Dec 172019
Top 10 Political Moments This Decade (2010-2019)
Healthcare reform, a slow economic increase, and an enemy that refuses to go away dominate the first years of the decade as America struggles to find its footing from the economic collapse of 2008 and the international troubles of terrorism and the mideast.
As the American electorate in 2014 said “enough is enough” with politics as usual in Washington, serving Wall Street and not serving Main Street, on November 8, 2016 voters ushered in an outsider in NBC’s Apprentice television star Donald Trump as the 45th President of the United States.
Top 10 Political Moments This Decade (2010-2019)
This tsunami-seismic shift in American politics came shortly after Britain’s BREXIT Political Movement and the subsequent election of Conservative Party Leader Boris Johnson as U.K. Prime Minister, ousting Theresa May’s failed tenure as Prime Minister to implement the voters mandate of BREXIT.
Extraordinarily above all else, Donald Trump is the FIRST President of the United States to cross North Korea’s Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) for a high-risk SURPRISE 3rd meeting with North Korea’s Kim Jong-Un after Trump’s #G20Summit in Osaka, Japan.
Below are the top ten political moments this decade (2010-2019).

#1 Donald Trump Elected 45th President of the United States, Becomes Third Impeached President in U.S. History
November 28, 2016 – Donald Trump, the billionaire businessman from New York with no political or military experience, wins a surprising election over Democratic challenger and former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, the first woman to run for the highest office from a major party.
Electoral victory by Republican Trump, 304 to 227, on November 8, 2016, with seven electors voting against their pledge, two not voting for Trump, five not voting for Clinton, contained victories in Rust Belt states Wisconsin, Michigan, and Pennsylvania.
June 16, 2015 – Billionaire businessman Donald Trump joins a crowded field of Republican candidates seeking the nomination for President in 2016 and almost immediately rises to the top of the polls on a populist message, surprising pundits and critics. Expected frontrunner on the Democratic side, Hillary Clinton, takes quick lead in the polls.
December 22, 2018 – Federal government shutdown for President Trump’s Border Wall lasts 35-days, the longest shutdown in U.S. History.
Partial government shutdown begins after President Trump refuses to sign any spending package for Homeland Security that does not include border barrier funding in appropriations due to the status of illegal immigration and border security.
December 22, 2017 – President Trump signs the largest tax cut and changes in the tax code since 1986 with the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, reducing rates and simplifying the tax code, and most of all, has really helped small businesses on Main Street USA and has uplifted consumers and small businesses confidences in the high-growth Trump economy.
June 1, 2017 – United States withdraws from the Paris Climate Agreement.
December 19, 2019 – “Delivering him one of the most high-profile bipartisan accomplishments of his presidency, a bipartisan majority in the House of Representatives has approved the United States Mexico Canada Agreement (USMCA) on Thursday, moving President Donald Trump’s signature trade deal one step closer to implementation.

The House voted 385 to 41 to approve the USMCA, an updated version of the North American Free Trade Agreement, or NAFTA. A total of 193 Democrats backed the bill, after Democratic leaders in the House succeeded in winning changes on labor, environment, enforcement, and pharmaceutical provisions. Those tweaks secured the backing of US labor, offering Democrats a pathway to supporting the agreement.” (via VOX).

December 18, 2019 – 45th President of the United States Donald J. Trump is the third impeached president in American history.

On Friday, December 20, 2019,  The U.S. House of Representatives left Washington in disagreement on how to transmit their Articles of Impeachment to the U.S. Senate. The White House signals their defense of the Abuse of Power charge, saying President Trump’s Ukraine call was a perfect call, and their defense of the Obstruction of Congress charge, saying President Trump will invoke Executive Powers  in implementing foreign policy of the United States under Article 2 of the U.S. Constitution.
#2 BREXIT and DEXIT, Democrat Exit
Following a June 2016 referendum, in which 51.9% voted to leave on June 23, 2016, the United Kingdom (U.K.) government formally announced the country’s withdrawal from the European Union (EU) in March 2017, starting a two-year process that was due to conclude with the U.K. withdrawing on March 29, 2019. As the U.K. parliament voted against or failed to ratify the negotiated withdrawal agreements, that deadline has been extended three times. The deadline is currently January 31, 2020.
The 2019 Conservative Party leadership election was triggered when Theresa May announced on May 24, 2019 that she would resign as Leader of the Conservative Party on June 7, 2019 and as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom once a successor had been elected.
Nominations opened on June 10, 2019, as 10 candidates were nominated. The first ballot of Members of Parliament (MPs) took place on June 13, 2019, with exhaustive ballots of MPs also taking place on June 18-20, 2019, reducing the candidates to two.
The general membership of the party elected the leader by postal ballot with the result announced on July 23, 2019, with Boris Johnson being elected U.K. Prime Minister with almost twice as many votes as his opponent Jeremy Hunt.
According to USA Today, “Britain’s Conservative Party and Prime Minister Boris Johnson secured a majority in Parliament on Friday, December 13, 2019 winning an election that pitted Johnson’s plan to “get Brexit done” against opposition parties who wanted to delay Britain’s departure from the European Union or even cancel it altogether. The victory makes Johnson the most electorally successful Conservative leader since Margaret Thatcher and is a disaster for left-wing Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn who was already facing calls for his resignation. The result likely paves the way for Johnson to push through Brexit on January 31, 2019 after three years of divisive and acrimonious debate by lawmakers over whether Britain should leave a bloc it joined more than four decades ago.” While results were still rolling in, the Conservatives had claimed 326 of 650 seats in the House of Commons and appeared headed to the party’s best election performance since 1987.


U.S. President Donald Trump took notice: “Looking like a big win for Boris in the U.K.!” Trump tweeted Thursday night, December 12, 2019.

Read more related information here: Dexit, Democrat Exit and Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump


2014 Election Was About Enough
#3 Midterm Elections of 2018, 2014, 2010
November 4, 2014 – Midterm elections see large increase in Republican lawmakers with expansion of their majority to 247 seats in the House of Representatives and the taking over the majority in the Senate with 54 seats. This will cause the Obama administration to deal with a Congress now controlled by the other party for the final two years of his term.
Congressional Shift Right is the Birth of ‘Practical Conservatism’, Giving Rise to The Age of Trump!
Rising support of ‘practical conservatism’ in America, signaled by the wide margin in the GOP Congressional victory Tuesday night, November 4, 2014, is a reaction of the American people to fiscally irresponsible actions of the federal government, misguided stimulus spending, bailouts and takeovers of private industry.
Practical conservatism is a blend of Republican and classical Libertarian ideals. But also, practical conservatism pulls in uneasy Democrats worried about the lack of full-time jobs available, the level of part-time jobs left (for 95 million folks out of work), the messy roll-out of healthcare reforms, the lack of financial options for sound borrowers under Dodd-Frank reforms, and the insecure attention forming a rational foreign policy for the nation.
Read more on Practical Conservatism inside here: 2014 Election Was About Enough 
November 6, 2018 – Mid-term elections result in Democratic gains of forty seats in the U.S. House of Representatives and seven governors, but a drop in two seats in the U.S. Senate.
This has set up the conditions of DERANGED & TRIGGERED @SpeakerPelosi, who doesn’t have a case in her “completely baseless & reckless abuse of power” in rushing to impeach @POTUS @realDonaldTrump before Christmas 2019 to AVOID HIS 2020 LANDSLIDE REELECTION to the @WhiteHouse!
Only three presidents have been impeached – Andrew Johnson in 1868, Bill Clinton in 1998, and Donald Trump on December 18, 2019 – but neither was removed. Former President Richard Nixon resigned in 1974 after the Judiciary Committee approved articles of impeachment, but before a full House vote.
January 19, 2010 – Scott Brown, a Republican reformer from Massachusetts, stuns the nation with an upset win for the special election Senate seat.
He is the first Republican elected to the Senate from the state of Massachusetts since 1972, and the only Republican member of the Massachusetts Democratic congressional delegation. His election puts a halt to the 60-seat Democratic super-majority in the Senate and prevented President Obama and the Democratic leadership from pushing legislation in future votes past a Republican filibuster.
He was quickly unseated by 2020 Democratic presidential hopeful Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren.


#4 Donald Trump and “Rocket Man” Kim Jong-un Meet Face-2-Face, as Trump is First U.S. President to Walk Across DMZ Line
June 11, 2018 – Meetings between the United States President Donald Trump and North Korean Leader Kim Jong-un, becoming the first summit between leaders of the two nations, with discussions about North Korea giving up its ambitions for nuclear weapons, and thawing the iceberg of cold-war communication between the United States 🇺🇸 and North Korea 🇰🇵 spanning across 75 years.
February 11, 2017 – North Korea fires ballistic missile over the Sea of Japan, testing the resolve of the world in its attempt to develop a deliverable nuclear weapon. Throughout the year, North Korea continues its provocative tests, firing its first intercontinental ballistic missile, and other nuclear tests, prompting increased sanctions. This prompted U.S. President Donald Trump to publicly tag North Korean President Kim Jong-un as “Rocket Man.”
Top Ten Political Moments This Decade (2010-2019)
#5 Osama Bin Laden and Abū Bakr al-Baghdadi Killed by U.S. Military Forces
May 2, 2011 – Osama Bin Laden, mastermind of the 9/11, 2001 attacks on the World Trade Center, the Pentagon, and other locations and leader of the terrorist group, Al-Qaeda, is killed after ten years of pursuit by United States and coalition forces during a ultra-clandestine Black Ops mission raid at 1:15am ordered by President Barack Obama called Operation Neptune Spear by two-dozen U.S. Navy Seal Team VI Black Ops, flying stealth Black Ops helicopters from an Afghanistan airbase, and landing onto Osama Bin-Laden’s well-guarded hideout compound location in Pakistan.
As the 38-minute raid began, one of the special Black Ops helicopters crashed landed and was partially destroyed. Upon climbing upon Osama Bin-Laden’s three-story personal compound, four U.S. Navy Seal Team VI Black Ops forces shot and killed the 9-11 Attacks terrorists mastermind immediately in seconds upon recognition, as Osama Bin-Laden reached for his weapon during a one-minute firefight!
Bin-Laden was quickly given a Muslim burial at sea, marking in a crucial finale to the largest terrorist attack on American soil in our nation’s history. The Death of Osama Bin-Laden marked President George W. Bush’s War on Terrorism’s greatest victory.
On Sunday, May 1, 2011 at 11:35pm President Obama addressed the nation from the White House. “The United States conducted an operation that killed Osama Bin-Laden, the leader of Al-Qaeda.”
Top 10 Political Moments This Decade (2010-2019)
Within hours conflicting details of the raid spread worldwide. For the next several days specific details of the raid changed multiple instances that have never been resolved from what President Obama had informed the nation. Specifically, why did Black Ops dispose of Osama Bin-Laden’s body in the sea so quickly after the raid – and by who’s orders in the National Command Chain – President Obama, his Defense Secretary, and the Joint Chiefs of Staff – was to kill Osama Bin-Laden rather than capture this high-value counterterrorism intelligence target for deeper questions as to how and why the 9-11 attacks occurred and what’s coming next?
To date nobody knows really what to happened Osama Bin-Laden’s body evidence or what happened in Operation Neptune Spear by two-dozen U.S. Navy Seal Team VI Black Ops, and nobody ever will.
For the steady continuation of ultra-clandestine Black Ops warfare for future U.S. presidencies in the 21st Century.
“Loose Lips Sink Ships” and Black Ops forces and U.S. Presidents and U.S. Secretaries and Joint Chiefs get this – for secrecy is crucial to success in war and survival in peace.
Top Ten Political Moments This Decade (2010-2019)
In the Osama Bin-Laden raid’s aftermath, the Black Ops success served to lift President Obama’s own political standings for his upcoming 2012 reelection bid.
By way of some background ….
(SEALS are sea, air, and land brain surgeons of shootings and use of edge-weaponry for knifings or killings by hand combat. This elite force, known as Elite Seal Team VI Black Ops Unconventional Covert Tier-One Missions and Actions, comprises 60,000 extraordinary individuals).
Top Ten Political Moments This Decade (2010-2019)
President John Kennedy in 1962 created his $100 million dollar Black Ops Force for paramilitary operations and presidential sub-limited covert unconventional warfare missions to operate outside the CIA in the aftermath and his response to The Bay of Pigs Cuban invasion and its duplicitous debacle in CIA dependency and accountability during his early administration. JFK had the foresight that future warfare of the 21st century nowadays are low-intensity conflicts of increasing frequency, wherein Black Ops spring in fast and complete their strike missions successfully when called upon by the Commander-in-Chief from the White House.
April 24, 1980 – President Jimmy Carter ordered his ultra-clandestine Black Ops mission called Operation Eagle Claw in his attempted rescue of 52 hostages inside the U.S. Embassy in Iran for nearly six months!
Eagle Claw was doomed by an unexpected sandstorm clogging the helicopter engines, killing eight servicemen – this marked the END OF EAGLE CLAW MISSION and Jimmy Carter’s presidency. In the aftermath the entire Black Ops Forces was reorganized substantially from the lessons learned from the failed rescue mission, which have led to subsequent superior successes.
Shortly after President Carter’s Eagle Claw debacle, the U.S. Department of Defense commissioned a top-secret Tier-One high-risk surgical-precision low-time duration counterterrorism unit called Navy Seal Team VI – Joint Special Operations Command, founded by Vietnam Veteran Retired Commander Richard Marcinko.
Top Ten Political Moments This Decade (2010-2019)
Black Operators are volunteer military servicemen and servicewomen undergoing an extremely rigorous selection process.
Active duty personnel comprise nearly 1.4 million total. This is 0.001% of the U.S. population of well-over 338,693,855 people, as per the 2010 U.S. Census, whereupon well-above a 10% increase above this population total is expected by the 2020 U.S. Census. Seal Teams comprise about only 1200 door-killers, shooters, and operators. These extraordinarily superior servicemen and servicewomen are only 0.0005% of the nation! They are extremely intelligent, physically fit, and mentally tough world-class athletes, separating them from any other persons across the globe.
So, the audition attrition rate from this elite class of the military is 85 percent – only 15 percent (less than 1 in 4) are accepted. The motto of rigorous life-threatening “Hell-Week” training of Basic Underwater Demolition SEAL (BUDS) Training is “the more BUDS sweats in peace, the less BUDS bleeds in war” in executions of demolitions, skydivings, divings, shootings, bombings, hostage acquisitions and rescues. These executions in “Closed Quarters Battles (CQBs)” and “24-7 Kill House Battle Runs” of unconventional land, sea, air warfare require 6-10 months of additional high-intensity life-threatening warfare training upon passing through to the Elite 15% BUDS “Hell-Week” qualification! Fundamentally, Black Ops in service to America as elite warriors in a very dangerous modern world is life-threatening hazardous work, as most Black Ops military personnel don’t live beyond their thirties in age.
Top Ten Political Moments This Decade (2010-2019)
“Live Fast, Die Young, and Leave a Good-Looking Corpse!” Motto of U.S. Navy Seal Team VI – Joint Special Operations Command Black Ops
Notwithstanding the political decentralized legacy in history of The Pentagon, whose 16-month construction began September 11, 1941 – sixty-years before the 9-11 terror attacks, and three months before Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941, the modern centralized U.S. Department of Defense counterterrorism unit, Navy Seal Team VI – Joint Special Operations Command Black Ops forces, annually “black” budget-appropriated to DOD and CIA with billions of dollars in closed-door secret sessions of the House and Senate Intelligence Committees, is the unconventional convert warfare mission President Donald Trump implemented on October 27, 2019 in killing Abū Bakr al-Baghdadi al-Qurayshi.
Emanating from President Trump’s and President Barack Obama’s National Commander-in-Chief authority under Article 2 of the U.S. Constitution in execution of his Black Ops mission to kill Osama Bin-Laden (Obama) and to kill al-Baghdadi (Trump), was absolutely only their respective Department of Defense Secretaries managed by their respective Joint Chiefs of Staff. This short line of absolute authority allows direct lines for funding, intelligence, and action immediately. Black Ops is the essential core fundamentals of the United States national security intelligentsia and advanced military science and technology development under President Truman’s National Security Act of 1947 – which authorizes plausible deniability at the highest government levels (knowingly and/or unknowingly, competence and/or incompetence) of all ultra-clandestine Black Ops missions.
Information is power in the intelligence community and the cyber-command systems inside The Pentagon. Secrecy is the most powerful information in the counter-intelligence community and counterterrorism warfare.

Abū Bakr al-Baghdadi al-Qurayshi (July 28, 1971 – 27 October 27, 2019) was the Iraqi-born leader of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). The group has been designated as a terrorist organization by the United Nations and the European Union, while Baghdadi was considered a Specially Designated Global Terrorist by the U.S. until his death in October 27, 2019.
From 2011, a reward of US$10 million was offered for Baghdadi by the U.S. State Department, increasing to $25 million in 2017, for information or intelligence on his whereabouts to enable capture, dead or alive.
On October 27, 2019, he killed himself by detonating a suicide vest during the Barisha raid, conducted by the U.S. 75th Ranger Regiment and the U.S. Delta Force, in Syria’s northwestern Idlib Province, according to a statement by U.S. President Donald Trump. The commander of the United States Central Command, General Kenneth F. McKenzie Jr., stated that al-Baghdadi also killed two children when he exploded his vest and was buried at sea after being offered Islamic funeral rites.
On October 31, 2019, ISIL confirmed that Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi was dead, and named Abu Ibrahim al-Hashimi al-Qurashi, about whom little is known, as his replacement.

Conan, a 2019 heroic dog of the year who helped capture ISIS boss (via Fox News)

“Conan, a young Belgian Malinois named after talk show host Conan O’Brien, was credited with helping take down Islamic State leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi in October.

The military working dog was injured during the Middle East mission after being exposed to live electrical wires while pursuing Baghdadi through a tunnel underneath a compound in northwestern Syria, officials said.


Following the raid, Conan was commended by President Trump for his heroic actions, describing the pooch as “incredible,” brilliant,” “smart” and the “ultimate fighter” during a visit to the White House in November.

President Trump called Conan, pictured here at the White House on Nov. 25, an "incredible" dog after he helped take down ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.

President Trump called Conan, pictured here at the White House on Nov. 25, an “incredible” dog after he helped take down ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)

According to U.S. Central Command, Conan has worked with special operations for four years and has taken part in roughly 50 missions.

While it was eventually confirmed Conan is of the male gender, there was, however, some confusion over whether he was a very good boy or a very good girl.”


#6 Radical Islamic Global Terrorism
June 12, 2016 – Terrorist attack in Orlando, Florida, with fifty killed and fifty-three wounded, continues ISIS and Radical Islamic terrorist inspired attacks throughout the world, including major attacks in Ankara, Instanbul, Brussels, and Nice.
Read more inside here:

December 2, 2015 – Islamic Terrorist inspired act in San Bernadino, California kills fourteen and follows a brutal attack against citizens in Paris in November. These attacks and others are fueled by the continual rise of ISIS in Syria, Iraq, and other countries around the world.
April 15, 2013 – Two bombs explode near the finish line of the Boston Marathon, killing three and injuring hundreds in a terrorism attack coordinated by two brothers associated with radical Islam.
The attack caused the shutdown of the city as police and federal officials searched and apprehended the suspects within four days of the attack.
September 11, 2012 – On the 11th anniversary of Osama Bin-Laden’s Terror Attacks on the World Trade Center, the Pentagon, and rural Pennsylvania on September 11, 2001 at 9:37am, terrorists attacked a consulate in the Libyan city of Benghazi kills four Americans, including Ambassador John C. Stevens, showing the continued fight against Islamic extremism had not abated after the Arab Spring uprisings in the Middle East and deposing of dictators such as Muammar Gaddafi.
#7 The 50th Anniversary of MLK’s “I Have a Dream” Speech at the Lincoln Memorial and JFK’s Assassination
August 28, 2013 – One hundred thousand visitors throng to the Lincoln Memorial and the National Mall in Washington, D.C. for the 50th anniversary commemoration ceremony of Martin Luther King’s “I Have a Dream” speech.
Speakers at the anniversary include two former U.S. presidents Jimmy Carter, Bill Clinton, and then-President Barack Obama, the first African American to hold the office. Nearly 250,000 people came to the original speech on August 28, 1963.
November 22, 1963 – (via Wikipedia) “John Fitzgerald Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States, was assassinated on November 22, 1963, at 12:30 p.m. Central Standard Time in Dallas, Texas, while riding in a presidential motorcade through Dealey Plaza. Kennedy was riding with his wife Jacqueline, Texas Governor John Connally, and Connally’s wife Nellie when he was fatally shot by former U.S. Marine Lee Harvey Oswald firing in ambush from a nearby building. Governor Connally was seriously wounded in the attack. The motorcade rushed to Parkland Memorial Hospital where President Kennedy was pronounced dead about 30 minutes after the shooting; Connally recovered.

Oswald was arrested by the Dallas Police Department 70 minutes after the initial shooting. Oswald was charged under Texas state law with the murder of Kennedy, as well as that of Dallas policeman J. D. Tippit, who had been fatally shot a short time after the assassination. At 11:21 a.m. November 24, 1963, as live television cameras were covering his transfer from the city jail to the county jail, Oswald was fatally shot in the basement of Dallas Police Headquarters by Dallas nightclub operator Jack Ruby. Oswald was taken to Parkland Memorial Hospital where he soon died. Ruby was convicted of Oswald’s murder, though it was later overturned on appeal, and Ruby died in prison in 1967 while awaiting a new trial.

After a 10-month investigation, the Warren Commission concluded that Oswald assassinated Kennedy, that Oswald had acted entirely alone, and that Ruby had acted alone in killing Oswald. Kennedy was the eighth and most recent US President to die in office, and the fourth (following Lincoln, Garfield, and McKinley) to be assassinated. Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson automatically assumed the Presidency upon Kennedy’s death.”

Oslo, Norway, October 14, 1964 – The Nobel Peace Prize for 1964 was awarded to the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. The 35-year-old civil rights leader was the youngest winner of the prize that Dr. Alfred Nobel instituted since the first was awarded in 1901. Below is MLK’s acceptance speech.
#8 Re-election of Barack Obama as 44th President of the United States
November 6, 2012 – President Barack Obama wins a significant victory, 332 electoral votes to 206, for his second term in office against Republican challenger and businessman Mitt Romney. Congress remained status quo with divided government as the House of Representatives remained in Republican hands and the Senate in Democratic hands.
January 1, 2014 – Obamacare, the Affordable Care Act, goes into affect for millions of Americans, the largest expansion of the social welfare state in decades.
Over 7.3 million join the system, some due to cancellations of existing healthcare policies; others due to subsidies provided by the government. Premiums for policies see large increases due to expansion.
March 25, 2010 – The U.S. House of Representatives finalizes the Health Care legislation approved by the Senate, extending health benefits and insurance to most Americans. The legislation, the Affordable Care Act, passed on a partisan basis by the Democratic Majority, has caused a significant rift within the public, who disapproved of the bill, and is expected to test the Democratic Party’s hold on both houses of Congress during the mid-term elections in November.
September 17, 2011 – The first of many Occupy Wall Street protests begin in New York City, protesting the big money interests on Wall Street and their relationship to the recession and world economy.
Former FBI Director James Comey, Former FBI Deputy Director Andrew McCabe, and Former CIA Director James Clapper told President Barack Obama about FBI Probes and FISA Warrants for FISA Secret Court with Steele Dossiers to Spy on Carter Page of the Donald Trump 2016 Campaign bought and paid for by 2016 Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton (held back from the FISA Court), says Justice Department IG Report of Michael Horowitz released December 9, 2019.
Connecticut U.S. Attorney John Durham releases unprecedented statement contradicting “some of the DOJ IG Report conclusions as to predication and how the FBI case was open.” (See 476-Page Michael Horowitz IG Report Synopsis of 17 FBI Violations in Appendix A, confirmation of a genuine coup attempt on Donald Trump’s 2016 presidential campaign and current presidency).
Justice Department AG William Barr says to the Wall Street Journal and NBC News on December 10, 2019, America has been “turned on its head based on a bogus narrative” of the Deep State and Media. The outcomes of Connecticut US. Attorney John Durham “will be the last word on the matter” that will shake-up the political establishment in Washington, New York, London, Brussels and The Hague. In U.S. history, this is the first explicit use of the U.S. counterintelligence system to illegally alter a U.S. presidential campaign and election in 2016.
Just be patient as the shoe is about to drop in late Spring 2020 or early Summer 2020, says Justice Department AG William Barr, as our nation was subjected to gross abuses by FISA, FBI law enforcement, and U.S. counterintelligence system. They’re taking on all the Global Deep State that seek to stop Donald Trump, America First, Brexit, Boris Johnson, NATO-UN Reforms, Immigration Reforms, Border Security, and Global Economic Growth to protect stressed nation-state incomes.
Nonetheless, as a side-note of background, since the 9-11 attacks, Business Week has consistently ranked the FBI as one of the top most desirable places to work by young college students wanting career advancement and development, just ahead of Apple and right behind Google and Walt Disney – largely because college students see wide exposures to the foreign languages, latest computers, cyber technology and cybercrime and modern advances in science and technology. The FBI’s fastest growing component is its cyber technology branch including its secret digital DNA forensics evidence-gathering laboratories. The agency’s biggest need is not only nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) weapons of mass destruction mitigation, but also stoppage of cyber hackers and terrorists from destroying America’s social, technological, education, economic and political (STEEP) critical infrastructures, including a city’s electrical power grids causing rolling blackouts, a region’s water supply systems, the FAA’s air traffic control systems on the eastern seaboard, or an interference of the military’s global positioning systems to guide military aircraft, with the doomsday push of a virtual Trojan Horse spyware button on a computer keyboard or a smart mobile device keypad.
Passing national security, criminal investigation, constitutional law, interrogation techniques, physical fitness, firearms training or Hogan’s Alley – the most violent town in America with a hotel, a pool hall, and a bank, altogether filled with actors skilled at committing misdemeanors and felonious acts – at the FBI Academy’s Quantico, Virginia Training Center, is more competitive to achieve than getting into Harvard University.
#9 Politics of Natural & Man-Made Disasters
August 25, 2017 – A historic triple-hit of the politics of natural disasters in Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, and Maria hits a young Trump Administration.
Disastrous hurricane season in the Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean, and Atlantic seaboard begins on August 25, 2017 with Hurricane Harvey hitting the Houston area, causing $125 billion in damage. It was followed on September 6, 2017 with Hurricane Irma, the strongest Atlantic hurricane in history striking Florida, and on September 19, 2017 Hurricane Maria hit Puerto Rico. Those two hurricanes cause over $150 billion in additional damages.
Top Ten Political Moments This Decade (2010-2019)
October 29, 2012 – Hurricane Sandy, taking an unusual track up the East Coast and coming to landfall on the New Jersey coast near Atlantic City and Long Island coasts of New York creates significant damage to coastal towns as well as the boroughs of Manhattan and Staten Island, to the estimated cost of $65.6 billion. The hurricane, at its peak a Category 2 storm, was the largest storm in recorded history by diameter at 1,100 miles. Hurricane Sandy also impacted the upcoming presidential election race between Barack Obama’s re-election and GOP challenger Mitt Romney. Hurricane Sandy substantially rocketing Obama’s reelection days later, many believe New Jersey GOP Governor Chris Christie’s tarmac hug with Barack Obama torpedoed his political career in the wake of the politics of natural disasters of Hurricane Sandy.
Top Ten Political Moments This Decade (2010-2019)
Top Ten Political Moments This Decade (2010-2019)
Top Ten Political Moments This Decade (2010-2019)
Top Ten Political Moments This Decade (2010-2019)
Top Ten Political Moments This Decade (2010-2019)
Top Ten Political Moments This Decade (2010-2019)
April 20, 2010 – A historic oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, marking the politics of man-made disasters, hits a young Obama Administration.
A British Petroleum deep water oil rig explodes in the Gulf of Mexico, causing the largest oil spill in the history of the United States, killing eleven workers, and devastating the environment. It also severely damaged the fishing and tourism industries of gulf states.
#10 Facebook Breach, Iraq War Ends, NASA Space Shuttle Program Ends, U.S. Census 2010 Shows 9.7% increase in U.S. Population
April 10, 2018 – Some eight-seven million Facebook customers had their private information breached by an outside British political consulting firm.
Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg responds to a Congressional inquiry into the reason why eight-seven million customers had their private information breached by an outside British political consulting firm. By July, the market value of the firm had dropped twenty percent, losing $109 billion.
December 15, 2011 – The war in Iraq is declared over when President Obama orders the last combat troops to leave the country.
Top Ten Political Moments This Decade (2010-2019) 
Top Ten Political Moments This Decade (2010-2019)
July 21, 2011 – The final space shuttle flight STS-135 mission of Atlantis lands at the Kennedy Space Center, signifying the end of NASA’s storied 30-year space shuttle program. The program, which began in 1981 and included 135 missions, was completed when the Shuttle Atlantis flew its final mission to the International Space Station, docking thereat on July 10, 2011 after launching from Kennedy Space Center on July 8, 2011. Inspiring millions worldwide, STS-135 mission ended resting its place in aerospace history on July 21, 2011, alongside Space Shuttles Columbia, Challenger, Discovery, and Endeavor, when Atlantis landed at Space Shuttle Landing Facility, Florida.
April 1, 2010 – The U.S. Census of 2010 is conducted, showing a 9.7% increase to 338,693,855 people from the 2000 census for a total of 308,745,538 people. The geographic center of the population is now 2.7 miles northeast of Plato, Missouri.
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Aug 152019

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

“24/7 Wall St. created an index to measure socioeconomic disparities between black and white Americans by congressional districts to identify the worst congressional districts for black Americans, using data from the U.S. Census Bureau.

According to author

“Unlike cities, towns, or counties, congressional districts are not managed by a central municipality. Because the typical congressional district represents about 700,000 people, districts vary in geographical size depending on population density and can span multiple cities or be encompassed within one city. No matter how large they are, the one thing residents of a given congressional district all share is the representative they send to Washington D.C. 

To determine the 30 worst congressional districts for black Americans, 24/7 Wall St. created an index consisting of six measures to assess race-based gaps in socioeconomic outcomes in each of the nation’s congressional districts. Creating the index in this way ensured that districts were ranked on the differences between black and white residents and not on absolute levels of socioeconomic development.

The seven measures — cost of living-adjusted median household income, poverty, adult high school and bachelor’s degree attainment, homeownership, and unemployment rates — are five-year estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau’s 2017 American Community Survey. To better represent the actual disparities in purchasing power in these districts, all income figures referenced are adjusted for cost of living according to the district’s state using regional price parities from the Bureau of Economic Analysis. 

For each measure, we constructed an index from the gaps between black and white Americans. The index was standardized using inter-decile normalization so that outliers in the data would not skew results. We excluded districts where black residents comprised less than 10% of the population or where data limitations made comparisons between racial groups impossible.”

Here’s the  rankings of the Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks, including 25 Democrats and 5 Republicans U.S. House Members:

Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#30 Florida’s 24th Congressional District along the Biscayne Bay from the northern part of downtown Miami to Hollywood.

  • Current representative: Rep. Frederica S. Wilson (Democratic Party), serving the district since 2011. Wilson currently sits on the Committee on Education and the Workforce and the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure.
  • Poverty rate: 27.3% black; 14.4% white
  • Unemployment rate: 13.9% black; 6.5% white
  • Homeownership rate: 42.3% black; 66.2% white


Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#29 Connecticut’s 4th Congressional District covering cities like Stamford and Bridgeport.

  • Current representative: Rep. James A. Himes (Democratic Party)
  • Poverty rate: 17.1% black; 4.4% white
  • Unemployment rate: 14.9% black; 5.6% white
  • Homeownership rate: 38.0% black; 78.3% white


Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#28 Mississippi’s 2nd Congressional District, a majority-black area covering the Mississippi Delta and much of the state’s border with Arkansas and Louisiana.

  • Current representative: Rep. Bennie G. Thompson (Democratic Party), serving the district since 1993.
  • Poverty rate: 36.5% black; 12.6% white
  • Unemployment rate: 15.5% black; 6.3% white
  • Homeownership rate: 52.7% black; 79.6% white


Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#27 Louisiana’s 5th Congressional District, covering much of the state’s eastern border, including the cities of Monroe and Alexandria.

  • Current representative: Rep. Ralph Lee Abraham (Republican Party), serving the district since 2015. He is currently running for governor of the state.
  • Poverty rate: 41.2% black; 15.7% white
  • Unemployment rate: 12.9% black; 6.1% white
  • Homeownership rate: 44.5% black; 75.3% white


Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#26 Missouri’s 1st Congressional District, located in the northern part of the state and covers the city of St. Louis (including Ferguson in the Greater St. Louis metroplex). 

  • Current representative: Rep. William Lacy Clay (Democratic Party)
  • Poverty rate: 26.1% black; 10.7% white
  • Unemployment rate: 14.4% black; 4.9% white
  • Homeownership rate: 40.4% black; 64.1% white


Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#25 Michigan’s 14th Congressional District, covering parts of Detroit including parts of both Wayne and Oakland counties.

  • Current representative: Rep. Brenda L. Lawrence (Democratic Party)
  • Poverty rate: 28.2% black; 13.7% white
  • Unemployment rate: 17.7% black; 5.8% white
  • Homeownership rate: 46.7% black; 71.7% white


Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#24 Florida’s 26th Congressional District, covering the southern tip of mainland Florida down to Key West. 

  • Current representative: Rep. Debbie Mucarsel-Powell (Democratic Party), she defeated incumbent Republican Congressman Carlos Curbelo in the 2018 general election.
  • Poverty rate: 29.6% black; 11.0% white
  • Unemployment rate: 15.3% black; 5.4% white
  • Homeownership rate: 45.9% black; 70.4% white


Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#23 Ohio’s 13th Congressional District, located in northern Ohio and covers sections of the state from Youngstown west to Akron.

  • Current representative: Rep. Tim Ryan (Democratic Party), Democratic presidential hopeful Rep. Tim Ryan has served in Congress since 2003, and has represented the 13th Congressional District of Ohio since 2013.
  • Poverty rate: 36.8% black; 14.2% white
  • Unemployment rate: 15.8% black; 6.4% white
  • Homeownership rate: 35.6% black; 69.0% white


Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#22 Maryland’s 7th Congressional District, extending west and north from Baltimore, surrounding — but not including — the community of Towson.

  • Current representative: Rep. Elijah E. Cummings (Democratic Party), served the district since his election in 1995. Cummings is currently the chair of the House Committee on Oversight and Reform.
  • Poverty rate: 23.4% black; 6.8% white
  • Unemployment rate: 12.6% black; 4.0% white
  • Homeownership rate: 45.9% black; 73.9% white


Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#21 Arkansas’s 1st Congressional District, covers the entire eastern border of the state and extends as far west as Searcy County. 

  • Current representative: Rep. Eric A. “Rick” Crawford (Republican Party)
  • Poverty rate: 36.9% black; 15.8% white
  • Unemployment rate: 15.4% black; 5.9% white
  • Homeownership rate: 41.0% black; 71.6% white


Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#20 Illinois’s 12th Congressional District

  • Current representative: Rep. Mike Bost (Republican Party)
  • Poverty rate: 37.8% black; 13.1% white
  • Unemployment rate: 15.1% black; 6.5% white
  • Homeownership rate: 37.8% black; 73.8% white


Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#19 Illinois’s 13th Congressional District, located partially along the state’s western border with Missouri and extends east into the center of the state, is predominantly white, and socioeconomic outcomes are heavily lopsided along racial lines.

  • Current representative: Rep. Rodney Davis (Republican Party) has represented the district since 2013. Davis narrowly won reelection in 2018.
  • Poverty rate: 37.1% black; 14.4% white
  • Unemployment rate: 14.2% black; 5.8% white
  • Homeownership rate: 30.3% black; 71.3% white


Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#18 Florida’s 14th Congressional District, located on the northern side of Tampa Bay.

  • Current representative: Rep. Kathy Castor (Democratic Party), currently serves the west-central Florida district. Castor has been in congress since 2007, originally serving Florida’s 11th Congressional District. She has served the 14th Congressional District since 2013.
  • Poverty rate: 30.8% black; 10.4% white
  • Unemployment rate: 13.0% black; 5.3% white
  • Homeownership rate: 30.3% black; 61.7% white


Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#17 Illinois’s 1st Congressional District, a predominantly black area that stretches from just south of Chicago southwest into the interior of the state.

  • Current representative: Rep. Bobby L. Rush (Democratic Party), serving for the last 26 years. Rush most recently won reelection in 2018 with over 73% of the vote.
  • Poverty rate: 27.6% black; 7.0% white
  • Unemployment rate: 19.8% black; 6.3% white
  • Homeownership rate: 43.7% black; 83.1% white


Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#16 New Jersey’s 2nd Congressional District, covering the southern end of the state and includes Atlantic City and Cape May.

  • Current representative: Rep. Jefferson Van Drew (Democratic Party). Van Drew took office in 2019 after winning the 2018 election. Rep. Frank LoBiondo, who opted not to run in 2018, had held the seat since 1995.
  • Poverty rate: 26.5% black; 7.5% white
  • Unemployment rate: 16.8% black; 7.6% white
  • Homeownership rate: 44.4% black; 81.6% white


Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#15 Pennsylvania’s 2nd Congressional District, includes northeastern Philadelphia and extends northeasterly along the Delaware River.

  • Current representative: Rep. Brendan F. Boyle (Democratic Party)
  • Poverty rate: 31.1% black; 15.4% white
  • Unemployment rate: 15.9% black; 4.5% white
  • Homeownership rate: 49.0% black; 52.4% white


Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#14 Michigan’s 5th Congressional District, an industrial area on the state’s lower peninsula that stretches along the shore of Lake Huron, extending far enough north to include Tawas City, and far enough south to include Flint.

  • Current representative: Rep. Daniel T. Kildee (Democratic Party), served the district since 2013. Kildee recently won reelection in 2018, defeating Republican challenger Travis Wines.
  • Poverty rate: 38.0% black; 14.7% white
  • Unemployment rate: 21.9% black; 7.7% white
  • Homeownership rate: 48.3% black; 77.3% white


Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#13 New York’s 13th Congressional District

  • Current representative: Rep. Adriano Espaillat (Democratic Party). The district was formerly held by Democrat Charles Rangel, a vocal civil rights proponent, who served in the House from 1971 until his retirement in 2017. The seat is currently held by Democrat Adriano Espaillat.
  • Poverty rate: 31.0% black; 14.1% white
  • Unemployment rate: 13.7% black; 5.5% white
  • Homeownership rate: 10.2% black; 20.8% white


Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#12 New York’s 7th Congressional District, covering the eastern border of Brooklyn along the East River as well as parts of Queens and Manhattan.

  • Current representative: Rep. Nydia M. Velazquez (Democratic Party)
  • Poverty rate: 30.8% black; 19.7% white
  • Unemployment rate: 15.8% black; 4.3% white
  • Homeownership rate: 16.1% black; 30.2% white


Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#11 Georgia’s 5th Congressional District, covering downtown Atlanta and parts of the surrounding area.

  • Current representative: Rep. John Lewis (Democratic Party), a congressman for the last 32 years and an outspoken proponent of civil rights.
  • Poverty rate: 27.8% black; 9.0% white
  • Unemployment rate: 14.4% black; 3.4% white
  • Homeownership rate: 38.0% black; 56.6% white


Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#10 Ohio’s 9th Congressional District, located on the northern border of the state along Lake Erie, stretching from Toledo eastward nearly to Cleveland.

  • Current representative: Rep. Marcy Kaptur (Democratic Party)
  • Poverty rate: 37.8% black; 14.4% white
  • Unemployment rate: 17.6% black; 7.2% white
  • Homeownership rate: 31.4% black; 66.9% white


Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#9 New York’s 26th Congressional District, located along the western border of the state and includes Buffalo, the second most populous city in the state.

  • Current representative: Rep. Brian Higgins (Democratic Party), serving since 2005.
  • Poverty rate: 35.2% black; 11.5% white
  • Unemployment rate: 13.0% black; 4.8% white
  • Homeownership rate: 32.3% black; 69.0% white


Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#8 Florida’s 21st Congressional District, located on Florida’s Atlantic coast, from West Palm Beach down to just north and west of Boca Raton.

  • Current representative: Rep. Lois Frankel (Democratic Party)
  • Poverty rate: 19.5% black; 8.7% white
  • Unemployment rate: 12.1% black; 6.6% white
  • Homeownership rate: 47.1% black; 79.3% white


Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#7 Ohio’s 11th Congressional District, located in the northern part of the state and stretches from Cleveland and Akron.

  • Current representative: Rep. Marcia L. Fudge (Democratic Party) has served the area for the last decade.
  • Poverty rate: 34.5% black; 14.3% white
  • Unemployment rate: 18.4% black; 6.0% white
  • Homeownership rate: 38.2% black; 66.0% white


Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#6 Ohio’s 1st Congressional District, covering much of the city of Cincinnati and borders Kentucky and Indiana.

  • Current representative: Rep. Steve Chabot (Republican Party). Republican Rep. Steve Chabot has served the majority-white district since 2011. Chabot also represented the district between 1995 and 2008, the year he lost his bid for reelection.
  • Poverty rate: 35.4% black; 9.2% white
  • Unemployment rate: 15.5% black; 5.2% white
  • Homeownership rate: 30.1% black; 73.1% white


Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#5 Wisconsin’s 4th Congressional District, including the city of Milwaukee, which is one of the most segregated cities in the country.

  • Current representative: Rep. Gwen Moore (Democratic Party)
  • Poverty rate: 35.6% black; 12.9% white
  • Unemployment rate: 15.0% black; 4.6% white
  • Homeownership rate: 28.1% black; 59.3% white


Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#4 Illinois’s 7th Congressional District, including Chicago and stretches westward into the interior of the state. 

  • Current representative: Rep. Danny K. Davis (Democratic Party)
  • Poverty rate: 32.8% black; 8.6% white
  • Unemployment rate: 20.0% black; 4.1% white
  • Homeownership rate: 31.0% black; 53.5% white


Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#3 Illinois’s 17th Congressional District stretches through much of the northwestern portion of the state and includes parts of Peoria and Rockford.

  • Current representative: Rep. Cheri Bustos (Democratic Party) defeated incumbent Republican Congressman Bobby Schilling in 2012 and has served the district ever since.
  • Poverty rate: 39.8% black; 12.9% white
  • Unemployment rate: 21.6% black; 6.6% white
  • Homeownership rate: 31.3% black; 73.0% white


Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#2 New York’s 25th Congressional District, borders Lake Ontario and includes the city of Rochester.

  • Current representative: Rep. Joseph D. Morelle (Democratic Party)
  • Poverty rate: 34.8% black; 8.2% white
  • Unemployment rate: 15.1% black; 4.7% white
  • Homeownership rate: 31.6% black; 72.2% white


Top 30 Worst US Congress Members Who Do NOT Bring It Home for Blacks

#1 Minnesota’s 5th Congressional District, covering the city of Minneapolis.

  • Current representative: Rep. Ilhan Omar (Democratic Party), elected to represent the district in 2018.
  • Poverty rate: 37.2% black; 9.4% white
  • Unemployment rate: 12.3% black; 4.0% white
  • Homeownership rate: 19.8% black; 63.1% white

Worst Congressional Districts for Black Americans,”  August 14, 2019; “The Worst Cities For Black Americans,” November 9, 2018; 25 Most Segregated Cities in America,”  July 19, 2019; 25 Most Segregated Cities in America,”  July 18, 2019; America’s Fastest Shrinking Cities,”  March 14, 2019.

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Aug 062019
900 - America's Gun Control Debate Continues
The entire nation is horrified by the senseless mass shootings violence in El Paso, Texas and Dayton, Ohio.
Our prayers go out to the victims of this terrible violence, their families and friends, and the brave first-responders who charged into harm’s way.
Before 2015, a mass shooting (of 4 or more deaths including the shooter) occurred every 200 days (about 6 months)!
After 2015, a mass shooting occurs every 64 days (about 2 months)!
America's Gun Control Debate Continues
At the same time, annually speaking, 92 people are killed daily with guns on average, 30 are homicides, 58 are suicides! Over 1.5 persons a day on average is killed by mass shootings!
In 2019 we could see rising approximately 22,000 gun-related suicides (by white men at 50%) and falling approximately 11,000 gun-related homicides (by young black men at 80%)! However, we could see at our annual current rate about 500-1200 persons killed from mass shootings in 2019!
They’re like airplane crashes or train wrecks – we rush to them, we have to watch, they garner most of our media attention, simply because they’re gun violence on a massive scale!

America's Gun Control Debate Continues
No President has been able to get their arms around this gun violence issue in America – not Clinton, not The Bushes, not Obama, and not Trump! Some presidential problems are harder to solve than others! For the presidency is about ‘Preserving The U.S. Constitutional Rights’ alongside ‘The Guns & The Money & Foreign War-making Powers’ – but not extremely rare disaster-recovery events of domestic warfare!

America's Gun Control Debate Continues

Photo Credit: U.S. President Donald Trump speaks about the shootings in El Paso and Dayton in the Diplomatic Room of the White House in Washington, U.S., August 5, 2019. REUTERS/Leah Millis

As CBS News Reports: “The amount of mass shootings across the U.S. so far in 2019 has outpaced the number of days this year, according to a gun violence research group. This puts 2019 on pace to be the first year since 2016 with an average of more than one mass shooting a day.

As of Aug. 5, which was the 217th day of the year, there have been 255 mass shootings in the U.S., according to data from the nonprofit Gun Violence Archive (GVA), which tracks every mass shooting in the country. The GVA defines a mass shooting as any incident in which at least four people were shot, excluding the shooter.

The toll of 255 mass shootings include five high-profile massacres in the past eight days, in which more than 100 people have been shot:

  • A shooting in a historic district of Dayton, Ohio, with nine people killed and 27 injured.
  • A shooting at Walmart in El Paso, Texas, with 22 people killed and at least 24 wounded. It was the deadliest shooting of the year.
  • A shooting at the Gilroy Garlic Festival in the San Francisco Bay Area, with three people killed and 15 injured.

Before the El Paso attack, the deadliest mass shooting of 2019 happened in a municipal building in Virginia Beach, where a former city employee killed 12 people and injured four.

The GVA said there have been 33,237 total shooting incidents, resulting in 8,796 gun deaths and 17,480 injuries, as of Monday afternoon.
The last time the mass shooting toll topped days of the year was 2016, which had 382 mass shootings — the most in any year since the Gun Violence Archive started keeping track. The past two years came close, with 346 mass shootings in 2017 and 340 in 2018.”
America's Gun Control Debate Continues
Nonetheless, as ‘Crime in America’ has sharply decreased in the last 30 years, ‘Crime in America’ has become much more LETHAL! Mass shootings, homicides, gang violence, suicides (mental illnesses or depression or drug addiction or diseases)!
With over 300M Guns in America comprised of 350M Americans, only 350 of these guns fall into the hands of mass shooters annually on-average nowadays. Nonetheless, as a social crisis hitting the American social fabric, gun-related deaths now exceeds deaths by AIDS, Drugs, Iraq-Afghanistan Wars and Terrorisms COMBINED!
This is now a social, technological, education, economic, and political (STEEP) Challenge Shaping America’s Societal Tapestry!
America's Gun Control Debate Continues

Photo Credit: Vice President Mike Pence follows President Donald Trump as he arrives to speak about the mass shootings in El Paso, Texas and Dayton, Ohio, in the Diplomatic Reception Room of the White House, Monday, Aug. 5, 2019, in Washington. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)

We are talking about prediction of extreme rare events across American society, and only 5% of mass shootings and violence come from mental health illnesses.
Given that the El Paso and Dayton shooters were of the age co-hort of millennials, it calls the question of what are the social conditions of millennials within the American social fabric.
  • Millennials are 36% of America’s voting block!
  • 25% Millennials say they don’t have friends and feel isolated using just social media digital only interactions and technological communications!
  • 35% Millennials say they don’t go to church!
  • 33% Millennials say they live at home with a single parent indicating some concerns for the family as an institution!
However, here is where these millennials largely see the political gun-control debate resides: License & Registration, Give a Reason to Buy a Gun, Safety Training & Storage (On the Left) vs. Constitutional 2A ‘Right to Bear Arms’ (On the Right).
America's Gun Control Debate Continues
All President Trump needs to do is look to the State of Texas for his politically-integrated national gun policy solutions that could satisfy what the left calls for in gun-controls as well as what the right calls for in our constitutional right to bear arms!
For instance, to carry handguns on the State of Texas’ University campuses, gun-owners are guided by the following three law-abiding rules:
  1. Must have a LTC (license to carry) or a CHL (concealed handgun license).
  2. Weapon must be concealed at all times.
  3. Follow Penal Code 30.06 (exclusionary zones)
America's Gun Control Debate Continues
Honoring the Victims of the Tragedy in Parkland, Florida
Florida Shooting Victims - America's Gun Control Debate Continues
In memoriam  
February 15, 2018
“Seventeen people died on Wednesday when a former student entered Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School and opened fire. As the community and the country grieve, names and details of the victims are gradually emerging. Here is some of what is known about the students and administrators who were killed in the tragedy.”
Trump 13 - America's Gun Control Debate Continues
Presidential Proclamation Honoring the Victims of the Tragedy in Parkland, Florida

February 15, 2018

Our Nation grieves with those who have lost loved ones in the shooting at the Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida.  As a mark of solemn respect for the victims of the terrible act of violence perpetrated on February 14, 2018, by the authority vested in me as President of the United States by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, I hereby order that the flag of the United States shall be flown at half-staff at the White House and upon all public buildings and grounds, at all military posts and naval stations, and on all naval vessels of the Federal Government in the District of Columbia and throughout the United States and its Territories and possessions until sunset, February 19, 2018.  I also direct that the flag shall be flown at half-staff for the same length of time at all United States embassies, legations, consular offices, and other facilities abroad, including all military facilities and naval vessels and stations.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand this fifteenth day of February, in the year of our Lord two thousand eighteen, and of the Independence of the United States of America the two hundred and forty-second.”


