adult high school and bachelor’s degree attainment, homeownership, and unemployment rates — are five-year estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau’s 2017 American Community Survey. To better represent the actual disparities in purchasing power in these districts, all income figures referenced are adjusted for cost of living according to the district’s state using regional price parities from the Bureau of Economic Analysis. 

For each measure, we constructed an index from the gaps between black and white Americans. The index was standardized using inter-decile normalization so that outliers in the data would not skew results. We excluded districts where black residents comprised less than 10% of the population or where data limitations made comparisons between racial groups impossible.”

Here’s the  rankings of the Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks, including 25 Democrats and 5 Republicans U.S. House Members:

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#30 Florida’s 24th Congressional District along the Biscayne Bay from the northern part of downtown Miami to Hollywood.

  • Current representative: Rep. Frederica S. Wilson (Democratic Party), serving the district since 2011. Wilson currently sits on the Committee on Education and the Workforce and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure.
  • Poverty rate: 27.3% black; 14.4% white
  • Unemployment rate: 13.9% black; 6.5% white
  • Homeownership rate: 42.3% black; 66.2% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#29 Connecticut’s 4th Congressional District covering cities like Stamford and Bridgeport.

  • Current representative: Rep. James A. Himes (Democratic Party)
  • Poverty rate: 17.1% black; 4.4% white
  • Unemployment rate: 14.9% black; 5.6% white
  • Homeownership rate: 38.0% black; 78.3% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#28 Mississippi’s 2nd Congressional District, a majority-black area covering the Mississippi Delta and much of the state’s border with Arkansas and Louisiana.

  • Current representative: Rep. Bennie G. Thompson (Democratic Party), serving the district since 1993.
  • Poverty rate: 36.5% black; 12.6% white
  • Unemployment rate: 15.5% black; 6.3% white
  • Homeownership rate: 52.7% black; 79.6% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#27 Louisiana’s 5th Congressional District, covering much of the state’s eastern border, including the cities of Monroe and Alexandria.

  • Current representative: Rep. Ralph Lee Abraham (Republican Party), serving the district since 2015. He is currently running for governor of the state.
  • Poverty rate: 41.2% black; 15.7% white
  • Unemployment rate: 12.9% black; 6.1% white
  • Homeownership rate: 44.5% black; 75.3% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#26 Missouri’s 1st Congressional District, located in the northern part of the state and covers the city of St. Louis (including Ferguson in the Greater St. Louis metroplex). 

  • Current representative: Rep. William Lacy Clay (Democratic Party)
  • Poverty rate: 26.1% black; 10.7% white
  • Unemployment rate: 14.4% black; 4.9% white
  • Homeownership rate: 40.4% black; 64.1% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#25 Michigan’s 14th Congressional District, covering parts of Detroit including parts of both Wayne and Oakland counties.

  • Current representative: Rep. Brenda L. Lawrence (Democratic Party)
  • Poverty rate: 28.2% black; 13.7% white
  • Unemployment rate: 17.7% black; 5.8% white
  • Homeownership rate: 46.7% black; 71.7% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#24 Florida’s 26th Congressional District, covering the southern tip of mainland Florida down to Key West. 

  • Current representative: Rep. Debbie Mucarsel-Powell (Democratic Party), she defeated incumbent Republican Congressman Carlos Curbelo in the 2018 general election.
  • Poverty rate: 29.6% black; 11.0% white
  • Unemployment rate: 15.3% black; 5.4% white
  • Homeownership rate: 45.9% black; 70.4% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#23 Ohio’s 13th Congressional District, located in northern Ohio and covers sections of the state from Youngstown west to Akron.

  • Current representative: Rep. Tim Ryan (Democratic Party), Democratic presidential hopeful Rep. Tim Ryan has served in Congress since 2003, and has represented the 13th Congressional District of Ohio since 2013.
  • Poverty rate: 36.8% black; 14.2% white
  • Unemployment rate: 15.8% black; 6.4% white
  • Homeownership rate: 35.6% black; 69.0% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#22 Maryland’s 7th Congressional District, extending west and north from Baltimore, surrounding — but not including — the community of Towson.

  • Current representative: Rep. Elijah E. Cummings (Democratic Party), served the district since his election in 1995. Cummings is currently the chair of the House Committee on Oversight and Reform.
  • Poverty rate: 23.4% black; 6.8% white
  • Unemployment rate: 12.6% black; 4.0% white
  • Homeownership rate: 45.9% black; 73.9% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#21 Arkansas’s 1st Congressional District, covers the entire eastern border of the state and extends as far west as Searcy County. 

  • Current representative: Rep. Eric A. “Rick” Crawford (Republican Party)
  • Poverty rate: 36.9% black; 15.8% white
  • Unemployment rate: 15.4% black; 5.9% white
  • Homeownership rate: 41.0% black; 71.6% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#20 Illinois’s 12th Congressional District

  • Current representative: Rep. Mike Bost (Republican Party)
  • Poverty rate: 37.8% black; 13.1% white
  • Unemployment rate: 15.1% black; 6.5% white
  • Homeownership rate: 37.8% black; 73.8% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#19 Illinois’s 13th Congressional District, located partially along the state’s western border with Missouri and extends east into the center of the state, is predominantly white, and socioeconomic outcomes are heavily lopsided along racial lines.