Our Holy Bible inside the Book of Ecclesiastes 3:1-11 says:
“He Gives Life’s Order of Events:
There’s an appointed time for everything. And there’s a time for every event under heaven — 
A time to give birth and a time to die; A time to plant and a time to uproot what’s planted. 
A time to kill and a time to heal; A time to tear down and a time to build up. 
A time to weep and a time to laugh; A time to mourn and a time to dance. 
A time to throw stones and a time to gather stones; A time to embrace and a time to shun embracing. 
A time to search and a time to give up as lost; A time to keep and a time to throw away. 
A time to tear apart and a time to sew together; A time to be silent and a time to speak. 
A time to love and a time to hate; A time for war and a time for peace.”
And now, Here’s our time to speak.
Americans have some hard choices to make about gun control and constitutional rights to bear arms in the emotional wake of “a 19-year-old man who had been expelled from his Florida high school was held on 17 counts of murder on Thursday, February 15, 2018, the morning after authorities say he opened fire at the school, unleashing one of the deadliest school shootings in U.S. history, recounts also Reuters. “Amid continued string of mass shootings, gun control is going nowhere in Congress,” reports CNN, as here are ten things the Parkland school shooting won’t change.”
Prevent Another Tragedy 2 760x1024 - America's Gun Control Debate Continues


Or, in the horrific wake of the Las Vegas mass shooting, or in the stunning wake of U.S. House Majority Whip (R-La.) Steve Scalise’s recount of the harrowing moments within a minute from death after he was shot at a 7 o’clock in the morning congressional baseball game recently back in June 2017 in northern Virginia.

Prevent Another Tragedy 4 761x1024 - America's Gun Control Debate Continues

America’s hard choices in the wakes of these emotional tragedies are not merely to support or oppose gun control, but to make the hard choices in the ongoing debate on who can own which guns under what conditions to protect ourselves, our families, our schools, our churches, our businesses, and our government (comprised of and representing us).

Historically speaking, total numbers of firearm-related incidents have actually fallen through the decades. Before 1993, the number of people killed or wounded by firearms skyrocketed. Thereafter, America has seen a precipitous drop in deaths due to firearms, including fatal firearms accidents reduced to approximately 40 percent in the last decade, and nowadays reduced to as high as 49 percent, according to the American Enterprise Institute (AEI) conservative think-tank, with such fatal firearms accidents statistics resting now at their lowest levels ever chronicled. 

Of the 31,224 people who died from gun violence, according to recent data reports on, 12,632 people died from murderous gun violence, and the difference of 18,592 people died from self-inflicted suicide by gun fire, mostly by white men statistically.

900 - America's Gun Control Debate Continues


I’m at Texas Tech in Lubbock, Texas, where this small, very conservative community still holds onto its constitutional second amendment rights and liberties.

“The right to bear arms” was bestowed to the American citizenry by the framers of the constitution, who guarded against an over-reaching government. And, the framers included that right in the constitution before many other bills of rights, such as “the right to trial by jury, and the prohibitions against illegal search and arrest.”

900 - America's Gun Control Debate Continues

Source: Pew Research Center for the People & the Press, “Why Own a Gun? Protection Is Now Top Reason,”, Mar. 12, 2013

Be that as it may, the issue of gun ownership has remained one of the most contentious debates in this country. Given there are over 250 million guns across the American social fabric today, there are currently over 35,000 gun-control laws on the books in this nation, which attempt to control a right that the constitution says “shall not be infringed,” and many of these laws include total gun bans in many American cities (not inclusive to several states as Texas).

900 - America's Gun Control Debate Continues

Source: (2013), Top 10 States with lowest gun-related death rates (in blue); Top 10 States with highest gun-related death rates (in orange)

The FBI had a clear tip on January 5, 2018 of the intent and clear capabilities of a former student, who entered Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida, and opened fire, mass killing seventeen innocent people. 

As reported on February 16, 2018 in the Washington Examiner: “Attorney General Jeff Sessions on Friday ordered an “immediate review” of the Department of Justice and FBI after officials failed to follow up on a tip that Nikolas Cruz, who shot up his former Florida high school on Wednesday, could be a threat.

The FBI admitted that “protocols were not followed” in this case, and Sessions said a full inquiry would be made.

“It is now clear that the warning signs were there and tips to the FBI were missed. We see the tragic consequences of those failures,” Sessions said in a statement.

Sessions said he has ordered Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein to conduct an “immediate review of our process” at the Justice Department and FBI “to ensure that we reach the highest level of prompt and effective response to indications of potential violence that come to us.”

“This includes more than just an error review but also a review of how we respond. This will include possible consultation with family members, mental health officials, school officials, and local law enforcement,” the attorney general said.

Sessions called the review a “top priority.”

Remarkably, the FBI finds the top weapon of choice of criminals involved in violent crimes they’ve investigated ironically is “a baseball bat” (categorized below as #9 non-firearm homicides just above #10 firearm homicides in a December 9, 2012 bar-charted statistical data comparison of Top 10 “Killers” of citizens in the U.S.).

“Why is there NO outcry to RESPECT baseball bat ownership?” asks second amendment advocates, “maybe because so many law-abiding citizens enjoy (baseball bats) safely, for sport.”

900 - America's Gun Control Debate Continues

And so, the debate continues with the central questions being exactly what rights do Americans have with their ability to protect themselves and their property? And how far can the government go to either violate or protect these rights?

900 - America's Gun Control Debate Continues

Source: Business Insider (2016), “Where Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump stand on gun control”

Our ongoing and continuing gun ownership debate is a longstanding part of the sociopolitical process in this nation. And, it will continue to surface in public reaction to future extreme disaster events and recovery, like the history-making Las Vegas’ Mandalay Bay 32nd floor and Parkland, Florida high school shooting massacres, or the nightly gun killings on the harsh streets of several American cities, like Baltimore, Detroit, Chicago, or Los Angeles.

George Washington Quote 2 - America's Gun Control Debate Continues

Just as important, all law-abiding Americans have the inalienable rights to their United States Constitutional Bill of Rights – all of them, including the 2nd Amendment “right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed.”

Our third U.S. President Thomas Jefferson said,

The greatest danger to American freedom is a government that ignores The Constitution.”

And, our first U.S. President George Washington said:

A free people ought not only be armed and disciplined, but they should have sufficient arms and ammunition to maintain a status of independence from any who might attempt to abuse them, which would include their own government.”

900 - America's Gun Control Debate Continues

Parkland, Florida (and even Las Vegas) active shootings and massacres are a wake up call to protect our schools (and open arenas) on the grounds with undercover “School Marshals,” much like we now protect our airplanes in the sky with undercover “Sky Marshals” after the 9-11 Terrorists Attacks!

Are folks inside our airplanes more important assets to protect than our children inside our schools? No way! This is all about protecting people more than devices, right?

Therefore, my advice is to consider all combinations of legal frameworks and social education of domestic safety and Homeland security of our citizenry, and not just simply ‘following the herd in sociopolitical reaction after Las Vegas’ Mandalay Bay 32nd floor extreme event of a suicidal madman’ randomly shooting into a crowd of 40,000 peacefully festive concertgoers. Or, most recently, perhaps as some kind of horribly warped symbolism on St. Valentine’s Day on Wednesday, February 14, 2018, a young gunman, involved in yet another extreme event of a Florida high school shooting, is being held by authorities on 17 murder counts of high school children.

Remember, we all are the future of our country and the protector of both civil and human rights of all of us as citizens!

Prevent Another Tragedy 5 738x1024 - America's Gun Control Debate Continues
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President Donald Trump’s Address to The Nation on the Florida High School Tragedy

Below is the transcript of President Donald Trump address to the nation on Thursday, February 15, 2018, as released by the White House, a day after a shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida, left at least 17 dead.

My fellow Americans, today I speak to a nation in grief. Yesterday, a school filled with innocent children and caring teachers became the scene of terrible violence, hatred and evil.
Around 2:30 yesterday afternoon, police responded to reports of gunfire at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida — a great and safe community. There, a shooter, who is now in custody, opened fire on defenseless students and teachers. He murdered 17 people and badly wounded at least 14 others.
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Our entire nation, with one heavy heart, is praying for the victims and their families. To every parent, teacher, and child who is hurting so badly, we are here for you — whatever you need, whatever we can do, to ease your pain. We are all joined together as one American family, and your suffering is our burden also.
No child, no teacher, should ever be in danger in an American school. No parent should ever have to fear for their sons and daughters when they kiss them goodbye in the morning.
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Each person who was stolen from us yesterday had a full life ahead of them — a life filled with wondrous beauty and unlimited potential and promise. Each one had dreams to pursue, love to give, and talents to share with the world. And each one had a family to whom they meant everything in the world.
Today, we mourn for all of those who lost their lives. We comfort the grieving and the wounded. And we hurt for the entire community of Parkland, Florida, that is now in shock, in pain, and searching for answers.
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To law enforcement, first responders, and teachers who responded so bravely in the face of danger: We thank you for your courage. Soon after the shooting, I spoke with Governor (Rick) Scott to convey our deepest sympathies to the people of Florida and our determination to assist in any way that we can. I also spoke with Florida Attorney General Pam Bondi and Broward County Sheriff Scott Israel.
I’m making plans to visit Parkland to meet with families and local officials, and to continue coordinating the federal response.
In these moments of heartache and darkness, we hold on to God’s word in scripture: “I have heard your prayer and seen your tears. I will heal you.”
We trust in that promise, and we hold fast to our fellow Americans in their time of sorrow.
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I want to speak now directly to America’s children, especially those who feel lost, alone, confused or even scared: I want you to know that you are never alone and you never will be. You have people who care about you, who love you, and who will do anything at all to protect you. If you need help, turn to a teacher, a family member, a local police officer, or a faith leader. Answer hate with love; answer cruelty with kindness.
We must also work together to create a culture in our country that embraces the dignity of life, that creates deep and meaningful human connections and that turns classmates and colleagues into friends and neighbors.
Our administration is working closely with local authorities to investigate the shooting and learn everything we can. We are committed to working with state and local leaders to help secure our schools, and tackle the difficult issue of mental health.
Later this month, I will be meeting with the nation’s governors and attorney generals, where making our schools and our children safer will be our top priority. It is not enough to simply take actions that make us feel like we are making a difference. We must actually make that difference.
In times of tragedy, the bonds that sustain us are those of family, faith, community, and country. These bonds are stronger than the forces of hatred and evil, and these bonds grow even stronger in the hours of our greatest need.
And so always, but especially today, let us hold our loved ones close, let us pray for healing and for peace, and let us come together as one nation to wipe away the tears and strive for a much better tomorrow.
Thank you. And God Bless you all. Thank you very much.”

#Video, Full Transcript of #Trump #WhiteHouse Speech After #LasVegas Shooting Massacre

In like fashion, President Trump’s speech from the White House on October 3, 2017 in the aftermath of the Las Vegas Mandalay Bay 32nd floor active shooter massacre was Spiritual and Godly. And, his speech established the perfect tone in a masterful use of his presidential powers of persuasion and compassion in the nation’s hour of need to have our president unite us as safe and secure citizens of community, equality and liberties.

900 - America's Gun Control Debate Continues

The president praised law enforcement for their bravery in rapidly tracking down the (now deceased from suicide) active shooter, Stephen Paddock, 64, high atop Las Vegas’ Mandalay Bay 32nd floor (unleashing several hundred rounds of bullets from automatic weaponry through a busted out window) over 40,000 concertgoers at the nearby Route 91 Harvest country music festival site Sunday evening, shortly after 10pm PT (1am ET), saying that “in moments of tragedy and horror, America comes together as one” in the wake of the largest domestic mass shooting in modern U.S. history, killing nearly 58 people and injuring and hospitalizing over 500 other concertgoers. 

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Jun 232019
DEXIT, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
When I published on Sunday, June 10, 2012 my book, “Jumping The Aisle,” I did a Democrat Exit, what I call my ‘Dexit’! 
I saw Obama’s Democrat Party falling hostage to too much Globalism and too much Socialism in the name of ‘Hope & Change’ – what I wrote in my book as ‘The Strip Mining of America’!
So, I was delighted to see on Tuesday, June 18, 2019 in Orlando, Florida, President Trump asking 2020 Dexit voters: Are You ‘In’ or Are You ‘Out’ to ‘Keep America Great’ for Trump 2020!
This is the exact question I asked myself back in 2012, as I “Jumped The Aisle” and “Became a Black Republican in the Age of Obama!”
Welcome to Dexit – Democrat Exit and Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump!
Team Trump 2020 follows science and data, allowing only scientific, algorithmic, statistical (risks and uncertainties) scenario-based analyses of modern voter turnout models!
Voter information science and voter engagement engineering has taken over Digital Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump!
Brad Parscale’s management of Trump’s 2020 Campaign is using sophisticated algorithms to “micro-segment” and “micro-target” voters for Team Trump 2020.

Simply put, Team Trump 2020 is closely examining voter behavioral and emotional “micro-targeting” to find at real-time where the Trump voters are. While at the same time, targeting Trump messaging to what these voters want to hear, and ultimately vote for socially and psychologically speaking. This voter micro-targeting is what the digitalization of presidential politics is truly all about technologically speaking. 
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
Harnessing social capital of social media is Dexit in Trump presidential politics.
Voter micro-targeting and micro-segmentation reduces the time and length scales of presidential politics to the exactitude of moments of experiences of voters at Trump 2020 rallies. As we get into the general election campaign cycle, these rallies will be held regularly every 48 hours to pull voters into President Trump and his branding, which is now inside the American psyche and the future world order of freedom and economic security!
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
President Trump raised $24.8M in 24 hours after his #KAG2020 Kickoff on June 18, 2019, compared to $6.3M raised by Joe Biden in 24 hours after his 2020 campaign open! As of Q2 Fundraising filings, President Trump has amassed well over $105 million, outpacing the top 5 Democratic contenders combined on the 2020 Road to the White House.
Dexit, Democrat Exit and Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
Moreover, his 2020 Reelection Campaign Rally tapped into 20,000 voters inside the Amway Arena, home to the NBA’s Orlando Magic, and 70,000 outside in Orlando, Florida.
Trump’s voter turnout beat President Obama’s 2012 Reelection Rally with 14,000 inside Schottenstein Arena, home of the 23,000-seat arena of The Ohio State University Buckeyes Basketball in Columbus, Ohio! 
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
Conventionally, money used to be ‘The Mother’s Milk of Presidential Politics.” Large-scale political ads based on outdated 1960s polling models now leads to old-school campaign failure. This was Hillary Clinton’s 2008 and 2016 campaign thinking – which was to grab up $1 billion dollars of old-world corporate money.
And then, burn it up inside the fireplace of purchased broadcast media ads on The Economy and Jobs (for voters’ heads, which has been already addressed by President Trump in the last two years).
And also, spend it up on outmoded 1960s polls horribly flawed in forecasting voters concerns about immigration, SCOTUS, justice, freedom, independence, free trade, and security of what it means to be Americans (for voters’ hearts, which Team Trump 2020 is hammering directing to Trump voters through their digital micro-targeting)!
First to employ such micro-targeting is remarkably how Barack Obama took the White House from Hillary Clinton and Mitt Romney! For it is not about America’s ‘left-turns’ vs ‘right-turns’. Rather, it is about America’s ‘old-school’ vs ‘new-school’. Digitalization of presidential politics is about ‘anti-establishment’ vs ‘millennial-establishment’. Digitally executing this is how Team Trump wins on November 3, 2020!
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
Voters feelings and emotions are driving a ‘Dexit’ movement that is lunging towards Team Trump 2020. Team Trump is micro-targeting to ‘Dexit’ voters “let’s take back control of Washington, DC and our daily lives. This voter sentiment is especially acute after watching the Democrats’ horrific ‘due-process fiasco’ at SCOTUS Justice Brett Kavanaugh’s Confirmation Hearings, and after observing the Democrats’ horrendous ‘justice nothing-burger’ of its “No Collusion, No Obstruction” Russian Dossier-backed Robert Mueller Witch-hunt!”
Be that as it may, voters are constantly updating and uploading data about themselves on their digital devices creating their own social capital on social media! Nowadays, the mother’s milk of presidential politics is all about this social capital data, which leads to information, then knowledge and understanding through specific micro-targeting of both Trump supporters and Dexit voters.
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
The social capital of social media keeps voters awake day and night knowing each second, through adaptable “likes,” “clicks,” and “shares,” about what questions we are asking in real-time regarding our emerging social, technological, education, economic and political (STEEP) order between us as voters.
Nonetheless, archaic social media platforms do make finding each other, as like-minded Trump supporters and Dexit voters, tougher nowadays. This is because of the “silence of our majority,” as like-minded Trump supporters and Dexit voters. This silence has been forced upon us conservative voters by conventional broadcast media and left-leaning social media platforms. Consequently, this is what is being combated against by Team Trump’s digital systems of voter micro-targeting in their digitalization of presidential politics in 2020.
Essentially, Team Trump 2020 has digitally-rolled up complex data integration across social media, electorate voter rolls, polling, and canvassing that is in real-time digitally updated and responding to Dexit voters questions, wants and needs.
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
Team Trump is currently performing “Millions of Digital Touches on Trump Voters!”
This is a sophisticated empirical voter turnout system that finds: Where Voters Are? Who Voters Are? and What Voters Want to Hear From Trump!
Then packs them into the biggest capacity venues of 10-20,000 voters every 48 hours and continually ask them Are you ‘In’ or Are you ‘Out’ – as we embark upon our Democrat Exit, or DEXIT on November 3, 2020!
This is mainly because there is more sophisticated empirical ways to social, technological, education, economic and political (STEEP) reforms and polling than just ‘Red vs Blue’, ‘Black vs White’, ‘Men vs Women’, ‘Rich vs Poor’, or ‘Left vs Right’!
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
Most of all, the 1960-developed polling models are scientifically, technologically, economically & methodologically wrong for today’s complexities in American life!
Voters are feeling more alone inside this STEEP Dexit modernity and populist age of Trump presidential politics!
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
What is at stake? It is preparing the next generation and the generation after that for America’s Third Century – America’s Tercentennial – On Getting To 2076!
Voters are younger, more single, popularity seekers, highly ambitious, and exclusively digitally interconnected! 
Millennials and Generation-Xers cast 69.6 million votes in the 2016 general election, a slight majority of the 137.5 million total votes cast, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of Census Bureau data. Meanwhile, Boomers and older voters represented fewer than half of all votesfor the first time in decades,” says Wikipedia.
Of the 53 Nations of Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II’s Commonwealth, sixty percent of the 2.4 billion people of The Commonwealth (with 1.2 billion citizens of India) are under the age of 30!
Thirty-six percent of America’s 2020 voting block are millennials!
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
This upcoming July 4th, 2019 Trump Celebration in Washington is a Patriotic Dexit Movement in America towards achieving The American Dream!
It is going to make Trump’s 2020 Kickoff Celebration with 💯 thousand voters drawn to Orlando look like a large garden party!
‘Left-turn, Right-turn, Voters are Lost to a Point of No-Return on the Washington Roundabouts.’ And, We Want to Get Off! We’ve Had Enough! We want to drain the swamp with President Trump 2020! Hence, Trump’s inside the American psyche now! 
Team Trump’s Rallies are bringing together these old and new voters (many who have never voted and that the Democrats do not even know exist) into this ‘Dexit’ Movement to expand America’s popular vote. This shifts the California and New York juggernauts on electoral college algebra towards the Texas, Florida, South, Midwest and Frontier West strongholds on electoral college calculus. We saw this populist voter shift in the red counties of the U.S. map of the 2016 election!
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
Originally financed by billionaire Robert Mercer, who financed ‘Brexit,’ Team Trump’s digitalization of Presidential politics has now morphed into ‘Dexit’, Democrat Exit messaging of Trump 2020 in America.
Why? Because, the left fights to win. And, the right plays fair. But, it is time the right fights to beat back the onslaught of socialism and globalism to save the social and cultural fabric of America. 
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
Essentially, the growing anti-Americanism is “over there” on the left. But, the real people are “over here” with us on the right – every day fighting to achieve The American Dream!
Team Trump 2020 has hacked into the presidential political system and got inside through the back door to drain the Washington swamp machine, and replace it with newly re-elected well-designed parts. Historically speaking, this is a first since Nixon’s Government Reform Commission before he was stopped by Watergate.
“The Brownlow Commission, was a committee that in 1937 recommended sweeping changes to the executive branch of the United States government. The recommendations made by the committee resulted in the creation of the Executive Office of the President.” – Wikipedia
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
We are asking Trump and Dexit voters to be apart of Changing the Course of HISTORY!
And, we are asking Trump and Dexit voters to toss conventional wisdom of western thought for the true disruptors of America’s and Europe’s idealogical social order!
We are in the middle of the world’s largest social, technological, education, economic and political (STEEP) upheaval inside American History. The fault lines of this STEEP upheaval are running along immigration, culture, class, race, gender and abortion (and children)!
Dexit voters have had enough. Dexit voters trust institutions less. Dexit voters are sick of feeling like we know nothing. Dexit voters are not deplorables. Dexit voters ‘Are Out’ from Democrats’ socialists and globalists anti-Americanism! Dexit voters ‘Are In’ with Trump 2020 in ‘Keeping America Great!”
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
For the Democrats, it’s too late! Twenty or Twenty-five Democrat Presidential candidates can’t defend themselves against the on-coming Team Trump Tide going into Election Day November 3, 2020!
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
For ‘Dexit’ actually began with President Clinton’s 1996 ONE AMERICA Conversation with its Democrats’ ‘all talk but no walk’ in dealing with America’s STEEP Challenges with no one really ready or willing to deal with Dexit voters like me “Jumping The Aisle” in 2012. 
Or, no one was ready to address Dexit voters concerned about the “Future of African American Men & Boys” or “Bridging The Black Research Gap.” 
Or, no academics were ready to deal with the rising costs of higher education, or the cheating, fraud and Title IX scandals, or the devastating drought of black male leaders needed in “Transforming The Ivory Tower” in the age of demography shift and heightened engagement on the diverse campuses of modern colleges and universities.
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
Instead Dexit was allowed to simmer in a slow bubble until it has now reached its boiling point in the digitalization of President Trump’s 2016 election into President Trump’s 2020 electability and enviability!
Dexit Voters have had enough and are taking back control of our lives from the elitists and globalists that know nothing more than we Dexit Voters do – but aim to keep us down and out of their elitists clubs of uncontrollable group-thinking of ‘witch-hunt’ nothing-burgers and ‘fear-mongering’ nothingness of what elites see as the under-classiness of deplorables!
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
‘Dexit’ is about the soul of America in being Americans! This is the bottom-line of the digitalization of our presidential politics of 2020 and the future of our Supreme Court after 2020!
Voters on the left seem stuck in the past, while Voters on the right seem to be leaning forward with Trump! Yet, Presidential politics has become more raw, more earthy, and more true to ourselves, so much so that it has become more just, more efficient, and more free, as well as more right.
Why? Because Hillary Clinton and Joe Biden Democrats had 30 years to get it right with Dexit voters and blew their chances over a generation. Now, Dexit voters are done. It is over. We are through with Democrats. We have divorced ourselves from the Democratic Party. So, we have exited it.
Like I wrote on Sunday, June 10, 2012 inside my book “Jumping The Aisle, How I Became a Black Republican in the Age of Obama,” “When my party left, I turned right” as I did my ‘Dexit’.
And now in 2020, Bernie’s socialism, Kamala’s racial-gender wars, Cory’s race-baits, and Elizabeth’s identity-crises, just does not cut it anymore with Dexit voters.
Currently, here’s how the Political Debate Falls between America’s Republican Party and Democrat Party (Video Credit: “The Factionalization of American Political Parties,” via Learn Something, please visit and support:
Side-note: “Learn Something started by accident, actually, by Robbie, a high school student in the 9th grade! I created a documentary for a class project in 9th grade that was a timeline of the 2016 election, including even the nitty-gritty details. I uploaded it to YouTube for the ease of presenting it to the teacher, and before I knew it the video was garnering tens of thousands of views! That certainly made my year, and I wanted to create more content. I did so, and the videos got more and more views. The timeline documentary just surpassed 3,000,000 views which is absolutely astonishing, and two other Learn Something videos have gathered over a million views. Awesome!”
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
Globalism and political integration is rejected across Europe, as unabated immigration is causing stressed national incomes.
“‘Brexit’ (and ‘Dexit’) is about the right of the people in this country to settle their own dynasty!” – Boris Johnson
“Dominic Cummings delivered an estimated one billion targeted ads to voters through AggregateIQ in the lead up to Brexit.”Brexit on HBO Films
“Arron Bank admitted that Leave.EU also hired a data firm specializing in the psychographic profiling and targeting of voters.”Cambridge Analytica “He now denies that money changed hands.”
“It has been revealed that both companies are linked to billionaire businessman Robert Mercer, who was the single biggest Republican donor in the 2016 U.S. election.” – Brexit on HBO Films

This is the chance for a new Europe, one which maintains partnerships and respected national sovereignties.

“The Great Britain decision to leave the EU is a signal to the Brussels Politburo and its bureaucratic attachments. If the EU does not finally leave its wrong path, and the quasi-socialist experiment of deeper political integration, more European Nations will reclaim their sovereignty the way British are.

The result would be more exits. At the very least the Brussels bureaucracy must be radically reduced and the centralist regulation craze ended.

“The time is ripe for a new Europe, a Europe of fatherlands, where we peacefully trade with each other, maintain partnerships and respect the will of the national sovereignties.

“One can only warn the German government not to fill the missing British net contribution with German tax money and thus continue the political fallacy.” Frauke Petry, German AfD firebrand party leader (June 28, 2016) Frauke Petry is a leading figure in the hard-right Alternative for Germany (AfD) party, calling for a ‘Dexit’ – Deutschland out of the EU – vote in the wake of the Brexit victory in the UK.

The Pegida group, which has campaigned throughout Germany for the past year for immigration to end, is backing Dexit, but its founder Lutz Bachmann has not formulated any (Dexit) strategy or said whether his group will campaign for a referendum on Dexit.
Currently, here’s how the Brexit Debate Falls between Britain’s Conservative Party and Labor Party (Video Credit: “The Changing State of British Political Parties, via Learn Something, please visit and support:
“Soft Brexit”
  • Access to European Union (EU) single market
  • Free Trade with EU Members
  • Remain Customs Union Membership
  • Exports not subject to Border Checks
  • EU Nationals can work in the United Kingdom (UK)
“Hard Brexit”
  • No Free Trade with EU Members
  • World Trade Organization (WTO) Trade Rules
  • No Customs Union Membership
  • Full Control over UK Borders
“No Deal”
  • If no agreement before October 31, 2019
  • No Negotiations with EU
Dexit, Democrat Exit, The Digitalization of Presidential Politics in the Age of Trump
A record 46,501,241 people were expected to vote in the United Kingdom’s ‘Brexit’ vote on June 23, 2016 with a 72% voter turnout of 33,577,342 ballot pages counted finally. Votes in favor of ‘Remaining’ in the European Union (EU) were 16,141,241 (48%). Votes in favor of ‘Leaving’ the EU were 17,410,742 (52%). England’s Prime Minister David Cameron resigned immediately after the vote, as President Barack Obama’s public endorsement of Cameron’s ‘Remain’ politics was a deep embarrassment to his White House.
On the other side of the Atlantic, “A record 137.5 million Americans voted in the November 8, 2016 presidential election, according to new data from the U.S. Census Bureau. Overall voter turnout – defined as the share of adult U.S. citizens who cast ballots – was 61.4% in 2016, a share similar to 2012 presidential election, but below the 63.6% who say they voted in 2008 presidential election,” according to Wikipedia.
“According to new U.S. Census Bureau data, voter turnout increased to 65.3 percent for non-Hispanic whites, but decreased to 59.6 percent for non-Hispanic blacks in the 2016 presidential election.”
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Thank you so much for your time in reading this article. Will you please share it across your Facebook, Twitter, Google and LinkedIn social media? I do await your comments on this article.
Jun 182019

084e048 - #MH17: Boeing 777 airplanes should NOT be shot out of the sky

#MH17: Boeing 777 airplanes should NOT be shot out of the sky

July 17, 2019 marks the 5th anniversary of the downing of Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17 by a Russian BUK, killing 298 passengers and crew on-board. Dutch officials have confirmed 3 Russians and 1 Ukraine face murder charges in connection to MH17 with the trial expected to begin 5 months from now in December 2019.

Never in a million years did I ever expect that I would be writing another article about a Boeing 777 airplane falling out of the sky. Ridiculous, right?



Photo Credit: Taken on July 28, 2013, at Shanghai Pudong Airport, by Steven Richardson, aviation analyst at, of Malaysia Airlines Boeing 777-200, Registration Number 9M-MRD, which is reported by Malaysia Airlines as the crashed aircraft of Flight 17 on July 17, 2014.

All contact with Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 was lost on the early morning of July 17th at 13:20 Zulu (9:20 ET), when the transponder radar data became unreliable at 13:18 Zulu (9:18 ET) into what was supposedly was a routine flight from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur.

MH17 was cruising along at 33,000 feet (10,000 meters) in the safest phase of flight with 298 souls aboard. Suddenly, the aircraft exploded. An advanced computerized Russian Buk-M2 SAM missile slammed into the cabin of the Boeing 777-200ER and blew the airliner right out of the sky.

Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 was shot down by a vehicle-mounted advanced computerized Russian-built Buk missile system, say defense experts.

MH17 crashed immediately over eastern Ukraine near the Russian border on Thursday, killing all 283 passengers and 15 crew on board. The Boeing 777-200ER, which was carrying 298 passengers, was on route from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur when it crashed on Thursday.

Emergency workers have found 196 bodies at the site, where Malaysia Airlines Boeing 777-200ER airliner operating as flight MH17 crashed on Thursday, according to the most recent reports from Breaking Travel News (BTN).

It fell between Krasni Luch in Luhansk region and Shakhtarsk in the neighboring region of Donetsk, after being reportedly hit by a missile over the rebel-held territory, says BTN

The use of an advanced computerized Russian-built Buk missile to shoot down a passenger airliner is a criminal act of liability and terror to the international flying public, all commercial airlines, and The Boeing Company.

Both sides in the Ukrainian civil conflict have accused each other of shooting down the jet with a missile, BTN said.

Something MUST be done to stop this immediately from ever happening again. Period.

This is endangering and imperiling commercial passenger air travel. It poses to the public an international aviation stability breach. This incident is absolutely intolerable to public safety and security of world travelers and those whom benefit from international trade alike.

  • In addition, the world’s thoughts and prayers go out to the MH370 crew, passengers, and their families and friends, now united with those families and friends of the passengers and crew on board MH17, undergoing their deepest grief in facing this international aviation disaster and tragedy. May peace be with you, as we all continue to move forward in getting to the bottom of this MH17 incident, just as we are about to re-launch our international search for MH370 in August.

As I said on March 15 to The Washington Post and on Fox News Hannity on March 14, “There are two things missing here: the plane and patience.”

We are now missing two planes, MH370 and MH17. Sadly, patience has run out among us, as it rightly should.

Collectively, we all believe this MH17 aviation disaster, so soon in the wake of the MH370 aviation tragedy, is outrageous and preposterous.

Given both the MH17 disaster and MH370 tragedy hitting us in over four months, it is incomprehensible we should have to also deal with this MH17 apprehensible nuisance to common law. It undermines the public trust in and integrity of international aviation safety and security.

Where has the implicit promise of safety and security to the flying public gone at this point? Something must be done to end such aviation safety and security breaches for now onward.

The loss of 537 lives on MH17 and MH370 in four months has now reached into the realm of absurdity.

I believe this senseless loss, specifically of 239 souls on board MH370, and now a horrible loss of 298 souls on board MH17, is a ludicrously extreme event. The flying public should not have to endure this type of military ballistic weaponry risk and unsafe commercial passenger airliner mishaps in our digital-age of aviation safety and security.

State of international commercial passenger air travel faces a crisis of integrity and trust.

What has happened to our previously stellar world of commercial passenger flight safety?

Will this nonsense of safety breaches cause the flying public to seriously question, “Why We Love and Loathe Flying?” (see my article featured on LinkedIn Pulse Airlines & Aviation and Customer Experience Channels)

As an aviation enthusiasts, I am appalled, dismayed, horrified, and outraged by the destroyed Malaysia Airlines flight MH17’s Boeing 777-200ER, Registration Number 9M-MRD on July 17, 2014, and the missing Malaysia Airlines flight MH370, also a Boeing 777-200ER, which disappeared on March 8, 2014.

#MH17: Boeing 777 airplanes should NOT be shot out of the sky

178e09d - #MH17: Boeing 777 airplanes should NOT be shot out of the sky

Photo Credit: Donetsk (Ukraine) Wreckage of Malaysia Airlines Boeing 777-200, Registration Number 9M-MRD is reported by Malaysia Airlines as the crashed aircraft of Flight 17. Source: Agence France-Presse (AFP) is an international news agency, headquartered in Paris. AFP is the oldest news agency in the world and one of the largest.

Just as much, it is unfortunate such a superb aircraft from The Boeing Company should be faced with such a nuisance of an extreme accident of no fault of their own on such a fine engineering marvel as the Boeing 777-200ER that regularly travels the globe.

The Boeing 777 program represents 20 years of proven technology with a stellar safety record. The safety record of the Boeing 777 has been exemplary without incident for two decades until the Asiana Airlines crash landing in San Francisco on July 6, 2013. The Asiana incident was a result of pilot error, human factors historically being the cause of 9 out of 10 aviation safety mishaps, including the Asiana Airlines flight 214 crash, according to the final report by the United States National Transportation Safety Board. Remarkably, all passengers were able to escape the burning aircraft within seconds, largely due to United States federally-mandated “16-G-force” bolted seating that allowed safe avenues of exit for the passengers on board Asiana 214.

I reported on Fox News then that “Boeing teaches us not only how planes fly, but also how planes should crash in saving hundreds of lives” in the Asiana Airlines flight 214 San Francisco Airport crash landing.

Remarkably, exactly 18 years ago from Thursday on July 17, 1996, a similar international aviation safety breach happened with the downing of Trans World Airlines flight TWA 800, due to an explosion of the Boeing 747-200 center fuel tanks, shortly after takeoff over Long Island Sound, off the coast of New York.

From Seattle, The Boeing Company issued a statement on July 17, 2014 on Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 saying, “Our thoughts and prayers are with those on board the Malaysia Airlines airplane lost over Ukrainian airspace, as well as their families and loved ones. Boeing stands ready to provide whatever assistance is requested by authorities.”

“Borat with a Buk?”

Any airliner cruising at 33,000 feet is now vulnerable. Thursday’s aviation safety breach of a Boeing 777-200ER is ridiculous for the public’s flying security in the 21st century. This video below shows What Can We Do With a Buk? – an advanced computerized Russian missile launcher.

When one looks at this video and also looks at the aftermath of the MH17 unsecured crash site, one cannot help but to think about Borat with a complex piece of machinery that he does not really understand how to use, as he is trying to take down a small fighter jet.

“Borat with a Buk” immediately and suddenly realizes he has made a huge catastrophic blunder using the Russian military launcher. When he looks over and sees a piece of wreckage that says Malaysia Airlines and another piece of wreckage that says 9M-MRD (as indicated in the above wreckage photo), “Borat with a Buk” now comprehends he has mistakenly taken down a commercial Boeing 777-200ER airliner with a Buk!

If “Borat with a Buk” sounds like a Hollywood trailer of a comedy movie, it would be humorous at this point, if we were observing this inside a movie theater.

Except “Borat with a Buk” is not our Hollywood imagination in the aftermath of the MH17 disaster on Thursday, July 17. This is because Borat alone cannot operate a Buk. It takes a number of people skilled in advanced computerized ballistic weaponry (as the above video clearly reveals to us, as we take a closer look inside a Buk).

On the contrary, nonetheless, we all observed Thursday the ridiculous and ludicrous comic strip was actually happening, right before our eyes in completeness of a horribly real aviation disaster of an engineering marvel, like a Boeing 777-200ER, being shot down out of the sky.

What is most troubling is this aviation safety incident may have been an accidental misfire, as Russian-backed rebel and separatist groups, or Russian forces based in eastern Ukraine, or some other hidden national interests with an agenda in the region, allegedly may have been performing practice runs with the Buk missile launcher, shooting at fighter planes or helicopters in the sky.

Earlier in the week, Russian forces may have been allegedly responsible for shooting down a Ukrainian jet.

The Buk, which Ukrainian interior minister Anton Gerashenko has blamed for the attack, has a range of up to 25,000 meters, and can easily down an Boeing 777-200ER airliner cruising by at 10,000 meters, says The Guardian (U.K.). Defense experts believe this may have allegedly happened on Thursday afternoon, as Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 flew her route from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur.

Igor Sutyagin, a Russian military specialist at the London-based Royal United Services Institute, said he believed that either Russians or Russian-supported groups in eastern Ukraine were responsible. He said they had been shooting at Ukrainian aircraft over the last week, reports The Guardian (U.K.).

The Guardian further suggests, Kalashnikov-carrying Russian sympathizers in Ukraine would not have had the expertise to use the Buk system and would have needed either specialist, who had “volunteered” their services from Russia or locally recruited experts. Russia is alleged to have infiltrated special forces into Ukraine in the guise of rebels.

Sutyagin, who monitors social media in Ukraine, said a Ukrainian rebel force had been spotted just hours earlier with a Buk system at Torez, a village close to the site where the plane came down.

He added that a Ukrainian transport plane had been flying overhead close to the time that the missile was fired at the Malaysia Airlines plane, suggesting that may have been the original target. The transport plane had been trying to relieve a beleaguered Ukraine garrison, says The Guardian (U.K.).

Like for the MH370 aviation tragedy, who really knows anything for sure at this point with Thursday’s MH17 aviation disaster?

To save fuel, but not lives?

Why then was the Ukraine airspace even open for commercial passenger airline use in the first place? Are we kidding? These are very dangerous air travel routes, as these maps below chart out for us.

First and foremost, in this digital-age of aviation, what in the world was MH17 or any commercial airliner doing flying over a war zone? These quite revealing New York Times (Europe) pictures speak a thousand words.

The Associated Press reports, “the Malaysian jetliner that went down in war-torn Ukraine did not make any distress call,” Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak said Friday, July 18, adding that “its flight route had been declared safe by the global civil aviation body.”

MH17 was taking the shortest most economic route, for what? To save gas, but not lives, ludicrous!

MH17 was traveling on routes that were closed at lower elevations. Referring to the New York Times, “Flight MH17 was flying on a route that had remained open and active at higher elevations throughout the conflict in Ukraine. It had been closed up to 32,000 feet, but the Boeing 777-200ER airliner was traveling 1,000 feet above that. Hours before the crash, Russia had announced its own airspace restrictions near eastern Ukraine, closing below 32,000 feet the route Flight MH17 would have taken through Russia.”

Path of Flight MH17. The plane was on Airway L980 (shown below in red), which has remained open at elevations above 32,000 during the conflict in Ukraine. Before Flight MH17 took off, Russia closed more than a dozen airways at various elevations. The A87 route (shown below in black) that Flight MH17 would have followed was only open above 32,000 feet. The MH17 crash site location near the Russian-Ukraine border is shown below.

Sources: Eurocontrol, Federal Aviation Administration, Restricted flight areas before the July 17, 2014 crash by the United States Federal Aviation Administration (shown directly above in red) and Eurocontrol (shown directly above in blue).

Before MH17, some airlines avoided Ukraine. “A survey of flights to Asia from Europe in the last week found that some airlines had been flying over eastern Ukraine and some had been avoiding the area,” reports the New York Times.

Source: Flight path data near Ukraine (shown as indicated in white in the middle of each figure) from, Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 to Kuala Lumpur (top left – flew over Ukraine), Air France Flight 166 to Bangkok (top right – avoided the area), British Airways Flight 9 to Bangkok (middle left – avoided the area), KLM Flight 809 to Kuala Lumpur (middle right – flew over Ukraine), Lufthansa Flight 772 to Bangkok (bottom left – flew over Ukraine), Thai Airways Flight 931 to Bangkok (bottom right – largely flew over Ukraine).

Where the MH17 wreckage fell. “Witnesses reported that Flight 17 broke up in the air near the village of Grabovo, Ukraine. The wreckage from the crash was strewn across farmland in an area as large as six square miles,” the New York Times shows.

#MH17: Boeing 777 airplanes should NOT be shot out of the sky

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Source: Satellite image by DigitalGlobe via Google

Crash site and missile launch within area of rebel activity. “Eastern Ukraine has been roiled for months by a violent pro-Russian separatist uprising. A United States official said the missile that shot down the plane was launched from a region near the towns of Torez and Snizhne,” said the New York Times.

Source: Ukrainian Council of National Security and Defense. Show the approximate area (in red square) of the advanced computerized Buk missile launch.

Path of MH17. The plane was headed from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur when radar trackers lost it. The last know location of MH17 was at 4:21 pm local time.

Source: Flight-path data from

Many more lives could have been lost, if for example, this was a full Airbus A380 operated by Malaysia Airlines from London Heathrow Airport to Kuala Lumpur, or any other such carriers that could possibly be flying an Airbus A380 or Boeing 777 aircraft over the same Ukraine airspace, including operators, such as KLM, Thai Airways, Lufthansa Airlines or Singapore Airlines (although this writer does not know, if Singapore Airlines either flies over Ukraine or avoids the area).

This horrible MH17 safety incident was completely avoidable.

CNN International on Saturday, July 19 said the MH17 crash site is “the largest crime scene in the world.”

This is absolutely an international call-for-action for the commercial passenger airline’s trade group, International Air Transportation Association (IATA), and the United Nation’s commercial passenger airline’s policy group, International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) to counsel, to advise, and to warn sovereign states to establish clearer commercial passenger risk management policies and guidelines, like those of British Airways, for restricted flight paths over known war zones by commercial passenger aircraft.

Sadly, Eurocontrol had the Ukrainian war zone open to commercial air travel at the time MH17 was tragically thrown out of the sky. Malaysian officials said ICAO had approved the route the doomed MH17 airliner took. However, this appears to be a misreading of what exactly the ICAO does. ICAO issues advisory only, based on civil airline business decisions taken by delegates, rather than mandating to its members what to do in commercial passenger airline travel.

What we don’t know much about as of July 19, 2014 is three alarming concerns: (1) commercial airlines flying over war zones, (2) an unsecured MH17 crash site, and once again, at the risk of sounding like a red-herring, (3) “It’s Time to Put the ‘Black-Box in The Cloud.’

How can we secure the flight data recorders (known as the ‘black-boxes’) not only in remote oceanic regions, as we have seen with the MH370 disappearance. But also now, as we see with the MH17 safety disaster and chaotic unsecured crash site, the black-boxes are misplaced once again. Now, this time somewhere inside a war zone.

We just do not know right now whether the precious flight recorder data inside black-boxes are being tampered with or being compromised to destroy the chain of evidence of what was happening on board moments before a Russian Buk exploded next to the Boeing 777-200ER cabin sending shrapnel through it. Remarkably right now, the black-boxes may be allegedly up for grabs among rebels or separatists in an unsecured crash site inside a known war zone.

Avoiding Russian-Ukraine War Zone Anarchy with a Buk!

The Telegraph (U.K.) reports, “A rebel leader in Ukraine has this morning said that the pro-Russian fighters will guarantee the safety of international monitors at the Malaysian jet’s crash site, if Kiev agrees to a truce.”

“We declare that we will guarantee the safety of international experts on the scene, as soon as, Kiev concludes a ceasefire agreement,” the self-proclaimed Donetsk People’s Republic’s deputy premier Andrei Purgin said in a statement.

It is very hard to get the whole truth about what exactly is going on inside the Russian-Ukraine War Zone. It is an anarchistic “black-hole” nowadays. Any facts held onto firmly too long are probably not correct.

Three major questions of international security now have a direct bearing on aviation safety and security:

First and foremost, what is happening in the Russia-Ukraine region? Revolution? It is a revolution that is now the most important revolution of our lifetime! United States and United Nations national security community and NATO think-tanks are trying to find its bearings after Thursday’s MH17 aviation disaster, including the ongoing MH370 aviation tragedy.

International security interests are also re-thinking their approach in the region, as a result of the world changing so fundamentally in such a short time of four months. These extreme events are happening so fast that we do not have time to be astonished nowadays.

The Russian-Ukraine revolution is analogous with the 18th Century French Revolution. Only now the actors and players are armed with an advanced computerized missile called a Buk! In such revolutionary situations, radically different things can happen, like the downing of a Boeing 777-200ER packed with 298 civilians, cruising at 33,000 feet from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur. Such revolutionary disaster events cause discontinuous and radically different change.

Above all, the MH17 loss should NOT have happened. The human story irrevocably tied to this newest aviation disaster is how to bring closure to the grieving families for lost loved ones aboard MH17, as well as, for the lost loved ones disappeared aboard MH370.

  • Let me tell you how I felt, as an airlines and aviation enthusiast about this aviation tragedy yesterday. First of all, like everyone watching the extreme outrageous nature of this MH17 incident unfold, I felt just awful for the 298 people lost on board. Also, I just have not forgetten the 239 people that vanished on board MH370.
  • Yesterday, as a caring human being, I, along with many others around the world, grieved for all 537 of their souls.
  • Finally, I thought about the dozens of AIDS researchers who perished, and what the world has been denied in scientific contribution and medical knowledge. We probably lost a potential cure for AIDS on MH17, as dozens, perhaps a hundred top AIDS scientists and attendees to an international AIDS conference were on-board that Boeing 777-200ER.

*Correction, July 20, 2014: This article originally misstated that about 100 passengers killed on MH17 were flying to the International AIDS Conference, an estimate that was widely reported before the release of the passenger manifest. After more information was released, the International AIDS Society reported that six delegates were among those killed.

Video Credit: The Telegraph (U.K.). Leading members of the AIDS research community pay tribute to colleagues who were traveling on board Malaysia Airlines flight MH17, when it crashed in Ukraine.

#MH17: Boeing 777 airplanes should NOT be shot out of the sky

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In this October 2008 photo provided by AMC Amsterdam on Friday, July 18, 2014, former president of the International AIDS Society Joep Lange is seen. A large number of world-renowned AIDS researchers and activists heading to an international AIDS conference in Australia were on board a Malaysian jetliner that was shot down over Ukraine, officials said Friday, as news of their deaths sparked an outpouring of grief across the global scientific community. Among them was Joep Lange, a well-known researcher from the Netherlands (AP Photo/Peter Lowie/AMC).

Next, what will happen inside the Russian-Ukraine nations? Alternative Futures? Thursday’s downing of a Boeing 777-200ER airliner by an advanced computerized Russian-built Buk is the most serious threat to the international security community. The Russian-Ukraine conflict is not a ‘black-box‘ rather a ‘black-hole‘ that has suddenly blown-back and exploded into our faces much to our astonishment.

The actor and players with an interest in this conflict had two choices: (1) they could make a Buk for billions of dollars, or (2) they could buy it. The Russian-Ukraine region is now the “Home Depot” for buying a Buk!

We all must now be interested in any sovereign state that proliferates these advanced computerized weaponry (including nuclear, biological, and chemical weaponry of mass destruction). The downing of Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 is clear and irrevocable evidence of how a Buk can be a weapon of mass destruction in a moment of five minutes.

When we now think of the Russian-Ukraine region, we must think of three main aspects of alternative courses of action going forward.

  • First, a reformist Russian-Ukraine resolution, as a result of the stunning shock of the MH17 aviation disaster. Here, Russia-Ukraine muddles along in a discontinuous fashion with potential to reach a flash-point of firing all over again, including downing a Boeing 777-200ER. Remember, the Russian-Ukraine governments are facing deficits, hyperinflation (well over 100%), high unemployment, and slow GDP growth.
  • Second, a revisionist Russian-Ukraine, under extreme revision of nationalist politics, faces a significant drop in quality of life for its people, a substantial constraint on the Russian-Ukraine economy, and globally-observable anarchy within its military-industrial complex. Thursday’s MH17 extreme event disaster undermines the region’s authority and control of its advanced computerized military ballistic weaponry.
  • Third, a collapsed Russian-Ukraine state is a highly-likely scenario for a regional conflict that has fallen into a ‘black-hole‘ that has erupted into the downing of a Boeing 777-200ER near Donetsk (Ukraine). “Borat with a Buk” is incapable of performing minimum state functions. It has no borders, no law and order, no economic stability, or no legitimate commerce or trade. Most of all, “Borat with a Buk” brings about military anarchy and unrest to civilians and international aviation safety and security.

Finally, why should we care about the Russian-Ukraine conflict? Loose Buks? After Thursday’s downing of MH17, it is all about international interests in safer and secure skies.

We witnessed “What can we do with a Buk?

What we learned on Thursday was how a Buk can ruin your whole afternoon. It sure ruined mine.

What matters most now is everything matters in the Russian-Ukraine region going forward.

We also learned that some things matter more relative to others – like a five minute launch of a Buk!

We also must focus on what matters most. That is, how we globally aviate, navigate and communicate across safer and secure skies of international aviation. That is, safer skies over Asia, safer skies over Australia, safer skies over Africa, safer skies over Europe, safer skies over The Americas, and most of all, safer skies over the Russian-Ukraine region.

Consequences are extraordinary in the aftermath of the MH17 disaster and MH370 tragedy.

The Boeing 777-200ER airliner debris field is massive along the 15 kilometer spread along the Ukrainian-Russian boarder.

A “black-box” once again needs to be recovered to establish any chain of evidence and facts in this latest MH17 aviation disaster on July 17, much as in the ongoing MH370 aviation tragedy on March 8.

Like in the Hollywood movie “Ground Hog Day,” the MH17 Déjà vu aviation disaster is analogous to the June 1, 2014 “Five-Year Anniversary of AF447: MH370 Déjà vu” aviation tragedy.

The international watchdogs, safety experts, and aviation trade organizations (IATA and ICAO) as well as, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)need to be placed front and center in order to now step up and vigorously perform their essential tasks of determining the forensic circumstances and a cause of what happened. Most of all, these essential groups must ensure that we have no more MH17 Déjà vu aviation disaster, as well as, no more “Five-Year Anniversary of AF447: MH370 Déjà vu” aviation tragedy.

Human lives are at stake. Henceforward, patience in stating, speculating and storytelling of the truths is prudent now more than ever. Why? Because international aviation safety and security community is now working in crisis mode to recover public confidence, I firmly believe.

#MH17: Boeing 777 airplanes should NOT be shot out of the sky

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Malaysia Airlines Flight 17, in which 298 souls have been bombed out of the sky, and Malaysia Airlines Flight 370, in which 239 souls have vanished out of the sky, now ranks as the largest air disaster in total lives lost at 537 souls, in aviation history, since American Airlines 587 crashed into a New York suburb back on November 12, 2001, where 260 souls perished.

Malaysia Airlines is now in the fog of the greatest dual-crisis in international aviation safety and security history,” I said recently on Reuters.

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Jun 052019

Anatomy of a Boeing 787 Dreamliner Vertical Takeoff

Boeing teaches us not only how planes fly like an eagle horizontally, but also how they takeoff like a rocket vertically! A Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner performed a near “S-vertical” takeoff, on Friday, June 12, 2015, as Boeing and Vietnam Airlines crew teamed up to put the airliner through its paces over Moses Lake, Washington.

This test run was completed in preparation for its performance at the 51st International Paris Air Show, held June 15-21, 2015 at Le Bourget Exhibition Centre a few kilometers from Paris.

Spectacular pictures and Boeing video released Friday exhibit the groundbreaking Boeing 787-9 airliner’s state-of-the-art digital “glass cockpit” aviation, navigation, and communication systems, alongside its “rocket science” maneuvers.

It appears the jet is heading straight up, like a rocket, so we aim to discuss in this article, the scientific and technological anatomy of a Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner, as it performs a near vertical takeoff for the benefit of laypersons watching this stunning video below.

In other words, consider this piece an easy-to-read primer breakdown for laypersons to understand how a commercial aircraft takes off like a rocket! In anticipation of the 2015 Paris Air Show, this brief primer is “jet propulsion and rocket science for laypersons!”

FAIR USE NOTICE: These videos and the content herein contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in our exclusively educational efforts to advance understanding issues, etc. We believe this constitutes a ‘fair use’ of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes only.

Boeing says the above company video “spotlights technical maneuvers that showcase some of the airplane’s many capabilities.”

In all fairness to the Boeing-Airbus global commercial aircraft manufacturing competition, Friday’s near vertical takeoff performance of the Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner is not the first one by a large commercial airliner of this jumbo size class. The video below is an equally remarkable “S-vertical” takeoff performance of an Airbus A380 at the 2013 Paris Air Show. 

Two French Navy pilots teamed up with Airbus to display a stunning near vertical takeoff and near vertical flight maneuver at the 2013 Paris Air Show on empty fuel tanks and extremely light weight, mainly because the Airbus A380 had previously performed a short maneuver presentation nearby the Le Bourget Exhibition Centre outside of Paris.

CNN prompted Boeing to “share specifics about the takeoff and banking angles during the flight.” A company spokeswoman told CNN “we unfortunately aren’t sharing specifics about the profile such as bank angles at this time.”

“Some of what you’re seeing on takeoff is a trick of perspective,” said Boeing 767 pilot Patrick Smith, who blogs on aviation at “It looks like the takeoff is at a near vertical 90 degree angle — trust me it’s not.”

“A 20 degree pitch-up on takeoff is pretty strong,” said Smith, describing what passengers inside the cabin may feel during takeoff.

What a competitively strategic “marketing bonanza move” for the American airplane manufacturer to enhance the Boeing 787 Dreamliner brand after its dubious market launch a few years back.

That news is ancient history now after Friday’s remarkable takeoff of the Boeing 787-9, spiraling up as a viral technological phenomenon across social media.

As of May 2015, 509 Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner aircraft (amounting to 46 percent of all 787 orders) have been ordered by 30 airlines around the world.

Smith further comments on the video: “If they’re pushing the envelope and having fun, they might be going a bit past what the command bars are showing, but just temporarily — again, it’s the Paris Air Show!”

Friday’s trial run of a Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner, undergoing a near “S-vertical takeoff” to be performed at the 2015 Paris Air Show, further highlights the company’s technologically innovative capabilities in aviation safety and critical flight performance. Remarkably displayed are critical flight maneuvers at subsonic flight envelop extremes akin to a “military fighter.” Most of all, what is displayed is a more extraordinary extreme takeoff requirement of the Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner performing nearly as a “vertical rocket” propulsive system.

It is this latter extraordinary extreme, where it appears the jet is heading straight up, like a rocket, that we wish to discuss in the next section, the simple scientific and technological anatomy of a Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner near vertical takeoff for the benefit of laypersons looking at the stunning pictures.

Anatomy of a Boeing 787 Dreamliner Vertical Takeoff

Anatomy of a Boeing 787-9 “S-Vertical” Takeoff

“Presumably the plane was very light because it wasn’t carrying any passengers, probably had a very light fuel load, no freight, so it would have been able to perform a steeper than normal ascent — but not to the extent the video seems to show,” Boeing 767 pilot Patrick Smith said.

“But for demonstration purposes, under lightweight conditions, it’s perfectly natural for this airplane to do that. It’s nothing dangerous.”

Anatomy of a Boeing 787 Dreamliner Vertical Takeoff

A Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner without its payload and fuel weighs about 117,617 kilograms (or 259,301 pounds) equal to about 29 elephants. The maximum payload takeoff weight is designed for 227,930 kilograms (or 502,500 pounds). The airliner’s wing span is 197 feet (or 60 meters), the aircraft’s length is 186 feet (or 57 meters), and the air vehicle’s height is 56 feet (or 17 meters). 

The commercial airliner is designed to fly subsonically at Mach 0.85 (relative to the speed of sound), that is, about 650 miles per hour.

Forward thrust of a Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner at horizontally level flight is “rearward ejection of air flow” through a high-intake engine (taking in a ton of air per second) mounted on the wings with the condition that the air flow in the engine exhaust jet (creating the thrust) originates from the airliner’s forward flight design speed (topping at Mach 0.85).

Essentially, the two air-breathing turbofan propulsion systems of the Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner, operating at level flight, are fundamentally converging-diverging flow stream nozzles with a sonic plenum of combustible heat input in the middle, wherein fuel-air mixture propellant is burned (in other words, these turbofans are basically horizontally-directed “ideal” rocket motors, sort-of-speak, attached to wings). The exhaust jet is a characteristic velocity dependent on how well the flow stream (calculated using advanced three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics) through the engine device is designed.

As the Vietnam Airlines crew kept close tabs on the climb rate, airliner vehicle speed, and “glass cockpit” command bars, the near “S-vertical” takeoff momentarily shifts the Boeing 787-9 in an aggressive flight takeoff performance mode akin to a rocket propulsive system.

Fluidic momentum suggests the near vertical thrust needed to achieve the rapid climb equals a large air intake mass flow through the engines multiplied by an even larger engines’ exhaust jet velocity, due to the high vehicle speed of the Boeing 787-9 vertically upward, as seen on the company video.

Hence, the near vertical thrust readings on the “glass cockpit” command bar of the Boeing 787-9 airliner is essentially a non-dimensional ratio of two characteristic velocities — one, which is an exhaust jet dependent on how well the engine flow stream is designed, over another, which is a characteristic velocity about 40 percent higher than the speed of sound inside the combustion chambers of the engines. 

This near vertical thrust is one measure of performance of the Boeing 787-9 near “S-vertical” takeoff, as seen on the company video.

Another consideration is how effectively or usefully do the engines burn fuel. This requires next-generation engines, having a sufficiently large overall pressure ratio, so as to have sonic flow at the throat of the engine flow stream design.

It is useful here to consider three additional figures of merit — fuel burn (or specific fuel consumption), specific impulse, and engine thermal efficiency — in terms of various Boeing 787-9 vehicle parameters from the perspectives of the Boeing aircraft design and the General Electric GEnx-1B and/or Rolls-Royce Trent 1000 engine designs adopted.

Anatomy of a Boeing 787 Dreamliner Vertical Takeoff

Both of these adopted engines “represent nearly a two-generation jump in propulsion technology used on the Boeing 767,” whereby the Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner uses 20 percent less fuel than any other airplane of its size, according to Boeing (see Appendix on the 787 Dreamliner Facts below).

Back in 2002, Boeing foresaw increased market demand for its Boeing 767 class twin-aisle airplane flying over significantly larger range. The company believed the airline industry was evolving from a “hub-and-spoke” to a “point-to-point” lower-fuel cost operational model.

The Boeing 787 Dreamliner is an outgrowth of the challenge to meet this airline industry demand for making significant advances in overall airplane design requiring greater advances in propulsion system innovation.

Boeing Commercial Airplane alongside General Electric and Rolls-Royce aircraft engine manufacturers approached this challenge by “improving fuel burn (that is, “specific fuel consumption” and/or “specific impulse”) of the Boeing 787 Dreamliner engines in three traditional performance areas,” according to the aircraft manufacturer:

  • Higher propulsive efficiency through increased bypass ratio (which measures a ratio of the engine front fan diameter to the engine core diameter, see Appendix for looks inside the 787 Dreamliner ultra-high bypass ratio aircraft engines). [Note: an engine’s propulsive efficiency = 1 / [ 1 + 0.25 (Cd)(Aw / Ain) ], wherein Cd is the drag coefficient of the airliner, Aw is the airliner’s wing area, and Ain is the air flow area at the aircraft engine inlet). Thus, monitoring increases in the propulsive efficiency unites the Boeing aeronautical engineer (Cd) and Boeing structural engineer (Aw) with the General Electric and Rolls-Royce propulsion engineer (Ain)].
  • Higher engine thermal efficiency through increased overall pressure ratio and improved component efficiencies, exclusively involves the General Electric and Rolls-Royce propulsion engineer. [Note: an engine’s thermal efficiency measures a ratio of the increase in kinetic energy through the engine to heat input into the engine from fuel burn. The increase in kinetic energy through the engine is a half of the difference between the engine exhaust jet velocity squared and the aircraft’s forward velocity squared].
  • Improved thrust-to-weight ratio through the application of advanced materials, brings together the Boeing structural engineer (weight, advanced materials, wing-tail-section-fuselage lift-to-drag ratios) and Boeing aeronautical engineer (thrust-to-weight) with the General Electric and Rolls-Royce propulsion engineer (thrust).

According to Boeing, the following facts are the conditions for the Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner’s near vertical takeoff using either General Electric GEnx-1B or Rolls-Royce Trent 1000 engines: Bypass ratio = 10; Fan diameter = 111-112 inches; Overall pressure ratio = 50; Thrust = 53,000-74,000 pound-feet; Specific fuel consumption (SFC) = 15% lower than the Boeing 767 class engines.

To achieve the near “S-vertical” takeoff mode, the propulsion engines must generate momentarily an enormous amount of near vertical thrust. The amount of fuel needed to produce such thrust must momentarily balance the weight of the Boeing 787-9 airliner. Hence, General Electric and Rolls-Royce propulsion engineers must consider a figure of merit, called specific fuel consumption (SFC), to characterize the engine’s fuel efficiency.

Specific fuel consumption (SFC) measures “how much fuel the engine burns each hour,” normalized by mass or weight, or in this case, “per pound (Newton) of thrust.” In other words, specific fuel consumption is the mass of fuel burned by the Boeing 787-9 engines in one hour divided by the thrust that the engine produces. 

Putting this another way, by definition, specific fuel consumption is a ratio of the engine fuel mass flow rate to the amount of thrust produced during fuel burn. When we normalize this ratio by the engine air mass flow rate, we obtain another form of specific fuel consumption (which measures fuel burn efficiency) in terms of a ratio defining the fuel-to-air mix to the specific thrust (that is, the engine thrust normalized by the air mass or weight through the engine device).

The units of specific fuel consumption are mass per unit time divided by thrust force (in English units, pounds mass per hour per pound; in metric units, kilograms per hour per Newton).

Research experts and officials at NASA Glenn Research Center in Cleveland, Ohio, working from the standpoint of producing clean efficient turbofan engines, consider figure of merit tradeoffs between specific fuel consumption (SFC) versus nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions. The key source of NOx emissions is the combustion of fuels inside the burner chamber of the aircraft engine device. This brings into consideration the multidisciplinary science of aero-environmental propulsion engineering.

However, we can also define another figure of merit, called the specific impulse, as directly related to the overall efficiency of the engines of the Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner in performing the near “S-vertical” takeoff. The specific impulse in performing this takeoff is a ratio of the near vertical thrust divided by the temporal rate of change of the Boeing 787-9 weight.

Naturally, of course, we do also have equilibrated lift-to-drag force ratios of the wings, tail section, and fuselage. However, such resultant equilibrated lift-to-drag forces are momentarily vectorially-directed at sharply inclined angles relative to the Boeing 787-9 airliner’s center of mass, as the near “S-vertical” takeoff flight maneuver of the airliner is being performed.

The overall (propulsion system) efficiency may be approximated as a product of the propulsive efficiency and the thermal efficiency. (Note: an engine’s overall efficiency measures a ratio of the engine’s thrust power (or “useful propulsive work”) to available fuel burn energy).

When we take the Boeing 787-9 near vertical takeoff speed, Uo, multiplied by the specific impulse, Isp, we get a measure of the engines’ thrust power. The available fuel burn energy is a ratio of the heating value of the fuel, H, to the gravitational constant, g.

Thus, the overall efficiency, Neff, of the Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner, performing as a near vertical takeoff rocket propulsive system, is Neff = (Uo)(Isp) / (H/g).

In summary, these seven (7) performance figures of merit — (1) fuel burn energy,(H/g), (2) specific fuel consumption, SFC, (which measures engine fuel burn efficiency), (3) specific impulse, Isp, (4) engine thermal efficiency, (5) overall (propulsion system) efficiency, Neff, (which is highly dependent upon the closely-monitored airliner’s takeoff flight speed and near vertical flight speed, Uo), (6) engine thrust power, (Uo)(Isp), and (7) nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions (for aero-environmental propulsion engineering design considerations) are altogether central to the Boeing 787-9 aviation achievements exhibited at the 2015 Paris Air Show on June 15-21, 2015 at Le Bourget Exhibition Centre outside of Paris. This article serves to describe for laypersons what really matters most in the anatomy of a near “S-vertical” takeoff of a Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner.

Anatomy of a Boeing 787 Dreamliner Vertical Takeoff

APPENDIX: Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner Facts

First flown in December of 2009, the Boeing 787 Dreamliner is the company’s “technological marvel” designed by hundreds of aeronautical, structural and propulsion engineers, invoking a concept called “virtual manufacturing” pulling together the aircraft’s design and manufacturing from around the world.

The Boeing 787 Dreamliner is also an aviation innovation in how it uses advanced technology, according to the company,

  • to improve the cabin experience (including a “High-Efficiency Particulate Air” (HEPA) filter to “remove bacteria and viruses, and additional gaseous filtration system also removes odors, irritants and gaseous contaminants, some of the primary contributors to throat, eye and nose irritation”);
  • to enhance the cabin eco-friendliness (which implements “scalloped chevrons on the engine casings to lower noise both inside and outside the cabin, making the airplane quieter for passengers, ground crews and communities”);
  • to fully incorporate advanced lightweight carbon-fiber materials throughout the aircraft’s structural configuration (that is, “composite materials make up 50 per cent of the primary structure of the 787, including the wings and fuselage”), which for the composite fuselage allows higher cabin pressures that contributes considerably to passenger comfort;
  • to fully integrate state-of-the-art digital “glass cockpit” avionics and navigation and advanced computerized communication systems located throughout the airframe (including “Smoother Ride Technology,” a Boeing-designed system that “senses turbulence and commands wing control to smoothen the ride in moderate turbulence, so that passengers enjoy a more comfortable flight, including reduced motion sickness”).

The Boeing 787-9 is powered by new high-bypass ratio engines from General Electric’s GEnx-1B, which

  • Leverage the highly successful GE90 composite cold-stream front fan blades with the latest swept aerodynamics;
  • Incorporate an entirely new composite fan case for significant weight savings;
  • Incorporate state-of-the-art titanium aluminide (Ti-Al) blades in the last two stages of the seven-stage low pressure turbine. Hot turbine blades made of titanium aluminide (Ti-Al) material achieves significant weight savings over traditional nickel alloy turbine blades.

Anatomy of a Boeing 787 Dreamliner Vertical Takeoff

and Rolls-Royce’s Trent 1000, which

  • Incorporate the latest swept aerodynamic cold-stream hollow-fan-blade technology evolved from the predecessor Trent 900 engine;
  • Utilize the proven benefit of the Trent three-spool engine architecture. In the case of the Trent 1000, the three-spool design affords intermediate pressure power off-take with demonstrated benefits in engine operability and fuel consumption;
  • Design the Trent 1000 with the latest computational fluid dynamics-enabled 3D aerodynamics for high efficiency and low noise.

Anatomy of a Boeing 787 Dreamliner Vertical Takeoff

The latest Boeing 787-9, which is longer with a farther range than its predecessor Boeing 787-8, first rolled off the assembly line in Everett, Washington, in 2013. Its first customer, New Zealand Airlines, received its order the next year. The new Boeing 787-10 commercial launch is anticipated in 2018.

Some additional cool facts about the Boeing 787 Dreamliner as an engineering marvel are available here

Photo and Video Credits: The Boeing Company, General Electric Aircraft Engines, Rolls-Royce Aircraft Engines


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Jun 052019

“An Airbus A321 carrying Russian tourists back from Egypt in 2015 suddenly disappears from radar minutes after takeoff. Air Force jets locate the charred wreckage in the Sinai Desert. There are no survivors. How did this modern airplane just fall from the sky? Follow Egyptian investigators and their Russian counterparts as they work through political tensions and wild rumors to discover the truth behind the crash of Metrojet Flight 9268. With 224 passengers and crew on board killed, the Russian Metrojet crash is the worst air accident in the history of Russian aviation.”

FAIR USE NOTICE: These videos and the content herein contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been specifically authorized by the copyright owner. We are making such material available in our exclusively educational efforts to advance understanding issues, etc. We believe this constitutes a ‘fair use’ of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. 107, the material on this site is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes only.

“Did an old accident cause the October 31, 2015 crash of Russian Metrojet Flight 9268 Airbus A321, or were more nefarious forces to blame for killing 224 passengers and crew on board? 

Watch below “Terror Over Egypt,” the Season Premier of  Smithsonian Channel.” 

“On October 31, 2015, Metrojet Flight 9268 disintegrates in mid-air and crashes into the Sinai Peninsula during a routine chartered flight from Sharm El Sheikh International Airport to Pulkovo Airport, killing all 224 people on board.”

“Did a serious 2001 accident to Metrojet 9268 cause it to fatally crash on October 31, 2015? Investigators look closely at the affected part of the plane – the rear fuselage – hoping for a breakthrough.”

From the Series: Air Disasters: Terror Over Egypt 

FBI agents in the United States have agreed to help with forensic analysis after last week’s crash of a Russian airliner in Egypt.
The British government suspects a bomb exploded on board, plunging all 224 passengers and crew to their deaths. Egyptian crash investigators are complaining about the lack of intelligence sharing – and insist it’s too early to say what caused the disaster.
Amid the confusion and uncertainty, thousands of tourists are still stranded in Sharm El Sheikh trying to fly home. So, who can we trust to tell the truth? And how much politics is involved?
Jane Dutton
Martin Reardon, Senior Vice President of the Soufan Group.
Igor Sutyagin, Senior Research Fellow at the Royal United Services Institute.
Oliver McGee, Former U.S. Deputy Assistant Secretary for Transportation and aviation specialist.
Published on Nov 8, 2015SUBSCRIBED 2.8M

Metrojet Airbus A321 Reg #EI-ETJ -- 7

Russian Metrojet Airbus A321-231 crashed minutes after takeoff, fatally resulting in the death of 224 people, in mountainous Sinai Peninsula (Egypt) on Saturday, October 31, 2015 at 04:12 Zulu (Greenwich Mean Time, GMT) or 12:12 am ET.

Photo Credit: 1993 REUTERS/Kim Philipp Piskol. Metrojet’s Airbus A321-231, Registration number EI-ETJ, performing as flight 7K-9268taxis at Antalya, Turkey before the tragic crash.

Operated by Russian air carrier, formerly known as Kogalymavia, Kolavia (Moscow-Domodedovo), and branded as MetroJet, according to the Egyptian aviation ministry, Metrojet’s Airbus A321-231, Registration number EI-ETJ, was performing flight 7K-9268 en route from Sharm el Sheikh (Egypt) to St. Petersburg (Russia) with 217 passengers and 7 Metrojet crew on board, Russia’s Rosaviatsia (Civil Aviation Authority) confirms.

Speculatively and preliminarily speaking, ahead of detailed analysis of the flight deck recorders or “black-boxes” recovered today from the extensive crash site wreckage at Al Arish (Sinai, Egypt) on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, a technical malfunction in the airliner’s International Aero Engines AG V2533-A5 turbofan engines is only at first-glance attributed to the aerodynamic stalling of the Airbus A321-231 (losing altitude from 31,000 feet at nearly 6,000 feet per minute) about 23 minutes after takeoff from a Red Sea resort popular with Russian tourists, Egypt’s Ministry of Civil Aviation has said.

IAE International Aero Engines AG “manages engineering, sales, production, customer support and aftermarket services for the V2500® series engine – one of the most successful commercial jet-engine programs in production today.”

“Approximately 190 airlines and lessors from about 70 countries operate the V2500 series engine. To date, the V2500 series engine has accumulated over 125 million flight hours,” according to the IAE website.

Meanwhile, Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond on Wednesday, November 4 spoke of a “significant possibility” that Metrojet flight 7K-9268 was “caused by a bomb and Britain immediately suspended all flights to and from Sharm el-Sheikh, the Red Sea resort where the flight originated,” Daily Mirror (U.K.) reports in an extensive rolling timeline of developments in this ongoing crash investigation by the French BEA, Egyptian government officials, Russian Metrojet airline officials, and British and U.S. intelligence.

“Egyptian officials have condemned Britain’s travel ban as an overreaction. Egyptian president Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi is in London on a state visit, facing what is likely to be a tense meeting with Prime Minister David Cameron,” says the Daily Mirror (U.K.).

However, until the Airbus A321-231 cockpit voice recorders (CVRs) and the flight data recorders (FDRs), known as “the black boxes” are fully analyzed by the French BEA investigators, nobody really knows what happen during the final moments of Metrojet flight 7K-9268 on Saturday, October 31.

The Telegraph (U.K.) and French television channel France 2 is reporting on Friday, November 6 that the black boxes “distinctly show the sound of an explosion during the flight”, according to an investigator who had access to them.

They said: “the explosion would not be secondary from engine failure.”

In other words, “there is no sign of mechanical malfunction during the initial part of the flight,” France 2 reported. “Everything is fine during the first 24 minutes, then in a fraction of a second there is a blackout and no more cockpit conversation, convincing investigators there was a bomb on board,” according to France 2.

On Saturday, November 7, 2015, Egypt’s Air Accident Investigation Commission (EAAIC) in a news conference stated, according to the Aviation Herald:

  • “The wreckage is distributed over a length of more than 13 kilometers consistent with in-flight breakup with several parts of the wreckage missing.
  • Initial observation of the wreckage does not yet allow for a definitive determine of the exact cause of the in-flight break up.
  • The flight data recorder (FDR) was successfully downloaded and preliminary review of the data suggests the recording stopped 23 minutes and 14 seconds after Metrojet flight 7K-9268 Airbus A321-231 was airborne. The last FDR recorded altitude was 30,888 feet MSL, last FDR recorded airspeed was 281 knots, the autopilot 1 was engaged, the aircraft was still climbing.
  • The cockpit voice recorder (CVR) was successfully downloaded and a first listening by French BEA investigators has been completed. The CVR transcript is currently being compiled, a noise has been heard in the last second of the CVR recording. A spectral analysis (or spectrum analysis – a statistical and signal processing mathematical algorithm that estimates the strength of varying frequency components of a time-domain noise signal) – is being performed to determine the frequency nature and location of this noise (now widely reported as an alleged explosion). 
  • Parties reporting facts outside of the investigation should provide their evidence to the accident investigation commission (Editorial note: this appears to be a reference to British and US Intelligence suggesting the aircraft was brought down by a bomb).”

The head of the Egyptian technical committee investigating the crash has confirmed that the recording from the plane’s black box reveals a sound in the last second of the recording, The Telegraph (U.K.) adds and CNN confirms further.

Ayman el-Mokkadem said: “Initial observations… do not allow for identifying the origin of the in-flight break-up” of the Airbus A-321 last Saturday 23 minutes and 14 seconds after it took off from the Red Sea resort of Sharm el-Sheikh.

He said: “A noise was heard in the last second of the recording by the cockpit voice recorder” and “a spectral analysis will be done to determine the origin of this noise”.

When answering a question about what the sound represented he said: “The sound is not the only evidence – we need to have a lot of evidence to indicate that something specific happened.”

“All the scenarios are open, it could be a fatigue at the plane body, or an explosion of something…,” said Ayman el-Mokkadem. 

Current expert theories speculating about how the Airbus A321-231 airliner broke apart at 31,000 feet in clear weather cruise flying align along two fronts proposing either engine malfunction and failure or alleged bomb on-board perhaps inside the luggage compartment, originating from a significant security breach at the originating airport in Sharm el Sheikh (Egypt). 

On Thursday, November 5, it appears the U.K. Prime Minister David Kameron alongside U.S. Intelligence officials are going forward on the probable cause of the crash as a “most likely bomb on board theory,” pushing swiftly on their aviation security investigations, ahead of the aviation safety investigation, comprising the French BEA analysis of the Airbus A321-231 black boxes, which could reveal a probable cause of significant engine malfunctioning failure, The Telegraph (U.K.) reports in its extensive rolling timeline of current developments in the crash investigation by the French BEA, Egyptian government officials, Russian Metrojet airline officials, and British and U.S. intelligence.

France’s air accident investigation agency, BEA, told CNN on Friday, November 6 that “Egyptian officials will make an announcement about the crash investigation within the next 24 hours.”

An Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs spokesman said on Twitter that “the Egyptian Ministry of Civil Aviation will hold a new conference at 5 p.m. local time (10 a.m. ET) Saturday.”

On Friday, November 6, “Russian President Vladimir Putin agreed to suspend Russian air traffic with Egypt until the cause of the crash can be determined,” the Kremlin said.

“Putin has accepted the recommendations of the National Anti-Terrorist Committee to suspend flights with Egypt. … The President has also instructed to provide assistance to Russian citizens to return from Egypt. In addition, the President has instructed to engage with the Egyptian side to ensure the safety of air traffic,” the Kremlin said.

A separate source, also not authorized to speak on the record, said on Thursday, November 12, that “based on the facts so far, one of the working theories is that a bomb was planted at or near the fuel line or where it attaches to the engine, with the fuel burning off the explosive. This theory would explain the apparent lack of residue immediately found,” the source says, according to Fox News.

Fox News was told both scenarios point to an “airport insider.”

Adel Mahgoub, chairman of the state company that operates Egypt’s civilian airports, said “except for three Ukrainian passengers all on board were Russian citizens.”

An Egyptian cabinet statement said the 217 passengers included 138 women, 62 men and 17 children.

Russian television showed scenes of relatives and friends gathering at St. Petersburg’s Pulkovo airport, awaiting word on the fate of their loved ones. 

Our collective thoughts, prayers, and sympathies remain with the families, friends, and loved ones of those 224 persons lost, as they try to endure in deep anguish for their terribly devastating losses, surrounding today’s Metrojet flight 7K-9268 crash.

Russian President Vladimir Putin declared November 1, 2015, a national day of mourning, according to a statement posted on the Kremlin’s website.

Relatives_of_passengers (Telegraph UK)

Photo Credit: The Telegraph (U.K.). In St. Petersburg (Russia) Pulkovo Airport, grieving relatives of victims on board learn of the fate of Metrojet’s Airbus A321-231, Registration number EI-ETJ, performing as flight 7K-9268.

Two of the passengers on the Metrojet flight, Elena Rodina and Alexqander Krotov, were newlyweds, a friend of the couple told the Associated Press at a hotel near the airport. They were both 33.

Yulia Zaitseva said Rodina “really wanted to go to Egypt, though I told her ‘why the hell do you want to go to Egypt?’”

“We were friends for 20 years,” she said. “She was a very good friend who was ready to give everything to other people. To lose such a friend is like having your hand cut off.”

She said Rodina’s parents feel “like their lives are over.”

Roughly three million Russian tourists, or nearly a third of all visitors in 2014, come to Egypt every year, mostly to Red Sea resorts in Sinai or in mainland Egypt.

“It is too premature to detect the impact this will have on tourism. We need to know what happened first,” Tourism Ministry spokeswoman Rasha Azazi told the Associated Press.

Immediate question among the flying tourists is whether it is indeed safe to fly given today’s rare aviation safety circumstances, surrounding the crash of Russian Metrojet flight 7K-9268 in Sinai (Egypt). 

The answer is yes, of course, supported by a poignant U.S. federal government statistics. 

For air and space transport (including air taxis and private flights), the National Safety Council (NSC) says the relative risks of flying are extremely favorable odds of 1 in 7,178 for a lifetime against one receiving death or injury as a result of flying in a commercial passenger airliner. These relative risks of flying are compared by the NSC to the odds of dying in a motor vehicle accident at 1 in 98 for a lifetimeUSA Today reports.

Google Map of Crash Event

The Airbus A321-231 vanished from radar as the airliner was flying to 30,700 feet out of Sharm el Sheikh over the Sinai Peninsula of Egypt on Saturday, October 31, 2015 at 04:12 Zulu (Greenwich Mean Time, GMT) or 12:12 am ET. 

The crew told air traffic control in the region they had technical problems.

The flight was reported to be at 31,000 feet, when it disappeared from the radar screens after 23 minutes of flight. Flight-tracking service FlightRadar24 said the plane was losing altitude at about 6,000 feet per minute before the signal was lost, Reuters reported.

Specifically, “FlightRadar24 acquired a signal from the aircraft shortly after takeoff and tracked it until 04:13:22 Zulu (12:13 am ET). At the time of last contact, FlightRadar24 were receiving a signal from the aircraft to three of its receivers, all of which stopped receiving data from the aircraft at the same time. The chart below represents the final data FlightRadar24 received from the aircraft. At no time did we receive a 7700 squawk from Metrojet flight 7K-9268.” 

Flightradar24 Tracking of Metrojet 7K-9268

The Russian air carrier, Metrojet, whose Airbus A321-231 crashed in the Sinai region on Saturday, says the aircraft was in good shape and the pilot was experienced.

In a statement on its website, Moscow-based Metrojet says the Airbus A321-231 received required factory maintenance in 2014.

The statement also identified the captain of Metrojet flight 7K-9268 was Valery Nemov, who reported technical problems from the flight deck and requested to return to Sharm el Sheikh over the Sinai Peninsula of Egypt. 

Egyptian media reports, referring to an Egyptian government meeting, that the flight crew reported trouble with the IAE A.G. V2533-A5 turbofan engines, then subsequently lost control of the aircraft, and flight deck communication ceased.

This is confirmed by Egypt’s Civil Aviation Authority’s, Mohamed Hossam Kemal, who told media at a news conference today that there was no Mayday Call from the flight deck, and communication with the Airbus A321-231 was normal until the airliner disappeared from radar.

“The plane did not request a change of route,” Kemal said (via Reuters).

It is being preliminarily surmised in media reports that a probable cause of the crash is the Airbus A321-231 slowed significantly at 31,000 feet and may have gone into an aerodynamic stall, as a result of “technically malfunctioning” turbofan engine stall and surge.

Such a clear-weather, high-altitude cruise flight occurrence of “literally falling out of the sky” is most extremely rare.

Officials say they recovered the aircraft’s flight’s recorders, or “black box,” Fox News reports, which will confirm exactly what occurred during the communication-silence “hot cockpit” final moments of Metrojet flight 7K-9268.

Egypt’s Accident Investigation Commission has initiated an official crash investigation into Metrojet flight 7K-9268. The chairman of the commission stated “preliminary facts point towards a technical failure.”

Turbofan engines could in very rare instances perhaps encountered deeper combustion instability, and even more critical, axial-flow compressor instability, resulting in “engine surge” – an engine air flow reversal pre-induced by “rotating stall” – an engine thrust reducer. Such engine dynamic instabilities are altogether rare catastrophic turbofan engine events during airborne takeoff, and again most extremely rare during high-altitude cruise at 31,000 feet, which typically induces aerodynamic stall of an airliner (see a brief detailed explanation for laypersons of these rare catastrophic turbofan engine instabilities in the Appendix section).
During such circumstances of engine surge instability, the pilots would then immediately have to shut off the turbofan engine, and immediately attempt to land the airliner with a single turbofan engine, provided it is in functioning operation. This is how these massive jumbo commercial passenger airliners are designed, manufactured, and tested to do.
Lufthansa and Air France announced they are going to “avoid over-flying the Sinai until the cause of the crash has been determined.” In addition, warnings have been issued until further notice by the United States Federal Aviation Administration to U.S. air carriers, as well as, by Germany to German air carriers to operate all flights above 26,000 feet, while air traveling over the Sinai.

Metrojet’s Airbus A321-231, powered by IAE A.G. V2533-A5 turbofan engines, was originally built and delivered/leased to Middle East Airlines (MEA), Registration number F-OHMP, on May 27, 1997, later it was leased to Onur Air, Registration number TC-OAE, and finally, the Russian Metrojet air carrier under its last Registration number EI-ETJ on May 27, 1997. The airliner had been also briefly in service with Saudi Arabian Airlines and Kolavia, and had accumulated approximately 55,772 flight hours in 21,175 flight cycles.

Metrojet flight 7K-9268 Captain Valery Nemov had 12,000 air hours of flying experience, including 3,860 hours flying Airbus A321 airliners.

Airbus said the aircraft was 18 years old and had been operated by Metrojet since 2012, Reuters reported. The plane had accumulated around 56,000 flight hours in nearly 21,000 flights.

Russian media said the airliner was a charter flight under contract with the Brisco tour company in St. Petersburg.

Ayman al-Muqadem, an Egyptian official with the government’s Aviation Incidents Committee, said the plane’s pilot, before losing contact, had radioed that the aircraft was experiencing technical problems and that he intended to attempt a landing at the nearest airport.

It was not immediately possible to independently confirm that technical problems caused the plane to crash.

The wife of the co-pilot of Metrojet flight 7K-9268 said her husband had complained about the plane’s condition,” according to a Russian TV channel (via Associated Press).

State-controlled NTV ran an interview Saturday with Natalya Trukhacheva, identified as the wife of Metrojet flight 7K-9268 co-pilot, Sergei Trukachev. She said that a daughter “called him up before he flew out. He complained before the flight that the technical condition of the aircraft left much to be desired.”

Earlier, Egyptian Aviation Incidents Committee, Ayman al-Muqadem told local media that the plane had briefly lost contact but was safely in Turkish airspace. The aircraft crashed at a site near the al-Arish airport, Ayman al-Muqadem said.

Egyptian authorities have said the aircraft had successfully undergone technical checks while at Sharm el-Sheikh’s airport. A technical committee from the company was headed to Sharm el-Sheikh to collect security camera footage of the Airbus A321-231, while it sat at the airport, including operations to supply the airliner with fuel and passenger meals, as well as security checks, he said.

The scattered wreckage of the Airbus A321-231 airliner was later located by military forces in the mountains of the Sinai about 20 nautical miles south of el-Arish (Sinai, Egypt, shown on the map above) on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Read more also on CNN.

A security officer at the crash site who spoke to Reuters on condition of anonymity described it as “tragic.”

“A lot of dead on the ground and many who died (were) strapped to their seats,” the officer said. “The plane split into two, a small part on the tail end that burned and a larger part that crashed into a rock. We have extracted at least 100 bodies and the rest are still inside.”

Egyptian Prime Minister Sherif Ismail (below) visited the crash site today with several cabinet ministers on a private jet, Egypt’s tourism ministry said, according to Reuters. He told a news conference today, “there did not appear to be any unusual activity behind the crash, but the facts would not be clear until further investigations had been carried out.”

metrojet_a321_crashsite 5

metrojet_a321_crashsite 3

Metrojet Airbus A321 Reg #EI-ETJ -- 3

Photo Credit: Alamy Live News. Metrojet’s Airbus A321-231, Registration number EI-ETJ, performing as flight 7K-9268, flying out of Moscow earlier this month.

The Russian Embassy in Cairo along with Egyptian security and military officials told the Associated Press there were no survivors and that all on board have died in the tragic crash.

Reuters quoting an Egyptian Official, who requested anonymity, involved in the ongoing rescue operation, says “the aircraft has broken up in two major parts, a small part being the tail plane caught fire, the other larger part impacted a rock.”

There are now reports of bodies being recovered. “The bodies of 150 victims, some still strapped to their seats, had been pulled from the wreckage,” Sky News reported, as 50 ambulances have been dispatched to the crash site.

Egypt’s Prime Minister Sherif Ismail reported that 129 bodies have been recovered and flown by helicopters to Cairo.

Metrojet Airbus A321 Reg #EI-ETJ -- 6

Photo Credit: Metrojet’s Airbus A321-231, Registration number EI-ETJ, performing as flight 7K-9268.

There is no evidence of hostile or missile activity around the flight path of the Airbus A321-231. Russia’s Transport Ministry called a video surfacing in the Internet claiming to show the shoot down of Metrojet flight 7K-9263 by Islamic State as “not credible and fabricated.”

An Egyptian aviation ministry statement said, “Egyptian military search and rescue teams found the wreckage of the passenger jet in the remote mountainous Hassana area 44 miles south of the city of el-Arish, an area in northern Sinai where Egyptian security forces are fighting a burgeoning Islamic militant insurgency led by a local affiliate of the extremist Islamic State group.”

The group claimed responsibility for downing the jet, Sky News reported.

The Wilayat Sinai group claimed on Twitter Saturday that “the fighters of the Islamic State were able to down a Russian plane over Sinai province that was carrying over 220 Russian crusaders. They were all killed, thanks be to God.” The statement was also posted on a website that serves as an unofficial news agency for the terror group, Sky News reported, adding that the claim has not been verified and it is unclear whether Sinai militants have the capability to attack a plane flying at a high altitude. 

Separately, Russia’s top investigative body opened its own investigation into the crash. 

Militants in northern Sinai have not to date shot down commercial airliners or fighter-jets. There have been persistent media reports that they have acquired Russian shoulder-fired, anti-aircraft missiles. But these types of missiles can only be effective against low-flying aircraft or helicopters. In January 2014, Sinai-based militants claimed to have shot down a military helicopter; Egyptian officials at the time acknowledged the helicopter had crashed, but gave no reason.

Click here for more on Sky News.

The Associated Press is credited to this report.


Photo Credit: 2014 International Aero Engines (IAE) A.G. V2533-A5 series turbofan engine (cutaway)


How do aircraft engines achieve catastrophic mechanical failure and how can this be mitigated?

Air enters the IAE A.G. V2533-A5 turbofan engine (cutaway shown above) through the front fan section (indicated in the photo below on a Pratt and Whitney JT9D-7R4D) at a mass flow rate of about a ton of air per second.

Five parts of this massive volume of air passes bypasses over the engine core into an exit nozzle past the turbine section, producing a substantially large amount of exit thrust. Whereas, one part of the inlet fan volume of air passes into the engine core begin at the compressor section.

From here air then continues to flow into the combustion chamber (where it is mixed with fuel for combustion).

Subsequently, those combusted, hot gases pass into the turbine section (which not only produces additional exit thrust force of the engine, but also the turbine section serves to turn the engine core shaft, which turns the compressor blades inside the compression section and also the fans blades inside the fan section, and thus, start all over again the dynamic loop of how an aircraft engine properly operates).

The rotor blades in the turbine get very hot at about 1,800 degrees Kelvin or even more, so it is necessary to cool the turbine blades based on limiting thermal restrictions on material science. The tangential on-board injector’s job is to channel cool air from the compressor section into passages between the turbine blades in the turbine section.

Here is a cut-away of an actual IAE A.G. V2533-A5 turbofan engine in a museum, marked it up to help us see where the main engine components of the fan, compressor (including the air-fuel combustion chamber), and turbine sections are (including the identified portion of a Pratt and Whitney JT9D-7R4D engine that landing on Church and Murray Street, below the World Trade Center fire on 9-11):

PW_jt9d_cutaway_high 2

The operating range of aircraft turbofan engine compression systems is limited by two classes of aerodynamic instabilities (Fig. 1) known as rotating stall and surge [1].

Rotating stall is a multidimensional instability in which regions of low or reversed mass flow (i.e., stall cells) propagate around the compressor annulus due to incidence variations on adjacent airfoils [2–5].

Surge is primarily a one-dimensional instability of the entire pumping system (compressor, ducts, combustion chamber, and turbine). It is characterized by axial pulsations in annulus-averaged mass flow, including periods of flow reversal through the machine.

In high-speed compressor hydrodynamics across compressible flow regimes [6], rotating stall is generally encountered first, which then (loosely) “triggers” surge (often after a few rotor revolutions [2]).

This work [13] proposes schemes to passively control compressible rotating stall of high-speed compressors.

Nonetheless, with either instability, the compression system experiences a substantial loss in performance and operability, which sometimes result in catastrophic mechanical failure.

An experience-based approach for avoiding such performance loss is to operate the compressor at a safe range from the point of instability onset (i.e., imposing a stall margin). The stall margin ensures that the engine can endure momentary off-design operation. The margin also reduces the available pressure rise and efficiency of the machine.

It is proposed here [13] that incorporating tailored structures and aeromechanical feedback controllers, locally-sensed by unstable compressible perturbations in annulus pressure, and actuated by non-uniformities in the high-speed flow distribution around the annulus, can be shown to inhibit the inception of a certain class of modal (long wave) stall of high-speed compressor devices. As a result, the stable operating range will be effectively extended allowing higher compressible performance and operability.

The fundamental proposition here [13] is high-speed stall onset just does not happen—it is triggered by an interdependent compressibility chain of critical Reynolds (boundary layer) and Mach (kinetic-thermal energy transfer) events. The commencement of these interdependent Reynolds and Mach events can be passively controlled, once their proportional sensitivity are monitored, sensed, and mechanically mitigated adequately in balance of performance, operability, weight, and reliability integrated with more conventional schedule-type control to justify the risk of such passive approaches offered herein.

In theory, fundamentals of a number of sensor-actuator schemes for rotating stall control were originally proposed early-on in Hendricks and Gysling [7]. In practice, a passive stall control program [13] could potentially be integrated with conventional control schedules of adequate change of fuel valve position, bleed valves, and re-staggered stator programs developed appropriately for profitable usage on compression systems operating in a highly-sensed compressible flow environment.


Photo Credit: Pratt & Whitney V2533-A5 series turbofan engine

Fundamental References for Additional Readings in the Field of Aircraft Engine Propulsion Stability

  1. Emmons, H. W., Pearson, C. E., and Grant, H. P., 1955, ‘‘Compressor Surge and Stall Propagation,’’ Trans. ASME, 77, pp. 455–469.

  2. Greitzer, E. M., 1976, ‘‘Surge and Rotating Stall in Axial Flow Compressors, Part I & II,’’ ASME J. Eng. Power, 99, pp. 190–217.

  3. Greitzer, E. M., 1980, ‘‘Review: Axial Compressor Stall Phenomenon,’’ ASME J. Fluids Eng., 102, pp. 134–151.

  4. Greitzer, E. M., 1981, ‘‘The Stability of Pumping Systems, The 1980 Freeman Scholar Lecture,’’ ASME J. Fluids Eng., 103, pp. 193–242.

  1. Day, I. J., 1993, ‘‘Stall Inception in Axial Flow Compressors,’’ ASME J. Turbomach., 115, pp. 1–9.

  2. Gysling, D. L. et al., 1991, ‘‘Dynamic Control of Centrifugal Compressor Surge Using Tailored Structures,’’ ASME J. Turbomach., 113, pp. 710–722.