  • Current representative: Rep. Rodney Davis (Republican Party) has represented the district since 2013. Davis narrowly won reelection in 2018.
  • Poverty rate: 37.1% black; 14.4% white
  • Unemployment rate: 14.2% black; 5.8% white
  • Homeownership rate: 30.3% black; 71.3% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#18 Florida’s 14th Congressional District, located on the northern side of Tampa Bay.

  • Current representative: Rep. Kathy Castor (Democratic Party), currently serves the west-central Florida district. Castor has been in congress since 2007, originally serving Florida’s 11th Congressional District. She has served the 14th Congressional District since 2013.
  • Poverty rate: 30.8% black; 10.4% white
  • Unemployment rate: 13.0% black; 5.3% white
  • Homeownership rate: 30.3% black; 61.7% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#17 Illinois’s 1st Congressional District, a predominantly black area that stretches from just south of Chicago southwest into the interior of the state.

  • Current representative: Rep. Bobby L. Rush (Democratic Party), serving for the last 26 years. Rush most recently won reelection in 2018 with over 73% of the vote.
  • Poverty rate: 27.6% black; 7.0% white
  • Unemployment rate: 19.8% black; 6.3% white
  • Homeownership rate: 43.7% black; 83.1% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#16 New Jersey’s 2nd Congressional District, covering the southern end of the state and includes Atlantic City and Cape May.

  • Current representative: Rep. Jefferson Van Drew (Democratic Party). Van Drew took office in 2019 after winning the 2018 election. Rep. Frank LoBiondo, who opted not to run in 2018, had held the seat since 1995.
  • Poverty rate: 26.5% black; 7.5% white
  • Unemployment rate: 16.8% black; 7.6% white
  • Homeownership rate: 44.4% black; 81.6% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#15 Pennsylvania’s 2nd Congressional District, includes northeastern Philadelphia and extends northeasterly along the Delaware River.

  • Current representative: Rep. Brendan F. Boyle (Democratic Party)
  • Poverty rate: 31.1% black; 15.4% white
  • Unemployment rate: 15.9% black; 4.5% white
  • Homeownership rate: 49.0% black; 52.4% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#14 Michigan’s 5th Congressional District, an industrial area on the state’s lower peninsula that stretches along the shore of Lake Huron, extending far enough north to include Tawas City, and far enough south to include Flint.

  • Current representative: Rep. Daniel T. Kildee (Democratic Party), served the district since 2013. Kildee recently won reelection in 2018, defeating Republican challenger Travis Wines.
  • Poverty rate: 38.0% black; 14.7% white
  • Unemployment rate: 21.9% black; 7.7% white
  • Homeownership rate: 48.3% black; 77.3% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#13 New York’s 13th Congressional District

  • Current representative: Rep. Adriano Espaillat (Democratic Party). The district was formerly held by Democrat Charles Rangel, a vocal civil rights proponent, who served in the House from 1971 until his retirement in 2017. The seat is currently held by Democrat Adriano Espaillat.
  • Poverty rate: 31.0% black; 14.1% white
  • Unemployment rate: 13.7% black; 5.5% white
  • Homeownership rate: 10.2% black; 20.8% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#12 New York’s 7th Congressional District, covering the eastern border of Brooklyn along the East River as well as parts of Queens and Manhattan.

  • Current representative: Rep. Nydia M. Velazquez (Democratic Party)
  • Poverty rate: 30.8% black; 19.7% white
  • Unemployment rate: 15.8% black; 4.3% white
  • Homeownership rate: 16.1% black; 30.2% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#11 Georgia’s 5th Congressional District, covering downtown Atlanta and parts of the surrounding area.

  • Current representative: Rep. John Lewis (Democratic Party), a congressman for the last 32 years and an outspoken proponent of civil rights.
  • Poverty rate: 27.8% black; 9.0% white
  • Unemployment rate: 14.4% black; 3.4% white
  • Homeownership rate: 38.0% black; 56.6% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#10 Ohio’s 9th Congressional District, located on the northern border of the state along Lake Erie, stretching from Toledo eastward nearly to Cleveland.

  • Current representative: Rep. Marcy Kaptur (Democratic Party)
  • Poverty rate: 37.8% black; 14.4% white
  • Unemployment rate: 17.6% black; 7.2% white
  • Homeownership rate: 31.4% black; 66.9% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#9 New York’s 26th Congressional District, located along the western border of the state and includes Buffalo, the second most populous city in the state.

  • Current representative: Rep. Brian Higgins (Democratic Party), serving since 2005.
  • Poverty rate: 35.2% black; 11.5% white
  • Unemployment rate: 13.0% black; 4.8% white
  • Homeownership rate: 32.3% black; 69.0% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#8 Florida’s 21st Congressional District, located on Florida’s Atlantic coast, from West Palm Beach down to just north and west of Boca Raton.

  • Current representative: Rep. Lois Frankel (Democratic Party)
  • Poverty rate: 19.5% black; 8.7% white
  • Unemployment rate: 12.1% black; 6.6% white
  • Homeownership rate: 47.1% black; 79.3% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#7 Ohio’s 11th Congressional District, located in the northern part of the state and stretches from Cleveland and Akron.

  • Current representative: Rep. Marcia L. Fudge (Democratic Party) has served the area for the last decade.
  • Poverty rate: 34.5% black; 14.3% white
  • Unemployment rate: 18.4% black; 6.0% white
  • Homeownership rate: 38.2% black; 66.0% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#6 Ohio’s 1st Congressional District, covering much of the city of Cincinnati and borders Kentucky and Indiana.

  • Current representative: Rep. Steve Chabot (Republican Party). Republican Rep. Steve Chabot has served the majority-white district since 2011. Chabot also represented the district between 1995 and 2008, the year he lost his bid for reelection.
  • Poverty rate: 35.4% black; 9.2% white
  • Unemployment rate: 15.5% black; 5.2% white
  • Homeownership rate: 30.1% black; 73.1% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#5 Wisconsin’s 4th Congressional District, including the city of Milwaukee, which is one of the most segregated cities in the country.

  • Current representative: Rep. Gwen Moore (Democratic Party)
  • Poverty rate: 35.6% black; 12.9% white
  • Unemployment rate: 15.0% black; 4.6% white
  • Homeownership rate: 28.1% black; 59.3% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#4 Illinois’s 7th Congressional District, including Chicago and stretches westward into the interior of the state. 

  • Current representative: Rep. Danny K. Davis (Democratic Party)
  • Poverty rate: 32.8% black; 8.6% white
  • Unemployment rate: 20.0% black; 4.1% white
  • Homeownership rate: 31.0% black; 53.5% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#3 Illinois’s 17th Congressional District stretches through much of the northwestern portion of the state and includes parts of Peoria and Rockford.

  • Current representative: Rep. Cheri Bustos (Democratic Party) defeated incumbent Republican Congressman Bobby Schilling in 2012 and has served the district ever since.
  • Poverty rate: 39.8% black; 12.9% white
  • Unemployment rate: 21.6% black; 6.6% white
  • Homeownership rate: 31.3% black; 73.0% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#2 New York’s 25th Congressional District, borders Lake Ontario and includes the city of Rochester.

  • Current representative: Rep. Joseph D. Morelle (Democratic Party)
  • Poverty rate: 34.8% black; 8.2% white
  • Unemployment rate: 15.1% black; 4.7% white
  • Homeownership rate: 31.6% black; 72.2% white

 

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#1 Minnesota’s 5th Congressional District, covering the city of Minneapolis.

  • Current representative: Rep. Ilhan Omar (Democratic Party), elected to represent the district in 2018.
  • Poverty rate: 37.2% black; 9.4% white
  • Unemployment rate: 12.3% black; 4.0% white
  • Homeownership rate: 19.8% black; 63.1% white

Worst Congressional Districts for Black Americans,”  August 14, 2019; “The Worst Cities For Black Americans,” November 9, 2018; 25 Most Segregated Cities in America,”  July 19, 2019; 25 Most Segregated Cities in America,”  July 18, 2019; America’s Fastest Shrinking Cities,”  March 14, 2019.

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Dec 032018
 

35 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

Since 1852, only 36 Americans, including 4 Unknown Soldiers, 4 private citizens, 12 U.S. Presidents, and 13 U.S. Senators, including now the 41st President of the United States George Herbert Walker Bush, and previously in 2018 @SenJohnMcCain, have lain in state or repose or honor at the U.S. Capitol Rotunda, according to the Architect of the Capitol (listed below in reverse chronological order), via Newsweek.

William Howard Taft and Robert Taft, both of Cincinnati, Ohio, are the only father-and-son pair to have been so honored.

 

36. George Herbert Walker Bush

December 3-5, 2018

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President GHW Bush Lain in State - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

(via, VOA News) The flag-draped casket of former President George H.W. Bush lays inside the Rotunda of the Capitol in Washington, Dec. 3, 2018.

“Former U.S. President George H.W. Bush will lie in state in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda starting Monday evening as Americans honor the life of the country’s 41st president.

The Capitol will be open for dignitaries and the public to pay their respects through early Wednesday, with visitors allowed to walk past Bush’s casket. He died in Texas, his home state, late Friday at the age of 94 after several years of failing health.

President GHW Bush Pic 12 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda President GHW Bush Pic 11 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda President GHW Bush Lain in State 1 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

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U.S. Vice President George H. W. Bush, right, and his wife Barbara Bush pose in front of the Taj Mahal, the 17th century monument to love was built by a Mughal Emperor Sahajahan in memory of his beloved queen who bore 14 children, Saturday, May 13, 1984, Agra, India. (AP Photo/Sondeep Shankar)

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HOUSTON, TX – APRIL 20, 2018: In this handout provided by the Office of George H.W. Bush, former President George H. W. Bush looks at the casket with his daughter Dorothy “Doro” Bush Koch as they wait for the mourners during the visitation of former first lady Barbara Bush at St. Martin’s Episcopal Church Friday, April 20, 2018, in Houston, Texas. Barbara Bush died on April 17, at the age of 92. (Photo by Mark Burns – Pool/Office of George H.W. Bush via Getty Images)

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A military honor guard carries the casket of former U.S. President George H.W. Bush at Joint Base Andrews in Maryland, U.S., December 3, 2018. REUTERS/Yuri Gripas – RC192D96E180

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“The flag-draped casket of former President George H.W. Bush is carried by a joint services military honor guard into St. Martin’s Episcopal Church Thursday, Dec. 6, 2018, in Houston.” (Photo Credit: Jack Gruber, USA TODAY)

President GHW Bush Pic 2 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

 

35. John S. McCain

August 26-27, 2018, and on August 31, 2018

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“My fellow Americans, whom I’ve gratefully served for 60 years, and especially my fellow Arizonans, thank you for the privilege of serving you and for the rewarding life that service in uniform and in public office has allowed me to lead.”