  1. Gysling, D. L., and Greitzer, E. M., 1995, ‘‘Dynamic Control of Rotating Stall in Axial Flow Compressors Using Aeromechanical Feedback,’’ ASME J. Turbomach., 117, pp. 307–319.

  2. Moore, F. K., 1984, ‘‘A Theory of Rotating Stall of Multistage Compressors—Parts I – II – III,’’ ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 106, pp. 313–336.

  1. Moore, F. K., and Greitzer, E. M., 1986, ‘‘A Theory of Post Stall Transients in Axial Compression Systems: Part I—Development of Equations,’’ ASME J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power, 108, pp. 68–76.

  2. Greitzer, E. M., and Moore, F. K., 1986, ‘‘A Theory of Post-Stall Transients in Axial Compression Systems: Part II—Application,’’ ASME J. Eng. Gas Tur- bines Power, 108, pp. 231–239.

  3. Haynes, J. M., Hendricks, G. J., and Epstein, A. H., 1994, ‘‘Active Stabilization of Rotating Stall in a Three-Stage Axial Compressor,’’ ASME J. Turbomach., 116, pp. 226–239.

  1. Longley, J. P., 1994, ‘‘A Review of Non-Steady Flow Models for Compressor Stability,’’ ASME J. Turbomach., 116, pp. 202–215.

  2. McGee, O. G., and Coleman, K. L., 2013, “Aeromechanical Control of High-Speed Axial Compressor Stall and Engine Performance—Part I: Control-Theoretic Models,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 135, March 2013. Coleman, K.L., and McGee, O.G., 2013, “Aeromechanical Control of High-Speed Axial Compressor Stall and Engine Performance—Part II: Assessments of Methodologies,” ASME J. Fluids Eng., 135, May 2013.

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Jun 052019

A Beautiful Day of Oceanic Air Traffic on VIDEO

Look at these two-minute videos, showing a day of oceanic air traffic in 2018 (top video), compared to back in 2013 (bottom video), as thousands of flights travel across the Atlantic en route to Europe from North America in both directions.

With the world’s attention riveted beginning March 8, 2014 on the southern Indian Ocean and the ongoing search for Malaysia Airlines Boeing 777-200ER, operated as flight MH370, take a moment to see these remarkably beautiful video clips after which below is a brief description of why and how we can fly so safe every day across the oceanic regions of our world.

A Beautiful Day of Oceanic Air Traffic on VIDEO

The Atlantic Oceanic Airspace is the Front Door to Europe.

Shanwick is the Air Traffic Control (ATC) designation for the international airspace that resides above the northeast portion of the Atlantic Ocean. Upon an agreement between the U.K. and Irish governments, after 1966 the designation Shanwick combined, SHANnon and PrestWICK, the original ATC providers and ground communications centers at Ballygirreen, near Shannon (Ireland), and at Prestwick, near Ayrshire, Scotland.

Up to 80% of all transatlantic oceanic air traffic passes through the Shanwick Oceanic Area Control Center (OACC), which is airspace controlled by the United Kingdom. Each day between two and three thousand, primarily Boeing 767, 777-200, 787 and Airbus A380, A330-200, A340 airliners, fly across the North Atlantic to the United Kingdom – and the Shanwick OACC of the oceanic air traffic control service.

A Beautiful Day of Oceanic Air Traffic on VIDEO

Using the call-sign “Shanwick Oceanic“, the Prestwick Center has two dedicated VHF frequencies, specifically for the issuance of oceanic clearances to westbound flights about to enter the Shanwick OACC.

Analogously, there is a similar transpacific oceanic air traffic routes system for flights outbound from the North American west coast, called Pacific Organized Track System (PACOTS). PACOTS is operated under the call-sign “Oakland Oceanic.” Primarily dependent upon the jet streams, Oakland Oceanic Area Control Center (OACC) and PACOTS coordinates transpacific air traffic of flights en route primarily between Hawaii, Japan, China and Southeast Asia and the United States west coast.

A Beautiful Day of Oceanic Air Traffic on VIDEO

Photo: Airbus A330-200 airliner

NATS Holdings (formerly National Air Traffic Services), known today as North Atlantic Tracks (NATS), is the coordinating transatlantic air navigation service provider for North American outbound (inbound) airliners en route to (from) the United Kingdom and destination points east beyond into Europe, Russia, and the Mideast. It provides en-route air traffic control services to flights within the United Kingdom and the Shanwick OACC. NATS provides air traffic control services to fifteen U.K. airports (including London’s Heathrow and Gatwick) and Gibraltar Airport.

NATS Prestwick Center in Ayrshire, Scotland serves as the Atlantic Oceanic airspace “front door to Europe.”

A Beautiful Day of Oceanic Air Traffic on VIDEO

NATS controls the Shanwick OACC – made up of 700,000 square miles of sky – from Scotland’s Prestwick Center. Flying through Shanwick OACC airspace is about 1,400 flights, traveling across the North East Atlantic en route to destinations in the United Kingdom, Northern or Southern Europe, and daily back across the Atlantic en route to destinations in North America.

For instance, British Airways has up to 47 flights a day from London to nearly 24 different destinations in North America. Every day these flights are all guided safely to London and back to North America by NATS controls of the Shanwick OACC. Besides this, a large amount of North American bound air traffic passes through Gander OACC, located close to Gander International Airport, Newfoundland, Canada. The Gander ATC center, is responsible for flights traveling through the northwest part of the North Atlantic.

The North America destinations of the London Heathrow or London Gatwick home base flights of British Airways, passing through the Gander OACC, include: Atlanta, Boston, Baltimore, Denver, Dallas-Fort Worth, Newark, Washington-Dulles, Houston, New York City, Los Angeles, Mexico City (limited to 3 times a week), Orlando, Miami, San Diego, Orlando, Philadelphia, Phoenix, Seattle, San Francisco, Montreal, Vancouver, Canada, and Calgary, Canada – Alberta.

A Beautiful Day of Oceanic Air Traffic on VIDEO

Photo: Boeing 777-200ER airliner, British Airways

The Shanwick OACC is the busiest of all North Atlantic Airspace regions, which is why it is so often referred to as ‘the Atlantic Oceanic front door to Europe’. Approximately 80% of all North Atlantic Air Traffic passes through Shanwick OACC, which firmly establishes it as the strategic global aviation asset of the NATS Prestwick Center and United Kingdom airspace.

Responsibility for the provision of air traffic services within International Airspace is delegated to UN Member States by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). ICAO divides such Shanwick OACC (off the U.K. west coast), Oakland OACC (off the U.S. west coast), and Gander OACC (off the U.S. east coast) airspace into flight information regions, parts of which may be deemed controlled airspace, and sometimes conventionally classified as an Oceanic Control Areas (OCA).

A Beautiful Day of Oceanic Air Traffic on VIDEO

Pilots can text message and communicate via satellite to air traffic controllers.

The Prestwick Center provides an Aircraft Communication Addressing and Reporting System (ACARS) called ORCA – Oceanic Route Clearance Authorization – for suitably equipped aircraft to obtain Shanwick OACC clearances without the need for voice communications.

NATS oceanic airspace was also the first to initiate the use of satellite technology for airliner travel communications and air traffic controls. Specially, the Prestwick Center coordination of Shanwick OACC receives forwarding waypoint position reports from aircraft operators through Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcasts (ADS-B and ADS-C), which it first tested years ago and is now employed on transatlantic, transpacific, and transpolar air travel daily across our world.

Modern digital-age Boeing 777-200 and Airbus A330-200 airliners engage with Prestwick Center through modern datalink communications, future air navigation systems, or flight management computers. Despite such digital-age aviation technological advances, aircraft continue to carry as backup high-frequency radio, as a conventional means of communication within oceanic airspace. So, pilots can always at all times stay in touch with somebody on the ground or another airliner in the vicinity of the oceanic airspace.

A Beautiful Day of Oceanic Air Traffic on VIDEO

Photo: Air Traffic Controllers at NATS Prestwick Center in Scotland

Nevertheless, airliners along oceanic routes are not controlled using radar. Because radar is limited to about a 250 mile range, according to NATS. Instead, oceanic air traffic controllers must rely on pilots communicating regularly back to controllers – either via satellite or high frequency radio – at regular intervals. Controller–pilot data link communication systems also enable the sending and receiving of text-based messages, thus cutting out the requirement to make verbal reports. Oceanic air traffic controllers then use these pilot communications to maintain separation between other airliners to avoid mid-air collisions and to maintain uniform streams of smooth air travel and flight operations well-navigated and well-communicated.

A Beautiful Day of Oceanic Air Traffic on VIDEO

International Aviation Safety is Visually on Display.

Deep-down we all are fascinated with flying. Flying makes possible our freedom. It is also a commodity we cannot do without, much like our cellphones and our internet. Voyage and air travel makes our world more accessible.

Pilots of modern-day, digital-age flying marvels, like a Boeing 777-200 or an Airbus A330-200, often assert an old-adage of aeronautics, saying ‘in an emergency, we first must fundamentally reside in aeronautics to aviate and navigate the plane, then, we can communicate’ to others. They act in ‘automatic aeronautics mode’ to fundamentally save a prevailing aircraft first from any safety breach, most especially in the remote occurrence of a safety mishap over oceanic air space. Holding onto this old-adage allows us to sit back and rest assured we are indeed safe inside the airplane cabin during our transatlantic, transpacific, and transpolar air travel daily across our world.

A Beautiful Day of Oceanic Air Traffic on VIDEO

Photo: London Heathrow International Airport

International aviation safety and air traffic control is now on display through their time-lapse of European flight paths, as the air traffic control service, NATS, has released a remarkable video, condensing all its flights from a typical day into a stunningly beautiful two-minute video clip shown below.

According to NATS, the visualization shows transatlantic traffic over a 24 hour period taken from a day in August last year. The NATS video clip includes 2,524 flights, of which 1,273 pass through the Shanwick OACC. As typically August is the busiest air travel periods in the summer, air traffic can peak as high as 1,500 flights a day that may pass through the Shanwick OACC. Not shown are thousands of additional flights passing through Gander OACC, New York OACC, Santa Maria OACC, and Pacific-based Oakland OACC.

Watch and share this extraordinary two-minute video, courtesy of NATS and HuffPo, as hundreds of planes make their transatlantic and transpolar “predetermined tracks” in a pattern so intriguing, it looks like the little blue airliner bulbs are “dancing over each other in the sky.”

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Jun 042019

0 20 - Boeing, Airbus Win $107B of Aircraft Orders at Paris

High-stakes flying over Paris’ Le Bourget field is a strategic bet on innovation, as $107B of aircraft orders was won by Boeing and Airbus. Photo Credit: Vietnam Airlines crew performing a “near vertical takeoff” of a Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner at the 2015 Paris Air Show.

Successful business strategy is about actively shaping the game you play, not just playing the game you find.” – Adam M. Brandenburger, Professor at Harvard Business School, and Barry J. Nalebuff, Professor at Yale University School of Management

Game on at Paris’ Le Bourget Center, because as summarized in this piece, if Boeing and Airbus did not make their top-line revenue targets and customer orders, as the 2015 Paris Air Show today closes an exciting week, then it is challenging for these advanced transportation technology juggernauts to make their annual bottom-line earnings targets for their shareholders and Wall Street and Euro-Asian market analysts. Fortunately, they did!

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Photo Credit: British Airways crew landing at Le Bourget field in an Airbus A380 during the 2015 Paris Air Show.

European Airbus’ Competitive Strategy at Paris’ Le Bourget Center.

During the 51st International Paris Air Show, held June 15-21, 2015 at Le Bourget Exhibition Centre a few kilometers from Paris, European Airbus won US$57 billion worth of business for a total of 421 aircraft, according to the multinational aircraft manufacturer. “The deals consist of firm orders for 124 aircraft worth US$16.3 billion and commitments for 297 aircraft worth US$40.7 billion” (see company press release, summarizing Airbus’ aircraft orders (Appendix A) obtained in Paris). 

All eyes were on the Airbus A350 XWB – Airbus’ competitive response to the Boeing 787 Dreamliner technology – during its flight presentations at the Paris Air Show. This video clip takes you inside the next-generation jetliner for one of the A350 XWB’s exciting flying displays, with special commentary provided by the pilot.

Correspondingly, in response to Boeing’s 787-9 “near vertical takeoff” preemptive performance gone viral on social media prior to Paris, Airbus decided to go with its Airbus A350-900 (reinforcing its leading position as the world’s most modern, advanced wide-body aircraft). Or better still, Airbus also decided to go with focusing on its market leading Airbus A320 Family, which garnered an impressive 366 endorsements (comprising 103 firm orders and 263 commitments) worth US$41.4 billion.

Airbus took in 31 orders for A350-900s at the 2015 Paris Air Show. At an average list price of about US$305 million in 2014, Airbus took in about US$9.5 billion (or nearly US$10 billion) for its 31 orders of A350-900s at Le Bourget Centre with air carrier, Garuda Indonesia (in Jakarta), requesting 30 A350-900 orders and the other one going to Air Lease Corporation (NYSE:AL), based in Los Angeles.

John Leahy, Airbus’ Chief Operating Officer, Customers said: “Our latest forecast for 32,600 planes in the next 20 years is being proved correct. The orders and commitments at this year’s Paris Air Show demonstrate three things; Asia is powering the growth, we are leading in single-aisle and wide-body and our A321neo is the aircraft of choice in the middle of the market.”

0 2 1 - Boeing, Airbus Win $107B of Aircraft Orders at Paris

Photo Credit: Vietnam Airlines crew, landing a Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner at Le Bourget field during the 2015 Paris Air Show.

American Boeing’s Competitive Strategy at Paris’ Le Bourget Center.

Rival aircraft manufacturer Boeing won US$50.2 billion worth of new business for a total of 331 Boeing commercial passenger airplanes. A summary of the American airplane producer’s business windfall is posted on the Boeing Orders & Deliveries website, including 21 Next-Generation 737s for unidentified customers (see company press release, summarizing Boeing’s aircraft orders (Appendix B) obtained in Paris).  

Boeing also took in 30 orders for 787-9 Dreamliners at the 2015 Paris Air Show. At an average list price of about US$257 million in 2014, Boeing raked in about US$7.7 billion (or nearly US$8 billion) for its 30 orders of 787-9 Dreamliners at Le Bourget Exhibition Centre with air carrier, Garuda Indonesia, based in Jakarta, amounting to all 30 of the Boeing 787-9 orders.

Boeing Test Pilot Chad Lundy steps us through the breathtaking Vietnam Airlines Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner, “near vertical takeoff” and flying display at the Paris Air Show on June 15, 2015. Lundy explains how Boeing’s expert crew positions the Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner to “best show off its maneuverability and grace, highlighting the operational and environmental benefits” of the technological innovation built into this extraordinary airliner.

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“Innovation is the heart of our strategy,” said Boeing Vice Chairman, President and Chief Operating Officer Dennis Muilenburg.

“It is what differentiates us not only from existing competitors but also from the competitors of the future. We have more research, development and capital projects underway and are bringing innovation to market faster than at any time in our history. That innovation is helping to drive our customers’ success and we were able to demonstrate that with the products we brought to the show.”

Boeing has also released a follow-up to its popular 787-9 Dreamliner demonstration video, gone viral on social media last week, but now bringing the public into the flight deck as Boeing’s expert crew rehearsed for the 2015 Paris Air Show (see Appendix C below).

The new video offers the full flight routine and a new experience. “Viewers can choose between camera angles to seamlessly see the full airplane and the pilots inside the flight deck. Boeing is among the first to use YouTube’s experimental technology, known as Choose Your View, which provides a more immersive and interactive video experience,” according to Boeing.

“Our first 787-9 demonstration video was extremely popular and we’re pleased to allow viewers around the globe to experience the exciting performance of the Dreamliner,” said Sean McCormack, vice president, Communications, Commercial Airplanes. “Boeing is proud to be among the first companies to partner with YouTube on this innovative new technology.”

0 3 1 - Boeing, Airbus Win $107B of Aircraft Orders at Paris

Photo Credit: British Airways crew taking off from Le Bourget field in an Airbus A380 during the 2015 Paris Air Show.

Choosing a Competitive Strategy in the Boeing-Airbus Duopoly at Paris’ Le Bourget Center.

In the global market for commercial passenger aircraft, the lone producers – Boeing and Airbus – are actually in the “small numbers” circumstances relative to the scale and scope of these huge manufacturers, competitively speaking, where relatively small scales (of US$7.2 billion) separated the tens of billions of dollars in total aircraft orders, secured by Boeing and Airbus at the Paris Air Show. This has huge economic consequences on the aircraft manufacturing firm’s bottom-line and Wall Street and Euro-Asian market analysts’ projections of the close race between these two juggernaut advanced transportation technology firms.

In these “small number” scenarios, a crucial aspect of executive decisions is anticipating how these two rivals may react this year and in the next few years, particularly in pricing, investments in advanced technologies and “know-how”, sunk costs into new facilities, capital reserves, and so forth.

A penetrating way in which the Boeing and Airbus boards and executives decide and make strategic judgements in this high-stakes game is to “get inside the minds” of each other, figure out what is in their “self-interest.” And then, maximize economic profit for their company’s shareholders accordingly.

Boeing and Airbus boards and executives, nonetheless, are extremely smart at making choices in this multibillion dollar game. Boeing’s optimal choices will oftentimes depend on their assessments of Airbus’ expectations of what Boeing intends to do, which, in turn, depend on Airbus’ assessment of Boeing’s reassessments about what Airbus intends to do next. 

0 4 1 - Boeing, Airbus Win $107B of Aircraft Orders at Paris

Photo Credit: Steep takeoff from Le Bourget field of a Bombardier CS300 during the 2015 Paris Air Show. Montreal, Quebec Canadian Bombardier CS300 is a single-aisle 160-seater, which sold no planes at the 2015 Paris Air Show, is a direct competitor to single-aisle Boeing 737s and Airbus A320 Family of airliners. 

Putting the huge aircraft orders and billion dollar amounts aside for the moment, high-stakes competition took to the sky over Paris, as Boeing and Airbus strategically maneuvered their Boeing 787-9 and Airbus A350 aircraft innovations through stunning near vertical takeoffs and flight maneuvers over the Le Bourget field in Paris to pull airline customers to the contract order table.

Among the various tools Boeing and Airbus corporate board and executives have to gauge their competitive rivalry and strategy, economic scenario analyses and decision games are most beneficial in obtaining insights into the way Boeing and Airbus interact in specific events, like the 2015 Paris Air Show. Conducting revenue and economic profit analyses and assessing “win-win” or “win-lose” decision games are required in anticipation to establishing each company’s annual earnings and shareholder value for the year.

The board must be willing and able to recognize whether or not the company has a winning strategy – and, if not, to urge corrective actions … depending on the particular circumstances of the company and the industry in which it is operating.” – National Association of Corporate Director’s Blue Ribbon Commission on The Role of the Board in Corporate Strategy.

Pulling all of this together differently, Boeing and Airbus needed to decide whether the aircraft manufacturers are going with either technical innovation and “know-how”(Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner vs. Airbus A350-900) or market stronghold (Boeing 737 vs. Airbus A320), as their competitive promotional advantage at the 2015 Paris Air Show.

Naturally, both Boeing and Airbus prefer going with their market strongholds, since this strategic move has the greatest amount of potential customer orders for their aircraft products.

However, Boeing and Airbus prefer not to go head-on against each other by both choosing to go with market stronghold or technical innovation and “know-how” only, since that strategy in the Boeing-Airbus duopoly game would then create really higher pricing pressures on each aircraft manufacturer to stay committed to the competitive game of efficient aircraft manufacturing economics.

0 5 1 - Boeing, Airbus Win $107B of Aircraft Orders at Paris

Photo Credit: Steep takeoff from Le Bourget field of an Airbus A380 during the 2015 Paris Air Show.

Appendix A: Airbus win US$57 billion in aircraft orders in Paris

“During the 51st International Paris Air Show, held June 15-21, 2015 at Le Bourget Exhibition Centre a few kilometers from Paris, Airbus won US$57 billion worth of business for a total of 421 aircraft. The deals consists of firm orders for 124 aircraft worth US$16.3 billion and commitments for 297 aircraft worth US$40.7 billion.

In the wide-body market, Airbus kicked-off the show with the announcement of the first operator for the new A330 Regional, with Saudi Arabian Airlines taking 20 on lease from IAFC, a leading lessor in the Middle East. The A330 Regional will enable airlines to serve fast-growing domestic and regional routes at least cost and maximum efficiency.

The A350 XWB continues to attract new business with commitments for 31 A350-900s, reinforcing its leading position as the world’s most modern, advanced wide-body aircraft. 

Airbus’ most modern, comfortable, efficient and reliable range of wide-body aircraft won 55 orders and commitments worth US$15.6 billion, comprising 31 A350-900s, 20 A330 Regional and four A330-300s.

In the single-aisle sector, the market leading A320 Family garnered an impressive 366 endorsements (comprising 103 firm orders and 263 commitments) worth US$41.4 billion. Of these, 323 are NEO’s, taking total orders and commitments for the A320neo Family beyond 4,000 since launch in December 2010.

Boosting the longevity of the best-selling A320 Family, Airbus announced a new freighter conversion program in partnership with EFW and ST Aerospace. This broadens Airbus’ portfolio of innovative solutions, meeting the requirements of customers in all market segments.

Airbus is the world’s leading aircraft manufacturer of passenger airliners, ranging in capacity from 100 to more than 500 seats. Airbus has design and manufacturing facilities in France, Germany, the UK, and Spain, and subsidiaries in the US, China, India, Japan and in the Middle East. In addition, it provides the highest standard of customer support and training through an expanding international network.”

0 6 1 - Boeing, Airbus Win $107B of Aircraft Orders at Paris

Photo Credit: Vietnam Airlines crew, performing a steep turn above Le Bourget field in a Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner during the 2015 Paris Air Show.

Appendix B: Boeing wins US$50.2 billion in aircraft orders in Paris

“At the 2015 International Paris Air Show at Le Bourget Exhibition Centre, Boeing won US$50.2 billion worth of new business for a total of 331 Boeing commercial passenger airplanes. A summary of the business windfall is posted on the Boeing Orders & Deliveries website, including 21 Next-Generation 737s for unidentified customers.

Boeing and the government of Qatar announced the signing of an agreement to purchase four more C-17 Globemaster III airlifters. These aircraft will join the Qatar Armed Forces’ (QAF) existing fleet of four and help meet their ongoing airlift requirements.

Boeing’ newest commercial jetliner, a 787-9 Dreamliner for Vietnam Airlines, was a highlight of the flying display. A video featuring air-to-air footage of its air show rehearsal has received nearly 10 million views on YouTube alone.

Also on display at the show were a Qatar Airways 787-8 and a China Airlines 777-300ER with its award-winning cabin interior. A virtual 3-D tour of the airplanes powered by a Google Box 360 application attracted many visitors.

The U.S. Department of Defense corral featured a P-8A anti-submarine and anti-surface warfare aircraft (shown for the first time in Le Bourget), CH-47F Chinook and AH-64 Apache helicopters and an F-15E Strike Eagle fighter.

Boeing is focused on execution and remains on track to deliver between 750 and 755 airplanes in 2015, a new industry record. Upcoming commercial development program milestones scheduled before the end of this year include factory rollout of the 737 MAX and firm configuration of the 777X.

0 7 1 - Boeing, Airbus Win $107B of Aircraft Orders at Paris

Appendix C: Interactive Video Experience of Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner “Near Vertical Takeoff”

“Performed by Boeing test pilots to prepare for the air show, the routine showcases the many capabilities of the 787-9 in Vietnam Airlines’ livery and demonstrates maneuvers never seen in typical flight. The first video from the practice sessions, which received well more than 10 million views worldwide in less than a week, included a condensed version of air-to-air footage. Today’s release includes the full 7.5-minute routine and answers the questions so many viewers have noted in their comments about what it is like in the flight deck during a demonstration flight. This video is best experienced from a desktop/laptop computer.  Mobile users may have limited functionality. 

“We’re thrilled to see what Boeing has created using the multi-angle technology from YouTube. The video gives viewers a unique perspective into a flight demonstration, creating a viewing experience that’s incredibly interactive and immersive for fans,” said Mike Miller, director, Business & Industrial Markets, Google.”

Photo and Video Credits: The Boeing Company, Airbus, 2015 Paris Air Show


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Oliver McGee is professor of mechanical engineering at Howard University. He is an aerospace, mechanical, and civil engineer, and author of six books on AmazonHe is former United States deputy assistant secretary of transportation for technology policy (1999-2001) in the Clinton Administration, and former senior policy adviser in the Clinton White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (1997-1999).

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Jun 032019

0 - Business Must Play The Right John Nash Game

Commercial passenger aircraft business of Boeing and Airbus is a high-stakes “duopoly” game of competitive strategy, a sinning business approach that is examined inside. Without bankrupting each other, each player is aiming to solely dominate the other’s board strategy in business, as the world’s largest most profitable aircraft manufacturer.

Photo Credit:

Borrowing language from the military, sports, or even politics, such observers would say both of these aircraft manufacturing business duopoly players are “in it to win it” at all costs.

With annual business economic profits in the billions of dollars, this duopoly game is neither about winning or losing, nor how well Boeing and Airbus play the game. Rather, each of these firms’ successes interdependently reside in their ability to ensure the competitive rivals are “playing the right John Nash game” to maximize business economic profits for each firm’s shareholders.

Successful business strategy is about actively shaping the game you play, not just playing the game you find.” – Adam M. Brandenburger and Barry J. Nalebuff, authors of “The Right Game: Use Game Theory to Shape Strategy,” Harvard Business Review, July-August 1995.


0 1 - Business Must Play The Right John Nash Game

High-stakes competition took to the sky over Paris’ Le Bourget Exhibition Center, June 15-21, 2015, as Boeing and Airbus strategically maneuvered their Boeing 787-9 and Airbus A350 aircraft innovations through stunning near vertical takeoffs and flight maneuvers over the Le Bourget field to pull airline customers to the contract order table.

Here, the duopoly game was on, as a strategic bet was placed on innovation with US$107 billion in aircraft orders on the table. Eventually, this was narrowly parsed between Boeing (at US$50.2 billion) and Airbus (at US$57 billion).

Prior to publication of the 1944 classic, Theory of Games and Economic Behavior, by Nobel Laureate mathematician, John von Neumann, and Nobel Laureate economist, Oscar Morgenstern, corporate boards and executives did not have the tools to make proper analyses of the strategic interaction between firm rivals, characterized by the Boeing-Airbus duopoly. Neumann-Morgenstern game-theoretic contributions were primarily applicable to industries composed of either many rivals for which interactions do not matter (as in perfect competitors), or no rivals at all (as in monopolies).

Modern theories of games and economic profit equilibria has now expanded to industries, having low numbers of strategically-interdependent rivals (or oligopolies), such as the Boeing-Airbus duopoly.

Later in this piece, we touch upon the remarkable conceptualization of a Nash general equilibrium game of economic profits, as Boeing and Airbus boards and executives are rudimentary simulated in making their strategic economic choices simultaneously, as well as, fundamentally illustrated and explicated as choices made sequentially (given associated factors of rivalry assessment and judgment during the game, like strategic commitment and credibility).

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Invented by the late Princeton professor and Nobel Laureate John F. Nash Jr. (1928-2015), his game-theoretic equilibrium contributions have been applied to fields as far-reaching as industrial business, litigation, evolutionary biology, and political science.

Below we also go deeper into specifically addressing the economics behind the competitive strategy of these huge global businesses. Together, we discuss how do Boeing and Airbus know they are playing the right game with competitive bets on technological innovation and “know-how” (in Boeing’s 787s vs Airbus’ A350s) alongside market strongholds (with Boeing’s 737sMax vs Airbus’ A320s), displayed to airline customers in Paris. This competitive game becomes especially critical as the rivals are strategically interdependent upon each other in the global marketplace.

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Photo Credit: Airbus’ A350 Family rollout answer in 2014 to Boeing’s 787 Dreamliner Family in 2013.

Choosing a Competitive Strategy in the Boeing-Airbus Duopoly Challenge

The board must be willing and able to recognize whether or not the company has a winning strategy – and, if not, to urge corrective actions … depending on the particular circumstances of the company and the industry in which it is operating.” – National Association of Corporate Director’s Blue Ribbon Commission on The Role of the Board in Corporate Strategy.

America’s Boeing and France’s Airbus have duopolistic control of the international aviation industry with Airbus having a slight edge on market share over Boeing.

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Tuesday, June 23, 2015 Boeing announced CEO Jim McNerney (shown left photo above) would be stepping down. Replacing McNerney would be current president and COO Dennis Muilenburg (shown right photo above), Forbes, CNBC, and Reuters confirmed.

McNerney, who the aircraft manufacturer said in a statement has held the CEO post for the past 10 years, will remain the chairman of the board. Muilenburg will assume his new role on July 1, and McNerney will continue as an employee until February “to ensure a smooth transition,” according to a Boeing statement.

“It’s a little bit of a generational shift,” McNerney told CNBC on the day of the announcement. “This is a very long cycle business, where living with your decisions is important.”

“The source of reassurance that they can draw on is that we have crafted that strategy together, and in many ways there’s not going to be a change except generationally, and it’s time for that,” he added.

For his part Muilenburg reiterated that the company is sticking to its plan crafted under McNerney. “We have a strong strategy in place, and we’re going to continue to execute that with pace and confidence,” he said.

“The transition comes amid a historic boom in the commercial jet market and as Boeing faces tough challenges to build its defense business amid shrinking defense spending. Boeing is preparing to celebrate its 100th anniversary next year,” CNBC reports.

“McNerney oversaw a near doubling of revenue to a record $90.8 billion in 2014, and focused on improving Boeing’s profit margins by pressing suppliers to cut prices. He also secured long-term contracts with unions.”

Boeing is also most noted for its longstanding family of “Triple Sevens,” deeply penetrated in the airline marketplace. Airbus is most known for its A320 and A380 families, and its most recent A350 released in 2014, as a response to Boeing’s 787 Dreamliner released in 2013.

Notably, Boeing introduced “virtual manufacturing” innovations in pulling together the 787 aircraft assemblage from around the world (including Japan (wing trailing edges, wing boxes, fuselage sections), Australia (wing flaps), Sweden (cargo doors), France (passenger doors), South Korea (wingtips, tail cone), China (wing-to-body panel, leading edge of tail-fin, rudder), Italy (horizontal stabilizers, fuselage sections), Canada (landing-gear doors, fairings), United Kingdom (engines, landing gear), and United States (wing leading edges, engine mounts, tail-fin, nose section), altogether as shown below). Component sources for the Boeing 787 Dreamliner draw from Japanese firms (35%), Boeing (35%), Vought/Alenia (26%), and other partner firms (4%).

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Photo Credit:

Variants of these competitive Boeing 787 and Airbus A350 innovative airliners are differentiated by fuselage length and Breguet range of the aircraft (as determined by factors of lift-to-drag ratio, payload-to-weight ratio, and propulsive fuel-burn efficiency).

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Photo Credit: Airbus, Boeing, AFP,

Among the various tools Boeing and Airbus corporate board and executives have in order to gauge their competitive rivalry and strategy, economic scenario analyses and decision games are most beneficial in obtaining insights into the way Boeing and Airbus interact in specific events, like the 2015 Paris Air Show. Conducting revenue and economic profit analyses and assessing “win-win” or “win-lose” decision games are required in anticipation to establishing each company’s annual earnings and shareholder value for the year.

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A crucial aspect of executive decisions is anticipating how these two rivals may react this year and in the next few years, particularly in pricing, investments in advanced innovative technologies and “know-how” (in modern research and developments as composite commercial aircraft for airframe weight reduction, engine fan size expansion for increase engine thrust power, specific fuel consumption, fuel efficiencies and cost savings, emissions and noise reduction), sunk costs into new facilities, capital reserves, and so forth.

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A penetrating way in which the Boeing and Airbus boards and executives decide and make strategic judgments in this high-stakes game is to “get inside the minds” of each other, figure out what is in their “self-interest.” And then, maximize economic profit for their company’s shareholders accordingly.

Boeing and Airbus boards and executives, nonetheless, are extremely smart at making choices in this multi-billion dollar matchup. Boeing’s optimal choices will oftentimes depend on their assessments of Airbus’ expectations of what Boeing intends to do, which, in turn, depend on Airbus’ assessment of Boeing’s reassessment about what Airbus intends to do next.

So, here’s a question:

How do Boeing and Airbus boards and executives rationally analyze economic decision-making without falling irrationally into observable judgments inside predictable groupthink?

Boardroom and C-suite games that map out Boeing-Airbus strategic interdependent scenarios is most valuable in precisely such situations of securing billions of dollars of commercial passenger aircraft orders. Such high-stakes economic choices among Boeing-Airbus rivals are concerned with examining optimum decisions, when all decision-makers are presumed to be rational, and each is attempting to anticipate the actions and reactions of its Boeing-Airbus rival counterparts.

In the next section, we discuss the remarkable conceptualization of a Nash general equilibrium game of economic profits, as Boeing and Airbus boards and executives make their strategic economic choices simultaneously.

We also discuss factors (such as strategic commitment and credibility, entry deterrence, and asymmetric information) of a sub-game “backward induction” of economic earnings, as Boeing and Airbus boards and executives make their choices sequentially.

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Photo Credit: The Essential John Nash, edited by Harold W. Kuhn and Sylvia Nasar, author of “A Beautiful Mind.”

How Nobel Laureate John F. Nash Shaped the Boeing-Airbus Duopoly Game at Paris’ Le Bourget.

According to modern industrial game-theorists, Harvard Business School professor, Adam M. Brandenburger, and Yale School of Management professor, Barry J. Nalebuff, the Boeing-Airbus duopoly is a complex mix of two types of gaming – (1) “rules-based“, wherein the firm’s rules of engagement on how they interact are changed (such as technological innovation exhibitions, social media preemption, contracts, loan covenants, or trade agreements), and (2) “jazz-based“, wherein the firms interact in unstructured improvisational styles without any external constraints on creating value for their shareholders.

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Photo Credit: Vietnam Airlines crew performing a “near vertical takeoff” of a Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner at the 2015 Paris Air Show.

Last week, Boeing decided to pre-empt the 2015 Paris Air Show with a pre-release of its flagship 787-9 Dreamliner, performing a “near vertical takeoff”. But also, at Paris’ Le Bourget, Boeing needed to decide whether to go all out with focusing on its best-selling Next-Generation Boeing 737s as its promotion aircraft to its customers.

Boeing also took in 30 orders for 787-9 Dreamliners at the 2015 Paris Air Show. At an average list price of about US$257 million in 2014, Boeing raked in about US$7.7 billion (or nearly US$8 billion) for its 30 orders of 787-9 Dreamliners at Le Bourget Exhibition Centre with air carrier, Garuda Indonesia, based in Jakarta, amounting to all 30 of the Boeing 787-9 orders.

Correspondingly, in response to Boeing’s 787-9 “near vertical” takeoff preemptive performance gone viral on social media prior to Paris, Airbus decided to go with its Airbus A350-900 (reinforcing its leading position as the world’s most modern, advanced wide-body aircraft). Or better still, Airbus also decided to go with focusing on its market leading Airbus A320 Family, which garnered an impressive 366 endorsements (comprising 103 firm orders and 263 commitments) worth US$41.4 billion.

Airbus took in 31 orders for A350-900s at the 2015 Paris Air Show. At an average list price of about US$305 million in 2014, Airbus took in about US$9.5 billion (or nearly US$10 billion) for its 31 orders of A350-900s at Le Bourget Centre, again with Garuda Indonesia (in Jakarta) requesting 30 A350-900 orders and the other one going to Air Lease Corporation (NYSE:AL), based in Los Angeles.

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Pulling all of this together differently, Boeing and Airbus needed to decide whether the aircraft manufacturers are going either with technical “know-how” (Boeing 787-9 Dreamliners vs. Airbus A350-900s) or market stronghold (Boeing 737MAXs vs. Airbus A320s), as their competitive promotional advantage at the 2015 Paris Air Show.

Naturally, both Boeing and Airbus prefer going with their market strongholds, since this strategic move has the greatest amount of potential customer orders for their aircraft.

However, Boeing and Airbus prefer not to go head-on against each other by both choosing to go with market stronghold or technical “know-how” only, since that strategy in the Boeing-Airbus duopoly game would then create really higher pricing pressures on each aircraft manufacturer to stay committed to the competitive game.

So, what is the solution of the game?

Imagine the competition at the 2015 Paris Air Show in which Boeing and Airbus move simultaneously in the sense that each rival firm reaches a decision of what new innovative technology to exhibit without knowing what the other is doing.

Below is a simulation matrix of estimated order sales, in billions of US dollars, Airbus and Boeing (A,B) obtained from each strategic choice and emphasis in the customer orders game at the 2015 Paris Air Show:

Stronghold”          “Know-How

  (B737s)                      (B787s)”

  (49,40)                          (49,50)             

Stronghold (A320s)” 

  (57,40)                          (57,50)              

Know-How (A350s)” 

In the context of the technological innovation game, the Nash equilibrium is the pair of order sales strategies (one for Airbus, one for Boeing) such that:

  • Airbus’s (A-series emphasis) strategy maximizes its order sales, given Boeing’s (B-series emphasis) strategy;
  • Boeing’s (B-series emphasis) strategy maximizes its order sales, given Airbus’s (A-series emphasis) strategy.

The Nash equilibrium solution is (“Know-How”, “Know-How”), that is, Airbus and Boeing each invest in technological innovation and “know-how“. When Airbus invests in innovation and “know-how“, Boeing’s best choice is to similarly make such investments (finally yielding US$57 billion sales for Airbus and US$50.2 billion sales for Boeing).

The choice to invest in technological innovation and “know-how” maximizes order sales no matter what competitive strategy decision either Boeing or Airbus makes. In this case, we determine that investments in “know-how” was the dominate strategy at the 2015 Paris Air Show.

First, note that no strategic decision by Boeing or Airbus dominates another. If Boeing decides on technical “know-how“, Airbus would rather decide on market stronghold. Since above all, Boeing wants to avoid a head-to-head competition, because that would cause a price war seen by airline customers. However, if Boeing were to decide on market stronghold, Airbus would rather go with technical “know-how“.

In the language of game theorists, this Boeing-Airbus duopoly game is not “dominant solvable“, that is, the game is not solved through the elimination of dominated strategies.

When Boeing and Airbus each have a dominate strategy, that strategy held by each is not only reasonably good each for Boeing and Airbus acting alone, but also rationally good for the duopoly game too. This is the essence of a Nash equilibrium, named after its originator, the late Nobel Laureate mathematician John F. Nash Jr. (1928-2015).

Nash equilibrium is a pair of strategies such that Boeing and Airbus can do no better by unilaterally shifting strategies. Putting it another way, at Nash equilibrium, Boeing and Airbus each makes the best response to the other aircraft manufacturer’s strategy. Nash equilibrium is the most compelling solution of the Boeing-Airbus duopoly game, perhaps because it is the most self-interested and self-enforcing solution among the rival commercial aircraft manufacturers competing for the airline customer orders at the 2015 Paris Air Show. At Nash equilibrium, Boeing and Airbus expectations equals outcomes. In other words, expected market behavior and actual market outcomes converge.

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In the Boeing-Airbus duopoly game, the Nash equilibrium does not necessarily maximizes the aggregate outcomes each aircraft manufacturers’ bottom-line. Boeing and Airbus would perhaps in some circumstances be better off refraining from pushing the technological innovation envelope out too far. However, their rational pursuits of shareholder value-maximizing self-interest, risk-aversion, and prudent uncertainty (innovation) management leads each firm to pursue a strategic action that may ultimate destroy joint value of the Boeing-Airbus duopoly.

This big business conflict between “collective-interest” and “self-interest” is known as the prisoners’ dilemma, perhaps but not generally, somewhat underlying somewhere underneath the Boeing-Airbus duopoly game. The prisoners’ dilemma (Appendix A) arises when Boeing and Airbus are pursuing their own self-interests, they each in turn, impose a cost onto the other that is not taken into account. In the technological innovation and “know-how” game, Airbus’ added investments hurt Boeing, and vice-versa, because such incremental investments drive down the market price. The prisoners’ dilemma is an essential characteristic to consider in equilibrium pricing and output decisions in the Boeing-Airbus duopoly game.

A notable big business game of an analogous structure to the “battle of the sexes” dilemma (Appendix B) is “standards setting“. This occurs when two oligopolistic firms, like Boeing and Airbus, aim to coordinate on one technological innovation or “know-how” standard, but each aircraft manufacturer prefers to adopt its own technology as the standard, as they have different preferences on where they want to coordinate to reach such a standard.

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Photo Credit: Vietnam Airlines crew, landing a Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner at Le Bourget field during the 2015 Paris Air Show.

How Commitments and Credibility Underpin the Sequential Moves in the Boeing-Airbus Duopoly Game at Paris’ Le Bourget.

Up to now, we have discussed how Boeing and Airbus won their US$107 billion high-stakes game by making their moves on technological innovation and “know-how” simultaneously in the sense that each aircraft manufacturer reached a decision “somewhat” without knowing what the other was doing.

The duopoly chess move of deciding if the Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner or the Airbus A350-900 is going to be showcased at the 2015 Paris Air Show, brought out the fact that one rival (in this case Boeing) preempted the other rival (Airbus) by moving first on going viral on social media through Boeing’s collaboration with the Vietnam Airlines crew in performing a rehearsal of a “near vertical” takeoff last week prior to the 2015 Paris Air Show. Such preemptive moves are the essence of the sequential game being played in the Boeing-Airbus duopoly.

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Backward Induction as a Sequential Response Move. To solve this style of sequential game, game theorists use “backwards induction”. Here, Airbus first observes what Boeing did in pre-releasing its Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner “near vertical” takeoff last week. Then, Airbus decides what is best to do at Le Bourget, given what Boeing is doing in anticipation of the 2015 Paris Air Show. Airbus elected to focus most on its stronghold A320 Family, while exhibiting in all its grand style, jumbo size and scale, its British Airways A380 alongside its A350-900s. 

The bottom-line takeaway here is: Boeing knows that when they moved first last week, which was their preemptive best choice in the “near vertical takeoff of a Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner, Boeing also made a strategic commitment with huge credibility by immediately showcasing with 10 million views across social media that the aircraft manufacturer is first in the world in technological innovation and “know-how”.

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Strategic Commitment and Credibility. In response at the 2015 Paris Air Show, Airbus most certainly showcased their global stronghold through their A320 Family of airliners, while sequentially responding with their technical “know-how” in their A380s and A350-900s – Airbus’ technological innovation response to the Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner.

Looking at this through the lens of less-rational inefficient behavior economics, Princeton University professor, Avinash K. Dixit, and Yale University professor, Barry J. Nalebuff, suggests a number of non-technical game-theoretic approaches in which Boeing and Airbus can commit irrationally in advance to each others sequential actions after the rivals have made their preemptive moves. Dixit-Nalebuff outline such irrational moves as writing contracts, building a reputation for never backing down, or burning bridges and making decisions that make it impossible to back down.

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Photo Credit: Steep takeoff from Le Bourget field of a Bombardier CS300 during the 2015 Paris Air Show. Montreal, Quebec Canadian Bombardier CS300 is a single-aisle 160-seater, which sold no planes at the 2015 Paris Air Show, is a direct competitor to single-aisle Boeing 737s and Airbus A320 Family of airliners. 

Entry Deterrence into the Game. Still, another example of a sequential Boeing-Airbus duopoly game is entry deterrence, where an entrepreneurial aircraft manufacturer, like China or another southeast Asia deep pocket entrant, decides whether or not to crash the Boeing-Airbus duopoly game.

Four things are essential for success of any new entrant with Boeing and Airbus in the aircraft manufacturing industry, hyper-competitively speaking: (1) technical “know-how” (especially in aircraft virtual manufacturing, aviation maintenance, and advanced pilot engagement with digital glass cockpits), (2) sunk cost controls (including fixed costs controls of aircraft engine fuel efficiencies), (3) deep pockets and capital reserves, and (4) niche market strongholds (particularly in the southeast Asia region, where point-to-point air carriers flying across islands are expected to see an explosion is passenger loads in the coming decade).

Any new entrant knows that the Boeing-Airbus incumbents are most likely to accommodate the entrepreneurial aircraft manufacturer once it is widely seen in the market that the new entrant is committed and credible. Then, the problem facing the Boeing-Airbus incumbency is how to credibly commit to a strategy they know will not be optimal down the line (such as lowering prices into a deepest price war after the entrepreneurial aircraft manufacturer enters the industry). This would be designed to shift the entrepreneurial aircraft manufacturer’s strategy in the deteriorating value of the industry, and perhaps even under search threats, deter the entrant from entering the industry in the first place.

Think of the Boeing-Airbus duopoly game of entry deterrence analogous to that of the “nuclear deterrence game”, largely introduced in the late 20th century between the United States and the USSR. The United States needed to credibly commit to a strategy that was clearly irrational, such as blowing up the world within minutes for any minor invasion in Western Europe. If the United States could strategically commit itself in such a deep fashion, it could avoid a preemptive first-strike invasion in Western Europe by the USSR.

President Reagan went even further by strategically committing to a credible new entrant threat of developing a first-strike arsenal of nuclear weaponry from space in order to deter the USSR with national economic bankruptcy in any attempts to strategically respond. Remarkably, this US-USSR duopoly game of entry deterrence ended the Cold War.

The power to constrain an adversary may depend on the power to bind oneself.” – Thomas Shelling, “The Strategy of Conflict” (1960).

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Asymmetric Information to Make the Market Inefficient. One deceptive sequential move is to raise the uncertainty and increase the inefficiency in the market regarding: (1) where are the Boeing and Airbus rivals at each quarter period of time in the marketplace, (2) will each rival back down, and (3) will Airbus believe Boeing’s preemptive release of a “near vertical takeoff” of a Boeing 787-9 Dreamliner prior to the 2015 Paris Air Show.

Modern game-theoretic research is devoted to classical economist John Hicksian behavioral economic aspects of “asymmetric or incomplete information” about “win-lose” payoffs to rival oligopolistic firms, competing in inefficient markets, increasingly having enormous complexities of structured finance, derivatives, and Black-Scholes risk options in the sequential business game.

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Photo Credit: British Airways crew landing at Le Bourget field in an Airbus A380 during the 2015 Paris Air Show.

Bottom-Line Business Takeaways.

The Boeing-Airbus duopoly game at the 2015 Paris Air Show has only one business solution: the rival firms won US$107 billion in aircraft orders for their top-line revenues.

If a business can’t make its top-line revenue targets, it’s hard for the firm to make its bottom-line earnings for its shareholders.

Nonetheless, the Nash equilibrium simultaneously moves and its sub-game sequential moves in the Boeing-Airbus duopoly game are not designed to produce exact numerical answers. This is because solutions of such high-stakes games are highly dependent on the assumptions made about the timing of the sequential moves in particular, along with the asymmetric information available to Boeing and Airbus that affect either the rationality and efficiency or the irrationality and inefficiency of the business decisions of their boards and executives. 

The extent to which Boeing can be assumed to have information about Airbus’ irrevocable decisions before taking Boeing’s decision to Le Bourget, crucially affects the outcome of the Boeing-Airbus duopoly game at the 2015 Paris Air Show.

The bottom-line business takeaway from this piece in assessing the Boeing-Airbus duopoly is game theory’s greatest utility in obtaining a deeper understanding about the economic structure of the competitive strategic interactions between Boeing and Airbus. This is essential not only to learn what the right way to play the Boeing-Airbus duopoly game is, but also to understand existing possibilities and consequences of legitimately breaking the rules of the game to achieve breakthroughs in technological innovation and “know-how” in the aircraft manufacturing business.

Most of all, if Boeing understands that its price competition with Airbus is a prisoner’s dilemma game of simultaneous moves or even a “battle of the sexes” game of standardization in their moves, it can change the rules of the game to remove the motivations and incentives both Boeing and Airbus have to engage in such price wars.