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

America is “the world’s greatest republic, a nation of ideals, not blood and soil.”

“I‘ve tried to serve our country honorably. I’ve made mistakes, but I hope my love for America will be weighed favorably against them.”

“We all love our country, we will get through these challenging times. We will come through them stronger than before. We always do.”

“Do not despair of our present difficulties, but believe always in the promise and greatness of America,” McCain wrote before his death Saturday. Share these last words of @SenJohnMcCain as he died Saturday, August 25, 2018.

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

@SenJohnMcCain, 81, is buried Sunday, September 2, 2018, @USNavy @NavalAcademy in Annapolis, Maryland, after he lies in state at the Arizona Capitol in Phoenix on Wednesday, August 29, 2018, and the U.S. Capitol Rotunda on Sunday-Monday, August 26-27, and on Friday, August 31, 2018, before his final funeral service Saturday, September 1, 2018 at the National Cathedral in Washington, DC.

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

Chief of Staff John Kelly, Defense Secretary James Mattis, and National Security Advisor John Bolton along with Jared Kushner and Ivanka Trump will represent the @WhiteHouse at McCain’s National Cathedral funeral service in Washington, DC.

@OliverMcGee on AZ Senator #JohnMcCain #FoxNews Tribute
@OliverMcGee on @SenJohnMcCain's @FoxNews Tribute
 @FoxNews @FoxandFriends

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

(National Cathedral Funeral Procession of Senator John McCain on Saturday, September 1, 2018)

As reported in the Washington Post, ““I’ve made more mistakes than most anybody you will ever know,” McCain said in the interview, conducted for the 2017 Naval History Conference. “But one thing has guided me, is what I learned the first day I walked through the main gate at the Naval Academy. And that was do the right thing, and do it honorably, and you can never go wrong.”

It is Annapolis that McCain has returned to, again and again, in life and in death.

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

McCain’s father and grandfather are buried at Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

But Admiral Charles “Chuck” Larson, a longtime friend and classmate, is buried at the academy in Maryland.”

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

(Pallbearers carried Mr. McCain’s coffin into the Arizona State Capitol on Wednesday. Credit Caitlin O’Hara for The New York Times)

“Larson reserved four plots before he died in 2014 — two for himself and McCain, and their wives. 

McCain’s plot is near where the two men first met, “back where it began,” he wrote in his recent book “The Restless Wave,” when he revealed Annapolis will be his final resting place.

“I will go to my grave in gratitude to my Creator for allowing me to stand witness to such courage and honor. And so will you,” McCain said. “My time is slipping by. Yours is fast approaching. You will know where your duty lies.”” 

(Below is McCain’s 1958 Class Photo at The Naval Academy in Annapolis).

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

 

34. Billy Graham

February 28–March 1, 2018; One of only 4 private American citizens to Lay in Honor

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“Minister, evangelist and adviser to presidents. Died February 21, 2018, in Montreat, North Carolina. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

Authority for use of the Rotunda granted by House Concurrent Resolution 107, 115th Congress, 2nd Session; agreed to February 26, 2018.”

According to TIME, “the practice of U.S. elected officials and military leaders lying in state at the Capitol began with Senator Henry Clay in 1852, and since then more than two dozen people — including 11 Presidents — have received that posthumous send-off in the Rotunda. Many of those services, including those for Supreme Court Justices Thurgood Marshall and Warren Burger, have used the same wooden framework constructed to prop up Abraham Lincoln’s coffin in 1865. But Graham is only the fourth private citizen to “lie in honor,” rather than “lie in state,” in recognition of his contributions to the nation.”

 

33. Daniel K. Inouye

December 20, 2012

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Senator Inouye was the first congressman to represent Hawaii when it became a state in 1959. He served in the U.S. Senate from 1963 until his death, on December 17, 2012. 

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Inouye was the second-longest-serving senator in history and served as president pro tempore of the U.S. Senate. He was a World War II hero and given a Medal of Honor for his service.”

 

32. Gerald R. Ford Jr.

December 30, 2006–January 2, 2007

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Ford was a member of the House of Representatives from Michigan, January 3, 1949 to December 6, 1973, when he resigned to become vice president. 

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He was vice president of the United States from December 6, 1973 to August 9, 1974, when President Richard M. Nixon resigned. Ford served as president of the United States from August 9, 1974 to January 20, 1977. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

President Gerald R. Ford Jr. died December 26, 2006, in Rancho Mirage, California, after adjournment of the 109th Congress, 2nd session. Authority for use of the Capitol Rotunda was granted by the speaker of the House of Representatives and the majority leader of the Senate. No resolution.”

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

 

31. Rosa Parks

October 30 and 31, 2005; One of only 4 private American citizens to Lay in Honor.

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Civil rights pioneer Rosa Parks died October 24, 2005, in Detroit. Authority for use of the Rotunda granted by Senate Concurrent Resolution 61, 109th Congress, 1st Session; agreed to October 29, 2005.”

 

30. Ronald Wilson Reagan

June 9–11, 2004.

“Reagan was governor of California from 1967 to 1975 and president of the United States from January 20, 1981 to January 20, 1989. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

He died June 5, 2004, in Bel-Air, California. Authority for use of the Rotunda was granted by Senate Concurrent Resolution 115, 108th Congress, 2nd Session; agreed to June 9, 2004.”