For readers interested in further study into the strategic topics of this piece, Transforming The Ivory Tower, How Scenarios of Possible Futures Provide Real Growth for Academic Organizations, discusses how to combine modern game theory with scenario planning to (1) anticipate and adjust core strategies as society’s actual future unfolds, and (2) develop a decision-making tool for complex strategic interactions in oligopolistic industrial organizations, such as Boeing and Airbus, as well as, governmental and academic institutions alike.

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Photo Credit: Steep takeoff from Le Bourget field of an Airbus A380 during the 2015 Paris Air Show.

Appendix A: Prisoners’ Dilemma

Commonly seen on the long-running NBC drama series, Law & Order, produced by lawyer Dick Wolf, this situation involves two criminals who are arrested for committing a serious crime. The police have no proof of their involvement, except for a minor infraction. The prosecutor offers them a deal, whereby the one who implicates the other escapes all punishment, and the other gets a heavy prison sentence. If both criminals implicate the other, both end up in prison for a long time. The dominant strategy (or Nash equilibrium) is for each criminal to implicate the other. Consequently, they both end up getting relatively heavy prison sentences.

Appendix B: The Battle of the Sexes

Perhaps nowadays a “politically-incorrect” manner to describe this Nash equilibria game, a husband and a wife want to coordinate their choice for an evening out having fun on the town. The husband prefers to go to a night football game, and the wife wants to go to the theater. But, they both prefer to do together any of the two activities than to do their preferred one alone. This is coordinating to set a standard of fun for each during their evening out on the town.


Oliver McGee is professor of mechanical engineering at Texas Tech University. He is an aerospace, mechanical, and civil engineer, and author of seven books on AmazonHe is former United States deputy assistant secretary of transportation for technology policy (1999-2001) in the Clinton Administration, and former senior policy adviser in the Clinton White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (1997-1999).

Follow Oliver on Twitter and Google+Learn more at Partnership Possibilities for America.

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Mar 102019

Ethiopian 7 - Ethiopian Air, Lion Air: Boeing 737 Max Airplanes Do Not Fall Out Of The Sky

An Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302, carrying 157 people aboard, on the way to Nairobi, Kenya, crashed on Sunday, March 10, 2019 in Addis Ababa. (Largely gone unnoticed, this crash occurred two days after the 5th-anniversary of the disappearance of Malaysia Airlines MH370’s Boeing 777ER on March 8, 2014.) According to an Ethiopian airline spokesman (like from a Malaysia Airlines spokesman 5-years ago), there were no survivors. The Boeing 737Max plane, en route to Nairobi, Kenya, lost contact at 8:44 am local time, six minutes after taking off from Bole International Airport in the Ethiopian capital.

Ethiopian Air Crash Site Map 1024x642 - Ethiopian Air, Lion Air: Boeing 737 Max Airplanes Do Not Fall Out Of The Sky

“Few details about the crash are yet available, but according to Ethiopian Airlines the pilot, who was experienced with an excellent flying record, reported difficulties and asked to turn back,” according to The Guardian (U.K.).

“Flight data showed erratic climbs and descents before the plane, also a MAX 8, came down 12 minutes after takeoff from Jakarta.

Ethiopian Air announced on March 11, 2019, both cockpit voice and flight data recorder have been recovered.

“Two listeners on frequency reported independently the crew declared emergency shortly after normal departure, while in the initial climb, reporting they had unreliable airspeed indications and had difficulties to control the aircraft. The listeners could not hear later transmissions due to frequency changes,” according Aviation Herald.

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United States Holds Off as the European Union suspends all Boeing 737 Max aircraft in Europe at 3 p.m. ET on March 12, 2018, according to CNN and The New York Times.

“As a precautionary measure, European Union Aviation Safety Agenda (EASA) has published today an Airworthiness Directive, effective as of 19:00 UTC (3 pm ET), suspending all flight operations of all Boeing Model 737-8 MAX and 737-9 MAX airplanes in Europe.”

FAA Statement 1 300x168 - Ethiopian Air, Lion Air: Boeing 737 Max Airplanes Do Not Fall Out Of The Sky

“In addition EASA has published a Safety Directive, effective as of 19:00 UTC, suspending all commercial flights performed by third-country operators into, within or out of the EU of the above mentioned models.”

The announcement follows a growing tide of European countries that grounded or banned the airplane from flying overhead.

Boeing Press Release 2 1 300x175 - Ethiopian Air, Lion Air: Boeing 737 Max Airplanes Do Not Fall Out Of The Sky

The New York Times reports on March 12, 2019: “European authorities banned the planes, one of the most important aviation regulators in the world to do so. The decision followed earlier moves by aviation regulators in China, Indonesia, Singapore and Australia, as well as carriers in Africa, South America, North America (Canada) and Russia, to ground the jets.

With the decision by European authorities, roughly two-thirds of the 737 Max 8 aircraft in the world have been pulled from use since an Ethiopian Airlines plane crashed on Sunday, killing 157 people.

One country holding back: the United States.

Such groundings of the Boeing 737-8 Max and 737-9 Max series by President Trump and the United States Federal Aviation Administration on March 13, 2019 are rare in the United States. The Federal Aviation Administration, the American regulator, is typically hesitant to ground an entire fleet without concrete findings of an inherent design or manufacturing problem.

FAA Statement 2 300x168 - Ethiopian Air, Lion Air: Boeing 737 Max Airplanes Do Not Fall Out Of The Sky


March 13, 2019Boeing continues to have full confidence in the safety of the 737 MAX.  However, after consultation with the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), the U.S. National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB), and aviation authorities and its customers around the world, Boeing has determined — out of an abundance of caution and in order to reassure the flying public of the aircraft’s safety — to recommend to the FAA the temporary suspension of operations of the entire global fleet of 371 737 MAX aircraft.

“On behalf of the entire Boeing team, we extend our deepest sympathies to the families and loved ones of those who have lost their lives in these two tragic accidents,” said Dennis Muilenburg, president, CEO, Chairman of The Boeing Company.

“We are supporting this proactive step out of an abundance of caution. Safety is a core value at Boeing for as long as we have been building airplanes; and it always will be. There is no greater priority for our company and our industry. We are doing everything we can to understand the cause of the accidents in partnership with the investigators, deploy safety enhancements and help ensure this does not happen again.”

Boeing makes this recommendation and supports the decision by the FAA.


Early Tuesday, March 12, 2019, Dennis A. Muilenburg, the chief executive of Boeing, spoke to President Trump on the phone and made the case that the 737 Max planes should not be grounded in the United States, according to two people briefed on the conversation.

“The investigation of the Ethiopia Air crash is in its initial phases, as the authorities analyze the plane’s flight-data and cockpit-voice recorders,” Muilenburg said.

This is to determine more information, knowledge and understanding about the 737 Max in the aftermath of both the Ethiopian Air and Lion Air crashes spaces 5 months apart, which is so closely resonate in global business crisis management we’ve observed in the aftermath of Malaysia Airlines MH370 Boeing 777ER crash disappearance on March 8, 2014 and MH17 Boeing 777ER  airliner crash on July 17, 2014, spaced 4 months apart.

What will be the effect of grounding all these 737 Max flights?

Very little effect especially for Americans Airlines and Southwest Airlines, which owns 60 percent of America’s aircraft fleet and both carriers have back up assets of old school workhorse pilot-favorite Boeing 737s to fly outside of the new school 737 Max Series. This is causing a upward push on Boeing’s stock price on March 13, 2019, which primarily forecasts the airliner company’s future growth value going forward, as the 737 Max series fixes, like the 787 Dreamliner ones, are effectively redeveloped and efficiently completed off-line from service, as a result of President Trump’s grounding executive order Wednesday.

What will this mean for U.S. travelers?

More reliable environment for travelers to receive aviation services safely and more secure with the old school Boeing 737s, as a new “clean sheet” redesign of the 737 Max series commences off-line, so Boeing can get the 737 Max series up to speed aerodynamically and structurally to globally compete with Airbus’ A320 New Engines Options series – flying travelers safely and not falling out of the sky in the last 5 months frightening U.S. and international airline consumers and travelers.

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New Autonomous Boeing 737 Max Series

More than 300 Boeing 737-Max planes are in operation and more than 5,000 have been ordered worldwide since 2017. It is the latest iteration of the 737, the world’s bestselling plane, ever more capable of flying autonomously.”

The disaster in Ethiopia in the aftermath of the recent crash of Lion Air’s 737 Max off the coast of Indonesia on October 29, 2018 has raised concern across the international aviation safety and security community.

A preliminary report (see Appendix B) into Lion Air Flight 610 indicated that “pilots struggled to maintain control following an equipment malfunction.” The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration is working with Boeing on “a possible software change to reduce the chances that such a failure could cause an accident in the future.”

According to Bloomberg, “Boeing responded to the earlier crash (see Appendix A) by advising pilots that Boeing 737 Max’s so-called “angle-of-attack sensor can provide false readings, causing the plane’s computers to erroneously detect a mid-flight stall in airflow. That in turn can cause the aircraft to abruptly dive to regain the speed the computer has calculated it needs to keep flying. Pilots could counteract the sudden downward tilt by following a checklist in their training manual,” Boeing has said.

Background to Boeing’s 737 MAX Series’ Autonomous Flying
(via, Bjorn Fehrm, November 14, 2018 Leeham News)

Reports Leeham News’ Bjorn Fehrm: “Boeing 737-8 Max (autonomous flying or) automatic trim (as they say in the airliner industry) we described (in November 2018) has a name, MCAS, or Maneuvering Characteristics Automation System – anti-stall software. 

It was news to the Pilots flying the MAX since 18 months as well.

Boeing and its oversight, the FAA, decided the Airlines and their Pilots had no need to know. The Lion Air accident can prove otherwise.

It’s unique to the MAX because the 737 MAX no longer has the docile pitch characteristics of the 737NG at high Angles Of Attack (AOA). This is caused by the larger engine nacelles covering the higher bypass LEAP-1B engines.

The nacelles for the MAX are larger and placed higher and further forward of the wing, according to Boeing 737NG (cropped nacelle, left) and MAX (un-cropped nacelle, right) compared. Source: Boeing 737 MAX brochure.

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The 737 Max’s larger CFM LEAP 1A or 1B turbofan engine nacelles are placed further forward and higher on the wings. Combined with a higher nose landing gear, which raises the nacelles even further, the same ground clearance could be achieved for the nacelles as for the old-school 737NG airliners, whose aerodynamic and structural design has been known for a generation (about 30 years).

The drawback of using larger nacelles, placed further forward, is it destabilizes the aircraft in climbing pitch. All objects on an aircraft placed ahead of the Center of Gravity (C.G.) (the line around which the aircraft moves in climbing pitch) will contribute to further destabilizing the aircraft in (climbing) pitch.”

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How Boeing’s Automated System Works (via ReutersThe New York Times)

“When the nose is elevated … (via Reuters)

The angle of attack rises and when it becomes too high, the anti-stall system activates. MCAS then tilts the smaller wing (horizontal stabilizer) in the tail of the aircraft to force the plane’s nose down and restore airflow.”

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Bottom-Line: This has been all about global competitive strategic interdependence between the Boeing 737 series versus the Airbus A320 series.

Basically, in order for the Boeing 737 Max series to globally compete on overall flight range capacity with the A320neo (Next Generation Engines) for short-haul transatlantic and transpacific aviation markets, Boeing had to place larger, cleaner, fuel efficient CFM LEAP 1A-1B turbofans forward on an older Boeing 737NG (Next Generation) structural airframe, having a more nose-forward center of gravity.

The 737 series was developed over 35 years ago, when low ground clearance was essential to operate out of smaller air fields. In contrast, the A320 series was development in the newer age of high-bypass turbofan engines. As a consequence, the A320 series was structurally designed with a higher front-nose and back landing gear-fuselage ground clearance.

Now that the A320 series has matured, Airbus is competitively advantaged with its A320 design to flexibly install more higher-range, larger, cleaner, fuel efficient turbofans for short-haul transatlantic and transpacific aviation markets.

This has forced Boeing to compete by installing larger turbofan engines onto an older 737 structural airframe that was not designed for A320’s modern use purposes.

Reports Leeham News’ Bjorn Fehrm: “But if the pilot for whatever reason maneuvers the aircraft hard, generating an angle of attack close to the stall angle of around 14°, the previously neutral engine nacelle generates lift. A (differential lift) which is structurally felt by the aircraft as a pitch up moment (as the engine nacelle differential lift is ahead of the Center of Gravity Line), now stronger than on the older-generation 737NG.

This destabilizes the MAX in climbing pitch at higher Angles-of-Attack (AOA). The most difficult situation is when the maneuvers has a high pitch ratio. The aircraft’s inertia can then provoke an over-swing into stalling Angles-of-Attack.

To counter the 737 MAX’s lower stability margins at high Angle-of-Attack, Boeing introduced their anti-stall MCAS software. Dependent on Angle-of-Attack value and rate, altitude (air density) and Mach (changed flow conditions), the MCAS, which is a digital software loop in the Automated Flight Control computer, initiates a nose down trim above a stalling threshold Angle-of-Attack.”

Bottom-line: Basically, the artificial intelligence of the MCAS anti-stall software is saying that the Boeing 737 Max airliner is stalling ahead of it actually stalling. In response the artificial intelligence of the MCAS software continues to push the airliner’s noise down, as the human intelligence and old-school Boeing 737 experience of the pilot attempts to correct with inadequate 737 Max training or proper 737 Max simulation training with realistic MCAS anti-stall conditions of malfunctioning and/or proper functioning.

Optimally, the Boeing 737 Max series’ aeroelastic dynamic stability planners should’ve opted for an innovative “clean-sheet” design over a rudimentary “re-engine” design (by shoving a bigger wing-mounted turbofan engine wing-forward by any means necessary at a lower cost of design).

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Boeing first submitted a proposed certification plan to the FAA in January for the update, and the FAA has since participated in simulator tests to the new software, according to CNN. On March 12, the FAA went up on a Boeing certification flight to test the new software, a Boeing official said.
“The updated software will include data from a second angle of attack sensor and will no longer be able to produce an angle that cannot be counteracted manually by a pilot.
The update design had appeared to be going smoothly and approaching conclusion last week. A Boeing official had said then that the company was planning to send the update to the FAA for final certification by last Friday, and that Wednesday, Boeing unveiled the new software to a gathering of aviation officials at its Renton, Washington, facility.”
Boeing CEO Dennis Muilenburg was aboard a test flight of the 737 Max in Seattle on Wednesday for a demonstration of the updated MCAS software, according to Boeing spokesman Gordon Johndroe.
The software worked as designed and the plane landed safely, Johndroe said.
Later in the week, however, Boeing employees going through a final check, called the non-advocate review process, identified integration issues with the new software, a Boeing official said. That review process, a regular layer of oversight at the company, involves inspection of a program by Boeing employees that did not work on its development.
A Boeing spokesman later said the problem in the updated software that was discovered in the non-advocate review process was unrelated to MCAS and “relatively minor.”
On Monday, Boeing notified airlines that flew the Max and aviation regulators that there would be a delay in submitting the final certification for the update, two people familiar with the timeline said.
Boeing has said the completed update will be sent to the FAA for final review in “the coming weeks.”
“The fact is that the FAA decided to do safety on the cheap, which is neither safe or cheap, and put the fox in charge of the henhouse,” Sen. Richard Blumenthal, a Connecticut Democrat, said at a hearing last week.
Michael Goldfarb, a former FAA chief of staff, said the fixes to the 737 Max will likely take months, not weeks, because Boeing does not want to “create a bigger problem than was fixed.”
“This will be treated differently from the way business is done,” Goldfarb told CNN of the FAA review of the update. “This will be micromanaged from Secretary Chao down.”
Transportation Secretary Elaine Chao told a Senate panel last week that she was “concerned” about the allegations of coziness between FAA and Boeing but she defended the practice of company employees handling certification responsibilities.
“I am of course concerned about any allegations of coziness with any company, manufacturer,” Chao said. “These questions, when they arise, if they arise, are troubling because we should have absolute confidence in the regulators that they are certifying properly.”
In an April 2, 2019 Forbes interview, MIT Professor John Hansman emphasized that Boeing’s installation of the MCAS software system “fixes the pitch-up problem. It is not a bad design.”
“This case is not dissimilar to the initial problems with the A320, when it initially entered service. Boeing must get the improved software and training material approved by the FAA, EASA and Canadians and get the airplane flying again. There is not a fundamental problem in the design of the aircraft.”
I must respectfully disagree with the MIT professor, as fundamentally inaccurate here in his Forbes interview, as he’s leaving out that Boeing has a clear “center of gravity” placement problem that affects fundamentally the core flight maneuverability of the Boeing 737 MAX creating flight instabilities both aerodynamically and structurally through its load factors (lift-to-weight) and thrust factors (engine thrust-to-weight)!
I have always know that Boeing is trying to get its anti-stall MCAS software patches “fully-integrated” into its Boeing 737 MAX. And, right now that “complete-integration” into the Boeing 737 MAX remains somewhat problematic to meet FAA, EASA and Canadian safety regulation requirements, perhaps ground the airliner for weeks, maybe even months?
But I have also called out publicly on numerous Fox Business and Fox News broadcasts first and early exclusively to them that the Boeing 737 MAX needs a “clean-sheet” redesign to match what its competitor Airbus A320neo (New Engines Options) has in its fundamentally superior maneuverability airliner that is flexible enough for various wide-mouth heavy engine mounts, while at the same time maintaining proper load factors and thrust factors aerodynamically and structurally.
FAA, EASA and Canadian Aircraft safety regulators and certification issuers absolutely can’t ignore this fundamental aircraft “center of gravity” maneuverability and flight stability fact! International aviation safety and security regulations also must respect FAA Level C and D pilot simulator certification requirements (which is very costly to airlines) before flying the Boeing 737 MAX – which Boeing wants to leave at FAA’s Level B “no pilot simulator certification requirements!”
Right now pilots have to undergo only a 30-minute MCAS anti-stall software training video! This places the Boeing 737 MAX up to only FAA’s regulated “hazardous risk level” – which is a major injurious loss to passengers and crew, but not a total loss of the aircraft – and which is one-step below FAA’s regulated “catastrophic risk level” – which is a complete loss of the aircraft and all passengers and crew on board!

Here’s How Pilots Are Seeing The Complex Problem of Flying Autonomously Boeing’s 737 Max Airliners

Air Line Pilots Association (ALPA) and Allied Pilots Association (APA), including the Association of Flight Attendants (AFA) and Association of Professional Flight Attendants (APFA) utilize NASA’s Aviation Safety Reporting System (ASRS) Database, which is according to its website, “the world’s largest repository of voluntary, confidential safety information provided by aviation’s frontline personnel, including pilots, controllers, mechanics, flight attendants, and dispatchers. The database provides a foundation for specific products and subsequent research addressing a variety of aviation safety issues.

ASRS’s database includes the narratives (see Appendix C) submitted by reporters (after they have been sanitized for identifying details). These narratives provide an exceptionally rich source of information for policy development, human factors research, education, training, and more. The database also contains coded information by expert analysts from the original report which is used for data retrieval and analyses.”

For example, consider on the ASRS website, Report Number: 1593017

“The recently released 737-8 MAX Emergency Airworthiness Directive directs pilots how to deal with a known issue, but it does nothing to address the systems issues with the Angle-of-Attack system.

MCAS (Maneuvering Characteristics Augmentation System) is implemented on the 737 MAX to enhance pitch characteristics with flaps UP and at elevated angles-of-attack. The MCAS function commands nose down stabilizer to enhance pitch characteristics during steep turns with elevated load factors and during flaps up flight at airspeeds approaching stall. MCAS is activated without pilot input and only operates in manual, flaps up flight. The system is designed to allow the flight crew to use column trim switch or stabilizer aisle stand cutout switches to override MCAS input. The function is commanded by the Flight Control computer using input data from sensors and other airplane systems.

The MCAS function becomes active, when the airplane Angle-of-Attack exceeds a threshold based on airspeed and altitude. Stabilizer incremental commands are limited to 2.5 degrees and are provided at a rate of 0.27 degrees per second. The magnitude of the stabilizer input is lower at high Mach number and greater at low Mach numbers. The function is reset once angle of attack falls below the Angle-of-Attack threshold or if manual stabilizer commands are provided by the flight crew. If the original elevated angle-of-attack condition persists, the MCAS function commands another incremental stabilizer nose down command according to current aircraft Mach number at actuation.

This description is not currently in the 737 Flight Manual Part 2, nor the Boeing FCOM, though it will be added to them soon. This communication highlights that an entire system is not described in our Flight Manual. This system is now the subject of an AD.

I think it is unconscionable that a manufacturer, the FAA, and the airlines would have pilots flying an airplane without adequately training, or even providing available resources and sufficient documentation to understand the highly complex systems that differentiate this aircraft from prior models. The fact that this airplane requires such jury rigging to fly is a red flag. Now we know the systems employed are error prone–even if the pilots aren’t sure what those systems are, what redundancies are in place, and failure modes.

I am left to wonder: what else don’t I know? The Flight Manual is inadequate and almost criminally insufficient. All airlines that operate the MAX must insist that Boeing incorporate ALL systems in their manuals.


B737 MAX Captain expressed concern that some systems such as the MCAS are not fully described in the aircraft Flight Manual.”

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Boeing 737-8 Max Deliveries Worldwide

Ethiopian Air’s plane was a 737-8 Max, one of the newer models produced by Boeing, that generates almost one-third of the company’s operating profit. Ethiopian Air’s 737-8 Max is similar to the aircraft used by Lion Air, the largest 737 Max customer for Boeing outside of North America. Lion Air has ordered 201 737 Max planes and taken delivery of 14, according to Boeing’s website. Ethiopian Airlines had 5 Boeing 737 Max planes in operation as of the end of January 2019 and another 25 on order.

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China Southern Airlines Co. has 16 Boeing 737 Max aircraft through January 2019 (updating the September 2018 data charted below), with another 34 on order, according to data through January 2019 on Boeing’s website. China Eastern Airlines Corp. has 13, while Air China Ltd. has 14, Boeing says. Other Chinese airlines that have bought the Boeing 737 Max aircraft include Hainan Airlines Holdings Co. and Shandong Airlines Co., the data show.

Boeing aircraft deliveries had been highly cyclical compared to upstart Airbus, between 1990-2003. After 2003, Boeing and Airbus deliveries have tracked competitively close with Boeing delivering 24 aircraft a month in 2003 up to 67 aircraft a month in 2018. At the time of the October 29, 2018 Lion Air 610 crash and the March 10, 2019 Ethiopian Air 302 crash, Boeing has been delivering around 50 aircraft a month.

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International Response, according to Bloomberg and Associated Press (AP)

On March 11, 2019, “China ordered its carriers to ground all 96 of Boeing’s newest 737 model, while Indonesia said it would also halt flights after Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302 went down in a field shortly after takeoff Sunday, killing all 157 people on board. While the flight recorders have now been recovered and must be analyzed, the disaster bore similarities to the doomed Lion Air 737 Max that crashed in October,” reports Bloomberg.

“While the groundings in China and elsewhere are important, most nations typically wait to act until the U.S. and Europe issue findings on aviation matters. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and the European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) oversee the world’s largest aircraft manufacturers and take the lead in ensuring the safety of their planes.”

“A Boeing technical team is at the crash site to provide technical assistance under the direction of the Ethiopia Accident Investigation Bureau and U.S. National Transportation Safety Board. It is still early in the investigation, as we seek to understand the cause of the accident.” – Aviation

Aviation Herald reports on March 11, 2019: “In the morning of Mar 11, 2019 (Chinese Time) Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC) released an instruction to all operators to stop using the Boeing 737-8 MAX (editorial note: the instruction does not include the 737-9 MAX series) by Mar 11th 2019 18:00 Chinese time.

The CAAC reasoned: “In view of the fact that the two air crashes are newly delivered Boeing 737-8 aircraft (editorial note: see the other crash at Crash: Lion B38M near Jakarta on Oct 29th 2018, aircraft lost height and crashed into Java Sea, wrong AoA data), and they all occur in the take-off phase, they have certain similarities. In line with the management principle of zero tolerance for safety hazards and strict control of safety risks, in order to ensure Flight Safety of Civil Aviation in China, at 9:00 on March 11, the Civil Aviation Administration issued a notice requesting domestic transportation airlines to suspend the commercial operation of the Boeing 737-8 aircraft before 18:00 on March 11, 2019.”

A number of airlines, in particular Ethiopian Airlines, decided to stop using their Boeing 737 MAX aircraft until clarification of the causes of the two crashes so far.

The FAA announced: “Today, the FAA will issue a Continued Airworthiness Notification to the International Community (CANIC) for Boeing 737 MAX Operators.” The FAA released the CANIC for both Boeing 737-8 MAX and 737-9 MAX stating, they continue to monitor pending changes in the Maneuvering Characteristics Augmentation System (MCAS) system, AoA Sensor Signal improvements and MCAS maximum command limits as well as training requirements associated with MCAS following their initial reaction to the crash of LionAir JT-610.

The FAA states: “External reports are drawing similarities between this accident and the Lion Air Flight 610 accident on October 29, 2018. However, this investigation has just begun and to date we have not been provided data to draw any conclusions or take any actions.”

“The UK Civil Aviation Authority has been closely monitoring the situation, however, as we do not currently have sufficient information from the flight data recorder we have, as a precautionary measure, issued instructions to stop any commercial passenger flights from any operator arriving, departing or overflying UK airspace.”

The CAA added: “The UK Civil Aviation Authority’s safety directive will be in place until further notice. We remain in close contact with the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) and industry regulators globally.” Other European Civil Aviation Authorities, e.g. France and Ireland, followed suit.

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Bloomberg reports on March 12, 2019: “After China became the first major market on March 11, 2019 to halt take-offs and landings of Boeing’s latest single-aisle model, flight halts quickly cascaded around the globe. Singapore barred all 737 Max service in and out of the city-state, a move that was followed by Australia and Malaysia.

Elsewhere in Asia, a South Korean carrier suspended its 737 Max planes, while two airlines in Latin American also halted operations of the jet, which entered service just a few years ago and has become Boeing’s fastest-selling aircraft, with nearly 4,700 orders. The suspensions have put about a third of the 350-strong global fleet out of action.

In a sign that the tragedy in Ethiopia, which killed everyone on board, threatens to become a commercial fiasco for Boeing, launch customer Lion Air is said to be considering a complete switch to Airbus SE planes, a person familiar with the discussions said, with the carrier suspending further 737 Max deliveries this year.”

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Associated Press reports on March 12, 2019: “No U.S. airlines have grounded the Boeing 737 Max 8 models that they fly, but at least one group representing flight attendants at a major carrier says it does not want to put its members on the plane until further investigations are completed.

After the second deadly crash involving the model in five months, several airlines and countries in Asia, Europe and the Middle East have grounded it or banned it from their airspace.

The Association of Professional Flight Attendants, which represents more than 26,000 flight attendants at American Airlines, called on CEO Doug Parker to “strongly consider grounding these planes until an investigation can be performed.” The group said flight attendants will not be forced to fly if they feel unsafe.

Brian Parrish, a spokesman for Southwest Airlines which flies 34 Max 8s, said the carrier remains confident about the plane’s safety. American Airlines Group, which flies 24 of the planes, said it has full confidence in the model.

Turkish Airlines says it is grounding all Boeing 737 Max aircraft in its fleet until further notice.

In a statement issued on Twitter on Tuesday, Turkish Airlines CEO Bilal Eksi said all Boeing 737 Max flights are suspended until the “uncertainty affecting safety is cleared.” He added that passenger safety was the company’s priority.

Turkish Airlines is the latest company around the world to ground the planes following the Ethiopian Airlines crash on Sunday.

The French Civil Aviation Authority has joined several other nations and closed French airspace to all Boeing 737 Max 8 aircraft.

In a statement Tuesday, the authority says that “France is carefully following the progress of the inquiry” relating to the Ethiopian Airlines plane crash in Addis Ababa on Sunday that left 157 people dead.

It says French airline companies do not possess any of the Boeing 737 Max 8 aircraft.

But as a precautionary measure, French authorities have decided to “forbid all commercial flights on a Boeing 737 Max departing from, traveling to, or flying across, France.”

Irish aviation authorities have suspended all variants of Boeing 737 Max aircraft into and out of Ireland’s airspace as European aviation regulators respond to recent crashes in Indonesia and Ethiopia.

Irish authorities say they made the decision “based on ensuring the continued safety of passengers and flight crew.”

The decision comes shortly after UK civilian aviation authorities took a similar step, motivated by the lack of information coming from the flight data recorder involved in the Ethiopian Airlines crash on Sunday.

Experts are chasing details on why the plane crashed shortly after takeoff, killing all 157 on board. But answers could take months and regulators are taking steps in the interim.

Germany’s transport ministry says the country is closing its airspace to Boeing 737 Max 8 aircraft, following a similar decision by Britain.

The ministry confirmed to news agency dpa on Tuesday comments made by Transport Minister Andreas Scheuer to n-tv television.

The broadcaster quoted Scheuer on its website as saying safety is the priority, and “until all doubts are cleared up, I have ordered that German airspace be closed for the Boeing 737 Max with immediate effect.”

Germany joins a rapidly growing number of nations and carriers either grounding the planes or barring them from their airspace.”

The Dutch Aviation Authority has ordered its airspace closed for Boeing 737 MAX 8 aircraft, according to Roel Vincken, a spokesman for the Dutch Minister of Infrastructure and Water management.

“The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration on Monday issued its support of the aircraft, saying the plane remains safe to fly and that there wasn’t conclusive evidence so far to link the loss of the Ethiopian 737 Max 8 on Sunday and the fatal Lion Air disaster. Boeing echoed the FAA’s statement, saying it stood by the aircraft, a revamped version of its workhorse single-aisle jet. Airbus competes in this lucrative segment of the market with its family of A320-neo (“New Engines Option”) models,” Bloomberg reports.

“Speculating about the cause of the accident or discussing it without all the necessary facts is not appropriate and could compromise the integrity of the investigation,” Boeing Chief Executive Officer Dennis Muilenburg said in a message to employees. Boeing said late Monday that in the coming weeks it plans to roll out software improvements for the anti-stall function that contributed to the Indonesian disaster.

The Boeing Company said it currently “does not have any basis to issue new guidance to operators” of its 737 Max 8 model.

“We have engaged our customers and regulators on concerns they may have — and would refer you to them to discuss their operations and decisions,” a Boeing spokesperson told ABC News in a statement Monday morning. “Safety is our number one priority and we are taking every measure to fully understand all aspects of this accident, working closely with the investigating team and all regulatory authorities involved. The investigation is in its early stages, but at this point, based on the information available, we do not have any basis to issue new guidance to operators.”

U.S. carriers such as Southwest Airlines Co., American Airlines Group Inc. and United Continental Holdings Inc. are still flying the 737 Max.

“Chinese airlines accounted for about 20 percent of 737 Max deliveries worldwide through January, and further purchases of the Chicago-based plane-maker’s aircraft are said to have been touted as a possible component of a trade deal with the U.S.”

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Boeing 737 Max Flight-Control System to Prevent a Stall

“The 737 Max is the newest version of Boeing’s most important aircraft type, a plane family that generates almost one-third of the company’s operating profit. The narrow-body jet forms the backbone of many global airline fleets who use the model and Airbus’s competing A320 line on shorter routes.”

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Lion Air’s Boeing 737-8 Max, performing as Flight 610 and registered as PK-LQP, crashed in Indonesia on October 29, 2018, killing 189 people on-board.

According to Wikipedia, “This was the first major accident involving the 737 MAX and the deadliest involving a 737 aircraft surpassing Air India Express Flight 812 in 2010. It is also the worst accident for Lion Air in its 18-year history, surpassing the previous crash in Surakarta that killed 25.

A preliminary investigation (see Appendix B) revealed problems noticed by passengers and crew on the aircraft’s previous flight, as well as signs of instrument failure on previous flights. As a result, Boeing issued a warning to all operators of the 737 MAX series to avoid causing an abrupt dive similar to the Lion Air flight.”

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Photo Credit: The Air Current

Human intelligence needs to catch up with the artificial intelligence inside the advancements of digital cockpits inside modern big jumbo jets. Big jumbo planes are designed to fly by themselves autonomously. Humans who are responsible and accountable inside the digital cockpits must be trained to work with the autonomous nature of artificial intelligence.

Newer Boeing 737 Max series aircraft, reports The Guardian (U.K.) “automatically (or digitally) compensates if it believes its angle puts it at a risk of stalling (see Appendix A), a safety feature that worked in a slightly different way to that which 737 pilots were used to. Lion Air’s black box suggested the pilots of flight 610 had been wrestling with this issue.

The crash may show insufficient training for the new stall prevention systems on the 737 Max (see Appendix A). It’s unlikely due to design flaws, and the plane is likely to stay in service.” — George Ferguson, global aviation analyst

Boeing argued that if pilots followed existing procedures, there should be no danger. Past crashes, however, and most famously the Air France Flight 447 disaster in the south Atlantic (off the coast of Brazil), have shown that the sensors on which aircraft computer systems rely can malfunction, and that pilots who have grown to trust the technology can become rapidly bewildered when things go wrong. All too (common) human (factor errors and) reactions led to disaster.”

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Photo Credit: The Air Current

According to Aviation Herald: “For the past several months and in the aftermath of Lion Air Flight 610, Boeing has been developing a flight control software enhancement for the 737 MAX, designed to make an already safe aircraft even safer. This includes updates to the Maneuvering Characteristics Augmentation System (MCAS) flight control law, pilot displays, operation manuals and crew training. The enhanced flight control law incorporates angle of attack (AOA) inputs, limits stabilizer trim commands in response to an erroneous angle of attack reading, and provides a limit to the stabilizer command in order to retain elevator authority.

The FAA says it anticipates mandating this software enhancement with an Airworthiness Directive (AD) no later than April. We have worked with the FAA in development of this software enhancement. 

It is important to note that the FAA is not mandating any further action at this time, and the required actions in AD2018-23.5 continue to be appropriate.

A pitch augmentation control law (MCAS) was implemented on the 737 MAX to improve aircraft handling characteristics and decrease pitch-up tendency at elevated angles of attack. It was put through flight testing as part of the certification process prior to the airplane entering service. MCAS does not control the airplane in normal flight; it improves the behavior of the airplane in a non-normal part of the operating envelope. 

Boeing’s 737 MAX Flight Crew Operations Manual (FCOM) already outlines an existing procedure to safely handle the unlikely event of erroneous data coming from an angle of attack (AOA) sensor. The pilot will always be able to override the flight control law using electric trim or manual trim. In addition, it can be controlled through the use of the existing runaway stabilizer procedure as reinforced in the Operations Manual Bulletin (OMB) issued on Nov. 6, 2018.”

According to the International Air Transportation Association, the worst disasters have been attributed to deliberate acts – terrorist attacks (Russian Metrojet 9268), pilot suicide (Lufthansa low-cost subsidiary Germanwings 9525), Russian missiles (Malaysia Airlines MH17) – or, in the case of Malaysia Airlines MH370, left unexplained.

Industry Reactions, according to Bloomberg

Airline or Authority


Southwest AirlinesSays it’s “confident in the safety of our fleet” including its 34 Boeing 737 Max 8 planes
American AirlinesWill closely monitor the investigation via Boeing and NTSB
Singapore AirlinesMonitoring the situation; the 737 Max 8 flights operated by SilkAir are flying as scheduled
Iceland AirSays it’s had no issues with its three 737 Max 8s
Korean AirDue to receive its first Max in April, is monitoring the situation
Cayman AirwaysGrounds both its Boeing 737 Max 8 aircraft
ThailandSays it currently has no plans to ground Boeing 737 Max jets
ChinaGrounds entire fleet of Boeing 737 Max 8 jets. China Eastern to talk with Boeing about losses caused by grounding.
Fly DubaiSays it’s monitoring situation and in touch with Boeing

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Airbus Learned From Its Errors of “Fly-By-Wire” Autonomous Digital Cockpit Aircraft Technology

(via Wikipedia)

“Air France Flight 296 was a chartered flight of a new Airbus A320-111 operated by Air France.[1] An Airbus A320-111, registration F-GFKC, serial number 9, first flew on January 6, 1988, and was delivered to Air France on June 23, 1988. It was the third A320 delivered to Air France, the launch customer.[2] 

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On June 26, 1988, it crashed while making a low pass over Mulhouse–Habsheim Airport (ICAO airport code LFGB) as part of the Habsheim Air Show. Most of the crash sequence, which occurred in front of several thousand spectators, was caught on video. The cause of the crash has been the source of major controversy.

This particular flight was not only the A320’s first passenger flight (most of those on-board were journalists and raffle winners), but it was also the first public demonstration of any civilian fly-by-wire aircraft. The low-speed flyover, with landing gear down, was supposed to take place at an altitude of 100 feet (33 meters); instead, the plane performed the flyover at 30 feet, skimmed the treetops of the forest at the end of the runway (which had not been shown on the airport map given to the pilots), and crashed. All the passengers survived the initial impact, but a woman and two children died from smoke inhalation before they were able to escape.

Official reports concluded that the pilots flew too low, too slow, failed to see the forest and accidentally flew into it. The captain, Michel Asseline, disputed the report and claimed an error in the “fly-by-wire” computer prevented him from applying thrust and pulling up. In the aftermath of the crash, there were allegations that investigators had tampered with evidence, specifically the aircraft’s flight recorders (“black boxes”).

This was the first crash of an A320 aircraft.”

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The Ethiopian Airlines Flight 302 carried passengers from 35 different countries. At least four of the crash victims were United Nations officials traveling to an environmental conference in Nairobi, Bloomberg reports.

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Altogether 35 nationalities of passengers were on-board. Kenya’s transport minister has tallied 3 Austrians, 1 Belgium, 18 Canadians, 8 Chinese nationals, 5 Dutch Netherlands, 1 Dijoubti, 6 Egyptians, 2 Spanish nationals, 9 Ethiopians, 7 France, 7 United Kingdom, 1 Indonesian, 8 Italians, 2 Israelis, 4 Indians, 1 Ireland citizen, 32 Kenyans, 2 Morocco nationals, 1 Mozambique, 1 Norwegian, 2 Poland nationals, 3 Russians, 1 Rwanda national, 1 Saudi, 1 Sudan, 1 Somalian, 1 Serbian, 4 Slovakians, 4 Swedes, 1 Togo national, 1 Uganda national, 8 Americans, 1 Yemeni, 1 Nepal national, 1 Nigerian, and 2 unknown.

Ethiopian Airlines posted a photo that showed its CEO standing amid the wreckage of the plane that crashed shortly after takeoff.

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In this photo taken from the Ethiopian Airlines Facebook page, the CEO of Ethiopian Airlines, Tewolde Gebremariam, looks at the wreckage of the plane that crashed shortly after takeoff from Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, Sunday March 10, 2019. (Facebook via AP)

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A message of condolence by the office of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed suggested that there were some deaths.

“The Office of the PM, on behalf of the Government and people of Ethiopia, would like to express its deepest condolences to the families of those that have lost their loved ones on Ethiopian Airlines Boeing 737 on regular scheduled flight to Nairobi, Kenya this morning”, the message on government’s Twitter handle read.

The airline’s social media post said that “Tewolde Gebremariam, who is at the accident scene now, regrets to confirm that there are no survivors. He expressed his profound sympathy and condolences to the families and loved ones of passengers and crew who lost their lives in this tragic accident.”

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The State Department confirmed that Americans were among the among the dead.

“Our U.S. embassies in Addis Ababa and Nairobi are working with the Government of Ethiopia and Ethiopian Airlines to offer all possible assistance,” the State Department said in a statement to Fox News. “The U.S. Department of State will contact directly the family members of U.S. citizens who died in the crash. ‎Out of respect for the privacy of the families, we won’t have any additional comments about the victims.”

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“This is the second crash of a brand new 737-8 MAX in just six months,” writes Editor Brittan Ladd, Founder and CEO of Six-Page Consulting.

“According to aeronautical engineers I spoke with while researching a story about the 737-8 MAX and Boeing, I was told the odds against such a crash happening is one in 11,000,000. The odds of a brand new aircraft crashing months after a previous crash of the same type of aircraft is one in 10,000,000,000.

Boeing must insist that all 737-8 MAX aircraft globally are removed from service; inspect all planes to identify any mechanical issues; and improve the controls on the aircraft to eliminate any chance of pilot error. Although pilots must be certified to fly an aircraft, pilots believe the 737-8 MAX requires additional flight simulation and certification.

Brand new airplanes aren’t supposed to crash. Ever. Two crashes in six months of the same model aircraft…unheard of in modern aviation. I for one am anxiously awaiting the results of the investigation. It is entirely possible that the crash is just a coincidence and Boeing is not at fault in any way.”

The last deadly crash of an Ethiopian Airlines passenger plane was in January 2010, when the aircraft crashed minutes after takeoff from Beirut, killing all 90 people (83 passengers and 7 crew) on board, according to the AP.

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According to The Hindu, Transportation Minister Ghazi Aridi said the pilot initially followed the tower’s guidance, but then abruptly changed course and went in the opposite direction.

“They asked him to correct his path but he did a very fast and strange turn before disappearing completely from the radar,” Mr. Aridi told The Associated Press.

It was not immediately clear why the pilot veered off the recommended path. Like most other airliners, the Boeing 737 is equipped with its own onboard weather radar, which the pilot may have used to avoid flying into thunderheads rather than following the flight tower’s recommendation, according The Hindu.

“Nobody is saying the pilot is to blame for not heeding orders,” Mr. Aridi said, adding: “There could have been many reasons for what happened. … Only the black box can tell.”

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“On 25 January 2010, Ethiopian Airlines Flight ET 409, a Boeing 737-800, on its way from Beirut to Addis Adeba, crashed just after take-off from Rafic Hariri International Airport in Beirut, Lebanon, into the Mediterranean Sea. All 90 persons on-board were killed. The investigation concludes that pilot error was the cause of the accident. Ethiopian Airlines refutes the outcomes of the investigation.”


Appendix A

Flight Crew Operations Manual Bulletin for The Boeing Company

Number: TBC-19 IssueDate: November 6, 2018 Airplane Effectivity: 737-8 /-9

Subject: Un-commanded Nose Down Stabilizer Trim Due to Erroneous Angle of Attack (AOA) During Manual Flight Only

Reason: To Emphasize the Procedures Provided in the Runaway Stabilizer NonNormal Checklist (NNC)

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Information in this bulletin is recommended by The Boeing Company, but may not be FAA approved at the time of writing. In the event of conflict with the FAA approved Airplane Flight Manual (AFM), the AFM shall supersede. The Boeing Company regards the information or procedures described herein as having a direct or indirect bearing on the safe operation of this model airplane.

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Background Information The Indonesian National Transportation Safety Committee has indicated that Lion Air flight 610 experienced erroneous Angle-of-Attack (AOA) data. Boeing would like to call attention to an AOA failure condition that can occur during manual flight only. This bulletin directs flight crews to existing procedures to address this condition.

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In the event of erroneous AOA data, the pitch trim system can trim the stabilizer nose down in increments lasting up to 10 seconds. The nose down stabilizer trim movement can be stopped and reversed with the use of the electric stabilizer trim switches but may restart 5 seconds after the electric stabilizer trim switches are released.

Repetitive cycles of un-commanded nose down stabilizer continue to occur unless the stabilizer trim system is deactivated through use of both STABILIZER TRIM CUTOUT switches in accordance with the existing procedures in the Runaway Stabilizer Non-Normal Check.

It is possible for the stabilizer to reach the nose down limit unless the system inputs are counteracted completely by pilot trim inputs and both STABILIZER TRIM CUTOUT switches are moved to CUTOUT.

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Additionally, pilots are reminded that an erroneous AOA can cause some or all of the following indications and effects:

• Continuous or intermittent stick shaker on the affected side only.

• Minimum speed bar (red and black) on the affected side only.

• Increasing nose down control forces.

• Inability to engage autopilot.

• Automatic disengagement of autopilot.

• Indicated Airspeed DISAGREE alert.

• Altitude DISAGREE alert.

• Angle-of-Attack DISAGREE alert (if the AOA indicator option is installed)


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Operating Instructions

In the event an un-commanded nose down stabilizer trim is experienced on the 737-8 /-9, in conjunction with one or more of the above indications or effects, do the Runaway Stabilizer Non-Normal Check ensuring that the STABILIZER TRIM CUTOUT switches are set to CUTOUT and stay in the CUTOUT position for the remainder of the flight.

Note: Initially, higher control forces may be needed to overcome any stabilizer nose down trim already applied. Electric stabilizer trim can be used to neutralize control column pitch forces before moving the STABILIZER TRIM CUTOUT switches to CUTOUT. Manual stabilizer trim can be used after the STABILIZER TRIM CUTOUT switches are moved to CUTOUT.

Administrative Information Insert this bulletin behind the Bulletin Record page in Volume 1 of your Flight Crew Operations Manual (FCOM). Amend the FCOM Bulletin Record page to show bulletin TBC-19 “In Effect” (IE).

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This Bulletin remains in effect until Boeing provides additional information on system updates that may allow this Bulletin to be canceled.

Please send all correspondence regarding Flight Crew Operations Manual Bulletin status, to the 737 Manager, Flight Technical Data, through the Service Requests Application (SR App) on the home page.

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Southwest Airlines Directive to Pilots Flying New Boeing 737-8 Max Aircraft in Response to Lion Air Flight FNI043 Crash

Southwest Airlines exclusively employs Boeing 737 airplanes as a competitive advantage in the airline industry. Here’s what Southwest Airlines uses out of their QRH (Quick Reaction Handbook) to deal with Runaway Stabilizer Trim on the Boeing 737-8 Max airplane fleet. 

In the Boeing 737-8 Max that could mean either a runaway horizontal stabilizer trim motor condition or, in the case of erroneous AOA indications, flight control logic “can cause the pitch trim system to trim the stabilizer nose down in increments lasting up to 10 seconds, when in manual flight with flaps retracted.” This is likely what happened in the recent Lion Air Flight 610 crash on October 29, 2018.  In either condition above, pilots are directed to the procedure below to remedy the condition. 

SWA Boeing 737 Max - Ethiopian Air, Lion Air: Boeing 737 Max Airplanes Do Not Fall Out Of The Sky

In all non-normal situations, U.S. trained pilots are completely indoctrinated to do the following first and foremost:

1.       Maintain aircraft control

2.       Analyze the problem

3.       Take appropriate action (Checklist, procedures, etc)

4.       Maintain Situational Awareness

These four steps will always keep an aircraft flying no matter how poorly a crew identifies a problem or applies subsequent procedures.

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Here are our QRH procedures for a Runaway Stabilizer. This is a Boeing QRH verbatim. Southwest chose to use Boeing’s checklist 3-5 years ago vice creating our own and then having to receive FAA approval for each and every change:


Condition:  Un-commanded stabilizer trim movement occurs continuously

  1. Control Column – Hold firmly.
  2. Autopilot (if engaged) – Disengage. Do not reengage the Autopilot. Control Aircraft pitch attitude manually with control column and main electric trim as needed.
  3. Auto-throttle (if engaged) – Disengage.
  4. If runaway stops after the autopilot is disengaged … checklist complete.
  5. If runaway continues after the autopilot is disengaged: (a) STABILIZER TRIM CUTOUT SWITCHES (both) – CUTOUT; (b) If the runaway continues: (i) Stabilizer Trim Wheel – Grasp and Hold.
  6. Stabilizer – Trim Manually.
  7. Anticipate trim requirements.


Appendix B


Aircraft Accident Investigation Report

PT. Lion Mentari Airlines Boeing 737-8 (MAX)

PK-LQP Tanjung Karawang, West Java Republic of Indonesia

October 29, 2018

“On October 29, 2018, a Boeing 737-8 Max aircraft, performing as Flight FNI043 and registered as PK-LQP, was being operated by PT. Lion Mentari Airlines (Lion Air) as a scheduled passenger flight from I Gusti Ngurah Rai International Airport (WADD), Denpasar to Jakarta, Indonesia.

During pre-flight check, the Pilot-in-Command (PIC) discussed with the engineer about the maintenance actions that had been performed, including replacement of the Angle-of-Attack (AoA) sensor and had been tested accordingly.