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

 

29. Jacob Joseph Chestnut

28. John Michael Gibson

July 28, 1998; Two of Only 4 private American citizens to Lay in Honor

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Chestnut and Gibson were United States Capitol police officers killed at the U.S. Capitol in the line of duty on July 24, 1998. Authority for use of the Rotunda was granted by House Concurrent Resolution 310, 105th Congress, 2nd Session; agreed to July 27, 1998. Officer Chestnut and Detective Gibson were the first whose remains lay in honor in the Rotunda.”

 

27. Claude Denson Pepper

June 1 and 2, 1989

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Pepper served as U.S. Senator from Florida November 4, 1936 to January 3, 1951. He was a member of the House of Representatives from Florida from January 3, 1963, until his death, on May 30, 1989, in Washington, D.C. Authority for use of the Rotunda was granted by House Concurrent Resolution 139, 101st Congress, 1st Session; agreed to May 31, 1989.”

 

26. Unknown Soldier of the Vietnam War

May 25–28, 1984

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Chosen to honor the unknown Americans who lost their lives while serving in the Armed Forces of the United States in Southeast Asia from 1959–1972. Authority for use of the Rotunda was granted by House Concurrent Resolution 296, 98th Congress, 2nd Session; agreed to May 17, 1984.”

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

 

25. Hubert H. Humphrey

January 14-15, 1978

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Humphrey served as U.S. senator from Minnesota from January 3, 1949 to December 29, 1964, when he resigned to become vice president. He was vice president of the United States from January 20, 1965 to January 20, 1969. Humphrey then returned to the Senate from November 3, 1970, until his death. He died January 14, 1978, in Waverly, Minnesota, after adjournment of the 95th Congress, 1st Session. Authority for use of the Rotunda was granted by the speaker of the House of Representatives and the majority leader of the Senate. No resolution.” 

 

24. Lyndon Baines Johnson

January 24 and 25, 1973

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Johnson was a member of the House of Representatives from Texas from April 10, 1937 to January 3, 1949. He was a U.S. Senator from Texas from January 3, 1949 to January 3, 1961, when he resigned, having been elected vice president of the United States. Johnson served as vice president from January 20, 1961, to November 22, 1963, when he assumed the presidency. He served as president until January 20, 1969. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

Johnson died on January 22, 1973, near Johnson City, Texas. Authority for use of the Rotunda was granted by House Concurrent Resolution 90, 93rd Congress, 1st Session; agreed to January 23, 1973.”

 

23. J. Edgar Hoover

May 3 and 4, 1972

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Hoover was the first director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, serving from 1924 until his death. He died on May 2, 1972, in Washington, D.C. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

According to the New York Times, “Acting Attorney General Rich ard G. Kleindienst announced the death at 11 A.M., after F.B.I. offices around the world had been given the news and reports of it began to circulate here. Congress promptly voted its permission for his body to lie in state in the Capitol Ro tunda—an honor accorded to only 21 persons before, (23 persons before, when we now include below, 17. Unknown Soldier of World War II, and 16. Unknown Soldier of the Korean War, May 28–30, 1958) of whom eight were Presidents or former Presidents.”

Authority for use of the Rotunda was granted by House Concurrent Resolution 600, 92nd Congress, 2nd Session; agreed to May 2, 1972.”

 

22. Everett McKinley Dirksen

September 9 and 10, 1969

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Dirksen was a member of the House of Representatives from Illinois from March 4, 1933 to January 3, 1949. He was a U.S. senator from Illinois, January 3, 1951, until his death, September 7, 1969, in Washington, D.C. (He suffered a cardiopulmonary arrest and died, at age 73. Dirksen was buried at Glendale Memorial Gardens in Pekin). Senate Resolution 254, 91st Congress, 1st Session, agreed to September 8, 1969; extended invitations to memorial service in the Rotunda, September 9, 1969.” 

(President Richard Nixon paid his last respects and tributes to Sen. Dirksen in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda below in 1969. In 1972, one of the Senate’s buildings was renamed the Dirksen Senate Office Building in his honor.)

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

 

21. Dwight D. Eisenhower

March 30 and 31, 1969

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Eisenhower graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in 1915, was promoted to general of the army in 1944, and was named president of Columbia University in 1948. He served as president of the United States from January 20, 1953, to January 20, 1961. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

Eisenhower died March 28, 1969, in Washington, D.C., during the 91st Congress, 1st Session. No resolution. (Richard Nixon pays tribute to IKE in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda above in 1969).

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

 

20. Herbert Clark Hoover

October 23–25, 1964

“Hoover served as secretary of commerce for presidents Warren G. Harding and Calvin Coolidge. He was food administrator under President Woodrow Wilson. Hoover also served as chairman of the Ccommission on the organization of executive branch of government  from 1947 to 1949 and from 1953 to 1955. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

He was president of the United States from March 4, 1929, to March 3, 1933. Hoover died October 20, 1964, in New York City, after adjournment of the 88th Congress, 2nd Session. No resolution.”

 

19. Douglas MacArthur

April 8 and 9, 1964

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“MacArthur was superintendent of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point from 1919–1922; appointed chief of staff of the Army on November 21, 1930; and appointed general of the Army on December 18, 1944. From July 26, 1941, through April 11, 1951, he served in the Pacific and Far East in various allied commands. MacArthur died April 5, 1964, in Washington, D.C. Authority for use of the Rotunda was granted by Senate Concurrent Resolution 74, 88th Congress, 2nd Session; agreed to April 6, 1964.”

 

18. John F. Kennedy

November 24 and 25, 1963

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Kennedy was a member of the House of Representatives from Massachusetts, January 3, 1947 to January 3, 1953. U.S. Senator from Massachusetts January 3, 1953, to December 22, 1960, when he resigned to become president. 

Was president of the United States from January 20, 1961, until his death. Assassinated in Dallas on November 22, 1963, during the 88th Congress, 1st Session. No resolution.” 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

 

17. Unknown Soldier of World War II 

16. Unknown Soldier of the Korean War

May 28–30, 1958

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Chosen to honor and perpetuate the memory of the heroes who gave their lives while serving overseas in the Armed Forces of the United States during World War II and the Korean War, and whose identities were unknown. Authority for use of the Rotunda was granted by House Concurrent Resolution 242, 85th Congress, 2nd Session; agreed to March 6, 1958.”

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

 

15. Robert A. Taft

August 2 and 3, 1953

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Taft served as U.S. Senator from Ohio from January 3, 1939, until his death. He died July 31, 1953, in New York City, during 83rd Congress, 1st Session, Senate Resolution 158, 83rd Congress, 1st Session; agreed to August 1, 1953, extended invitation to the memorial service in the Rotunda August 3, 1953.”

“In 1957, a committee led by Senator John F. Kennedy selected Taft as one of five of the greatest Senators, whose portraits would adorn the President’s Room off the Senate floor. Taft continues to be regarded by historians as one of the most powerful U.S. Senators of the twentieth century.

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

Robert Alphonso Taft was born on September 8, 1889. He was the oldest child of U.S. President William Howard Taft and his wife Helen Louise “Nellie” Herron and the grandson of Attorney General and Secretary of War Alphonso Taft. As a child he spent four years in the Philippines, where his father was governor. As an adolescent he was a brilliant academic. He finished first in his class at the Taft School in Cincinnati (run by his uncle), at Yale College and at Harvard Law School, graduating in 1913. He edited the Harvard Law Review. Following his graduation, Taft scored the highest mark in the state on the Ohio bar exam in 1913. He practiced law for four years with the firm of Maxwell and Ramsey (now Graydon Head & Ritchey LLP) in Cincinnati. He then worked in Washington for the Food and Drug Administration, before returning to Cincinnati to start his own law office. In 1924, he and his brother Charles helped form the law partnership Taft, Stettinius, and Hollister, with whom he continued to be associated until his death. The firm continues to carry his name today.

He was strongly criticized both by Republicans and Democrats for this. Senator John F. Kennedy in his bestselling book “Profiles in Courage,” applauded Taft’s principled stand even in the face of great bipartisan criticism.

When the Republicans took control of Congress in 1947, Taft became Chair of the Senate Labor Committee. He wrote the 1947 Taft–Hartley Act, which remains the basic labor law today. It banned “unfair” union practices, outlaws closed shops, and authorized the President to seek federal court injunctions to impose an eighty-day cooling-off period if a strike threatened the national interest. When President Harry Truman vetoed it, Taft convinced both houses of Congress to override the veto.

Taft was non-interventionist who did not see Stalin’s Soviet Union as a major threat. He saw the real dangers as big government and runaway spending. He opposed NATO and he took the lead among Republicans in condemning President Harry Truman’s handling of the Korean War. Taft questioned the constitutionality of the war itself. He said:

“In the case of Korea, where a war was already under way, we had no right to send troops to a nation, with whom we had no treaty, to defend it against attack by another nation, no matter how unprincipled that aggression might be, unless the whole matter was submitted to Congress and a declaration of war or some other direct authority obtained.” “


14. John Joseph Pershing

July 18 and 19, 1948

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Pershing was general of the Armies of the United States. He graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point in 1886 and devoted his entire life to military service. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

He served as chief of staff of the Army 1921–1924; commander of American expeditionary forces, World War I; distinguished service during the Philippine insurrection and Spanish-American War. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

Pershing died July 15, 1948, in Washington, D.C., during recess of the 80th Congress, 2nd Session. No resolution.”

 

13. William Howard Taft

March 11, 1930

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Taft served as president of United States from March 4, 1909, to March 4, 1913. He was chief justice of the United States Supreme Court from July 11, 1921, to February 3, 1930. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

Taft died on March 8, 1930, in Washington, D.C., during 71st Congress, 2nd Session. No resolution.”

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

The Tafts had four sons: William Howard Taft III (1915–1991), a future Ambassador to Ireland; Robert Alphonso Taft, Jr. (1917–1993), a future U.S. Senator (shown on the right above next to U.S. President and U.S. Chief Justice William Howard Taft); Lloyd Bowers Taft (1923–1985), an investment banker in Cincinnati, and Horace Dwight Taft (1925–1983), a professor of physics and dean at Yale. Two of Robert Taft’s grandsons are Robert Alphonso “Bob” Taft III (born 1942), Governor of Ohio from 1999 to 2007, and William Howard Taft IV (born 1945), Deputy Secretary of Defense from 1984 to 1989.

 

12. Warren G. Harding

August 8, 1923

“Harding served as U.S. senator from Ohio, March 4, 1915, to January 13, 1921, when he resigned, having been elected president. He was president of United States from March 4, 1921, until his death. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

Harding died August 2, 1923, in San Francisco, after adjournment of the 67th Congress, 4th Session. No resolution.”