The aircraft departed at 1420 UTC (2220 LT) at night time or 9:20am Eastern Time (ET), the Digital Flight Data Recorder (DFDR) showed the stick shaker activated during the rotation and remained active throughout the flight. About 400 feet, the Pilot-in-Command noticed on the Primary Flight Display the Indicated Air Speed DISAGREE warning appeared.

The Pilot-in-Command handed over control to the Second-in-Command and cross checked the Primary Flight Displays with the standby instrument and determined that the left Primary Flight Display had the problem.

The Pilot-in-Command noticed the aircraft was automatically trimming. In response the Pilot-in-Command moved the stabilizer trim switches to CUT OUT. The Second-in-Command continued the flight with manual trim without auto-pilot until the end of the flight.

The Pilot-in-Command declared “PAN PAN” to the Denpasar Approach controller due to instrument failure and requested to maintain runway heading. According to Wikipedia, “PAN PAN” is “the international standard urgency signal that someone aboard an aircraft uses to declare that they have a situation that is urgent, but for the time being, does not pose an immediate danger to anyone’s left or to the aircraft itself.”

The Pilot-in-Command performed three Non-Normal Checklists and none contained the instruction “Plan to land at the nearest suitable airport.”

The remainder of the flight was uneventful and the aircraft landed in Jakarta about 1556 UTC (around 11am ET).

After parking, the Pilot-in-Command informed the engineer about the aircraft problem and entered Indicated Airspeed and Altitude Disagree and FEEL DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE problem on the Aircraft Flight Maintenance Log. The engineer performed flushing the left Pitot Air Data Module and static Air Data Module to rectify the Indicated Airspeed and Altitude Disagree followed by operation test on ground and found satisfied. The Feel Differential Pressure was rectified by performed cleaned electrical connector plug of elevator feel computer. The test on ground found the problem had been solved.

At 2320 UTC, (0620 Local Time on 29 October 2018), the aircraft departed from Jakarta, Indonesia with intended destination of Pangkal Pinang. The Digital Flight Data Recorder showed a difference between left and right Angle-of-Attack of about 20° and continued until the end of recording. During rotation the left control column stick shaker activated and continued for most of the flight.

During the flight the Second-in-Command asked the controller to confirm the altitude of the aircraft and later also asked the speed as shown on the controller radar display. The Second-in-Command reported experiencing “flight control problem.”

After the flaps retracted, the Digital Flight Data Recorder showed automatic Aircraft Noise Down trim active followed by flight crew commanded Aircraft Noise Up trim. The automatic Aircraft Noise Down trim stopped when the flaps extended. When the flaps retracted to 0, the automatic Aircraft Noise Down trim and flight crew commanded Aircraft Noise Up trim began again and continued for the remainder of the flight.

At 23:31:54 UTC, the Digital Flight Data Recorder stopped recording.

Until the publishing of this Preliminary Report, the Cockpit Voice Recorder has not been recovered, the search for Cockpit Voice Recorder is continuing. The investigation will perform several tests including the test of the Angle-of-Attack sensor and the aircraft simulator exercises in the Boeing engineering simulator. The investigation has received the Quick Access Recorder data for flight for analysis. The investigation involved the National Transportation Safety Board of the United States of America as State of design and State of manufacturer, the Transportation Safety Investigation Bureau of Singapore and the Australian Transport Safety Bureau of Australia as State provide assistant that assigned accredited representatives according to International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Annex 13.”

The ICAO Annex 13 “defines an accident as an occurrence associated with the operation of an aircraft in which a person is fatally or serious injured, or in which an aircraft sustains damage of structural failure that adversely affects the structural strength, performance or flight characteristics of the aircraft and would normally require major repair or replacement of the affected component, or in which an aircraft is considered to be missing or is completely inaccessible.”

History of the Flight

“On October 29, 2018, a Boeing 737-8 (MAX) aircraft registered PK-LQP was being operated by PT. Lion Mentari Airlines (Lion Air) as a scheduled passenger flight from Soekarno-Hatta International Airport (WIII), Jakarta1 with intended destination of Depati Amir Airport (WIPK), Pangkal Pinang2.

The scheduled time of departure from Jakarta was 0545 LT (2245 UTC3 on October 29, 2018) as LNI610.

At 2320 UTC, the aircraft departed from Jakarta using runway 25L and intended cruising altitude was 27,000 feet.

The LNI610 pilot was instructed to follow the Standard Instrument Departure (SID) of ABASA 1C4.

According to the weight and balance sheet, on board the aircraft were two pilots, five flight attendants and 181 passengers consisted of 178 adult, one child and two infants.

The voyage report(5) showed that the number of flight attendant on board was six flight attendants. The Digital Flight Data Recorder (DFDR) recorded a difference between left and right Angle-of-Attack (AoA)(6) of about 20° and continued until the end of recording. During rotation the left control column stick shaker7 activated and continued for most of the flight. Shortly after departure, the Jakarta Tower controller instructed LNI610 to contact Terminal East (TE) controller.

At 23:21:22 UTC, the LNI60 SIC made initial contact with the TE controller who responded that the aircraft was identified on the controller Aircraft Situational Display/ASD (radar display). Thereafter, the TE controller instructed the LNI610 to climb to altitude 27,000 feet.

At 23:21:28 UTC, the LNI610 SIC asked the TE controller to confirm the altitude of the aircraft as shown on the TE controller radar display. The TE controller responded that the aircraft altitude was 900 feet and was acknowledged by the LNI610 Second in Command (SIC).

At 23:21:53 UTC, the LNI610 SIC requested approval to the TE controller “to some holding point.” The TE controller asked the LNI610 the problem of the aircraft and the pilot responded “flight control problem.” The LNI610 descended from altitude 1,700 to 1,600 feet and the TE controller then asked the LNI610 of the intended altitude. The LNI610 SIC advised the TE controller that the intended altitude was 5,000 feet.

(2) At 23:22:05 UTC, the DFDR recorded the aircraft altitude was approximately 2,150 feet and the flaps were retracted. After the flaps reached 0, the DFDR recorded automatic aircraft nose down (AND) trim active for 10 seconds followed by flight crew commanded aircraft nose up (ANU) trim.

At 23:22:31 UTC, the TE controller instructed the LNI610 to climb and maintain altitude of 5,000 feet and to turn left heading 050°. The instruction was acknowledged by the LNI610 SIC.

At 23:22:48 UTC, the flaps extended to 5 and the automatic AND trim stopped.

At 23:22:56 UTC, the LNI610 SIC asked the TE controller the speed as indicated on the radar display. The TE controller responded to the LNI610 that the ground speed of the aircraft shown on the radar display was 322 knots.

At 23:24:51 UTC, the TE controller added “FLIGHT CONT TROB” text for LNI610 target label on the controller radar system as reminder that the flight was experiencing flight control problem.

At 23:25:05 UTC, the TE controller instructed the LNI610 to turn left heading 350° and maintain altitude of 5,000 feet. The instruction was acknowledged by the LNI610 SIC. At 23:25:18 UTC, the flaps retracted to 0.

At 23:25:27 UTC, the automatic AND trim and flight crew commanded ANU trim recorded began again and continued for the remainder of the flight.

At 23:26:32 UTC, the TE controller instructed the LNI610 to turn right heading 050° and maintain altitude of 5,000 feet. The instruction was acknowledged by the LNI610 SIC.

At 23:26:59 UTC, the TE controller instructed the LNI610 to turn right heading 070° to avoid traffic. The LNI610 pilot did not respond to the TE controller‟s instruction, thereafter, the controller called the LNI610 twice who responded at 23:27:13 UTC.

At 23:27:15 UTC, the TE controller instructed the LNI610 to turn right heading 090° which was acknowledged by the LNI610 SIC. A few second later, the TE controller revised the instruction to stop the turn and fly heading 070° which was acknowledged by the LNI610 SIC.

At 23:28:15 UTC, the TE controller provided traffic information to the LNI610 who responded “ZERO.” About 14 seconds later, the TE controller instructed the LNI610 to turn left heading 050° and maintain an altitude of 5,000 feet. The instruction was acknowledged by the LNI610 SIC.

At 23:29:37 UTC, the TE controller questioned the LNI610 whether the aircraft was descending as the TE controller noticed that the aircraft was descending. The LNI610 SIC advised the TE controller that they had a flight control problem and were flying the aircraft manually.

At 23:29:45 UTC, the TE controller instructed the LNI610 to maintain heading 050° and contact the Arrival (ARR) controller. The instruction was acknowledged by the LNI610 SIC.

(3) At 23:30:03 UTC, the LNI610 contacted the ARR controller and advised that they were experiencing a flight control problem. The ARR controller advised LNI610 to prepare for landing on runway 25L and instructed them to fly heading 070°. The instruction was read back by the LNI610 SIC.

At 23:30:58 UTC, the LNI610 SIC stated “LNI650 due to weather request proceed to ESALA8” which was approved by the ARR controller.

At 23:31:09 UTC, the LNI610 PIC advised the ARR controller that the altitude of the aircraft could not be determined due to all aircraft instruments indicating different altitudes. The pilot used the call sign of LNI650 during the communication. The ARR controller acknowledged then stated “LNI610 no restriction.”

At 23:31:23 UTC, the LNI610 PIC requested the ARR controller to block altitude 3,000 feet above and below for traffic avoidance. The ARR controller asked what altitude the pilot wanted.

At 23:31:35 UTC, the LNI610 PIC responded “five thou”. The ARR controller approved the pilot request.

At 23:31:54 UTC, the FDR stopped recording. The ARR controller attempted to contact LNI610 twice with no response.

At 23:32:19 UTC, the LNI610 target disappeared from the ASD and changed to flight plan track. The ARR controller and TE controller attempted to contact LNI610 four more times with no response. The ARR controller then checked the last known coordinates of LNI610 and instructed the assistant to report the occurrence to the operations manager. The ARR controller requested several aircraft to hold over the last known position of LNI610 and to conduct a visual search of the area. About 0005 UTC (0705 LT), tug boat personnel found floating debris at 5°48’56.04″S; 107° 7’23.04″E which was about 33 Nm from Jakarta on bearing 56°. The debris was later identified as LNI610.”


1 Soekarno-Hatta International Airport (WIII), Jakarta will be named as Jakarta for the purpose of this report.

2 Depati Amir Airport (WIPK), Pangkal Pinang will be named as Pangkal Pinang for the purpose of this report.

3 The 24-hours clock in Universal Time Coordinated (UTC) is used in this report to describe the local time as specific events occurred. The Local Time (LT) is UTC +7 hours.

4 The detail of ABASA 1C Standard Instrument Departure (SID) is described in subchapter 1.8 Aids to Navigation.

6 Angle of Attack (AOA) is the angle between wing mean aerodynamic chord and direction of relative wind.

7 Stick shaker is an artificial warning device to alert the flight crew when airspeed is at a minimum operating speed and is close to a wing stall condition (Boeing 737-8 System Description Section of the Aircraft Maintenance Manual).



Appendix C

NASA’s Aviation Safety Reporting System (ASRS) Database

“Air Line Pilots Association (ALPA) and Allied Pilots Association (APA), including the Association of Flight Attendants (AFA) and Association of Professional Flight Attendants (APFA) utilize NASA’s Aviation Safety Reporting System (ASRS) Database, which is according to its website, “the world’s largest repository of voluntary, confidential safety information provided by aviation’s frontline personnel, including pilots, controllers, mechanics, flight attendants, and dispatchers. The database provides a foundation for specific products and subsequent research addressing a variety of aviation safety issues.

ASRS’s database includes the narratives submitted by reporters (after they have been sanitized for identifying details). These narratives provide an exceptionally rich source of information for policy development, human factors research, education, training, and more. The database also contains coded information by expert analysts from the original report which is used for data retrieval and analyses.”

Consider on the ASRS website, Report Number: 1590012

“After 1000 feet I noticed a decrease in aircraft performance. I picked up that the auto-throttles were not moving to commanded position even though they were engaged. I’m sure they were set properly for takeoff but not sure when the discrepancy took place.

My scan wasn’t as well developed since I’ve only flown the MAX once before. I manually positioned the thrust levers ASAP. This resolved the threat, we were able to increase speed to clean up and continue the climb to 3000 feet.

Shortly afterwards I heard about the (other carrier) accident and am wondering if any other crews have experienced similar incidents with the auto-throttle system on the MAX? Or I may have made a possible flying mistake which is more likely.

The FO (First Officer) was still on his first month and was not able to identify whether it was the aircraft or me that was in error.


B737-MAX8 Captain reported the auto-throttles failed to move to the commanded position during takeoff and climb.”


Consider on the ASRS website, Report Number: 1593701

“We were climbing from FL 330 given a clearance to FL 360. Aircraft briefly leveled at initial cruise altitude FL 340 before Aircrew intervention. [Center] queried if we received the clearance to FL 360.

As a result of the brief delay [Center] issued brief off-course vectors to both us and converging traffic.

Causal factors were equipment: not much experience in MAX-800, as a result, still have to search for everything.

Automation: Upon receipt of FL 360 clearance and after the Captain dialed the Flight MCP (Mode Control Panel) to Altitude 36,000 FT, I should have, but failed to, ensured the cruise altitude reflected FL 360. Engaging the ALT INTV (Altitude Intervention) button would have facilitated the process.

The solution is to Verify/Verbalize/Monitor. Verifying the CDU (Control Display Unit) cruise altitude (NAVIGATION 2/3) would have prevented the temporary level off. Monitoring would have mitigated the delay at FL 340 but could have been timelier.

As a relatively new First Officer, I had not seen this issue. However, I could have done a better job with VVM (Verbalize, Verify, Monitor) to back up the Captain with his duties while flying. Had I seen the momentary level off, I might have been able to alert ATC (Air Traffic Control) of it, avoiding any confusion or deviation of what the expectations were.


B737 MAX8 First Officer reported an altitude deviation due to an intermediate level off by the aircraft automation.”


Consider on the ASRS website, Report Number: 1597286

“Day 3 of 3 departing in a MAX 8 after a long overnight. I was well rested and had discussed the recent MAX 8 MCAS guidance with the Captain.

On departure, we had strong crosswinds (gusts > 30 knots) directly off the right wing, however, no LLWS (Low-Level Wind Shear) or Micro-burst activity was reported at the field. After verifying LNAV (Lateral Navigation) , selecting gear and flaps up, I set “UP” speed.

The aircraft accelerated normally and the Captain engaged the “A” autopilot after reaching set speed. Within two to three seconds the aircraft pitched nose down bringing the VSI to approximately 1,200 to 1,500 FPM.

I called “descending” just prior to the GPWS (Ground Proximity Warning System) sounding “don’t sink, don’t sink.”

The Captain immediately disconnected the autopilot and pitched into a climb. The remainder of the flight was uneventful. We discussed the departure at length and I reviewed in my mind our automation setup and flight profile but can’t think of any reason the aircraft would pitch nose down so aggressively.


B737 MAX First Officer reported that the aircraft pitched nose down after engaging autopilot on departure. Autopilot was disconnected and flight continued to destination.”


Consider on the ASRS website, Report Number: 1597380

“It was day three of six for me and day three with very good FO (First Officer). Well rested, great rapport and above average Crew coordination. Knew we had a MAX. It was my leg, normal Ops Brief, plus I briefed our concerns with the MAX issues, bulletin, MCAS, stab trim cutout response etc.

I mentioned I would engage autopilot sooner than usual (I generally hand fly to at least above 10,000 ft.) to remove the possible MCAS threat.

Weather was about 1000 OVC (Overcast) drizzle, temperature dropping and an occasional snow flake. I double checked with an additional personal walk-around just prior to push; a few drops of water on the aircraft but clean aircraft, no deice required.

Strong crosswind and I asked Tug Driver to push a little more tail east so as not to have slow/hung start gusts 30+. Wind and mechanical turbulence was noted.

Careful engine warm times, normal flaps 5 takeoff in strong (appeared almost direct) crosswind. Departure was normal. Takeoff and climb in light to moderate turbulence.

After flaps 1 to “up” and above clean “MASI (Mach Speed Indicator) up speed” with LNAV (Lateral Navigation) engaged I looked at and engaged A Autopilot. As I was returning to my PFD (Primary Flight Display) PM (Pilot Monitoring) called “DESCENDING” followed by almost an immediate: “DON’T SINK, DON’T SINK!”

I immediately disconnected AP (Autopilot) (it WAS engaged as we got full horn etc.) and resumed climb. Now, I would generally assume it was my automation error, i.e., aircraft was trying to acquire a miss-commanded speed/no auto-throttles, crossing restriction etc., but frankly neither of us could find an inappropriate setup error (not to say there wasn’t one).

With the concerns with the MAX 8 nose down stuff, we both thought it appropriate to bring it to your attention.

We discussed issue at length over the course of the return to ZZZ.

Best guess from me is airspeed fluctuation due to mechanical shear/frontal passage that overwhelmed automation temporarily or something incorrectly setup in MCP (Mode Control Panel).

PM’s callout on “descending” was particularly quick and welcome as I was just coming back to my display after looking away. System and procedures coupled with CRM (Cockpit or Crew Resource Management) trapped and mitigated issue.


B737 MAX Captain reported an autopilot anomaly in which led to an undesired brief nose down situation.”



Listen247 - Ethiopian Air, Lion Air: Boeing 737 Max Airplanes Do Not Fall Out Of The SkyWatch - Ethiopian Air, Lion Air: Boeing 737 Max Airplanes Do Not Fall Out Of The Sky


“RUSH: I’ve done some more look-see investigation into this whole 737 Max 8, Max 9 business, and I now think that I have a real good understanding of what happened here. And the basics are these. The competitor for Boeing and the 737 series is A20 (author’s note: A320 series), the Airbus A20 (author’s note: the Airbus A320). And back in 2011 the 737 was getting long in the tooth, they needed to modernize it, make it more fuel efficient, new engines. And the debate was, “Okay, do we re-engine the airplane or do we reengineer the entire plane?”

Well, Airbus decided just to put new engines on their planes thereby not spending much at all to upgrade them. They just put new engines on them and made whatever retrofits on them to handle the increased power, but they didn’t redesign a new airplane, any of that.

APP 031419 737 x - Ethiopian Air, Lion Air: Boeing 737 Max Airplanes Do Not Fall Out Of The Sky

Boeing couldn’t do that with the 737. If they’re gonna add bigger engines, they had to change the design of the airplane, and they tried to do this as cost efficiently as possible. Trump was right in a way. I mean, these airplanes have gotten very complex in pursuit of economy, in pursuit of having them as cheaply as possible to use and to fly.

And it’s exactly what I thought. Because of the redesign of the airplane and the change in center of gravity brought about by the bigger engines — the nose gear’s eight inches longer, for example — it has changed the entire angle of attack that the airplane takes in normal flight (author’s note: the nose gear being 8 inches longer plays no role in the aircraft’s angle of attack, only the forward engine mount onto the wing’s leading edge, producing unwanted differential lift from the engine’s wide-mouth nacelle changes the aircraft’s angle of attack). If you’ve ever paid any attention to flying, you feel like sometimes on certain airplanes you’re always climbing even though you’re at cruising level. That’s the angle of attack, the nose and the wings as they fly through the air. This airplane’s angle of attack was made much steeper because these new engines are incredible. They have their own aerodynamic lift in addition to that which they get from the wings and the tail.

And because of that rapid elevation of the nose promoting stalls or making the airplane think it’s in a stall, they put in a computer system that automatically trimmed some of the lift back on the tail, elevators on the tail to keep the nose lowered. And if something went wrong with that system, the nose after takeoff would be up and down and up and down and none of this was explained in the flight manual.

So the pilots were not aware of what was going on. This is what they think happened in the Lion Air crash, and they’re pretty sure it’s what happened with Ethiopia, although it’s still unknown. So you have to disconnect the autopilot (author’s note: MCAS, the Maneuvering Characteristics Augmentation System, is not active when the autopilot is on; MCAS is specifically for manually operated flying) and the computer programming that takes the airplane off the runway and into flight.

And it really is gonna be nothing more than a simple software fix, but the whole thing happened because of competition with Airbus, at least the best anybody can tell, that Boeing had to hurry and they couldn’t just add new engines to the existing 737. They had to basically design a new airplane and build a new airplane. It’s obviously much more complicated than that, but that’s the root of this.

All this dates back to 2011. This is eight years old, this whole process. There are 5,000 of these 737 Max 8s and Max 9s on order. It is the future of Boeing, so they have to get this fixed. And they will.


RUSH:  I got a bunch emails during the break that I checked asking me to explain further (and not so hurriedly) what I was saying about the Boeing 737 Max 8 and Max 9.  All right.  But, folks, it gets kind of technical here, and I have to also specify that I’m not an aeronautical engineer; so I’m only gonna share with you that which I have learned on my own consulting various authorities, experts and so forth.  It all starts, apparently, back in 2011 when Airbus, the A320, decides that they’re gonna modernize by simply putting new engines on the A320, which is a much cheaper upgrade than having to redesign the entire airplane.

APP 031319 Boeing - Ethiopian Air, Lion Air: Boeing 737 Max Airplanes Do Not Fall Out Of The Sky

If you can put more powerful engines, if you retrofit engines on an existing airplane without having to redesign it in any way, then you are way ahead of the cost competition game with your competitors.  And Airbus is a consortium of the French and the U.K. with governments involved subsidizing the manufacture of these airplanes versus American private sector aircraft manufacturers — in this case, Boeing.  So the 737 was a cash cow for Boeing.  The Boeing 737 and its success is what allowed Boeing to develop the 777 and the 787 Dreamliner.

They’re selling the Dreamliner, the 787, for more than it costs to make it. But they’re still running a $23 billion manufacturing deficit on the 787.  So the 737… Once Airbus decides to put new engines on the A320, they’re gonna become cheaper to operate.  That’s the whole point of putting new engines on.  New engine technology always includes more efficiency — more power for less operating cost — and if Airbus had found a way to put new engines on without having to rebuild the wings and without having to change the center of gravity of the existing A320, then that gave them a leg up on Boeing in selling aircraft to airlines.

So Boeing needed to keep up with this, and they rejected the idea of simply putting bigger engines on the existing 737.  It was pretty much maxed out design-wise.  All airplane development is a series of compromises.  When you have something that weighs as much as an airplane does, to develop the power and the aerodynamics to get it off the ground and fly at a competitive commercial speed of 450 to 550 knots loaded with passengers so that you can make money doing so, you have to make a whole series of compromises for that to happen.

Because devices that weigh that much need all kinds of propulsion in order to fly.  So the compromises that are made… And then you start requiring increasing innovation in the engines for fuel efficiency and all of that.  And as it was described in one article, Boeing had to find a way — with the 737 Max 8 — to fit 12 gallons into a 10-gallon jug, if you can visualize this.  The bigger engines that they designed required a different airplane.  It really isn’t a Boeing 737.  They call it a 737; it’s got the basic overall shape, but it isn’t.

It’s got entirely new flight characteristics because of these new engines and the changed center of gravity.  The nose gear, for example, is eight inches longer. You’ve noticed 737s. They’re really low to the ground, and the engines on a 737 at the bottom are flat because they’re so close to the ground.  Well, you can’t put a bigger engine on that airplane.  You have to change the design. So you need to have it higher off the ground with longer nose gear.  Not main gear.

Just the longer nose gear, which has to do with the perceived angle of attack as the airplane is taking off — which is the key to all this, if you strip it all down.  They changed some of the aerodynamics of the tail cone.  They added some new winglets and fly-by-wire spoilers and they put gigantic new big displays in the cockpit for Millennial-age pilots, who love screens.  So the 737 Max ends up with a nose pointed higher in the air to begin with, and it has larger engines.  And the design of engines is such now that they create lift on their own, of course, with their aerodynamic thrust, in addition to the lift created aerodynamically over the wings.

APP 031419 737 - Ethiopian Air, Lion Air: Boeing 737 Max Airplanes Do Not Fall Out Of The Sky

So that makes the airplane nudge even higher. The nose nudges even higher in terms of angle of attack flying through the air.  Now, Boeing discovered through analysis and flight testing that under certain high-speed conditions both in wind-up turns and wings-level flight, that upward nudge of the nose created a greater risk of stalling.  Stalling is when you don’t have power to maintain your level of ascent.  So the natural way to correct for a stall is to drop the nose and ram the throttles forward full-fledged power.  You have to have enough altitude to do that.

Well, since this airplane’s design naturally raised the profile of the nose and created a higher angle of attack, they had to have a computer solution to lower the nose in both takeoff and cruise flight.  That solution was called the Maneuvering Characteristics Augmentation System.  It was a computer program that was also used and adapted to the existing 737 (author’s note: MCAS, the Maneuvering Characteristics Augmentation System is not on the existing 737) and the 737 Max.  What it did was automatically trim the horizontal stabilizer to bring the nose down.  It just barely elevated the trim tabs on the stabilizer to lower the nose to compensate for the angle of attack.

The computer program was supposed to do that independent — it’s part of the autopilot system — and the pilots just trust that that was happening.  But, for it to work, the angle-of-attack data that is fed into the computer has to work in concert with the MCAS, the Maneuvering Characteristics Augmentation System that’s handling the trim tabs on the horizontal stabilizer.  If they’re not in sync, then the airplane is gonna compensate by lowering the nose and raising the nose and lowering it and raising it. This apparently was happening in Lion Air and the pilots were having trouble disconnecting the MCAS system in the autopilot.

And eventually I think what happened was the airplane — because of the way all this was designed — lowered the noses full throttle right into the ground, and the pilots were unable to get control of it.  So the fix for this… And none of this was explained.  Apparently, the pilots are upset ’cause none of this was explained in the flight manual for the 737 Max 8.  Look, I love Boeing.  I’ve had a tour of their manufacturing plant out in Renton, Washington, where they were making 747s.  I was blown away by it.

One of the things I most wanted to see was: How do you make an airplane? What’s the first thing you do if you’re gonna build a gigantic airliner like this? So they let me take a tour. They guided me through it, like three hours.  But what they attempted to do here was convince people the 737 Max 8 was a 737, so that it wasn’t gonna need a bunch of new training, and it wasn’t gonna need new adaptations.  If you knew how to fly a 737, if you knew how to handle behaviors of the aircraft — the 737 — you’d do the same thing with the 737 Max 8.

It’s apparently not the case.  So the fix for this is gonna be a relatively simple software update.  But then they’re gonna have to flight test this to the satisfaction of the FAA.  They’ve got 5,000 of these airplanes on order.  There aren’t that many in service in the United States relative to how many have been ordered.  Their future is wrapped up in this airplane.  It is the best-selling plane. The 737 Max 8 and Max 9 are the best-selling airplanes Boeing has ever made in the commercial airline inventory, and I hope they get it right, ’cause aside from this, it is a fantastic airplane.

APP 031319 737 Max 8 - Ethiopian Air, Lion Air: Boeing 737 Max Airplanes Do Not Fall Out Of The Sky

A number of pilots, by the way, have advocated for not grounding it, for not banning it, that it’s perfectly fine.  They don’t know what all this is about.  Other pilots have said, “Well, you need to upgrade the flight manual because there’s stuff happening here that the manual does not tell us what to do with.”  So there’s conflict.  But it’s all rooted in trying to keep up with… You put increased complexity in these gigantic manufactured airplanes. You put in increased complexity all for the purposes of flying them as cheaply as possible, all for the purposes of economics — and you reach a point where the complexity may end up harming the pursuit of the most efficient manner of flying a loaded airplane at a profitable speed.

Anyway, they’ll get it fixed at some point.

It’s then gonna be a matter of convincing everybody to trust that it has been rectified.

But they’ll get it.


RUSH: I’ll tell you how I got interested in all this. Back in 1989, 1990, I was flying on an American Airlines 767, and I was seated next to an off-duty pilot who was being ferried out to the West Coast to make a flight. His base was New York, and they were dispatching him. I had a long talk with him. And my question to him — and this is 1990, this is 30 years ago. Well, 28 years. “Why is it that with all the technological advances we’re making throughout our lives, why is it we cannot fly any faster commercially than 550 or 600 miles an hour?”

And that’s when he gave me the flight is a series of compromises speech. He said, “If you want to fly supersonic, we can do it, but nobody’s gonna pay for it. Do you realize how much fuel it takes to fly supersonic?” He gave me the aerodynamics. The faster you go through the air, the greater resistance the air is, the more power you need, the more power you’re using.

And he said, “Look, we could manufacture airplanes to get you to London in three hours, we’ve done it, the Concorde, but nobody can afford to fly it.” And he said, “We can barely fuel the Concorde. It doesn’t have any reserves. It’s got to land when it has to land. It can’t go into a holding pattern very long and people just aren’t gonna pay for it. But we’ve got the technology to do it. It’s just not sensible cost-wise in a mass market situation.”

And that’s true. So now the entire pursuit of commercial aircraft is forever cheaper to operate engines. The margins are so small and so tiny and the competition is so intense that people are only gonna pay what they’re gonna pay to fly commercially. First class, business, coach, whatever, they’re only gonna pay what they’re gonna pay. And so everything has been pared down to make sure that people can get from point A to point B at a price they’re willing to pay as efficiently as possible for the airline so they can stay in business.

And if some airline comes up with a brand-new way of really having a brand-new cost efficient engine on an existing airplane without having to redesign it, they have a leg up on their competitors that you can’t believe. And this is what Boeing faced.

APP 022619 EIB Callers - Ethiopian Air, Lion Air: Boeing 737 Max Airplanes Do Not Fall Out Of The Sky

So they tried to combine the existing airframe of the 737, modifying it to handle the new bigger engines they were gonna put on it, and it changed the characteristics, the aerodynamics of the airplane enough that it doesn’t fly like a standard, ordinary issue 737.

Anyway, Doug in Fort Wayne, Indiana. Great to have you on the EIB Network, sir. Hello.

CALLER: Hello, Rush. I’d say dittos on almost everything you ever say, and today I say double dittos. I don’t know where you get your info, but you’re spot on.

RUSH: I appreciate hearing that, because I’m not an expert in this, but I’ve tried to inform myself as best I can, so I’m glad to get your endorsement.

CALLER: Well, you’re well informed. I would say one of the problems was the design on the Max — and I’ve gotta preface first. I’ve never flown a 7-3. I flew the 7-2, 7-5, 7-6, and triple 7. And about 20,000 hours. And I will say that they were trying to make the common type rating because that makes it cheaper for the airline. So if an airline flies a version of a 300, a 500, a 6, 7, 8, and 9 of the 7-3, the common type rating, all you have to do is get differences training. So they do the same type rating ride by the FAA and then you take a little test for the differences between the airplanes.

Now, for example, I flew the triple seven about 12 years and we had two versions of it, 200ER and LR. Different engines. Pretty much the same systems, but they handle a little bit differently. You could take off with an LR from Johannesburg to Atlanta about 750,000 pounds with a two-engine airplane. Your nose is still way on up there ’cause you’re climbing out at about 5,000 foot per minute. Now, in the ER, the same one, you can only fly that at about 600, which is under the gross weight.

RUSH: Wait, wait. Is the LR longer range than the extended range?

CALLER: Yeah. It will do about 8,000 miles point A to point B with reserves.

RUSH: Right.

CALLER: Longest commercial aircraft there is other than, say, a Gulf-stream 650ER. That will do the same mileage or greater. But, as far as commercial passenger aircraft, the triple seven LR is the longest range airplane currently flying. Now, the Airbus 350 tried to compete with it, but personally if it ain’t Boeing, I ain’t going.

RUSH: Right, but back to your original point because time is limited. The idea of the manufacturer is to build airplanes that have similar type ratings so that if you fly one you can fly the other with just a few hours in a simulator. You don’t have to relearn how to fly every new airplane that’s made.

CALLER: That’s correct. Spot-on. Exactly. It’s cost of training.

RUSH: And with the 737 Max, they had to hurry things along, and it is a different experience, it does have a different rating, but they weren’t quite up front enough about that. Right?

CALLER: That’s correct. And you also have to look at who’s flying those airplanes. The latest one that went down, I feel bad for everything, but you have to also look at the training and the experience of the pilots flying.

RUSH: Well, I tell you what. If these two crashes, if those two airplanes had been a Southwest Airlines or an American Airlines jet, if either one of those, that airplane would have been grounded that day. But since it was Ethiopian and Lion Air, there was a little bit of a — and that’s just a difference in the perceived quality experience of various nations and their airline system. I gotta run.


RUSH:  The system that I described — the Maneuvering Characteristics Augmentation System — is designed to compensate for the increased angle of attack, the elevation of the nose as the airplane takes off and is flying through the air.  That’s the angle of the attack, and the higher the angle of attack, the greater — even though it’s remote, but the greater — the risk of a stall or that the airplane’s computer can think it’s in a stall.

You don’t want that.  You don’t want to be in a stall. You don’t want the aircraft’s computer to think.  So they put this system in to compensate for the higher angle of attack called the Maneuvering Characteristics Augmentation System, and that is a computer program that automatically trims the horizontal stabilizer to bring the nose down.  So you’ve got two things working against each other here which should not happen.  You shouldn’t need to have something on an airplane that… A pilot would probably call this a “jury-rig.”

So they set up this MCAS, the Maneuvering Characteristics Augmentation System, to keep the nose down using the rear stabilizer to compensate for the higher angle of attack brought about by the redesign necessary for the new engines.  So a pilot would probably tell you that any time you require a jury-rig like this to fly airplane, that it’s a red flag.  It shouldn’t be necessary.  It’s something that you shouldn’t need a computer. Now, if you’re flying something like the stealth bomber which has no elevators — the B-2, which is just a flying wing — that thing can’t fly without a computer flying it.

A human being cannot keep the B-2 in the air because there’s no vertical elevator.  That thing is a flying wing, and the computer is making precise, infinitesimally microscopic changes in the flight control systems to keep that airplane from spiraling down and crashing, because there’s no way it flies without a computer being able to do it. On a commercial aircraft, you shouldn’t have to need things like that.  That’s why you have pilots.  Pilots can be able to manually run the trim on the rear stabilizer and compensate.

But the more you put this up to a computer… We all know computer glitches, and if there’s a disagreement in the sensors in the cockpit that are calculating the angle of attack — if there’s any kind of a disparity or disagreement between that and the MCAS system — then you should ground the airplane.  You shouldn’t take it off if there’s a massive disparity in agreement between the sensors and the MCAS system.  So I just wanted to wrap that up because most pilots would probably call this a jury-rig.

I’m putting words in their mouths, but it shouldn’t require that.


RUSH: Okay.  Here’s Stewart, West Hartford, Connecticut.  Somebody still lives in Connecticut.  Great to have you on the program, sir.  Hi.

CALLER:  Hi, Rush.  I’m an 81-year-old retired Pratt & Whitney engineer, and I just wanted to give you a little update on the difference in the engines.  I don’t want to talk about the incidents.  This is basically trying to educate the listeners and yourself.  Most commercial engines are twin-spool engines.  There’s really no difference between a GE engine or a Pratt & Whitney engine in performance.

However, many years ago Pratt & Whitney discovered a way of changing the performance of an engine by incorporating what they call a geared turbine in the engine itself.  GE elected not to do that, and it continued on its path of engines.  Pratt worked feverishly for 20 years developing this concept.  It came about recently, and they sold it to Airbus.  The benefit of that is the performance of that is phenomenal.  The fuel burn is unbelievable.  The other engine by GE, under CFM, is the same old kind of engine.  They tried to sell the —

RUSH:  Now, wait a minute.  Some people… The CFM is what’s on the 738 Max.  Is that what you’re saying?

CALLER: Correct.  Right.

RUSH:  Just wanted to stipulate that.  I knew that, but I wanted to make sure everybody else knew.

CALLER: (chuckling) Right.  I’m a little nervous here.

RUSH:  Well, you don’t sound nervous.  My God, you’re 81.  You’ve seen everything.  There’s no way you can be nervous.

CALLER: (laughing) That’s true.  But I’ve been a follower of you all these years, and it’s an honor to talk to you.

RUSH:  I appreciate that.  I really do.  So the bottom line is Airbus has a distinct advantage with that engine —

CALLER:  Correct.

RUSH: — in terms of fuel efficiency and economy?

CALLER:  Absolutely, and emissions.  There’s low emissions.  It is so quiet that you can almost be standing next to it and you don’t hear it.  I know I’m exaggerating some of these things, but if people would look into it — and it’s their latest and greatest engine.  They were shocked.  They were so shocked — I’m talking about CFM — that they didn’t know what to do.

RUSH:  Right, and this was Boeing’s trying to keep up with this.

CALLER:  Correct.  So they’ve been tweaking and tweaking and tweaking — and it’s very hard to tweak these engines to get more and more out of it.  The one that’s Pratt & Whitney — called the GTF, Geared Turbofan — is totally in a different class by itself.  All I’m saying is, because of that, whatever changes they had to make to the airplanes on the Max is a result of not being to have an engine like the Pratt engine which would have been a smaller engine and there probably would have been no changes to the body or anything.

RUSH:  Right.  But since they couldn’t do that, they had to make modifications in the body, meaning the design of the airplane.  If you get right down to it, it’s not a 737.  It looks like a larger 737, but engineering-wise it’s a different airplane. Look, I really don’t want to come down on Boeing here.  They may deserve it for certain things, but they’re such a great company, and they’re gonna rebound from this.  But they just… The previous caller talked about it.

In your whole fleet… Like, Boeing has the 7… Well, the don’t have the ’27 no longer. The ’37, the ’47, and all the different series, the ’57, ’67, the 777, 787. They try to make the flight experience for the pilots similar enough that it’s not a major deal to get pilots type rated in each different upper.  And for manufacturing purposes, you want to be able to have at least some consistency from model to model to model just for the cost of it.

And they tried. They went a little bit too far in the 737 Max 8 and Max 9.  There’s a Max 9 out there flying around too.  Anyway…  But it was the competition with Airbus.  Airbus, all they had to do was put these new engines on their existing airplanes.  Boeing could not do that.  They couldn’t put new engines on an existing 737.  They needed a bigger plane to be able to compete.  I appreciate the call, Stewart, and I’m glad you waited.  I appreciate your patience as well.


RUSH: Hey, I got a quick airplane question for you, folks. When you’re in an airliner taking off/landing when you’re flying, do you want to hear the sounds? Do you want to hear the engines rev up for takeoff? Do you want to know you’re taking off by virtue of what you’re hearing? Do you want to be able to hear the flaps being lowered, do you want to hear the landing gear going up and down, do you want to be able to hear when descent happens — feel its slowdown, the rush of air in descent and the nose dropping?

APP 031419 737 Max Southwest - Ethiopian Air, Lion Air: Boeing 737 Max Airplanes Do Not Fall Out Of The Sky

Do you want to know all that when you’re flying? (interruption) Airbus designs its airplanes to limit as much of that noise as possible. It’s just a competitive thing, especially the A380, that gigantic two-story thing? You cannot… If you’re inside most planes, you cannot tell when the engines are revved. The only sense that you have that you’re taking off is you have a sense of a higher speed. But the sounds associated with the airplane and flight you don’t hear. That’s how quiet they’ve made the cabin and the engines.

It’s kind of unnerving for some people. (interruption) Not… (interruption) Well, no, no, no. They can’t change turbulence. Just you don’t hear the engine. You’re rolling down for takeoff, but you don’t know it because you don’t hear the engine. The only way you can know it is the sense of speed. Some people, this makes ’em nervous. They want to hear the evidence that everything’s working! Other people love the quiet.

When you’re on a boat… Like, let’s say you’re on a Bill Kristol cruise. The only noise you can hear is those Never Trumper flap-gummer lecturers. You don’t hear the engine on a big cruise ship, do you? You do not. For a whole host of reasons, you don’t. You just have a sense you’re plowing through the waves there. You can see it, but if you’re in your cabin… You know, you feel the roll of the waves. You don’t hear the chop.

But you never hear the engine of a cruise ship. Most airplanes you can’t avoid it. Now, Boeing wants customers to hear. They want customers to have the comfort that the systems are working. The reason I ask is this is a factor in the new engines that they put on the A320 that Boeing was trying to compete with the 737 Max. The competition… Capitalist competition, I have to say, folks, it is just vicious out there, and most people are not taught to respect it. They’re taught to hate it so. But it’s fascinating stuff to me.

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Feb 112019
White House 1024x682 - President Donald Trump's 2017-18 Accomplishments Inside The White House
The Honorable U.S. President Trump’s 2017-18 Accomplishments
* Almost 4 million jobs created since the November 8, 2016 election with 2.8 million jobs added in 2018.
* More Americans are now employed than ever recorded before in our history.
* We have created more than 400,000 manufacturing jobs since my election.
* Manufacturing jobs growing at the fastest rate in more than THREE DECADES.
SOTU Main Photo 17 - President Donald Trump's 2017-18 Accomplishments Inside The White House
* Economic growth last quarter hit 4.2 percent.
* New unemployment claims recently hit a 49-year low.
* Median household income has hit highest level ever recorded.
Trump 23 - President Donald Trump's 2017-18 Accomplishments Inside The White House
* African-American unemployment has recently achieved the lowest rate ever recorded.
* Hispanic-American unemployment is at the lowest rate ever recorded.
* Asian-American unemployment recently achieved the lowest rate ever recorded.
* Women’s unemployment recently reached the lowest rate in 65 years.
* Youth unemployment has recently hit the lowest rate in nearly half a century.
*Lowest unemployment rate ever recorded for Americans without a high school diploma.
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* Under Trump’s Administration, veterans’ unemployment recently reached its lowest rate in nearly 20 years.
* Almost 3.9 million Americans have been lifted off food stamps since the election.
* The Pledge to America’s Workers has resulted in employers committing to train more than 4 million Americans. We are committed to VOCATIONAL education.
* 95 percent of U.S. manufacturers are optimistic about the future—the highest ever.
* Retail sales surged last month, up another 6 percent over last year.
* Signed the biggest package of tax cuts and reforms in history. After tax cuts, over $300 billion poured back in to the U.S. in the first quarter alone.
SOTU Main Photo 11 1024x576 - President Donald Trump's 2017-18 Accomplishments Inside The White House
* As a result of our tax bill, small businesses will have the lowest top marginal tax rate in more than 80 years.
Helped win U.S. bid for the 2028 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles.
* Helped win U.S.-Mexico-Canada’s united bid for 2026 World Cup.
* Opened ANWR and approved Keystone XL and Dakota Access Pipelines.
* Record number of regulations eliminated.
* Enacted regulatory relief for community banks and credit unions.
*Obamacare individual mandate penalty GONE.
* Donald J. Trump’s Administration is providing more affordable healthcare options for Americans through association health plans and short-term duration plans.
* Last month, the FDA approved more affordable generic drugs than ever before in history. And thanks to our efforts, many drug companies are freezing or reversing planned price increases.
* We reformed the Medicare program to stop hospitals from overcharging low-income seniors on their drugs—saving seniors hundreds of millions of dollars this year alone.
FLOTUS 4 - President Donald Trump's 2017-18 Accomplishments Inside The White House
* Signed Right-To-Try legislation.
* Secured $6 billion in NEW funding to fight the opioid epidemic.
* We have reduced high-dose opioid prescriptions by 16 percent during my first year in office.
* Signed VA Choice Act and VA Accountability Act, expanded VA tele-health services, walk-in-clinics, and same-day urgent primary and mental health care.
* Increased our coal exports by 60 percent; U.S. oil production recently reached all-time high.
* United States is a net natural gas exporter for the first time since 1957.
* Withdrew the United States from the job-killing Paris Climate Accord.
Oval Pic 10 - President Donald Trump's 2017-18 Accomplishments Inside The White House
* Cancelled the illegal, anti-coal, so-called Clean Power Plan.
* Secured record $700 billion in military funding; $716 billion next year.
* NATO allies are spending $69 billion more on defense since 2016.
* Process has begun to make the Space Force the 6th branch of the Armed Forces.
* Confirmed more circuit court judges than any other new administration.
* Confirmed Supreme Court Justice Neil Gorsuch and nominated Judge Brett Kavanaugh.
* Withdrew from the horrible, one-sided Iran Deal.
560095936 f00a4de752 z - President Donald Trump's 2017-18 Accomplishments Inside The White House
—> * Moved U.S. Embassy to Jerusalem. <—
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U.S. President Donald Trump’s daughter Ivanka Trump, right, and U.S. Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin attend the opening ceremony of the new U.S. embassy in Jerusalem, Monday, May 14, 2018. Amid deadly clashes along the Israeli-Palestinian border, President Donald Trump’s top aides and supporters on Monday celebrated the opening of the new U.S. Embassy in Jerusalem as a campaign promised fulfilled. (AP Photo/Sebastian Scheiner)

Jerusalem US Embassy 5 - President Donald Trump's 2017-18 Accomplishments Inside The White House
* Protecting Americans from terrorists with the Travel Ban, upheld by Supreme Court.
* Issued Executive Order to keep open Guantanamo Bay.
* Concluded a historic U.S.-Mexico Trade Deal to replace NAFTA. And negotiations with Canada are underway as we speak.
SOTU Main Photo 7 1024x649 - President Donald Trump's 2017-18 Accomplishments Inside The White House

President Donald Trump arrives to deliver his State of the Union address to a joint session of Congress on Capitol Hill in Washington, Tuesday, Feb. 5, 2019. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)

* Reached a breakthrough agreement with the E.U. to increase U.S. exports.
* Imposed tariffs on foreign steel and aluminum to protect our national security.
* Imposed tariffs on China in response to China’s forced technology transfer, intellectual property theft, and their chronically abusive trade practices.
* Net exports are on track to increase by $59 billion this year.
Improved vetting and screening for refugees, and switched focus to overseas resettlement.
Trump 13 - President Donald Trump's 2017-18 Accomplishments Inside The White House
* We have begun BUILDING THE WALL. Republicans want STRONG BORDERS and NO CRIME. Democrats want OPEN BORDERS which equals MASSIVE CRIME.
SOTU Main Photo 12 - President Donald Trump's 2017-18 Accomplishments Inside The White House
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Jan 082019

Oval Pic 10 - Trump Oval Address on Immigration, Asks Congress to Pass #BorderWall Bill

Trump’s Oval Office Address on Immigration, Asks Congress to Pass #BorderWall Bill

“My fellow Americans,

Tonight, I am speaking to you because there is a growing humanitarian and security crisis at our southern border. Every day customs and border patrol agents encounter thousands of illegal immigrants trying to enter our country. We are out of space to hold them and we have no way to promptly return them back home to their country.

America proudly welcomes millions of lawful immigrants who enrich our society and contribute to our nation. But, all Americans are hurt by uncontrolled illegal migration. It strains public resources and drives down jobs and wages. Among those hardest hit are African-Americans and Hispanic Americans.

Our southern border is a pipeline for vast quantities of illegal drugs, including meth, heroin, cocaine and fentanyl. Every week 300 of our citizens are killed by heroin alone, 90 percent of which floods across from our southern border. More Americans will die from drugs this year than were killed in the entire Vietnam War.

Oval Pic 8 1024x683 - Trump Oval Address on Immigration, Asks Congress to Pass #BorderWall Bill

In the last two years, ICE officers made 266,000 arrests of aliens with criminal records including those charged or convicted of 100,000 assaults, 30,000 sex crimes, and 4,000 violent killings. Over the years thousands of Americans have been brutally killed by those who illegally entered our country and thousands more lives will be lost if we don’t act right now.

This is a humanitarian crisis, a crisis of the heart and a crisis of the soul.

Last month, 20,000 migrant children were illegally brought into the united States, a dramatic increase. These children are used as human pawns by vicious coyotes and ruthless gangs. One in three women are sexually assaulted on the dangerous trek up through Mexico. Women and children are the biggest victims by far of our broken system.

This is the tragic reality of illegal immigration on our southern border. This is the cycle of human suffering that I am determined to end.

Oval Pic 1 1024x682 - Trump Oval Address on Immigration, Asks Congress to Pass #BorderWall Bill

My administration has presented Congress with a detailed proposal to secure the border and stop the criminal gangs, drug smugglers and human traffickers. It’s a tremendous problem.

Our proposal was developed by law enforcement professionals and border agents at the department of homeland security. These are the resources they have requested to properly perform their mission and keep America safe. In fact, safer than ever before.