 

11. Unknown Soldier of World War I

November 9–11, 1921

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

(General John Joseph Pershing stands and salutes in front to the casket of the Unknown Soldier of World War I in 1921 inside the U.S. Capitol Rotunda)

“Chosen to honor and perpetuate the memory of the heroes who gave their lives in World War I, the body was that of an unknown American who served as a member of the American Expeditionary Forces in Europe. Congress was in session, 67th Congress, 1st Session. No resolution.”

 

10. George Dewey

January 20, 1917

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Dewey was admiral of the Navy and was a hero of Manila Bay in the Spanish-American War. He died January 16, 1917, in Washington, D.C. Authority for use of the Rotunda was granted by House Concurrent Resolution 68, 64th Congress, 2nd Session; agreed to January 18, 1917.”

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

George Dewey (December 26, 1837 – January 16, 1917) was an admiral of the United States Navy. “He is best known for his victory at the Battle of Manila Bay during the Spanish-American War. He is also the only person in the history of the United States to have (first) attained the rank of Admiral of the Navy, the most senior rank in the United States Navy.”

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“By act of Congress he was promoted to the special rank of Admiral of the Navy in 1903 with his date of rank retroactive to 1899. A special military decoration, the Battle of Manila Bay Medal (commonly called the Dewey Medal), was struck in honor of Dewey’s victory at Manila Bay. It was awarded to every American officer, Sailor and Marine present at the battle. The medals were designed by Daniel Chester French, sculptor of the Lincoln Memorial, and produced by Tiffany & Co. Each medal was engraved with the recipient’s name, rank and ship. Since his own image appeared on the obverse of the medal, out of modesty, Dewey wore his medal reversed. Dewey was one of only four Americans in history (the other three being Admiral William T. Sampson, Admiral Richard E. Byrd and General John J. Pershing) who were entitled to wear a US Government issued medal with their own image on it.”

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

 

9. Pierre Charles L’Enfant

(Re-interment) April 28, 1909

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“L’Enfant was the planner of the city of Washington, D.C. He died June 14, 1825, and was buried on Digges Farm in Prince George’s County, Maryland. His remains were brought to the U.S. Capitol on April 28, 1909, to be reinterred at Arlington National Cemetery. Senate Concurrent Resolution 2, 61st Congress, 1st Session granted use of the Rotunda; agreed to March 26, 1909.”

 

8. William McKinley, Jr.

September 17, 1901

“McKinley was a member of House of Representatives from Ohio, March 4, 1877, to May 27, 1884, and again from March 4, 1885, to March 3, 1891. He served as governor of Ohio from 1892 to 1896 and as President of United States, March 4, 1897, until his death. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

McKinley was assassinated September 6, 1901, in Buffalo, New York, and died there September 14, 1901, after adjournment of the 56th Congress, 2nd Session. No resolution.”

 

7. John A. Logan

December 30-31, 1886

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Logan was a member of House of Representatives from Illinois, March 4, 1859, to April 2, 1862, when he resigned to enter the Union Army, and again from March 4, 1867, until March 3, 1871. He served as U.S. Senator from Illinois, March 4, 1871, to March 3, 1877, and again from March 4, 1879, to December 26, 1886. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“After the Civil war, Logan, who had always been a staunch partisan, was identified with the radical wing of the Republican Party. His forceful, passionate speaking, popular on the platform, was less effective in the halls of legislation. In 1868, he was one of the managers in the impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson.”

(Below is a site of American Civil War by Illinoisans, including Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant, and John A. Logan).

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

Around three o’clock in the afternoon on December 26, Logan died at his home in Columbia HeightsWashington, D.C. 

“Logan died on December 26, 1886, in Washington, D.C., during the 49th Congress, 2nd Session. No resolution.”

After his death, Logan’s body lay in state in the United States Capitol

An equestrian statue stands in Logan Circle in Washington, D.C., which gives its name to the surrounding neighborhood. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

John A. Logan’s funeral was at Hutchinson’s vault.

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Logan’s final resting place at the U.S. Soldiers’ and Airmen’s Home National Cemetery is a granite, Norman-style mausoleum, design by the former supervising architect of the U.S. Treasury Department, Alfred B. Mullett, which houses the remains of General John A. Logan; his wife, Mary S. Logan; daughter, Mary Logan Tucker; and grandsons, Captain Logan Tucker and George E. Tucker.”

 

6. James A. Garfield

September 21–23, 1881

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Garfield was a member of House of Representatives from Ohio from March 4, 1863, to November 8, 1880, when he resigned, having been elected president. He served as President of the United States from March 4, 1881, until his death. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

Garfield was assassinated July 2, 1881, in Washington, D.C., and died September 19, 1881, in Elberon, New Jersey, after adjournment of 46th Congress, 3rd Session. No resolution.”

(White House draped in mourning for President James A. Garfield, September 1881).

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

 

5. Henry Wilson

November 25 and 26, 1875

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Wilson served as a U.S. Senator from Massachusetts from January 31, 1855, to March 3, 1873, when he resigned to become vice president of the United States. He was vice president from March 4, 1873, until his death, on November 22, 1875. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

Wilson died in the vice president’s room in the Capitol Building in Washington, D.C., after adjournment of the 43rd Congress, 2nd Session. No resolution.”

 

4. Charles Sumner

March 13, 1874

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Sumner served as U.S. Senator from Massachusetts deom April 24, 1851, until his death, March 11, 1874. He died in Washington, D.C., during the 43rd Congress. No resolution.”

As reported in the Anchorage Daily News, by Steve Haycox, professor emeritus of history at the University of Alaska Anchorage, “When he died of a heart attack on March 11, 1874, 143 years ago this month (on March 23, 2017), Charles Sumner, the Massachusetts senator who had shepherded the Alaska Purchase Treaty through Senate ratification, lay in state in the Capitol rotunda, only the second senator to be so honored (the first being Henry Clay).

That was not because of his critical, but often overlooked, role in facilitating the Alaska purchase. It was rather a tribute to his long and fiery career as an uncompromising champion of abolition, and full civil and property rights for former slaves.”

 

3. Thaddeus Stevens

August 13–14, 1868

“Stevens was a member of the House of Representatives from Pennsylvania, March 4, 1849, to March 3, 1853, and again from March 4, 1859, until his death on August 11, 1868. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

He died in Washington, D.C., during recess of the 40th Congress, 2nd Session, and lay in state in the Capitol Rotunda. No resolution.”

 

2. Abraham Lincoln

April 19–21, 1865

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Lincoln was a member of the House of Representatives from Illinois, March 4, 1847, to March 3, 1849. He was president of the United States from March 4, 1861, until his death. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

Lincoln was assassinated April 14, 1865, in Washington, D.C., and died there April 15, 1865, after adjournment of the 38th Congress, 2nd Session. 

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

The historic catafalque was constructed to support Lincoln’s casket during his lying in state. No resolution.”

 

1. Henry Clay

July 1, 1852

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

“Henry Clay was a member of the House of Representatives for five non-consecutive terms (1811–1825). He served as speaker of the House in 1811–1814, 1815–1820 and 1823–1825. He was secretary of state from 1825 to 1829. Clay also served as U.S. senator from Kentucky intermittently for 18 years between 1806 and 1852. He died June 29, 1852, in Washington, D.C., during the 32nd Congress, 1st Session, becoming the first person honored by a funeral ceremony in the Capitol Rotunda. No resolution.”

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

__________

Appendix

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda
 
Lying in State 
 
“Lying in state occurs when the casket of a member of government (or former member of government) is placed on view in the principal government building of a country or state to allow the public to pay their respects.  

Examples of this would include President Gerald Ford or Senator Daniel Inouye lying in state in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda, or Congressman Paul Gillmor lying in state in the Ohio State Capitol.  

Lying in state in the Rotunda of the U.S. Capitol is authorized by Joint Resolution of Congress.

A guard of honor maintains a vigil over the remains throughout the period of time the remains lie in state. Public viewing is generally allowed during the lying in state.

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

Lying in Repose

Lying in repose occurs when the casket of a member of government (or former member of government) is placed on view in any other building to allow the public to pay their respects. 

Examples would include President Reagan at the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library in Simi Valley, California in 2004, President Gerald Ford at St. Margaret’s Episcopal Church in Palm Desert, California in 2006, and Senator John McCain at the Arizona Capitol in Phoenix, Arizona in 2018.

 
[via, Wikipedia]

Supreme Court Justices “lie in repose” in the Great Hall of the United States Supreme Court Building.

900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda

 
Lying in Honor
 
The term “lying in honor” encompasses two different scenarios:
    1.  When the casket of an individual who is not a member of government is placed on view in the principal government building of a country or state to allow the public to pay their respects.  An example would be Rosa Parks in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda.

    2.  When the casket of a member of government (or former member of government) is placed on view in the U.S. Capitol, but not in the Capitol Rotunda, to allow the public to pay their respects.  Examples include Senator Robert Byrd and Senator Frank Lautenberg lying in honor in the Senate Chamber.”

 
[via, Wikipedia]
 
“The United States Congress has created a similar—though not identical—privilege for distinguished Americans who do not qualify for a lying in state designation. In the process of “lying in honor,” the honor guard in the Rotunda is provided by the Capitol Police or another suitable source. 

In 1998, Chestnut and Gibson were killed while defending the Capitol against a shooter. Congress approved their remains to lie in honor in the Rotunda. Chestnut was the first African American to lie in honor. In 2005, upon the death of civil rights activist Rosa Parks, Congress authorized her remains to lie in honor at the Rotunda; Parks was the second African American and the first woman to lie in honor in the Capitol Rotunda. Graham was the first religious leader to be honored in this way.”

 
900 - 36 Americans Have Lain in State, Repose and Honor in the U.S. Capitol Rotunda
 
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Aug 212017
 
  
 
The US president’s approval ratings hit a new low as he is criticised by his fellow Republicans.
 
 
There has not been a dull moment in the White House since US President Donald Trump took office. In the past eight months there’s been a series of executive orders and a string of high profile departures. Yet the president insists there is “no chaos” in his administration.
 
But the polls tell a different story.
 
His approval ratings have plummeted and members of his own Republican party are questioning his capability as president, with some calling the White House a “sinking ship’.
 
Trump has become increasingly isolated in recent months, shunned by major business leaders and at odds with his party’s congressional leadership. And his comments after the violence in Charlottesville estranged him from more than half the nation.
 
Many are now beginning to wonder how long he will last as president.”
 
Presenter: Hashem Ahelbarra
 
Guests:
 
Oliver McGee – Former White House Science Office Senior Policy Advisor, Former U.S. Deputy Assistant Secretary of Transportation for Technology Policy
 
David A Love – Executive Editor of Black Commentator dot com.
 
Jeanne Zaino – Professor of political science and international studies at Iona College.
 
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