The proposal from Homeland Security includes cutting-edge technology for detecting drugs, weapons, illegal contraband and many other things. We have requested more agents, immigration judges, and bed space to process the sharp rise in unlawful migration fueled by our very strong economy.

Our plan also contains an urgent request for humanitarian assistance and medical support. Furthermore, we have asked Congress to close border security loopholes so that illegal immigrant children can be safely and humanely returned back home.

Finally, as part of an overall approach to border security, law enforcement professionals have requested $5.7 billion for a physical barrier (at a cost of just one-tenth of one-percent of our Federal Budget). At the request of Democrats, it will be a steel barrier rather than a concrete wall.

Oval Pic 5 - Trump Oval Address on Immigration, Asks Congress to Pass #BorderWall Bill

This barrier is absolutely critical to border security. It’s also what our professionals at the border want and need. This is just common sense.

The border wall would very quickly pay for itself. The cost of illegal drugs exceeds $500 billion a year. Vastly more than the $5.7 billion we have requested from Congress.

The wall will always be paid for indirectly by the great new trade deal we have made with Mexico.

Sen. Chuck Schumer, who you will be hearing from later tonight, has repeatedly supported a physical barrier in the past along with many other Democrats. They changed their mind only after I was elected president.

Democrats in Congress have refused to acknowledge the crisis. And they have refused to provide our brave border agents with the tools they desperately need to protect our families and our nation.

The federal government remains shut down for one reason and one reason only, because Democrats will not fund border security.

My administration is doing everything in our power to help those impacted by the situation. But the only solution is for Democrats to pass a spending bill that defends our borders and reopens the government. This situation could be solved in a 45-minute meeting. I have invited congressional leadership to the White House tomorrow to get this done. Hopefully, we can rise above partisan politics in order to support national security.

Oval Pic 11 - Trump Oval Address on Immigration, Asks Congress to Pass #BorderWall Bill

Some have suggested a barrier is immoral. Then why do wealthy politicians build walls, fences and gates around their homes? They don’t build walls because they hate the people on the outside, but because they love the people on the inside. The only thing that is immoral is for the politicians to do nothing and continue to allow more innocent people to be so horribly victimized.

Oval Pic 4 1024x683 - Trump Oval Address on Immigration, Asks Congress to Pass #BorderWall Bill

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi of Calif., and Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer of N.Y., pose for photographers after speaking on Capitol Hill in response President Donald Trump’s prime-time address on border security, Tuesday, Jan. 8, 2019, in Washington. (AP Photo/Alex Brandon)

America’s heart broke the day after Christmas when a young police officer in California was savagely murdered in cold blood by an illegal alien who just came across the border. The life of an American hero was stolen by someone who had no right to be in our country.

Day after day, precious lives are cut short by those who have violated our borders. In California, an Air Force veteran was raped, murdered and beaten to death with a hammer by an illegal alien with a long criminal history.

In Georgia, an illegal alien was recently charged with murder for killing, beheading and dismembering his neighbor.

In Maryland, MS-13 gang members who arrived in the United States as unaccompanied minors were arrested and charged last year after viciously stabbing and beating a 16-year-old girl.

Over the last several years, I have met with dozens of families whose loved ones were stolen by illegal immigration. I’ve held the hands of the weeping mothers and embraced the grief-stricken fathers. So sad. So terrible. I will never forget the pain in their eyes, the tremble in their voices and the sadness gripping their souls.

How much more American blood must we shed before Congress does its job?

Oval Pic 3 1024x566 - Trump Oval Address on Immigration, Asks Congress to Pass #BorderWall Bill

For those who refuse to compromise in the name of in the name of border security, I would ask, imagine if it was your child, your husband or your wife whose life was so cruelly shattered and totally broken.

To every member of Congress, pass a bill that ends this crisis.

To every citizen, call Congress and tell them to finally, after all of these decades, secure our border.

This is a choice between right and wrong, justice and injustice.

This is about whether we fulfill our sacred duty to the American citizens we serve.

When I took the oath of office, I swore to protect our country. And that is what I will always do so help me God. Thank you and good night.”


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Jun 082018

A Soul of a Butterfly with a Sting of a Bee, #RIPMuhammadAli (1942-2016)

Named “Sportsman of the Century” by Sports Illustrated and “Sports Personality of the Century” by BBC, Muhammad Ali (1942-2016), 3-time world heavyweight boxing champion and world statesman, passed away Friday, June 3, 2016 at 74. RIP Champ! As we humbly honor your soul of a Monarch butterfly (as you spoke about to students graduating at Harvard in 1974, wishing people could love one another as much as we loved him) and your sting of a bumble bee (as a conscientious objector) worldwide here on #beBee!

A Soul of a Butterfly with a Sting of a Bee, #RIPMuhammadAli (1942-2016)

Born in Louisville, Kentucky, Muhammad Ali leaves behind four wives he loved and nine children, seven daughters and two sons, he adored, who surrounded him as he passed away Friday night.

Muhammad Ali was gifted at making himself a point of interest by people around the world. He made a sensational show out of a sporting event that for the first time made it permissible for athletes after him to speak out openly on social, education, religious, economic and political issues in life. How his freedom of speech fundamentally shaped his legacy as an athlete-statesman on peace and inclusion is specifically addressed herein.

Watch and listen to the simplicity this side of the complexity of the great mind of The Greatest, Mohammad Ali that eloquently frames his phenomenal statesmanship on peace and inclusion in this remarkable answer to a young lads question on British live television in 1974.

I Float Like A BUTTERFLY and Sting Like A BEE!” For Always & Forever, He’s #TheGreatest #RIPMuhammadAli (1942-2016)

A Soul of a Butterfly with a Sting of a Bee, #RIPMuhammadAli (1942-2016)

Pictured above is his iconic knockdown punch in the first round against then-heavyweight champion Sonny Liston on February 25, 1964 in Miami, Florida. His ultimate victory over Liston here was widely seen as a stunning upset that earned Muhammad Ali (then just a 22 year old Light Heavyweight Boxing 1960 Rome Olympics Gold-Medalist, Cassius Clay) his first world heavyweight boxing title.

A Soul of a Butterfly with a Sting of a Bee, #RIPMuhammadAli (1942-2016)

He was the greatest boxer ever, but his greatest bouts were outside the boxing ring.

A World-Class Athlete Thrusted Into Being A World-Class Statesman on Peace and Inclusion

On March 22, 1967, Ali was stripped of all of his boxing championship titles by the New York State Athletic Commission and all other boxing commissions, and he received a suspension of his boxing license by the state of New York. 

A Soul of a Butterfly with a Sting of a Bee, #RIPMuhammadAli (1942-2016)

Three years after gaining his championship, as a social conscientious objector on April 28, 1967, Muhammad Ali in Houston, Texas three times immediately refused induction into the United States Army and the Vietnam War. Outspoken Ali was publicly tried in a court tribunal, convicted on a felony charge of draft evasion on June 20, 1967, receiving a mandatory sentenced of five years in prison and a $10,000 fine. He paid a bond and remained free from prison, as his felony conviction was being appealed through appellate court, and eventually to the Supreme Court of the United States. 

Afterwards, Ali was prohibited from securing a boxing license to participate in the sport in any state for the next three years, including having his passport evoked so the world champion boxer could not travel abroad and continue his boxing career and personal livelihood he had been accustomed to at that time.

A Soul of a Butterfly with a Sting of a Bee, #RIPMuhammadAli (1942-2016)

During this time also, as public opinion turned against the Vietnam War in 1967 (in the wake of the federalized 1964 Civil Rights Act and 1965 Voting Rights Act), Ali’s appeal to the lower appellate court was denied. A much sought after national and international advocate and spokesman, he spoke on college and university campus across the world, criticizing the Vietnam War and advocating African American pride in civil rights, and the great ideas of equality, racial justice, peace and inclusion.

A Soul of a Butterfly with a Sting of a Bee, #RIPMuhammadAli (1942-2016)

In a stunning decision on June 28, 1971, the Supreme Court of the United States overturned his June 20, 1967 felony conviction of draft evasion and upheld Ali’s conscientious objector exemption on April 28, 1967 in his refusal to enter the armed services and participate in the Vietnam War of which he was publicly protesting against, explosively exclaiming at that time, “No Vietcong ever called me (The N-word),” a constitutional freedom of speech statement that costed Ali dearly at about $40 million over his three years away from boxing, both personally and professionally. Financially broke during this period, one time riding in a car with Joe Frazier the fighter actually lent Ali a couple hundred bucks so he could just feed himself.

He was a man of principle on peace and inclusion, yet remarkably, public opinion was strongly against him. 

Be that as it may, the U.S. Supreme Court saw this by overturning his conviction in an unanimous 8-0 ruling (with Justice Thurgood Marshall electing to abstain from the case).

A Soul of a Butterfly with a Sting of a Bee, #RIPMuhammadAli (1942-2016)

Immediately thrusted into the public eye now as statesman, Muhammad Ali also inspired civil rights peace activist turned anti-war activist, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., the 1964 Nobel Peace Laureate, who had been “reluctant to address the Vietnam War for fear of alienating the Johnson Administration and its support of the civil rights agenda.” After Ali’s public profile in courage, “King began to voice his own opposition to the war for the first time,” (quotes courtesy of Wikipedia). 

This subsequently ignited the most explosive period of social violence and unrest ever displayed in American history in the 1968 shooting deaths of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. on April 4, 1968 just after 6pm ET on that second floor balcony of the Lorraine Motel in Memphis, Tennessee.

Just a couple months later that year on June 5, 1968 at Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, 1968 democratic U.S. presidential candidate, New York Senator Robert F. Kennedy was mortally wounded by gun shoots at 12:15am PT, and later died in Los Angeles Good Samaritan Hospital at 1:44am PT, June 6, 1968.

A Soul of a Butterfly with a Sting of a Bee, #RIPMuhammadAli (1942-2016)

In speaking of the cost on Ali’s career (between his most powerfully athletic ages of 25 to 28) of his refusal to be drafted, his boxing trainer Angelo Dundee said, “One thing must be taken into account when talking about Ali, he was robbed of his best years, his prime years.” (quote courtesy of Wikipedia).

A Soul of a Butterfly with a Sting of a Bee, #RIPMuhammadAli (1942-2016)

Three Epic Boxing Battles of Coronations and Comebacks

Ali is known the world over as #TheGreatest for these iconic boxing exhibitions. First, there was his greatest upset fight against Sonny Liston on February 25, 1964 in Miami, Florida, which he earned a surprising defeat over Liston for his first title as world heavyweight champion. 

A Soul of a Butterfly with a Sting of a Bee, #RIPMuhammadAli (1942-2016)

Later, there were three battles with rival Joe Frazier. The first fight, held at New York’s Madison Square Garden on Monday, March 8, 1971, was dubbed the “Fight of the Century,” mainly because it brought to the global sporting stage two undisputed world heavyweight undefeated boxing champion sports icons, each claiming their legitimate claim to be crowned the single undisputed heavyweight boxing champion. A phenomenal media sensation at the time, this Rocky-like global spectacle sporting event of Olympiad proportions was broadcast to 35 countries around the world.

Underscoring the epic battle in the boxing ring was an ongoing explosive American domestic agenda of social injustice, class warfare, and race. This revealed in particular how blacks and “black-pride” socially, educationally, economically, and politically shaped ourselves as an evolving black community at the dawn of the seventies. Such evolutionary societal change was demanded by blacks just coming off an emotionally-wrenching King-Kennedy dual assassination and its aftermath of brutally destructive riots across the American social fabric in 1968.

Symbolically, Ali portrayed Frazier as a “dumb tool of the white establishment … Frazier is too ugly to be champ,” Ali said. “Frazier is too dumb to be champ.” Ali also frequently insulted Frazier by calling him an Uncle Tom. Dave Wolf, who worked in Frazier’s camp, recalled that, “Ali was saying ‘the only people rooting for Joe Frazier are white people in suits, Alabama sheriffs, and members of the Ku Klux Klan. I’m fighting for the little man in the ghetto.’ Joe was sitting there, smashing his fist into the palm of his hand, saying, ‘What the f**k does he know about the ghetto?'”

After an epic 15-round brutal beating of both Ali and Frazier, Ali lost to Frazier by unanimous decision by the judges, his first professional defeat.

A Soul of a Butterfly with a Sting of a Bee, #RIPMuhammadAli (1942-2016)

It is in fact 45 years ago March 8, 1971 that the sports history-making #MuhammadAli vs. #JoeFrazier bout (shown above) was dubbed “The Fight of the Century” in a 15-round showdown!

Here’s whereupon the rivalry between the iconic boxers began. “Ali’s characterizations of Frazier during the lead-up to the fight cemented a personal animosity towards Ali by Frazier that lasted until Frazier’s death. Frazier and his camp always considered Ali’s words cruel and unfair, far beyond what was necessary to sell tickets. Shortly after the bout, in the studios of ABC’s Wide World of Sports during a nationally televised interview with the two boxers (with iconic Howard Cozell), Frazier rose from his chair and wrestled Ali to the floor after Ali called him ignorant,” according to Wikipedia.

Subsequently, a second Ali-Frazier rematch at Madison Square Garden on January 28, 1974, resulted in an unanimous decision for Ali recapturing his undisputed heavyweight boxing title from Joe Frazier—who had recently lost his undisputed heavyweight boxing belt to a huge younger 1968 Olympian Gold-Medalist “Big George” Foreman.

A Soul of a Butterfly with a Sting of a Bee, #RIPMuhammadAli (1942-2016)

Dubbed as a “Rumble in the Jungle, Ali at 32 years old was considered extremely outmatched by the imposing figure of George Foreman, who was then a much younger opponent than Ali by ten years. After earlier in the year defeating Joe Frazier, Ali went on to defeat George Foreman in Kinshasa, Zaire, on October 30, 1974 in a stunning upset strategy he used in the bout called “Rope-A-Dope.” 

Ali was wildly popular in Zaire, with crowds chanting “Ali, bomaye” (“Ali, kill him”) wherever he went in the African nation, which cemented his iconic global status as a world-class athlete-statesman.

Ali worked the media, like a magician and a poet, as he waved the rhyme and rhythm of his magical prose to English interviewer David Frost, “If you think the world was surprised when Nixon resigned, wait ’til I whup Foreman’s behind!” 

He further crafted his impromptu poetry, like Miles Davis’ jazz improvisatio, across the world media, “I’ve done something new for this fight. I done wrestled with an alligator, I done tussled with a whale; handcuffed lightning, thrown thunder in jail; only last week, I murdered a rock, injured a stone, hospitalized a brick; I’m so mean I make medicine sick.”

A Soul of a Butterfly with a Sting of a Bee, #RIPMuhammadAli (1942-2016)

The “Rope-A-Dope” strategy was simply a brilliant militarist strategic approach used by Ali inside the formidable Foreman boxing ring. 

Such a strategic approach is when your opponent is angry, irritate them, when you’re physically outmatched, evade them, and when you’re overwhelmingly outgunned, leave them, and live to fight another day.

Ali laid on the ropes, resting much of the match, and tiring the more aggressive Foreman, swinging endlessly at Ali and pounding damaging body blows, but not critical knockout punches to Ali’s “pretty face,” as he oftentimes referenced in the media about himself. Ali simply covered up and counter-punched, landing judges’ point-mounting blows on Foreman—as he also hugged him often to rest and verbally taunt Foreman, messing with his head and actually psyching him out of the bout.

“Is that all you got, George? They told me you could hit,” Ali verbally abused into Foreman’s head in the game.

By an eighth round, Ali had exhausted Foreman with a flurry of blows causing Foreman to stagger to the floor of the center ring, as he couldn’t rise to his feet again when the referee finished his countdown. Against the odds, the “Rumble in the Jungle” was over and Ali had regained his third heavyweight boxing title by knockout.

Reflecting on Ali’s brilliant strategy in the epic battle, George Foreman poignantly and humbly said: “I’ll admit it. Muhammad outthought me and outfought me.”

Ali not only had regained his third world heavyweight boxing championship, but also finally got fully recrowned his previous boxing titles that were stripped seven years before as a result of his 1967 conscientious objector and subsequently overturned felony conviction on draft evasion by the highest legal court in the land. But just as important, Ali favorably captured the global court of public opinion that now saw Ali as a world-class athlete-statesman of peace and inclusion.

A Soul of a Butterfly with a Sting of a Bee, #RIPMuhammadAli (1942-2016)

The following year, Ali agreed to a third rematch bout with rival Joe Frazier in Manila, the capital city of The Philippines. The bout, known as the “Thrilla in Manila”, was held on October 1, 1975 in temperatures approaching 100 °F (38 °C). The intense Southeast Asia heat made the pounding by each of these much older boxing rivals extremely brutal to a point of near death for each of these longstanding stellar athletes. 

Emotionally-wrenching to watch for millions of viewers around the world, the brutal fight, going down the stretch through 14 brutal rounds, as each competitor tore into each other, never succumbing to the other in the name of history, “was eventually stopped, when Frazier’s trainer, Eddie Futch, refused to allow Frazier to answer the bell for the 15th and final round, despite Frazier’s protests. Frazier’s eyes were both swollen shut. Ali, in his corner, winner by a technical knockout (TKO), slumped on his stool, morbidly exhausted,” Wikipedia summarizes.

Ali had retained his third heavyweight boxing championship, a triple-crown title held until he retired. 

Both boxing Titans later required extensive hospitalization, exhibiting the magnitude of the beating each of these rivals gave each other in the “Thrilla in Manila” on October 1, 1975. 

After this bout Ali called Frazier “the greatest fighter of all times, next to me.”

This epic boxing battle of Muhammad Ali vs Joe Frazier, just two years later had inspired actor Sylvester Stallone to create the groundbreaking dramatic intensity of the boxing scenes in the enormously popular Oscar-winning film, Rocky in 1977, which was not previously achieved in cinematic portrayals of boxing matches in the ring. 

A Soul of a Butterfly with a Sting of a Bee, #RIPMuhammadAli (1942-2016)

Athlete-Statesman Muhammad Ali’s Conscientious Objector Legacy of Peace and Inclusion

So, here we are today reflecting on what a world-class athlete-statesman has left us upon his passing, as we look at ourselves through his mirror – more distrusting of others, and more closeted in our views. 

For Muhammad Ali’s conscientious objector profile in courage to work today, we must allow ourselves in the age demography shift and heightened engagement on rapid-fire digital communication devices to discuss our true feelings and biases, and not be chastised for what we believe.

We must evolve as a society where we can relegate those who harbor views of what can be described as racist, to the commonly viewed and reasonable point of distaste or disdain. 

Yet, along the way on the course to this new destination of societal norms and conventions, Ali’s legacy compels us to ask ourselves what have we done to understand why we feel this way?

Has diversity divided us into divisiveness to mask us away from the real problems in social injustice, equality, racial tension, peace and inclusion we see when we face the nation inside Ali’s mirror?

A Soul of a Butterfly with a Sting of a Bee, #RIPMuhammadAli (1942-2016)

According to Scientific American on September 16, 2014 (later edited October 1, 2014), “The first thing to acknowledge about diversity is that it can be difficult. In the U.S., where the dialogue of inclusion is relatively advanced, even the mention of the word “diversity” can lead to anxiety and conflict. Supreme Court justices disagree on the virtues of diversity and the means for achieving it. Corporations spend billions of dollars to attract and manage diversity both internally and externally, yet they still face discrimination lawsuits, and the leadership ranks of the business world remain predominantly white and male.”

What has a world-class athlete-statesman’s conscientious objector polemic on freedom, diversity and inclusion, accomplished by Muhammad Ali in the late 1960s through the 1970s, that has nowadays truly permeated across the social fabric in an age now generationally dominated by Millennials?

Ali’s magically poetic polemic today would perhaps pose that America is suffering inside its biggest bubble ready to explode. 

If we don’t focus our attention on the most immediate concerns of building roads and bridges to schools and hospitals that need rehabilitation and healing, then the country may become “technically bankrupted” for our children and grandchildren.

Muhammad Ali’s conscientious objection poignantly would ask why aren’t we still not quite truly diverse in our boardrooms, in our C-suites, in our colleges and university leadership and faculty ranks, and in our highest ranking public-sector and private-sector charitable institutions or other bastions of real power and influence.

A Soul of a Butterfly with a Sting of a Bee, #RIPMuhammadAli (1942-2016)

With all of the time, infrastructure and resources allocated to making us all more accepting of our differences, here we are reflecting upon Muhammad Ali’s legacy upon us 16 years after the start of the millennium with racial tensions, LGBT issues, women’s rights, pay equity, economic disparities, political divisiveness, voting rights and civil rights dominating our daily lives. There seems to be a rising plethora of racially-charged incidents of late coming from multiple segments of our society.

Harvard Business Review blog argues that diversity training can promote prejudice.

“Diversity training doesn’t extinguish prejudice. It promotes it,” the prestigious college periodical cites.

The blog, citing a study of 829 companies over 31 years, showed that diversity training had “no positive effects in the average workplace.” Millions of dollars a year were spent on the training resulting in, well, nothing. Attitudes — and the diversity of the organizations — remained the same.

It gets worse. The researchers — Frank Dobbin of Harvard, Alexandra Kalev of Berkeley, and Erin Kelly of the University of Minnesota — concluded that “In firms where training is mandatory or emphasizes the threat of lawsuits, training actually has negative effects on management diversity.”

The solution proposed by the Harvard Business Review for the divisiveness of diversity initiatives is rather than engaging people through the lens of race, gender, age, heritage, religion, disability, sexual orientation and parenting, we need to engage people as people.

This kind of engagement of people is what the conscientious objector Mohammad Ali pledged as an athlete-statesman in principle.

“Stop training people to be more accepting of diversity. It’s too conceptual, and it doesn’t work,” says the Harvard Business Review. “Instead, train (people) to do their work with a diverse set of individuals. Not categories of people. [Just as] People.”

Mohammed Ali actually engaged in difficult conversations with a global public during the turbulent late 1960s and seventies.

“Teach (people) how to have difficult conversations with a range of individuals. Teach (people) how to manage the variety of employees who report to them. Teach (people) how to develop the skills of their various employees,” argues the Harvard Business Review.

“Move beyond similarity and diversity to individuality.”

Athlete-statesman Muhammad Ali was definitely one of a kind. He was indeed about individuality and that was his true freedom to be just as the people who loved him around the world.

At its core, “diversity”, as it is used in relation to the workplace, is a divisive and rather weird concept, reports The Guardian (U.K.). “In claiming certain groups into its fold, it suggests that some people are “diverse” and some are “not diverse”. It suggests, in other words, a nucleus of normal and goes about classifying everyone off-centre into check-box categories that can be totted [or totaled] up and turned into tables for the annual report.”

“What’s more, definitions of diversity tend to be skin-deep, about differences you can see […],” The Guardian (U.K.) concludes.

A Soul of a Butterfly with a Sting of a Bee, #RIPMuhammadAli (1942-2016)

Photo Credit: Muhammad Ali hugs U.S. President George W. Bush (above), in a White House Ceremony in 2005, awarding Statesman #Ali, who “defined the terms of his public reputation,” as a recipient of the Presidential Citizens Medal and the Presidential Medal of Freedom, both in 2005.

It appears that whenever a high profile and potentially racially divisive incident occurs, the battle lines are drawn. Even if the incident or issue (albeit health, human services, housing, education, energy, sports, entertainment or environment) itself has nothing to do with race, it quickly turns into a racial issue, when racial stereotypes surrounding those involved come into play.

A Soul of a Butterfly with a Sting of a Bee, #RIPMuhammadAli (1942-2016)

We all tend to speak over each other and not with each other so fast nowadays in which conventional wisdom spreads with such exponential virility, like a brush fire, that no containment or quarantine of information, knowledge or understanding is possible.

We have seen countless instances that demonstrate that we are much less tolerant of others, much more outspoken in our politically incorrect views, and with very little to show for all of the dollars spent on conferences and programs aimed at making us more diverse and more racial and gender tolerant.

Take the explosive case of Paula Dean. She honestly answered a question that was asked of her. Yet, she was slaughtered in the press alongside her food empire being attacked. Blacks surprisingly came to her defense. For them, what she said and did was troubling of course. But also blacks see in her own, southern charming way, this woman, who grew up in the height of racial segregation, simply told the truth. Some could say she was too naïve to know better. However, her naivety is what endears her to us. She admitted what she said and felt. Since then, she has taken steps to face her inbred prejudices.

Contrast the case of Paula Dean’s comments, to what takes place in corporate offices, where discussions about the racial makeup of the leadership teams surely take place.

Some would say, “We have become a very diverse nation and diversity, due to its very nature, breeds disagreement. People have always had trouble getting along with each other, but in our day we find ourselves in a divided country.”

In part, “we are a nation divided because of two things which are mutually exclusive – liberty and government. While some people seek a government that passes binding laws that infringe on personal freedom, others seek a more libertarian form of government. While one group sees the government as the solution to our problems, another sees it as the cause of our problems,” some would add.

Yes, America, we have a long way to go before we truly accept each other and our differences so as “to run so as to win,” much as Muhammad Ali did (in his foggy morning training photo below). We need to learn how to fully appreciate the rainbow of colors, ideas, lifestyles and philosophies in each other. We must learn not to judge others, because they hold views and opinions quite dissimilar to ours. It is only then will we be a society that truly appreciates our differences, and values those perspectives that we all have.

Our long and winding road across our risky and uncertain world is no longer the same without the conscientious objection spirit and voice of peace and inclusion from The Greatest, Muhammad Ali, leading among us.

A Soul of a Butterfly with a Sting of a Bee, #RIPMuhammadAli (1942-2016)


Oliver G. McGee III is a teacher, a researcher, an administrator, and an advisor to government, corporations and philanthropy. He is professor of mechanical engineering and former Vice President for Research and Compliance at Howard University. Dr. McGee is former Senior Vice President for Academic Affairs of the United Negro College Fund (UNCF), Inc. He was Professor and former Chair (2001-2005) of the Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering & Geodetic Science at Ohio State University. He is the first African-American to hold a professorship and a departmental chair leadership in the century-and-a-quarter history of Ohio State University’s engineering college. Dr. McGee has also held several professorships and research positions at Georgia Tech and MIT.

McGee is the former United States (U.S.) Deputy Assistant Secretary of Transportation for Technology Policy (1999-2001) at the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) and former Senior Policy Advisor (1997-1999) in The White House Office of Science and Technology Policy. He is a NASDAQ certified graduate of UCLA John E. Anderson Graduate School of Management’s 2013 Director Education and Certification Program, and NYSE Governance Services Guide to Corporate Board Education’s 2003 Directors’ Consortium (on corporate board governance).

McGee is a 2012-13 American Council on Education Fellow at UCLA Office of the Chancellor Gene Block. He is a 2013 University of California Berkeley Institutes on Higher Education (BIHE) graduate. He is also an Executive Leadership Academy Fellow of the University of California, Berkeley Center of Studies in Higher Education (CSHE) and the American Association of Hispanics in Higher Education (AAHHE), Inc. McGee is an American Association of State Colleges & Universities’ (AASCU) Millennium Leadership Initiative (MLI) Fellow – educational leadership and management development programs for prospective university chancellors and presidents.

Education Background: Ohio State University, Bachelor of Science (B.S.) in Civil Engineering, University of Arizona, Masters of Science (M.S.) in Civil Engineering, University of Arizona, Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in Engineering Mechanics, Aerospace Engineering (Minor), The University of Chicago, Booth School, Masters of Business Administration (M.B.A.), The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, Certificate of Professional Development (C.P.D.), Indiana University Lilly Family School of Philanthropy – Certificate of Fund Raising Management (C.F.R.M.).

Partnership Possibilities for America – Invested in STEEP Giving Forward, founded by McGee in 2010, is based in Washington, DC.

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US President Donald Trump listens to applause before giving the State of the Union address at the Capitol in Washington. (Photo Credit: CNN)

President Donald Trump first State of the Union Message on Tuesday, January 30, 2018 is “America is Back!

“THE GREAT AMERICAN COMEBACK! America now has a President that stands with our vets, stands for our flag, has turned our economy around, and is making AMERICA GREAT AGAIN!” – Donald Trump Jr.

Here’s the President’s speech as delivered and released by the White House: 

“Mr. Speaker, Mr. Vice President, Members of Congress, the First Lady of the United States, and my fellow Americans:
Less than 1 year has passed since I first stood at this podium, in this majestic chamber, to speak on behalf of the American People — and to address their concerns, their hopes, and their dreams. That night, our new Administration had already taken swift action. A new tide of optimism was already sweeping across our land.
Each day since, we have gone forward with a clear vision and a righteous mission — to make America great again for all Americans.
Over the last year, we have made incredible progress and achieved extraordinary success. We have faced challenges we expected, and others we could never have imagined. We have shared in the heights of victory and the pains of hardship. We endured floods and fires and storms. But through it all, we have seen the beauty of America’s soul, and the steel in America’s spine.
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New American Heroes.
Each test has forged new American heroes to remind us who we are, and show us what we can be.
We saw the volunteers of the “Cajun Navy,” racing to the rescue with their fishing boats to save people in the aftermath of a devastating hurricane.
We saw strangers shielding strangers from a hail of gunfire on the Las Vegas strip.
Ashlee Leppert honored at 2018 State of the Union 2 - President Donald Trump's First #SOTU Message: "America is Back!"
We heard tales of Americans, like Coast Guard Petty Officer Ashlee Leppert, who is here tonight in the gallery with Melania.
Ashlee was aboard one of the first helicopters on the scene in Houston during Hurricane Harvey. Through 18 hours of wind and rain, Ashlee braved live power lines and deep water, to help save more than 40 lives. Thank you, Ashlee.
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We heard about Americans like firefighter David Dahlberg. He is here with us too. David faced down walls of flame to rescue almost 60 children trapped at a California summer camp threatened by wildfires.
To everyone still recovering in Texas, Florida, Louisiana, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, California, and everywhere else — we are with you, we love you, and we will pull through together.
Some trials over the past year touched this chamber very personally. With us tonight is one of the toughest people ever to serve in this House — a guy who took a bullet, almost died, and was back to work three and a half months later: the legend from Louisiana, Congressman Steve Scalise.
Congressman Steve Scalise at SOTU - President Donald Trump's First #SOTU Message: "America is Back!"
We are incredibly grateful for the heroic efforts of the Capitol Police Officers, the Alexandria Police, and the doctors, nurses, and paramedics, who saved his life, and the lives of many others in this room.
In the aftermath of that terrible shooting, we came together, not as Republicans or Democrats, but as representatives of the people. But it is not enough to come together only in times of tragedy. Tonight, I call upon all of us to set aside our differences, to seek out common ground, and to summon the unity we need to deliver for the people we were elected to serve.
Over the last year, the world has seen what we always knew: that no people on Earth are so fearless, or daring, or determined as Americans. If there is a mountain, we climb it. If there is a frontier, we cross it. If there is a challenge, we tame it. If there is an opportunity, we seize it.
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A Safe, Strong, and Proud America.
So let us begin tonight by recognizing that the state of our Union is strong because our people are strong.
And together, we are building a safe, strong, and proud America.
Since the election, we have created 2.4 million new jobs, including 200,000 new jobs in manufacturing alone. After years of wage stagnation, we are finally seeing rising wages.
Unemployment claims have hit a 45-year low. African-American unemployment stands at the lowest rate ever recorded, and Hispanic American unemployment has also reached the lowest levels in history.
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Small business confidence is at an all-time high. The stock market has smashed one record after another, gaining $8 trillion in value. That is great news for Americans’ 401k, retirement, pension, and college savings accounts.
And just as I promised the American people from this podium 11 months ago, we enacted the biggest tax cuts and reforms in American history.
Our massive tax cuts provide tremendous relief for the middle class and small businesses.
To lower tax rates for hardworking Americans, we nearly doubled the standard deduction for everyone. Now, the first $24,000 earned by a married couple is completely tax-free. We also doubled the child tax credit.
A typical family of four making $75,000 will see their tax bill reduced by $2,000 — slashing their tax bill in half.
This April will be the last time you ever file under the old broken system — and millions of Americans will have more take-home pay starting next month.
We eliminated an especially cruel tax that fell mostly on Americans making less than $50,000 a year — forcing them to pay tremendous penalties simply because they could not afford government-ordered health plans. We repealed the core of disastrous Obamacare — the individual mandate is now gone.
We slashed the business tax rate from 35 percent all the way down to 21 percent, so American companies can compete and win against anyone in the world. These changes alone are estimated to increase average family income by more than $4,000.
Small businesses have also received a massive tax cut, and can now deduct 20 percent of their business income.
Steve Staub and Sandy Keplinger of Staub Manufacturing - President Donald Trump's First #SOTU Message: "America is Back!"
Here tonight are Steve Staub and Sandy Keplinger of Staub Manufacturing — a small business in Ohio. They have just finished the best year in their 20-year history. Because of tax reform, they are handing out raises, hiring an additional 14 people, and expanding into the building next door.
One of Staub’s employees, Corey Adams, is also with us tonight. Corey is an all-American worker. He supported himself through high school, lost his job during the 2008 recession, and was later hired by Staub, where he trained to become a welder.
Like many hardworking Americans, Corey plans to invest his tax‑cut raise into his new home and his two daughters’ education. Please join me in congratulating Corey.
Since we passed tax cuts, roughly 3 million workers have already gotten tax cut bonuses — many of them thousands of dollars per worker. Apple has just announced it plans to invest a total of $350 billion in America, and hire another 20,000 workers.
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This is our new American moment.
There has never been a better time to start living the American Dream.
So to every citizen watching at home tonight — no matter where you have been, or where you come from, this is your time. If you work hard, if you believe in yourself, if you believe in America, then you can dream anything, you can be anything, and together, we can achieve anything.
Tonight, I want to talk about what kind of future we are going to have, and what kind of Nation we are going to be. All of us, together, as one team, one people, and one American family.
We all share the same home, the same heart, the same destiny, and the same great American flag.
Together, we are rediscovering the American way.
In America, we know that faith and family, not government and bureaucracy, are the center of the American life. Our motto is “in God we trust.”
And we celebrate our police, our military, and our amazing veterans as heroes who deserve our total and unwavering support.
Preston Sharp a 12 year old boy from Redding California - President Donald Trump's First #SOTU Message: "America is Back!"
Here tonight is Preston Sharp, a 12-year-old boy from Redding, California, who noticed that veterans’ graves were not marked with flags on Veterans Day. He decided to change that, and started a movement that has now placed 40,000 flags at the graves of our great heroes. Preston: a job well done.
Young patriots like Preston teach all of us about our civic duty as Americans. Preston’s reverence for those who have served our Nation reminds us why we salute our flag, why we put our hands on our hearts for the pledge of allegiance, and why we proudly stand for the national anthem.
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Americans love their country. And they deserve a Government that shows them the same love and loyalty in return.
For the last year we have sought to restore the bonds of trust between our citizens and their Government.
Working with the Senate, we are appointing judges who will interpret the Constitution as written, including a great new Supreme Court Justice, and more circuit court judges than any new administration in the history of our country.
We are defending our Second Amendment, and have taken historic actions to protect religious liberty.
And we are serving our brave veterans, including giving our veterans choice in their healthcare decisions. Last year, the Congress passed, and I signed, the landmark VA Accountability Act. Since its passage, my Administration has already removed more than 1,500 VA employees who failed to give our veterans the care they deserve — and we are hiring talented people who love our vets as much as we do.
I will not stop until our veterans are properly taken care of, which has been my promise to them from the very beginning of this great journey.
All Americans deserve accountability and respect — and that is what we are giving them. So tonight, I call on the Congress to empower every Cabinet Secretary with the authority to reward good workers — and to remove Federal employees who undermine the public trust or fail the American people.
In our drive to make Washington accountable, we have eliminated more regulations in our first year than any administration in history.
We have ended the war on American Energy — and we have ended the war on clean coal. We are now an exporter of energy to the world.
In Detroit, I halted Government mandates that crippled America’s autoworkers — so we can get the Motor City revving its engines once again.
Many car companies are now building and expanding plants in the United States — something we have not seen for decades. Chrysler is moving a major plant from Mexico to Michigan; Toyota and Mazda are opening up a plant in Alabama. Soon, plants will be opening up all over the country. This is all news Americans are unaccustomed to hearing — for many years, companies and jobs were only leaving us. But now they are coming back.
Exciting progress is happening every day.
To speed access to breakthrough cures and affordable generic drugs, last year the FDA approved more new and generic drugs and medical devices than ever before in our history.
We also believe that patients with terminal conditions should have access to experimental treatments that could potentially save their lives.
People who are terminally ill should not have to go from country to country to seek a cure — I want to give them a chance right here at home. It is time for the Congress to give these wonderful Americans the “right to try.”
One of my greatest priorities is to reduce the price of prescription drugs. In many other countries, these drugs cost far less than what we pay in the United States. That is why I have directed my Administration to make fixing the injustice of high drug prices one of our top priorities. Prices will come down.
America has also finally turned the page on decades of unfair trade deals that sacrificed our prosperity and shipped away our companies, our jobs, and our Nation’s wealth.
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The era of economic surrender is over.
From now on, we expect trading relationships to be fair and to be reciprocal.
We will work to fix bad trade deals and negotiate new ones.
And we will protect American workers and American intellectual property, through strong enforcement of our trade rules.
As we rebuild our industries, it is also time to rebuild our crumbling infrastructure.
America is a nation of builders. We built the Empire State Building in just 1 year — is it not a disgrace that it can now take 10 years just to get a permit approved for a simple road?
I am asking both parties to come together to give us the safe, fast, reliable, and modern infrastructure our economy needs and our people deserve.
Tonight, I am calling on the Congress to produce a bill that generates at least $1.5 trillion for the new infrastructure investment we need.
Every Federal dollar should be leveraged by partnering with State and local governments and, where appropriate, tapping into private sector investment — to permanently fix the infrastructure deficit.
Any bill must also streamline the permitting and approval process — getting it down to no more than two years, and perhaps even one.
Together, we can reclaim our building heritage. We will build gleaming new roads, bridges, highways, railways, and waterways across our land. And we will do it with American heart, American hands, and American grit.
We want every American to know the dignity of a hard day’s work. We want every child to be safe in their home at night. And we want every citizen to be proud of this land that we love.
We can lift our citizens from welfare to work, from dependence to independence, and from poverty to prosperity.
As tax cuts create new jobs, let us invest in workforce development and job training. Let us open great vocational schools so our future workers can learn a craft and realize their full potential. And let us support working families by supporting paid family leave.
America  - President Donald Trump's First #SOTU Message: "America is Back!"
Law and Order and Justice.
As America regains its strength, this opportunity must be extended to all citizens. That is why this year we will embark on reforming our prisons to help former inmates who have served their time get a second chance.
Struggling communities, especially immigrant communities, will also be helped by immigration policies that focus on the best interests of American workers and American families.
For decades, open borders have allowed drugs and gangs to pour into our most vulnerable communities. They have allowed millions of low-wage workers to compete for jobs and wages against the poorest Americans. Most tragically, they have caused the loss of many innocent lives.
Evelyn Rodriguez Freddy Cuevas Elizabeth Alvarado Robert Mickens - President Donald Trump's First #SOTU Message: "America is Back!"
Here tonight are two fathers and two mothers: Evelyn Rodriguez, Freddy Cuevas, Elizabeth Alvarado, and Robert Mickens. Their two teenage daughters — Kayla Cuevas and Nisa Mickens — were close friends on Long Island. But in September 2016, on the eve of Nisa’s 16th Birthday, neither of them came home. These two precious girls were brutally murdered while walking together in their hometown. Six members of the savage gang MS-13 have been charged with Kayla and Nisa’s murders. Many of these gang members took advantage of glaring loopholes in our laws to enter the country as unaccompanied alien minors ‑- and wound up in Kayla and Nisa’s high school.
Evelyn, Elizabeth, Freddy, and Robert: Tonight, everyone in this chamber is praying for you. Everyone in America is grieving for you. And, 320 million hearts are breaking for you. We cannot imagine the depth of your sorrow, but we can make sure that other families never have to endure this pain.
Tonight, I am calling on the Congress to finally close the deadly loopholes that have allowed MS-13, and other criminals, to break into our country. We have proposed new legislation that will fix our immigration laws, and support our ICE and Border Patrol Agents, so that this cannot ever happen again.
The United States is a compassionate nation. We are proud that we do more than any other country to help the needy, the struggling, and the underprivileged all over the world. But as President of the United States, my highest loyalty, my greatest compassion, and my constant concern is for America’s children, America’s struggling workers, and America’s forgotten communities. I want our youth to grow up to achieve great things. I want our poor to have their chance to rise.
So tonight, I am extending an open hand to work with members of both parties — Democrats and Republicans — to protect our citizens of every background, color, religion, and creed. My duty, and the sacred duty of every elected official in this chamber, is to defend Americans — to protect their safety, their families, their communities, and their right to the American Dream. Because Americans are dreamers too.
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Here tonight is one leader in the effort to defend our country: Homeland Security Investigations Special Agent Celestino Martinez — he goes by CJ. CJ served 15 years in the Air Force before becoming an ICE agent and spending the last 15 years fighting gang violence and getting dangerous criminals off our streets. At one point, MS-13 leaders ordered CJ’s murder. But he did not cave to threats or fear. Last May, he commanded an operation to track down gang members on Long Island. His team has arrested nearly 400, including more than 220 from MS-13.
CJ: Great work. Now let us get the Congress to send you some reinforcements.
Over the next few weeks, the House and Senate will be voting on an immigration reform package.
In recent months, my Administration has met extensively with both Democrats and Republicans to craft a bipartisan approach to immigration reform. Based on these discussions, we presented the Congress with a detailed proposal that should be supported by both parties as a fair compromise — one where nobody gets everything they want, but where our country gets the critical reforms it needs.
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Trump’s Four-Pillar Immigration Framework.
Here are the four pillars of our plan:
The first pillar of our framework generously offers a path to citizenship for 1.8 million illegal immigrants who were brought here by their parents at a young age — that covers almost three times more people than the previous administration. Under our plan, those who meet education and work requirements, and show good moral character, will be able to become full citizens of the United States.
The second pillarfully secures the border. That means building a wall on the Southern border, and it means hiring more heroes like CJ to keep our communities safe. Crucially, our plan closes the terrible loopholes exploited by criminals and terrorists to enter our country — and it finally ends the dangerous practice of “catch and release.”
The third pillarends the visa lottery — a program that randomly hands out green cards without any regard for skill, merit, or the safety of our people. It is time to begin moving towards a merit-based immigration system — one that admits people who are skilled, who want to work, who will contribute to our society, and who will love and respect our country.
The fourth and final pillar protects the nuclear family by ending chain migration. Under the current broken system, a single immigrant can bring in virtually unlimited numbers of distant relatives. Under our plan, we focus on the immediate family by limiting sponsorships to spouses and minor children. This vital reform is necessary, not just for our economy, but for our security, and our future.
In recent weeks, two terrorist attacks in New York were made possible by the visa lottery and chain migration. In the age of terrorism, these programs present risks we can no longer afford.
It is time to reform these outdated immigration rules, and finally bring our immigration system into the 21st century.
These four pillars represent a down-the-middle compromise, and one that will create a safe, modern, and lawful immigration system.
For over 30 years, Washington has tried and failed to solve this problem. This Congress can be the one that finally makes it happen.
Most importantly, these four pillars will produce legislation that fulfills my ironclad pledge to only sign a bill that puts America first. So let us come together, set politics aside, and finally get the job done.

“In the first place we should insist that if the immigrant who comes here in good faith becomes an American and assimilates himself to us, he shall be treated on an exact equality with everyone else. For it is an outrage to discriminate against any such man, because of creed, or birthplace, or origin. But, this is predicated upon the man’s becoming in very fact an American, and nothing but an American … There can be no divided allegiance here. Any man who says he is an American, but something else also, isn’t an American at all. We have room for but one flag, the American flag, and this excludes the red flag, which symbolizes all wars against liberty and civilization. Just as much as it excludes any foreign flag of a nation to which we are hostile … We have room for but one language here, and that is the English language … And, we have room for but one sole loyalty and that is a loyalty to the American people.” – U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt, 1907 

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Opioid and Drug Addiction Crisis in America.
These reforms will also support our response to the terrible crisis of opioid and drug addiction.
In 2016, we lost 64,000 Americans to drug overdoses: 174 deaths per day. Seven per hour. We must get much tougher on drug dealers and pushers if we are going to succeed in stopping this scourge.
My Administration is committed to fighting the drug epidemic and helping get treatment for those in need. The struggle will be long and difficult — but, as Americans always do, we will prevail.
As we have seen tonight, the most difficult challenges bring out the best in America.
Ryan Holets - President Donald Trump's First #SOTU Message: "America is Back!"
We see a vivid expression of this truth in the story of the Holets family of New Mexico. Ryan Holets is 27 years old, and an officer with the Albuquerque Police Department. He is here tonight with his wife Rebecca. Last year, Ryan was on duty when he saw a pregnant, homeless woman preparing to inject heroin. When Ryan told her she was going to harm her unborn child, she began to weep. She told him she did not know where to turn, but badly wanted a safe home for her baby.
In that moment, Ryan said he felt God speak to him: “You will do it — because you can.” He took out a picture of his wife and their four kids. Then, he went home to tell his wife Rebecca. In an instant, she agreed to adopt. The Holets named their new daughter Hope.
Ryan and Rebecca: You embody the goodness of our Nation. Thank you, and congratulations.
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Restoring Our Strength and Standing Abroad.
As we rebuild America’s strength and confidence at home, we are also restoring our strength and standing abroad.
Around the world, we face rogue regimes, terrorist groups, and rivals like China and Russia that challenge our interests, our economy, and our values. In confronting these dangers, we know that weakness is the surest path to conflict, and unmatched power is the surest means of our defense.
For this reason, I am asking the Congress to end the dangerous defense sequester and fully fund our great military.
As part of our defense, we must modernize and rebuild our nuclear arsenal, hopefully never having to use it, but making it so strong and powerful that it will deter any acts of aggression. Perhaps someday in the future there will be a magical moment when the countries of the world will get together to eliminate their nuclear weapons. Unfortunately, we are not there yet.
Last year, I also pledged that we would work with our allies to extinguish ISIS from the face of the Earth. One year later, I am proud to report that the coalition to defeat ISIS has liberated almost 100 percent of the territory once held by these killers in Iraq and Syria. But there is much more work to be done. We will continue our fight until ISIS is defeated.
Army Staff Sergeant Justin Peck is here tonight. Near Raqqa last November, Justin and his comrade, Chief Petty Officer Kenton Stacy, were on a mission to clear buildings that ISIS had rigged with explosives so that civilians could return to the city.
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WASHINGTON (Oct. 7, 2010) Vice Chief of Naval Operations (VCNO) Adm. Jonathan Greenert introduces Explosive Ordnance Disposal 2nd Class Kenton Stacy as the USO Sailor of the Year at the 2010 USO Gala. (U.S. Navy photo by Mass Communication Specialist 1st Class Jennifer A. Villalovos/Released)
Clearing the second floor of a vital hospital, Kenton Stacy was severely wounded by an explosion. Immediately, Justin bounded into the booby-trapped building and found Kenton in bad shape. He applied pressure to the wound and inserted a tube to reopen an airway. He then performed CPR for 20 straight minutes during the ground transport and maintained artificial respiration through 2 hours of emergency surgery.
Kenton Stacy would have died if not for Justin’s selfless love for a fellow warrior. Tonight, Kenton is recovering in Texas. Raqqa is liberated. And Justin is wearing his new Bronze Star, with a “V” for “Valor.” Staff Sergeant Peck: All of America salutes you.
Army Staff Sergeant Justin Peck - President Donald Trump's First #SOTU Message: "America is Back!"
Terrorists who do things like place bombs in civilian hospitals are evil. When possible, we annihilate them. When necessary, we must be able to detain and question them. But we must be clear: Terrorists are not merely criminals. They are unlawful enemy combatants. And when captured overseas, they should be treated like the terrorists they are.
In the past, we have foolishly released hundreds of dangerous terrorists, only to meet them again on the battlefield — including the ISIS leader, al-Baghdadi.
So today, I am keeping another promise. I just signed an order directing Secretary Mattis to reexamine our military detention policy and to keep open the detention facilities at Guantánamo Bay.
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I am also asking the Congress to ensure that, in the fight against ISIS and al-Qa’ida, we continue to have all necessary power to detain terrorists — wherever we chase them down.
Our warriors in Afghanistan also have new rules of engagement. Along with their heroic Afghan partners, our military is no longer undermined by artificial timelines, and we no longer tell our enemies our plans.
Last month, I also took an action endorsed unanimously by the Senate just months before: I recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.
Shortly afterwards, dozens of countries voted in the United Nations General Assembly against America’s sovereign right to make this recognition. American taxpayers generously send those same countries billions of dollars in aid every year.
That is why, tonight, I am asking the Congress to pass legislation to help ensure American foreign-assistance dollars always serve American interests, and only go to America’s friends.
As we strengthen friendships around the world, we are also restoring clarity about our adversaries.
When the people of Iran rose up against the crimes of their corrupt dictatorship, I did not stay silent. America stands with the people of Iran in their courageous struggle for freedom.
I am asking the Congress to address the fundamental flaws in the terrible Iran nuclear deal.
My Administration has also imposed tough sanctions on the communist and socialist dictatorships in Cuba and Venezuela.
But no regime has oppressed its own citizens more totally or brutally than the cruel dictatorship in North Korea.
North Korea’s reckless pursuit of nuclear missiles could very soon threaten our homeland.
We are waging a campaign of maximum pressure to prevent that from happening.
Past experience has taught us that complacency and concessions only invite aggression and provocation. I will not repeat the mistakes of past administrations that got us into this dangerous position.
We need only look at the depraved character of the North Korean regime to understand the nature of the nuclear threat it could pose to America and our allies.
Otto Warmbier was a hardworking student at the University of Virginia. On his way to study abroad in Asia, Otto joined a tour to North Korea. At its conclusion, this wonderful young man was arrested and charged with crimes against the state. After a shameful trial, the dictatorship sentenced Otto to 15 years of hard labor, before returning him to America last June — horribly injured and on the verge of death. He passed away just days after his return.
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Fred and Cindy Warmbier broke down in tears when Trump spoke about their son Otto Warmbier, who died after he was imprisoned in North Korea. (Photo Credit: ALEX WONG/GETTY IMAGES)
Otto’s Parents, Fred and Cindy Warmbier, are with us tonight — along with Otto’s brother and sister, Austin and Greta. You are powerful witnesses to a menace that threatens our world, and your strength inspires us all. Tonight, we pledge to honor Otto’s memory with American resolve.
Finally, we are joined by one more witness to the ominous nature of this regime. His name is Mr. Ji Seong-ho.
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In 1996, Seong-ho was a starving boy in North Korea. One day, he tried to steal coal from a railroad car to barter for a few scraps of food. In the process, he passed out on the train tracks, exhausted from hunger. He woke up as a train ran over his limbs. He then endured multiple amputations without anything to dull the pain. His brother and sister gave what little food they had to help him recover and ate dirt themselves — permanently stunting their own growth. Later, he was tortured by North Korean authorities after returning from a brief visit to China. His tormentors wanted to know if he had met any Christians. He had — and he resolved to be free.
Seong-ho traveled thousands of miles on crutches across China and Southeast Asia to freedom. Most of his family followed. His father was caught trying to escape, and was tortured to death.
Today he lives in Seoul, where he rescues other defectors, and broadcasts into North Korea what the regime fears the most ‑- the truth.
Today he has a new leg, but Seong-ho, I understand you still keep those crutches as a reminder of how far you have come. Your great sacrifice is an inspiration to us all.
Seong-ho’s story is a testament to the yearning of every human soul to live in freedom.
It was that same yearning for freedom that nearly 250 years ago gave birth to a special place called America. It was a small cluster of colonies caught between a great ocean and a vast wilderness. But it was home to an incredible people with a revolutionary idea: that they could rule themselves. That they could chart their own destiny. And that, together, they could light up the world.
That is what our country has always been about. That is what Americans have always stood for, always strived for, and always done.
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American People are ‘Making America Great Again.’
Atop the dome of this Capitol stands the Statue of Freedom. She stands tall and dignified among the monuments to our ancestors who fought and lived and died to protect her.
Monuments to Washington and Jefferson — to Lincoln and King.
Memorials to the heroes of Yorktown and Saratoga — to young Americans who shed their blood on the shores of Normandy, and the fields beyond. And others, who went down in the waters of the Pacific and the skies over Asia.
And freedom stands tall over one more monument: this one. This Capitol. This living monument to the American people.
A people whose heroes live not only in the past, but all around us — defending hope, pride, and the American way.
They work in every trade. They sacrifice to raise a family. They care for our children at home. They defend our flag abroad. They are strong moms and brave kids. They are firefighters, police officers, border agents, medics, and Marines.
But above all else, they are Americans. And this Capitol, this city, and this Nation, belong to them.
Our task is to respect them, to listen to them, to serve them, to protect them, and to always be worthy of them.
Americans fill the world with art and music. They push the bounds of science and discovery. And they forever remind us of what we should never forget:
‘The people dreamed this country. The people built this country. And it is the people who are making America great again.’
As long as we are proud of who we are, and what we are fighting for, there is nothing we cannot achieve.
As long as we have confidence in our values, faith in our citizens, and trust in our God, we will not fail.
Our families will thrive.
Our people will prosper.
And our Nation will forever be safe and strong and proud and mighty and free.
Thank you, and God bless America.”
Trump SOTU 11 - President Donald Trump's First #SOTU Message: "America is Back!"
Joe Kennedy III Rebuttal 1024x512 - President Donald Trump's First #SOTU Message: "America is Back!"


Representative Joe Kennedy’s (D-Mass.) prepared remarks for the Democratic response to President Donald Trump’s State of the Union Address on Tuesday, January 30, 2018, as delivered:

“Good evening ladies and gentlemen. It is a privilege to join you tonight.

We are here in Fall River, Massachusetts – a proud American city, built by immigrants.

From textiles to robots, this is a place that knows how to make great things.

The students with us this evening in the autoshop at Diman Regional Technical School carry on that rich legacy.

Like many American hometowns, Fall River has faced its share of storms. But people here are tough. They fight for each other. They pull for their city. 

It is a fitting place to gather as our nation reflects on the state of our union.

This is a difficult task. Many have spent the past year anxious, angry, afraid. We all feel the fault lines of a fractured country. We hear the voices of Americans who feel forgotten and forsaken.

We see an economy that makes stocks soar, investor portfolios bulge and corporate profits climb but fails to give workers their fair share of the reward.

A government that struggles to keep itself open.

Russia knee-deep in our democracy.

An all-out war on environmental protection.

A Justice Department rolling back civil rights by the day.

Hatred and supremacy proudly marching in our streets.

Bullets tearing through our classrooms, concerts, and congregations. Targeting our safest, sacred places.

And that nagging, sinking feeling, no matter your political beliefs: this is not right. This is not who we are. 
It would be easy to dismiss the past year as chaos. Partisanship. Politics.

But it’s far bigger than that. This administration isn’t just targeting the laws that protect us – they are targeting the very idea that we are all worthy of protection.

For them, dignity isn’t something you’re born with but something you measure.

By your net worth, your celebrity, your headlines, your crowd size.

Not to mention, the gender of your spouse. The country of your birth. The color of your skin. The God of your prayers.

Their record is a rebuke of our highest American ideal: the belief that we are all worthy, we are all equal and we all count. In the eyes of our law and our leaders, our God and our government.

Joe Kennedy III Rebuttal 2 - President Donald Trump's First #SOTU Message: "America is Back!"

That is the American promise.

But today that promise is being broken. By an Administration that callously appraises our worthiness and decides who makes the cut and who can be bargained away.

They are turning American life into a zero-sum game.

Where, in order for one to win, another must lose.

Where we can guarantee America’s safety if we slash our safety net.

We can extend healthcare to Mississippi if we gut it in Massachusetts.

We can cut taxes for corporations today if we raise them for families tomorrow.

We can take care of sick kids if we sacrifice Dreamers.

We are bombarded with one false choice after another:

Coal miners or single moms. Rural communities or inner cities. The coast or the heartland.

As if the mechanic in Pittsburgh and the teacher in Tulsa and the daycare worker in Birmingham are somehow bitter rivals, rather than mutual casualties of a system forcefully rigged for those at the top.

As if the parent who lies awake terrified that their transgender son will be beaten and bullied at school is any more or less legitimate than the parent whose heart is shattered by a daughter in the grips of opioid addiction.

So here is the answer Democrats offer tonight: we choose both. We fight for both. Because the strongest, richest, greatest nation in the world shouldn’t leave any one behind.

We choose a better deal for all who call this country home.

We choose the living wage, paid leave and affordable child care your family needs to survive.

We choose pensions that are solvent, trade pacts that are fair, roads and bridges that won’t rust away, and good education you can afford.

We choose a health care system that offers mercy, whether you suffer from cancer or depression or addiction.

We choose an economy strong enough to boast record stock prices AND brave enough to admit that top CEOs making 300 times the average worker is not right.

We choose Fall River.

We choose the thousands of American communities whose roads aren’t paved with power or privilege, but with honest effort, good faith, and the resolve to build something better for their kids.

That is our story. It began the day our Founding Fathers and Mothers set sail for a New World, fleeing oppression and intolerance.

It continued with every word of our Independence – the audacity to declare that all men are created equal. An imperfect promise for a nation struggling to become a more perfect union.

It grew with every suffragette’s step, every Freedom Riders voice, every weary soul we welcomed to our shores.

And to all the Dreamers watching tonight, let me be clear: ‘Ustedes son parte de nuestra historia. Vamos a luchar por ustedes y no nos vamos alejar.’

Joe Kennedy III Rebuttal 3 1024x576 - President Donald Trump's First #SOTU Message: "America is Back!"

WASHINGTON, DC – FEBRUARY 28: U.S. Rep. Joseph Kennedy III (D-MA) attends a joint session of the U.S. Congress with U.S. President Donald Trump on February 28, 2017 in the House chamber of the U.S. Capitol in Washington, DC. Trump’s first address to Congress focused on national security, tax and regulatory reform, the economy, and healthcare. (Photo by Chip Somodevilla/Getty Images)

You are a part of our story. We will fight for you. We will not walk away.

America, we carry that story on our shoulders.

You swarmed Washington last year to ensure no parent has to worry if they can afford to save their child’s life.

You proudly marched together last weekend – thousands deep — in the streets of Las Vegas and Philadelphia and Nashville.

You sat high atop your mom’s shoulders and held a sign that read: “Build a wall and my generation will tear it down.”

You bravely say, me too. You steadfastly say, black lives matter.

You wade through flood waters, battle hurricanes, and brave wildfires and mudslides to save a stranger.

You fight your own, quiet battles every single day.

You drag your weary bodies to that extra shift so your families won’t feel the sting of scarcity.

You leave loved ones at home to defend our country overseas, or patrol our neighborhoods overnight.

You serve. You rescue. You help. You heal.

That – more than any law or leader, any debate or disagreement – that is what drives us toward progress.

Bullies may land a punch. They might leave a mark. But they have never, not once, in the history of our United States, managed to match the strength and spirit of a people united in defense of their future.

Politicians can be cheered for the promises they make. Our country will be judged by the promises we keep.

THAT is the measure of our character. That’s who we are.

Out of many. One.

Ladies and gentlemen, have faith: The state of our union is hopeful, resilient, enduring.

Thank you, God Bless you and your families, and God Bless the United States of America.”

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Oct 202017

Kelly Trump New - General John Kelly’s Defense of .@POTUS .@realDonaldTrump Call to Fallen Soldier’s Family

White House Chief of Staff, John F. Kelly, and Gold Star Father, appeared at the White House briefing room podium on Thursday, October 19, 2017 to give an emotional speech on what used to be sacred in America – a fallen soldier and our government’s and president’s call to a grieving widow, parent and next-of-kin, while defending President Donald J. Trump’s phone call to the widow of a fallen soldier, in response to politically motivated criticism from Congresswoman Frederica S. Wilson (D-FL), while American troops are facing increasing aggression out in the battlefield, as the War on Terrorism expands into Africa. 

White House Chief of Staff General Kelly’s statements at the White House press briefing room podium Thursday were very respectful and very sympathetic to the fallen soldiers, and along with White House press secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders saying, “that was what President Trump intended and said during his personal calls to fallen soldiers’ next-of-kin.”

Ms. Sanders, when asked later to respond further said, “It’s appalling the congresswoman continues to make the death of an American hero about herself instead of honoring the fallen who selflessly gave their lives for all of us,” Ms. Sanders said in an emailed statement on Thursday. The White House press secretary, added that General Kelly “absolutely” stands by his Thursday remarks.

In an interview on Friday morning, October 20, 2017 with Fox Business Network’s Maria Bartiromo, President Trump said he found Florida Congresswoman Wilson’s criticism of General Kelly “sickening.” The president called his chief of staff “a very elegant man,” and added that General Kelly “is a tough, strong four-star Marine.”

General Kelly, President Trump said, was offended that Florida Congresswoman Wilson publicized what the president said was a “very nice” call to the widow of a soldier killed in action in Niger.

900 - General John Kelly’s Defense of .@POTUS .@realDonaldTrump Call to Fallen Soldier’s Family

In response to the four fallen U.S. soldiers, who were killed during an ambush in Niger on October 4, 2017 (shown above, Clockwise from top left, Army Staff Sgt. Bryan C. Black, Sergeant La David Johnson, Staff Sgt. Jeremiah W. Johnson, and Staff Sgt. Dustin M. Wright, 29), President Trump “called four people the other day to express his condolences in the best way that he could,” Kelly said. “And President Trump said to me, ‘What do I say?’ I said to him, ‘Sir, there is nothing you can do to lighten the burden on these families.'”

Kelly continued, recalling what he was told by General Joseph Dunford, now chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, after his own son died in battle defending our country. White House Chief of Staff John Kelly spoke further adding that he was “stunned” and “broken-hearted” by Florida Congresswoman Frederica Wilson’s role in conveying the details of the call to the media, CNN reports.

“In his way,” Kelly said of Trump, he “tried to express that opinion — that (Johnson) is a brave man, a fallen hero. He knew what he was getting himself into because he enlisted. There’s no reason to enlist, he enlisted. And he was where he wanted to be with exactly the people he wanted to be with when his life was taken. That was the message. That was the message that was transmitted.”

900 - General John Kelly’s Defense of .@POTUS .@realDonaldTrump Call to Fallen Soldier’s Family

On Friday, October 20, 2017, “Natasha De Alencar, the widow of Army Staff Sgt. Mark De Alencar, released video of her conversation with President Trump.” Source: CNN, “Gold Star widow’s full phone call with Trump

Below are the video and complete transcription of White House Chief of Staff General Kelly’s remarks in the White House briefing room on Thursday, as prepared by the White House.


900? - General John Kelly’s Defense of .@POTUS .@realDonaldTrump Call to Fallen Soldier’s Family


JOHN F. KELLY, White House chief of staff: “Well, thanks a lot. And it is a more serious note, so I just wanted to perhaps make more of a statement than an — give more of an explanation in what amounts to be a traditional press interaction.

Most Americans don’t know what happens when we lose one of soldiers, sailors, airmen, Marines, our Coast Guardsmen in combat. So let me tell you what happens:

Their buddies wrap them up in whatever passes as a shroud, puts them on a helicopter as a routine, and sends them home. Their first stop along the way is when they’re packed in ice, typically at the airhead. And then they’re flown to, usually, Europe where they’re then packed in ice again and flown to Dover Air Force Base, where Dover takes care of the remains, embalms them, meticulously dresses them in their uniform with the medals that they’ve earned, the emblems of their service, and then puts them on another airplane linked up with a casualty officer escort that takes them home.

900 - General John Kelly’s Defense of .@POTUS .@realDonaldTrump Call to Fallen Soldier’s Family

A very, very good movie to watch, if you haven’t ever seen it, is “Taking Chance,” where this is done in a movie — HBO setting. Chance Phelps was killed under my command right next to me, and it’s worth seeing that if you’ve never seen it.

So that’s the process. While that’s happening, a casualty officer typically goes to the home very early in the morning and waits for the first lights to come on. And then he knocks on the door; typically a mom and dad will answer, a wife. And if there is a wife, this is happening in two different places; if the parents are divorced, three different places. And the casualty officer proceeds to break the heart of a family member and stays with that family until — well, for a long, long time, even after the internment. So that’s what happens.

900 - General John Kelly’s Defense of .@POTUS .@realDonaldTrump Call to Fallen Soldier’s Family

Who are these young men and women? They are the best 1 percent this country produces. Most of you, as Americans, don’t know them. Many of you don’t know anyone who knows any one of them. But they are the very best this country produces, and they volunteer to protect our country when there’s nothing in our country anymore that seems to suggest that selfless service to the nation is not only appropriate, but required. But that’s all right.

900 - General John Kelly’s Defense of .@POTUS .@realDonaldTrump Call to Fallen Soldier’s Family

Who writes letters to the families? Typically, the company commander — in my case, as a Marine — the company commander, battalion commander, regimental commander, division commander, Secretary of Defense, typically the service chief, commandant of the Marine Corps, and the President typically writes a letter.

Typically, the only phone calls a family receives are the most important phone calls they could imagine, and that is from their buddies. In my case, hours after my son was killed, his friends were calling us from Afghanistan, telling us what a great guy he was. Those are the only phone calls that really mattered.

And yeah, the letters count, to a degree, but there’s not much that really can take the edge off what a family member is going through.

900 - General John Kelly’s Defense of .@POTUS .@realDonaldTrump Call to Fallen Soldier’s Family

So some Presidents have elected to call. All Presidents, I believe, have elected to send letters. If you elect to call a family like this, it is about the most difficult thing you could imagine. There’s no perfect way to make that phone call.

When I took this job and talked to President Trump about how to do it, my first recommendation was he not do it, because it’s not the phone call that parents, family members are looking forward to. It’s nice to do, in my opinion, in any event.

900 - General John Kelly’s Defense of .@POTUS .@realDonaldTrump Call to Fallen Soldier’s Family

He asked me about previous Presidents, and I said, I can tell you that President Obama, who was my Commander-in-Chief when I was on active duty, did not call my family. That was not a criticism. That was just to simply say, I don’t believe President Obama called. That’s not a negative thing. I don’t believe President Bush called in all cases. I don’t believe any President, particularly when the casualty rates are very, very high — that Presidents call. But I believe they all write.

So when I gave that explanation to our President three days ago, he elected to make phone calls in the cases of four young men, who we lost in Niger at the earlier part of this month. But then he said, how do you make these calls? If you’re not in the family, if you’ve never worn the uniform, if you’ve never been in combat, you can’t even imagine how to make that call. I think he very bravely does make those calls.

The call in question that he made yesterday — or day before yesterday now — were to four family members, the four fallen. And remember, there’s a next-of-kin designated by the individual. If he’s married, that’s typically the spouse. If he’s not married, that’s typically the parents unless the parents are divorced, and then he selects one of them. If he didn’t get along with his parents, he’ll select a sibling. But the point is, the phone call is made to the next-of-kin only if the next-of-kin agrees to take the phone call. Sometimes they don’t.

So a pre-call is made: The President of the United States or the commandant of the Marine Corps, or someone would like to call, will you accept the call? And typically, they all accept the call.

900 - General John Kelly’s Defense of .@POTUS .@realDonaldTrump Call to Fallen Soldier’s Family

So he called four people the other day and expressed his condolences in the best way that he could. And he said to me, what do I say? I said to him, sir, there’s nothing you can do to lighten the burden on these families.

900 - General John Kelly’s Defense of .@POTUS .@realDonaldTrump Call to Fallen Soldier’s Family

Shown above are the four fallen U.S. soldiers, who were killed during an ambush in Niger on October 4, 2017 (from left to right) Army Staff Sgt. Bryan C. Black, Sergeant La David Johnson, Staff Sgt. Jeremiah W. Johnson, and Staff Sgt. Dustin M. Wright, 29).

Well, let me tell you what I told him. Let me tell you what my best friend, Joe Dunford, told me — because he was my casualty officer. He said, Kel, he was doing exactly what he wanted to do when he was killed. He knew what he was getting into by joining that 1 percent. He knew what the possibilities were because we’re at war. And when he died, in the four cases we’re talking about, Niger, and my son’s case in Afghanistan — when he died, he was surrounded by the best men on this Earth: his friends.

That’s what the President tried to say to four families the other day. I was stunned when I came to work yesterday morning, and brokenhearted at what I saw a member of Congress doing. A member of Congress who listened in on a phone call from the President of the United States to a young wife, and in his way tried to express that opinion — that he’s a brave man, a fallen hero, he knew what he was getting himself into because he enlisted. There’s no reason to enlist; he enlisted. And he was where he wanted to be, exactly where he wanted to be, with exactly the people he wanted to be with when his life was taken.

That was the message. That was the message that was transmitted.

It stuns me that a member of Congress would have listened in on that conversation. Absolutely stuns me. And I thought at least that was sacred. You know, when I was a kid growing up, a lot of things were sacred in our country. Women were sacred, looked upon with great honor. That’s obviously not the case anymore as we see from recent cases. Life — the dignity of life — is sacred. That’s gone. Religion, that seems to be gone as well.

Gold Star families, I think that left in the convention over the summer. But I just thought — the selfless devotion that brings a man or woman to die on the battlefield, I just thought that that might be sacred.

And when I listened to this woman and what she was saying, and what she was doing on TV, the only thing I could do to collect my thoughts was to go and walk among the finest men and women on this Earth. And you can always find them because they’re in Arlington National Cemetery. I went over there for an hour-and-a-half, walked among the stones, some of whom I put there because they were doing what I told them to do when they were killed.

900 - General John Kelly’s Defense of .@POTUS .@realDonaldTrump Call to Fallen Soldier’s Family

I’ll end with this: In October — April, rather, of 2015, I was still on active duty, and I went to the dedication of the new FBI field office in Miami. And it was dedicated to two men who were killed in a firefight in Miami against drug traffickers in 1986 — a guy by the name of Grogan and Duke. Grogan almost retired, 53 years old; Duke, I think less than a year on the job. (Editor’s note: The F.B.I. agent for which the building is named was named Jerry L. Dove, not Duke.)

Anyways, they got in a gunfight and they were killed. Three other FBI agents were there, were wounded, and now retired. So we go down — Jim Comey gave an absolutely brilliant memorial speech to those fallen men and to all of the men and women of the FBI who serve our country so well, and law enforcement so well.

There were family members there. Some of the children that were there were three or four years old when their dads were killed on that street in Miami-Dade. Three of the men that survived the fight were there, and gave a rendition of how brave those men were and how they gave their lives.

And a congresswoman stood up, and in the long tradition of empty barrels making the most noise, stood up there and all of that and talked about how she was instrumental in getting the funding for that building, and how she took care of her constituents, because she got the money, and she just called up President Obama, and on that phone call he gave the money — the $20 million — to build the building. And, she sat down, and we were stunned. Stunned that she had done it. Even for someone that is that empty a barrel, we were stunned.

But, you know, none of us went to the press and criticized. None of us stood up and were appalled. We just said, O.K., fine.

So, I still hope, as you write your stories, and I appeal to America, that let’s not let this maybe last thing that’s held sacred in our society — a young man, young woman going out and giving his or her life for our country — let’s try to somehow keep that sacred. But, it eroded a great deal yesterday by the selfish behavior of a member of Congress.

900 - General John Kelly’s Defense of .@POTUS .@realDonaldTrump Call to Fallen Soldier’s Family

So I’m willing to take a question or two on this topic. Let me ask you this: Is anyone here a Gold Star parent or sibling? Does anyone here know a Gold Star parent or sibling?

O.K., you get the question.

900 - General John Kelly’s Defense of .@POTUS .@realDonaldTrump Call to Fallen Soldier’s Family

Q Well, thank you, General Kelly. First of all, we have a great deal of respect — Semper Fi — for everything that you’ve ever done. But if we could take this a bit further. Why were they in Niger? We were told they weren’t in armored vehicles and there was no air cover. So what are the specifics about this particular incident? And why were we there? And why are we there?

GENERAL KELLY: Well, I would start by saying there is an investigation. Let me back up and say, the fact of the matter is, young men and women that wear our uniform are deployed around the world and there are tens of thousands, near the DMZ in North Korea [sic], in Okinawa, waiting to go — in South Korea — in Okinawa, ready to go. All over the United States, training, ready to go. They’re all over Latin America. Down there, they do mostly drug and addiction, working with our partners — our great partners — the Colombians, the Central Americans, the Mexicans.

You know, there’s thousands. My own son, right now, back in the fight for his fifth tour against ISIS. There’s thousands of them in Europe acting as a deterrent. And they’re throughout Africa. And they’re doing the nation’s work there, and not making a lot of money, by the way, doing it. They love what they do.

So why were they there? They’re there working with partners, local — all across Africa — in this case, Niger — working with partners, teaching them how to be better soldiers; teaching them how to respect human rights; teaching them how to fight ISIS so that we don’t have to send our soldiers and Marines there in their thousands. That’s what they were doing there.

Now, there is an investigation. There’s always an — unless it’s a very, very conventional death in a conventional war, there’s always an investigation. Of course, that operation is conducted by AFRICOM that, of course, works directly for the Secretary of Defense.

There is a — and I talked to Jim Mattis this morning. I think he made statements this afternoon. There’s an investigation ongoing. An investigation doesn’t mean anything was wrong. An investigation doesn’t mean people’s heads are going to roll. The fact is they need to find out what happened and why it happened.

But at the end of the day, ladies and gentlemen, you have to understand that these young people — sometimes old guys — put on the uniform, go to where we send them to protect our country. Sometimes they go in large numbers to invade Iraq and invade Afghanistan. Sometimes they’re working in small units, working with our partners in Africa, Asia, Latin America, helping them be better.

But at the end of the day, they’re helping those partners be better at fighting ISIS in North Africa to protect our country so that we don’t have to send large numbers of troops.

Any other — someone who knows a Gold Star fallen person.


900 - General John Kelly’s Defense of .@POTUS .@realDonaldTrump Call to Fallen Soldier’s Family

Q General, thank you for being here today and thank you for your service and for your family’s sacrifice. There has been some talk about the timetable of the release of the statement about the — I think at that point it was three soldiers who were killed in Niger. Can you walk us through the timetable of the release of that information? And what part did the fact that a beacon was pinging during that time have to do with the release of the statement? And were you concerned that divulging information early might jeopardize the soldiers’ attempt to be (inaudible)?

GENERAL KELLY: First of all, that’s a — you know, we are at the highest level of the U.S. government. The people that will answer those questions will be the people at the other end of the military pyramid.

I’m sure the Special Forces group is conducting it. I know they’re conducting an investigation. That investigation, of course, under the auspices of AFRICOM, ultimately will go to the Pentagon. I’ve read the same stories you have. I actually know a lot more than I’m letting on, but I’m not going to tell you.

There is an investigation being done. But as I say, the men and women of our country that are serving all around the world — I mean, what the hell is my son doing back in the fight? He’s back in the fight because — working with Iraqi soldiers who are infinitely better than they were a few years ago to take ISIS on directly so that we don’t have to do it. Small numbers of Marines where he is working alongside those guys. That’s why they’re out there, whether it’s Niger, Iraq, or whatever. We don’t want to send tens of thousands of American soldiers and Marines, in particular, to go fight.

I’ll take one more, but it’s got to be from someone who knows — all right.

900 - General John Kelly’s Defense of .@POTUS .@realDonaldTrump Call to Fallen Soldier’s Family

Q General, when you talk about Niger, sir, what does your intelligence tell you about the Russian connection with them? And the stories that are coming out now, they’re —

GENERAL KELLY: I have no knowledge of any Russian connection, but I was not, in my position, to know that. That’s a question for NORTHCOM or for — not NORTHCOM — for AFRICOM or DOD.

Thanks very much, everybody.

As I walk off the stage, understand there’s tens of thousands of American kids, mostly, doing their nation’s bidding all around the world. They don’t have to be in uniform. You know, when I was a kid, every man in my life was a veteran — World War II, Korea, and there was the draft. These young people today, they don’t do it for any other reason than their selfless — sense of selfless devotion to this great nation.

We don’t look down upon those of you who that haven’t served. In fact, in a way we’re a little bit sorry because you’ll have never have experienced the wonderful joy you get in your heart when you do the kinds of things our service men and women do — not for any other reason than they love this country. So just think of that.

And I do appreciate your time. Take care.”


900 - General John Kelly’s Defense of .@POTUS .@realDonaldTrump Call to Fallen Soldier’s Family

900 - General John Kelly’s Defense of .@POTUS .@realDonaldTrump Call to Fallen Soldier’s Family900 - General John Kelly’s Defense of .@POTUS .@realDonaldTrump Call to Fallen Soldier’s Family

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Aug 212017
The US president’s approval ratings hit a new low as he is criticised by his fellow Republicans.
There has not been a dull moment in the White House since US President Donald Trump took office. In the past eight months there’s been a series of executive orders and a string of high profile departures. Yet the president insists there is “no chaos” in his administration.
But the polls tell a different story.
His approval ratings have plummeted and members of his own Republican party are questioning his capability as president, with some calling the White House a “sinking ship’.
Trump has become increasingly isolated in recent months, shunned by major business leaders and at odds with his party’s congressional leadership. And his comments after the violence in Charlottesville estranged him from more than half the nation.
Many are now beginning to wonder how long he will last as president.”
Presenter: Hashem Ahelbarra
Oliver McGee – Former White House Science Office Senior Policy Advisor, Former U.S. Deputy Assistant Secretary of Transportation for Technology Policy
David A Love – Executive Editor of Black Commentator dot com.
Jeanne Zaino – Professor of political science and international studies at Iona College.
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Dec 232016

#Barcelona #Charlottesville #Jerusalem, #Berlin, #Nice, #911 Terror Attacks Signal Rise in Use of Transportation Systems as Weapons of Mass Destruction

#BREAKING #BarcelonaAttack (August 17, 2017): A white van slammed into pedestrians on the famous promenade in the city center of Barcelona, Spain on Thursday, August 17, 2017. The transportation vehicle “plowed  through crowds on the renowned Las Ramblas avenue, a popular tourist section of Barcelona (shown above and below). Authorities said of the 80 people taken to hospitals, 15 were seriously hurt,” CNN reports. “The Barcelona attack was one of the most deadly in Spain, since more than 190 people were killed in a March 2004 attack against commuter trains … It was the latest in a series of attacks in Europe in which vehicles have been used to mow down pedestrians in public spaces. More than 100 people have died in similar attacks in Berlin, London and Nice.”

900 - Terror Attacks Signal Rise in Use of Transportation Systems as Weapons of Mass Destruction

According to numerous reports breaking at the moment, “at least 13 people are reported dead and more than 100 are injured after a terrorist in a van ploughed into pedestrians in a famous street packed with tourists and locals in central Barcelona. Spanish media cited unnamed police sources who said at least 13 people were killed. Local officials confirmed at least 90 people were hurt, 10 seriously.”

“I want to also express my solidarity with all of Spain to the city of Barcelona, today hit by jihadi terrorism, like other cities have been in the world,” Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy said in offering his condolences to the Barcelona Attack victims’ families.

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Daily Mirror (U.K.) reports: “The van zigzagged as it slammed into victims on tree-lined Las Ramblas promenade before the armed attacker ditched the vehicle and took hostages in a Turkish restaurant nearby.”

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Police released a photograph of a man called Maghrebi Driss Oukabir, who is suspected of renting the van which was used to crashed into pedestrians in Las Ramblas.

#BREAKING (August 22, 2017): “Court official: Terror suspect reveals the Islamist cell wanted to strike Barcelona monuments, imam planned to self-immolate.” (AP)

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The #BarcelonaAttack is the latest in a wave of transportation-related truck (lorry) and automobile pedestrian plowings in #Charlottesville (Virginia, United States), #Jerusalem (Israeli), #Berlin (Germany) and #Nice (France) in recent years (including 9-11 airplane attacks on the World Trade Center (New York), Pentagon (Washington DC) and Pennsylvania (adverting an intentional 9-11 attack on the White House)). 

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This attack in Spain’s largest city on August 17, 2017 has caused panic on the streets of Barcelona, Spain. Remarkably, these attacks, which were foretold and warned by terrorists in their intended use of the international transportation system as weapons of mass destruction, has now drew widespread condemnation from world leaders.

“ISIS claims responsibility,” The Telegragh (U.K.) reports, as follows:

“Soldiers” of Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant carried out the deadly van attack, the jihadist organisation’s propaganda outlet Amaq said.

“The executors of the Barcelona attack were soldiers of the Islamic State,” Amaq said on its Telegram messenger account, without naming those it claimed were behind the attack.

Amaq said they had launched the attack in response to calls to target states taking part in the United States-led coalition battling the jihadist group in Iraq and Syria.

Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy said “the attack was “jihadist terrorism” which required a global response”

“Today the fight against terrorism is the principal priority for free and open societies like ours. It is a global threat and the response has to be global,” Rajoy told a news conference in Barcelona.

“ISIS which once controlled a self-declared “caliphate” across large parts of Iraq and Syria, has suffered major losses in recent months. Coalition-backed Iraqi forces recaptured its Iraqi stronghold Mosul in July.”

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“The Costa Brava, Costa Blanca and Costa Del Sol have been highlighted as key threat areas with fears of a Tunisia-style atrocity being repeated in Spain.”

The Daily Star Online revealed back on July 11, 2015 “how UK tourists are being labeled as “high value” targets by ISIS extremists.”

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Rising threats of domestic terrorism using our transport technology

“Europe, the United Kingdom, and Russia have witnessed terror attacks or attempted attacks every nine days in 2017 on average,” analysis of security incidents has revealed.

As the map below reveals (via Breitbart), attacks and attempted attacks have taken place in Austria, France, the United Kingdom, Belgium, Italy, Russia, Turkey, India, Sweden, Norway, and Germany.

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For instances, “Security services in Britain — population 65 million — believe there to be around 23,000 potential terror suspects or persons posing a threat,” as reported in Breitbart. “Meanwhile Belgium, with its population of just 12 million, is officially tracking around 18,000 potential jihadists, though this number has not been updated in some time. According to the British secret service MI6, there are in Germany about 7.000 terror suspects.”

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#BREAKING #Charlottesville Attack (August 12, 2017): .@OliverMcGee #VIDEO LIVE #FoxHappeningNow 11:30a ET (8-16-17) .@POTUS .@realDonaldTrump #Charlottesville Attack remarks .@WhiteHouse

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Remarkably, there is a “clear and present danger” of increasing use of our international transportation system as domestic weapons of mass destruction. #Barcelona,  #Charlottesville, #Jerusalem, #Berlin, #Nice, #911 #TerrorAttacks Signal A Rise in the Use of Transportation Systems as Weapons of Mass Destruction!

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Have you once again noticed (in a disturbing video of a horrific motorist plowing over people in a #Charlottesville protest) how the international transportation system is the common thread being threaded between the #Barcelona, #Charlottesville, #Jerusalem, #Berlin, #Nice and #911 terror attacks, first by Al-Qaeda, now morphed into #ISIS?

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Witnesses at the horrible scenes in #Barcelona, #Jerusalem (and allegedly in an analogous manner in the #Charlottesville getaway “hit and run” incident) say the attacker(s) drove his truck (car) “back and forward” over the victims as they lay on the ground underneath the lorry (car).

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Remarkably, air and surface transportation systems and vehicles are increasingly becoming employed as domestic weapons of mass destruction!

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God help us, if such ongoing and continuing terrorism weaponry rehearsals using the international transportation system expand further into incorporating devastatingly catastrophic nuclear, biological and chemical (N.B.C.) warfare on domestic and international “soft targets.”

In Charlottesville the alleged American domestic terrorism suspect is now identified as James Alex Fields Jr., a 20-year-old Ohio man (shown in the photo below). He employed his automobile to mow down people in a public protest in #Charlottesville (shown in the photo(s) above after Fields was caught up to in a “hit and run” getaway in the panicked aftermath of people running for their lives), killing a 32-year old woman and injuring 19 others. Horrifically, Fields allegedly and theoretically used his automobile as a domestic weapon of mass destruction. 

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TMZ reports, “He’s facing a second-degree murder charge, along with three counts of malicious wounding and one count of failing to stop at an accident that resulted in death … according to the superintendent of the Albemarle Regional Jail.”

In disturbing video of the crash … “the suspect Fields appears to deliberately drive his Dodge Challenger into a group of counter-protesters walking down the street, then floors it in reverse in an attempt to flee. He was captured shortly after … as a 32-year-old woman was killed in the incident.” Charlottesville police chief said “at least 35 people were injured during the Saturday, August 12, 2017 violence between white nationalist rallygoers and counter-protesters.”

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On Sunday, January 8, 2017, another alleged act of terrorism involved a lorry (tracker-trailer truck) deliberately driven at high speed into soldiers pedestrians in an Israeli neighborhood of Armon Hannaiv outside of south Jerusalem, killing at least four victims – three young men in their twenties alongside one young woman also in her twenties – and injuring over fifteen people at the horrific crime scene.

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Have you noticed I repeat how the international transportation system is the common thread being threaded between the #Barcelona, #Charlottesville, #Jerusalem, #Berlin, #Nice and #911 terror attacks, first by Al-Qaeda, now morphed into #ISIS?

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Witnesses at the horrible scene in #Jersalem (shown above) say the attacker drove his truck “back and forward” over the victims as they lay on the ground underneath the lorry.

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“It is a terrorist attack, a ramming attack,” a police spokeswoman said on Israel Radio, which reported that bodies were “strewn on the street.”

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“A group of soldiers was standing with their bags near the bus. I had just let them off. The truck drove into the group of soldiers, ran over them and kept going. The soldiers shot at the driver. He reversed and ran over them again,” Moshe Aharon, the driver of the bus told Army Radio, the Times of Israel reports (via The Independent (U.K.)).

Police have said the truck driver was “neutralized” – when soldiers at the scene shot him dead.

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Remarkably and horrifically, I must say again, air and surface transportation systems and vehicles are increasingly becoming employed as weapons of mass destruction! 

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Remember also, when I described above on Aljazeera English, about another domestic transportation-related security breach on January 9, 2017 inside a Ft. Lauderdale, Florida (United States) baggage claim area that was morphed into a “kill-zone,” as a gunman open fired upon commercial airline passengers gathering their baggage inside the Florida airport claim area!

Are we noticing a clear and dangerous pattern taking place all around us in the last 6-12 months? Do we see a noticeable safety and security breach happening on our lives? We need to be ever so visionary and vigilant about our scientific and technological security, our transportation security, our homeland security, and our international security now more than ever in our global history.

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I must repeat, God help us, if such ongoing and continuing terrorism weaponry rehearsals using the international transportation system expand further into incorporating devastatingly catastrophic nuclear, biological and chemical (N.B.C.) warfare on domestic and international “soft targets.”

On January 8, 2017 as soldiers departed a nearby Israeli bus in Jerusalem, and on December 19, 2016 at a public Christmas market in Berlin, Germany, as well as, on July 14, 2016 at a public holiday gathering on #BastilleDay (French National Independence Day) in Nice, France, three multi-ton tractor-trailer surface transportation vehicles (instead of four multi-ton commercial passenger aircraft seized and hijacked in the “911 attacks”) were used as weapons of mass destruction on “soft-targets” in what the terrorists are now celebrating on social media as, once again, a double “#Nice attack” (given the recent #Barcelona, #Jerusalem and #Berlin attacks), which is horrendous.

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On Friday, December 23, 2016, near Milan, Italy, Anis Amri, the Tunisian man (shown in the photos above), allegedly suspected of the multi-ton tractor-trailer truck attack on a Christmas market in Berlin, Germany on Monday, December 19, 2016, killing 12 people and injuring 50 others, was killed in a police shootout at Sesto San Giovanni, near Milan, on Friday, Italian Interior Minister Marco Minniti said.

Anis Amri was identified by anti-terrorism Digos police by chance on the spot based on his “appearance and fingerprints,” anti-terrorism sources in Milan, Italy said.

As reported in Ansa English: The Berlin attack suspect, Anis Amri, “arrived in Italy from France, according to anti-terrorism Digos police. He went from Chambery to Turin (French Alps), and then, took a high-speed rail train arriving in a suburban station in Milan, Italy. Amri later went from Milan’s Stazione Centrale to Sesto San Giovanni. He immediately ran into two police officers by chance and was killed in a shootout, as the anti-terrorism Digos police officers attempted to conduct a routine stop-check, when suddenly Amri pulled out a .22 caliber gun and started shooting at the anti-terrorism Digos police officers, sources said. 

The Tunisian man, Anis Amri, was killed by a trainee police officer, Luca Scatà, 29, said sources at the horrific scene. The other policeman, Christian Movio, 36, was hospitalized in Monza, Italy, after being injured during the anti-terrorism Digos police shootout, confirmed those immediately at the Milan suburban train station.”

Italian Premier Paolo Gentiloni said German Chancellor Angela Merkel has been informed, adding that the anti-terrorism Digos police shooting incident in Milan, Italy on December 23, 2016 “showed that the Italian State was doing its bit to protect the public from terrorism.”

“The level of attention remains maximum, the threats should not be underestimated, but what happened overnight shows the citizens that Italy is present, the State is present,” Italian Premier Paolo Gentiloni said.

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What are the science and technology policy grand-challenges?

International and domestic safety and security has now been integrally united with international transportation safety and security through trains, planes, trucks and automobiles being employed as weapons of mass destruction. 

Now more than ever, we desperately need to observe 24-7 our integrated, interdependent, intermodal, international transportation system in this grand-challenge age of integrated infrastructure and cyber-communications, incorporating smarter information technologies, sophisticated biotechnologies, miniaturized wireless devices, advanced microtechologies, nanotechnology of everything, and accessible elder technologies and mobility – moving people and things safely and securely in extreme circumstances and conditions of disaster and terrorism mitigation, controls and recovery.

Above all of this, we are perhaps even talking about a whole new way of looking at “black-boxes in the cloud,” tracking integrated autonomous planes, trains and automobiles, now working amongst our crowded international urban centers in the dawn of the 21st Century.

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The United States National Academy of Engineering at the request of the United States National Science Foundation convened a diverse committee of science and technology experts (including visionary sessions involving over 50 subject-matter experts from around the world and receiving inputs across the general public) to proposed 14 grand challenges achievable and sustainable to help people and the planet thrive in the post-911 age of demography shift and heighten engagements. Since the NAE’s report’s release, these 14 grand challenges have inspired numerous events (including Global Grand Challenges in London, Beijing, and most recently in late July 2017, George Washington University in Washington, DC) and educational initiatives at all levels (such as the NAE Grand Challenges Scholars Program), which the public can learn more about at

Of the 14 grand challenges of NAE, nine are the most relevant to mitigating circumstances of transportation-related attacks on European, Russian, and American cities and associated man-made disaster recovery: 

#5 Provide access to clean water;

#6 Restore and improve urban infrastructure;

#7 Advance health informatics;

#8 Engineer better medicines;

#9 Reverse-engineer the brain (to better understand the psychology of extreme threats on the social fabric);

#10 Prevent nuclear terror (including smaller delivery mechanism of nuclear, biological and chemical (N.B.C.) warfare devices as weapons of mass destruction);

#11 Secure cyberspace;

#12 Enhance virtual reality (for simulations of extreme urban center threats and man-made disaster recovery);

#13 Advance personalized learning (for raising the public’ understanding of science and technology and its tools for people to use when we see something, so we can know best how to say something, or so we can know better how to do something).

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Are our geopolitical leaders being blind-sided?

Remarkably, United States, French, German, and NATO intelligence briefs were blindsided by the December 19, 2016 premeditated Lorry attack in #Berlin, by the July 14, 2016 premeditated Lorry attack in #Nice, and by the recent Sunday, January 8, 2017 horrific Lorry attack on soldiers in #Jerusalem, altogether designed as transportation-related weapons of mass destruction to maximized casualties. There were no prior immediate indicators, warnings or online patterns for international intelligence to intervene, counsel and advise local public safety and security authorities on the vulnerabilities of such #Nice and/or #Berlin and #Barcelona “soft-targets.”

Many of us personally feel it is so important that free people internationally are aware of what is already upon us now, and that was remarkably right in front of our face back in October 2010 (seven years ago and nine years after the 911 attacks on the United States). 

Ironically, the Nice, France, Berlin, Germany and Barcelona, Spain attacks were remarkably spelled out online back in October 2010 inside a chilling terrorist communication provided here in the Appendix C via “The Week,” in an individual radicalism of indefensible “lone-wolf” terrorism (aka, Harvard’s Samuel Huntington’s “Clash of Civilizations” actualization of online social media gorilla warfare).

Detailed in the Appendix C are terrorist’s specifics of potential transportation-related terrorism attacks that can disrupt public safety and security internationally and domestically.

Akin to “Run, Hide, Fight” active-shooter online educational tools of public safety and security, this revealing piece in the Appendix serves as an analogous terrorism online educational tool of public safety and security message of “If we know it, we can see it, and then, we can report it and beat it.”

And, “if we see something, then we need to say something” or “if we see something, then we need to do something.”

What was once called “neighborhood watches” now must be called “city watches” and “boarder watches” in the post-911 age of demography shift and heightened engagement amongst terrorists across Europe, Russia, Turkey and America.

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What’s going on with Transportation and Threats of Terrorism?

As the French, Germans, Spainards and Americans are left reeling, yet again, by the needless loss of human life, while people are freely participating in holiday celebrations or even protests assemblages (as in Charlottesville, Virginia), the most compelling question and geopolitical issue raised nowadays is what’s going wrong with international intelligence on transportation-related terrorism and international border security across the western world.

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“Europe’s open borders are putting Britain’s security at risk, former police chiefs have warned after it emerged that the terrorist behind the Berlin Christmas market attack travelled unhindered through three countries before being killed in Italy,” reports The Telegragh (UK) on December 24, 2016.

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Photo Credit: The Sun (UK):“The Berlin truck killer is said to have travelled unchallenged on Europe’s (high-speed) rail network for 72 hours despite his picture being flashed to national police forces and a European Arrest Warrant being issued.”

The Telegragh (UK) adds: “Anis Amri, the most wanted man in Europe, travelled from Berlin to the French Alps and then onto Italy without being stopped at any point on his 1,000 mile journey.”

“Police believe that in the wake of the terror attack Amri travelled from Germany to Chambery in the French Alps (Turin) before taking a high-speed train to Milan.”

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Photo Credit: The Sun (UK)

Seismic Geo-political Fallouts in 2016 were shaken by domestic immigration and international border controls 

Nonetheless, the upset #Brexit vote on Thursday, June 23, 2016, and the upset United States election fallout on Tuesday, November 8, 2016, clearly said “enough is enough.” 

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An autumn American Election 2016 win for President Donald Trump, rests squarely on the issue of domestic immigration and international broader controls, following a summer shocker victory for #Brexit, stunned the public and the pollsters after most predicted these seismic geo-political forces dead wrong, as Arthur Schlesinger “Cycles of American History” took ahold of geo-political events.

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Indeed, these geo-political upsets and fallouts caught U.K. and U.S. officials wrong-footed on public concerns about immigration policies, as well as, international economic and trade policies, ironically as international transportation-related terrorism incidents heat up and death tolls rise.

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As these transportation-related terror attacks proceed, ongoing and continuing, future U.S. and International Transport Secretaries and Ministers and future U.S. and International Science and Technology Policy Makers and Ministers will be integrally united to future U.S. and International Security Advisers and future U.S. and International Homeland Security Secretaries and Ministers in ongoing terrorism policy mitigation and abatement along with future man-made disaster recovery.

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Appendix A

German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s Statement on #Berlin Christmas Terror Attack

German chancellor, Angela Markel, under increasing pressure of ‘exposing Germany to the risk of terrorism’ with her ‘too liberal’ approach to accepting refugees, delivered a statement at a Berlin press conference in which she said it would be “difficult for us to learn” that the attacker was a refugee welcomed into the country, following reports the Berli